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NEW-COURT, CAREY-STREET. — Independent.
In Memory of
For near forty years
The able and faithful pastor
In New-court, Carey-street.
A judicions Instructor,
And practical Preacher ;
He died in cheerful hope
March 29th, 1999,
FREDERIC HAMILTON.-Mr. Winter was assisted for about fourteen years, by the Rev. Frederic Hamilton, who pursued his studies for the ministry at Homerton, under Drs. Conder, Gibbons and Fisher, and afterwards married Mr. Winter's eldest daughter. He continued at New-court till a little before the death of his venerable colleague, when he accepted a call from a congregation at Brighton, where he was ordained to the pastoral office, on the 17th of April, 1799. After continuing in this situation about nine years, he delivered in his resignation, and now lives without any stated charge, at Brighton.
WILLIAM THORP.-Mr. Winter was succeeded at New-court, by the Rev. William Thorp. This gentleman was the son of a Dissenting minister at Masborough, in Yorkshire, and was settled over a congregation at Petherstone, in the same county, from whence he removed to London. He was set apart at New-court, on the 27th of November, 1800. Mr. James Knight opened the service; Mr. Mau
rice delivered the introductory discourse ; Mr. Barber prayed; Mr. Clayton gave the charge ; Mr. Brooksbank preached to the church; and Mr. John Knight concluded with prayer. Mr. Thorp, who was very popular, and made several additions to the church, continued but' a few years in this connexion. Towards the latter end of 1805, he signified his intention of resigning the pastoral charge at Newcourt, and in January, 1806, removed to Bristol, having accepted a call to succeed Mr. Hey, at the Castle-green meeting, where he is still pastor. Mr. Thorp has published nothing but a single sernion, preached before the Missionary Society, in the year 1804.
Robert Winter, D. D.—After an interval of only four months, Mr. Thorp was succeeded in the pastoral office at New-court, by the Rev. Dr. Winter. This very respectable minister is grandson, by the mother's side, to the celebrated Mr. Thomas Bradbury, whose eldest daughter was married in the year 1744, to Jolin Winter, Esq. an agent for the army, who died October the 5th, 1776, in the sixty-second year of his age. Upon occasion of his death, his brother, Mr. Richard Winter, then pastor at New-court, preached and published a funeral discourse, which contains an affectionate tribute to his memory. Mr. Winzer left three sons, of whom the Doctor is the
youngest. He was born in London, in the year 1762. Towards the close of the year 1778, he entered as a student in the academy at Homerton, under the direction of Doctors Conder, Gibbons, and Fisher. At this time he joined in communion with the church at New-court, of which his uncle was pastor. Upon the close of his studies, he accepted a call from the old congregation at Hammersmith, over wliich he was ordained pastor, on the 10th of December, 1783. Upon the removal of Mr. Jacomb to Wellingborough, in 1790, Mr. Winter relinquished the morning service at Ham
mersmith, in favour of that at Salters'-Hall; but continued his pastoral connexion at the former place, where he officiated in the afternoon, till the year 1796, when he accepted a call to succeed Dr. Harris, at Hanover-street, Long-acre, and was set apart on the 24th of March. Some circumstances occurring to render his situation uneasy at this place, he resigned it at Christmas, 1802, and at the Lady-day following, quitted his connexion at Salters'-Hall.
After this, he accepted a call from an Independent congregation at Newport, in the Isle of Wight, where he was set apart on the 3d of August, 1803. Upon the removal of Mr. Thorp to Bristol, Mr. Winter accepted a call to succeed him as pastor of the society at New-court, the seat of his earliest connexions. He was set apart in that place on the 28th of May, 1806, and now labours there to a flourishing church and congregation. In the early part of the year 1809, he received from the college of New-Jersey, a diploma, creating him Doctor of Divinity. In the same year, he was elected one of the Tuesday lecturers, at New Broad-street, in the room of Mr. Barber, resigned. He is also engaged at several other lectures among the Dissenters about the metropolis. Dr. Winter has published several single sermons, which have met with good acceptance in the world, and of which a catalogue shall be given below.(T) He
(T) WORKS.-1. The Reasonableness of National Humiliation. A Sermon addressed to a Congregation of Protestant Dissenters, at Hammersmith, on the General Fast, April 19, 1793.-2. The Dominion of Jesus Christ over the Elements of Nature. A Sermon preached at the Meeting-house in Lictle Wild-street, Lincoln's-inn-fields, November 27, 1798, in Commemo. ration of the Great Storm in 1703.-3. Public Mercies acknowledged, and improved. A Sermon preached at the Meeting-house in Hanover-street, Long-acre, November 29, 1798, being the Day appointed for a General Thanksgiving.--4. The introductory Discourse at the Ordination of the Rev. Frederick Hamilton, at Brighton. By John Humphreys, of Unionstreet, Southwark. The Charge by the Rev. Robert Winter, of Hanoverstreet, Long-acre. The Sermon by the Rev. James Steven, of Crowncourt, Covent-garden. 1799.-5. Reflections on the present State of Popery,
has an elder brother in the ministry among the Dissenters, who has been settled many years with an ludependent congregation at Newbury, in Berkshire.
IN WHITE-HART-YARD, leading into Bridges'-street, Covent-garden, there stood, in the reign of Charles II. a meeting-house for the Nonconformists of the Presbyterian persuasion. It appears to have been erected for the use of the celebrated Dr. Manton, who was ejected from the parish church of St. Paul, Covent-garden, and brought hither many of his former hearers ; amongst whom were the Duke of Bedford, Marquis of Wharton, &c. who proved generous friends to him in this season of difficulty. Dr. Manton dying in 1677, his congregation dispersed.
After this, Mrs. Margaret Baxter hired the meeting-house for the use of her husband, the celebrated Mr. Richard
compared with its former State. A Sermon preached at Salter's-Hall, Nov. 2, 1800.-6. Future Punishment of endless Duration. A Sermon preached at the Rev. James Knight's Meeting-house, Collyer's Rents, Southwark, at a Monthly Association of Ministers and Churches, Dec. 11, 1806.-7. Obstacles to Success in the Religious Education of Children. A Sermon preached at the Rev. William Wall's Meeting-house, Moorfield's, at a Monthly Association of Ministers and Churches, January 7, 1808.-8. Reflections on the Character and Translation of Enoch: a Sermon occa. sioned by the Death of the Rev. William Humphryes, who died, Sept. 28, 1808, aged 46. Preached at Hammersmith, October 9.
BRIDGES-STREET. - Presbyterian, Extinct.
Baxter, who preached there on one part of the day, till King Charles's Indulgence was recalled, and the persecution against the nonconformists was renewed with fresh vigour. This was in the year 1682; and then it was that Mr. Baxter was seized and imprisoned, and lis congregation dispersed. During the time that Mr. Baxter held the meeting-house, Mr. Andrew Parsons, the ejected minister of Wem, in Shropshire, preached there on one part of the day, till the severity of the times compelled him to desist.
When Mr. Baxter had quitted the meeting-house, it was shut up for some time, till the Indulgence issued by King James II. in 1687, gave some breathing time to the Nonconformists. The celebrated Mr. Daniel Burgess being then in London, had acquired considerable popularity as a preacher, and having collected a congregation, which consisted of many persons who had been hearers of Dr. Manton, and Mr. Baxter, they were formed into a church, and hired the meeting-house in White-Hart-yard, where Mr. Burgess preached several years. About 1696, he removed his people to another meeting-house, in Russel-court, Drury-lane, and from thence to New-court, Carey-street. What became of the meeting-house in White-Hart-yard, after the removal of Mr. Burgess, we find no mention ; but, it most probably did not continue standing long after that event.
Of these several ministers we shall proceed to give some account in their proper order.
THOMAS MANTON, D.D.-This learned and eminent Divine, was born at Lawrence Lydiard, in the county of Somerset, A. D. 1620. * His father, and both his grandfathers, were ministers. The former was settled at Whimpole, in Devonshire,+ and sent his son to the free-school at
Memoirs of the Life, &c. of Dr. Manton, by Dr. William Harris,
+ Achenæ Oxon. vol. ii. p. 600.