Composite Materials for Aircraft Structures

Εξώφυλλο
AIAA, 2004 - 599 σελίδες
 

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Περιεχόμενα

Introduction and Overview
1
12 Drivers for Improved Airframe Materials
3
14 Fiber Reinforcements
6
15 Matrices
7
16 Polymer Matrix Composites
13
18 Hybrid MetalPMC Composites
19
References
21
Basic Principles of Fiber Composite Materials
23
Joining of Composite Structures
287
93 Adhesively Bonded Joints
290
94 Mechanically Fastened Joints
335
References
364
Repair Technology
367
103 Classification of Types of Structure
369
105 Nonpatch Repairs
372
General Considerations
375

23 Micromechanics
25
24 Elastic Constants
26
25 Micromechanics Approach to Strength
36
26 Simple Estimate of Compressive Strength
42
27 OffAxis Strength in Tension
45
28 Fracture Toughness of Unidirectional Composites
47
References
53
Fibers for PolymerMatrix Composites
55
32 Glass Fibers
57
33 Carbon Fibers
63
34 Boron Fibers
67
35 Silicon Carbide
69
36 Aramid Fibers
71
37 Orientated Polyethylene Fibers
73
38 Dry Fiber Forms
74
References
79
Polymeric Matrix Materials
81
42 Thermoset and Thermoplastic Polymer Matrix Materials
86
43 Thermosetting Resin Systems
88
44 Thermoplastic Systems
108
References
112
Component Form and Manufacture
113
52 Outline of General Laminating Procedures
115
53 Laminating Procedures For AircraftGrade Composite Components
117
54 Liquid Resin Molding Techniques
132
55 Filament Winding
140
56 Pultrusion
145
57 Process Modelling
149
58 Tooling
156
59 Special Thermoplastic Techniques
160
References
167
Structural Analysis
169
63 Stress Concentration and Edge Effects
189
64 Failure Theories
192
65 Fracture Mechanics
201
66 Failure Prediction Near Stress Raisers and Damage Tolerance
202
67 Buckling
205
68 Summary
207
Mechanical Property Measurement
211
72 Coupon Tests
214
73 Laboratory Simulation of Environmental Effects
223
74 Measurement of Residual Strength
225
75 Measurement of Interlaminar Fracture Energy
229
References
235
Properties of Composite Systems
237
82 GlassFiber Composite Systems
239
83 Boron Fiber Composite Systems
245
84 Aramid Fiber Composite Systems
247
85 Carbon Fiber Systems
255
86 Properties of Laminates
260
87 Impact Damage Resistance
261
88 Fatigue of Composite Laminates
264
89 Environmental Effects
274
References
284
107 Bonded Patch Repairs
377
108 Materials Engineering Aspects
388
In Situ Repairs
392
1010 Bolted Repairs
393
1011 Materials Engineering Aspects
396
References
399
Quality Assurance
401
113 Cure Monitoring
406
114 Nondestructive Inspection of Advanced Composite Aerospace Structures
412
115 Conclusion
428
References
429
Aircraft Applications and Design Issues
433
124 Design Considerations
445
125 Design of CarbonFiberBased Components
447
126 Design Methodologies
460
127 A Value Engineering Approach to the Use of Composite Materials
464
128 Conclusion
472
Airworthiness Considerations For Airframe Structures
475
132 Certification of Airframe Structures
478
133 The Development of Design Allowables
480
134 Demonstration of Static Strength
482
135 Demonstration of Fatigue Strength
484
136 Demonstration of Damage Tolerance
485
References
486
ThreeDimensionally Reinforced Preforms and Composites
489
143 ZPinning
496
144 ThreeDimensional Weaving
500
145 Braiding
505
146 Knitting
513
147 Noncrimp Fabrics
517
148 Conclusion
521
Smart Structures
523
152 Engineering Approaches
524
153 Selected Applications and Demonstrators
529
154 Key Technology Needs
542
References
543
KnowledgeBased Engineering ComputerAided Design and Finite Element Analysis
547
162 Finite Element Modelling of Composite Structures
550
163 Finite Element Solution Process
551
164 Element Types
560
165 Finite Element Modelling of Composite Structures
561
166 Implementation
564
167 Design Optimization
566
References
567
Overview of Some Sensors and Actuators Used for Smart Structure Applications
569
A2 Shape Memory Alloys
571
A3 Optical Fiber Sensors
572
A4 Electrorheological Fluids
575
A7 Comparison of Actuators
576
References
577
Index
579
Supporting Materials
597
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