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SILVER-STREET.——Presbyterian, Extinct.

had been Prefessor of Hebrew in the University of Samur, before the persecution in France.

As a tutor, Mr. Spademan was every way qualified for the great and honourable work in which he was engaged. He had laid in a rich treasure of human learning; being well versed in philosophy, history, polemical divinity, &c. and for skill in the learned languages he had few equals. He was well acquainted with the best scripture critics, and was himself an excellent critic in the original languages of the Old and New Testament. He had also acquired a competent acquaintance with the French, Dutch, and Italian, and was making some progress in the Spanish; for he expected to find something that would reward his pains at that time of day in some of the authors of that country. The excellent furniture he had acquired fitted him in an eminent degree to instruct others, and while he was thus employed, he discharged his trust with admirable skill and accuracy. He was an utter enemy to the practice of illiterate and unqualified persons, in assuming to themselves the work of the ministry, whom he could never account called, or sent, by God; and, therefore, was the more concerned to communicate useful knowledge to such as were under his care with that design..

His eminent attainments in human literature qualified him to appear with considerable reputation in the character of a Divine. With respect to that great part of a minister's work, the preaching of the gospel, he was indeed a workman that needed not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth. The subjects he chiefly insisted on from time to time, were neither light nor trivial; nor did he embroil his people in intricate disputes, or fruitless controversies about lesser matters; but entertained them with the most substantial and weighty truths of the gospel. Neither did he · confine his labours to the Sabbath-day, but preached also a lecture on Fridays, and was called frequently to exercise his talents on other special occasions.

SILVER-STREET.-Presbyterian, Extinet.

His method was easy and plain, and remarkable for its justness and accuracy, and a close connexion of things. His style was not laboured, but yet far from a vulgar meanness, and therefore above contempt. He scorned any thing like an affected pomp of words, and all those meaner turns of expression, that some perhaps would have pass for rhetoric, but which is falsely so called. He possessed the happy art of illustrating divine truths in an apt and agreable manner; but a solid judgment was what he approved and discovered, without aiming at flights of fancy. It is also worthy of observation, that together with so good a judgment, he was blessed with a strong and retentive memory; so that he mostly delivered his sermons without the use of He had a natural fervency of spirit, which he frequently discovered in preaching, as well as in familiar discourse; by which he exactly answered that character given to Cicero, that he was quasi pugnax in loquendo; which some competent judges approve as highly commendable upon proper occasions.

notes.

The infinitely wise Creator serves his great designs by the different constitutions and tempers of men. In their very formation, and by the various turns of their minds, he qualifies them for this or the other part of service, and those particular circumstances he has designed for them in the world. The very temper of Mr. Spademau's mind fitted him to admonish and reprove with great faithfulness and authority. He was an excellent expositor of the sacred text, easily discovering its genuine sense, and raising pertinent and profitable remarks. In public prayer he was very serious, oftentimes very pathetic and moving, and always methodical, and to the purpose; by which he gave abundant evidence how unjust and unreasonable is the slander cast upon extempore prayer, as though it were always chargeable with blasphemy, or at least with nonsense. He was unweariedly assiduous in his ministerial work, and that even after he was taken ill, and his friends saw reason to dissuade him from

SILVER STREET.Presbyterian, Extinct

attempting to preach. On a motion being made to him. about a week before he died, that it would be necessary to provide a substitute the next Lord's-day; as weak as he was, he checked it with an innocent indignation, thinking with the pious and learned Dr Preston, that it was better to be worn out with work than rust.

As an elder minister, and honoured upon that account as well as for his valuable qualifications, he had great advantages for instructing the younger, which he sometimes did with great tenderness, and a faithful regard to their con sciences. The very night before he died, a younger minister applied to him for counsel and direction; and, after some expressions of modesty, he left these two advices with him : "First, (says he,) charge it upon yourself once every day, to make a solemn resignation of yourself and affairs, into the hands of God; and lean not, to your own understanding. Secondly, as to your public and preaching work, though the doctrines and duties relating to the rule of Christ's kingdom, are by no means to be neglected: yet, above all things, endeavour to bring your hearers to a new heart, and a new spirit; without which all will signify nothing: and for want of which I have seen many who made a fair appearance in religion, come in a little time to make light of Christ, the sum and substance of our religión." To another, not many days before his death, he recommended seriousness and plainness in preaching, and inveighed against the imitation of a less practical way, because more pleasing to itching ears; and recommended the cultivation of the mind with useful knowledge, that would make scribes fitted for the kingdom of God, able to refute gainsayers, and render us mighty in the scriptures. He discoursed in such a pious and affect ing manner with this person, as drew tears from his eyes, because he looked upon it as the advice of a dying minister.

In the character of a Christian, Mr. Spademan shone with no common degree of lustre. He was a man of great sincerity. The very frame and temper of Mr. Spademan's

SILVER-STREET.--Presbyterian, Extinct.

mind rendered him incapable of the disingenuous arts of craft and tricking. He had a certain nobleness of soul, that disdained disguise; and this made amends for that liberty he would sometimes take with his, friends. And if he was somewhat more free in those weeks in which he so visibly declined, his growing distemper did but strengthen the arguments drawn from his great sincerity, for a candid allowance. He was greatly concerned for the interest of Christ in the world; and from this principle he would often bewail, with deep regret, the declinings of the rising generation; and to see so little, if any, real appearance of seriousness and true piety in the descendants of many of those, who were indeed the glory of the preceding age!" What a holy indignation (says Mr. Rosewell) have I known it to raise in his soul, when he has seen such persons discover a vanity and lightness of spirit in the solemn services of God's house!"

Although he judged that mode of worship which he preferred, most conformable to scripture, and to the primitive church, he did not hastily condemn those who differed from him. On the contrary, he was fully assured of the extraordinary piety of many in the established church, and would not severely judge any wise and good persons who left the Dissenting assemblies to join with her, because he knew that they did not see with his, but their own eyes; and might overlook, or otherwise get over difficulties that he and others could not. But then he would often bewail the levity of such as plainly leave the way of their ancestors upon such principles (if the word principle may be used where principle seems to be lost) upon which it would be no more an honour to the church to receive them, than it would be a dishonour to others to lose, or rather to be left by them.

For a real and generous contempt of the world he had but few equals. He indeed conformed himself to that command of the gospel, Love not the world, nor the things

SILVER-STREET.-Presbyterian, Extinct.

that are in the world. He sought not great things for himself, and could despise wealth and grandeur, wherever he saw they proved dangerous snares to giddy minds. He took no anxious thought for the morrow; being fully persuaded that the God who had provided for him all his life, would never leave him destitute. And when he has sometimes been advised by tender friends, to consider himself, and be charitable at home, in the stricter sense, he would reply to this purpose, "I have trusted God all my days, and found him good, and am resolved I will not now distrust him." For charity to the poor he was indeed remarkable, and more than exemplary; for it is not required that a man should give away his all, and in that sense leave himself perfectly destitute, which he would sometimes do. He did good to them which were of the household of faith; but his beneficence was not confined to such; thinking necessity a sufficient motive for charity without any further regards. He was especially concerned for the relief of distressed ministers, and was a great encourager of young students; supplying them with books and money, as he saw they stood in need; and when his own stock failed, he would call in help from some friends with whom he could be free.

It is observed of him, that he discovered in an eminent degree, a merciful temper in his dealings with his fellowcreatures; and could never bear to hear the important concerns of others, or the afflictions of any, spoken of with a vain and frothy spirit, or at any time turned into a jest; a practice as barbarous as it is common. He was no busy intermeddler, either with the private affairs of particular persons, or with the special concerns of neighbouring congregations. He found it enough for him to mind his own business, and the concerns of the flock over which God had set him, without breaking over the hedge of another man's vineyard. He never had the vanity to pretend to an universal knowledge and foresight of what would be done in this or the other circumstance, or to determine dogmatically what

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