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sounds ik (30 ture sounds tur 159) own sounds own
t||31 re
ěr 160 ear

ēr 3 ed d32 ise ïz 161 er

ěr 4. ed

ed 33 ciate sheät ||62 or öld ||34 lute

lüt 63 our 6 ind ind 35 ue

64 ass

ăss 7e

• 36 ive

iv 65 ous Sibe

ib 37 g

s. yus

10 ance luence

17 age 18 dge 19 arge

166 ceous

shus 9 ice

is 38 ing

ing 167 ious f. eous ans 39 inging- ingin 68 cious g. scious s. shus ens 40 ong

ong 69 tious sounds shus 112 scence sens 41 ough o 70 uous

uus 13 duce dūs 142th th 171) eat

et 14 ide id 43 cial shal 72 ct

kt 15 lude lūd 4+ tial shal 73 ight

it 116.ee

ē 45 ful
fůl 71 eight

āt aj 46 form fârın 75 aught

At j 47 en n76 ought

Ât ârj ||48 sten on 77, scent

sent 20 able abl|49 ain än 78 0w

o 21 ible èbl ||50 ain in 79 ay

a 22 uble übl | 51 ion yun 80 fy

fi |23 ile il 52 sion zhun 181 ly

le 24 stle sl 53 sion shun 182 ably

able sum 51 ssion shun 83 ibly

eble süm 55 tion shun 181 ily

elė 27 ine

in 56 tion
tyun 85 iety

ietė 28 ire ir 57 xion shun 186 ity

été zhur ||58| son

zn 1137 osity TERMINATIONAL SOUNDS. 1. ic, at the end of words, sounds ik, in cub'ic, somnif'ic, sudorif'ic,

mag'ic, logʻic, public, angel'ic, academ'ic, astronoin'ic, pan'ic, tyran'. nic, fab'ric, rhetoric, emphat'ıc, arc'tic, poet'ic, crit'ic, eclip'tic,

elas'tic, domes'tic, &c. 2. d is pronounced like t when the ed is preceded by f, k, p, s, sh, ch,

or any sharp consonant, thus, ingraff'ed, quaff'ed, cuff'ed, puff'ed, ingulf'ed ; creak'ed, cloak’ed, track'ed, ran'sacked, attack'ed, deck'ed, help'ed, decamp'ed, cramp'ed, jump'ed, trump'ed, developed, depress'ed, oppress'ed, confess'ed, profess'ed, bless'ed, witnessed, abash'ed, refresh'ed, established. pub'lished, engʻlished, fam'ished, impeached, encroach'ed, detach'ed, stretch'ed, enrich'ed, branch'ed, &c. (blessed, when an adjective, is, in grave subjects, pronounced in two syllables, thus-a bless'ed reward.) The ed is pronounced as a distinct sylluble in learn'-ed, curs'-ed, wing'ed, when adjectives. The ed in aged always makes a distinct syllable, as an ag'-ed man; but when this word is compounded with another, the ed does not form a separate syllable, as a full-ag'd horse. The ed is pronounced as a

25 some 26 sume

29 sure


distinct syllable in the following adverbs, though it is contracted in the participial adjectives from which they are formed.--for'cedly, enfor'. cedly, unveil'edly, deform'edly, feign'edly, unfeign'edly, design'edly, resign'edly, restrain'edly, refin'edly, unconcern'edly, undis. cern'edly, prepar'edly, assur'edly, advis'edly, compos'edly, disper'. sedly, diffu'sedly, confu'sedly, unperceiv'edly, resolv'edly, deser'vedly, undeser'vedly, reser'vedly, unreser'vedly, avow'edly, perplex'edly, fix'edly, amaz'edly, fork'edly. The participial termination ed must never be pronounced as a distinct syllable, unless preceded

by d or t, except in the language of Scripture. 3. in ed, a verbal termination, the e is not sounded, and the d is joined

to the preceding syllable, in mov'ed, prov'ed, approv'ed, disapprov'ed, improv'ed, believ'ed, disbeliev'ed, imbib'ed, inscrib'ed, transcribed, oblig'ed, disoblig'ed, engagʻed, incag'ed, convey'ed, sur

vey'ed, &c. 4. ed forms a separate syllable when preceded by d or t, in commend'ed,

recommend'ed, mould'ed, fold'ed, disband'ed, command'ed, expand'. ed, brand'ed, avoid'ed, hat'ed, an'imated, abstract'ed, affect'ed, lim'.

ited, depos'ited, revolt'ed, anoint'ed, &c. 5 old, 8. öld, in bold, cold, scold, fold, blind'fold, bi'fold, infold', un

fold', gold, hold, behold', withhold', inhold', uphold', sold, told, retold', untold', mistold', wold. (old, s. öld) three'fold, man'ifold, pin'. fold, mar'igold, free'hold, household, thresh'old, cop'yhold. (old, s.

uld, in scaf'fold.) 6. ind, s. ind, in bind, find, hind, behind', kind, gav'elkind, mankind',

wom'ankind, humankind', unkind', blind, pur'blind, mind, remind', rind, grind, wind (v.), unwind'. (ind. 8. ind, in) abscind', rescind', prescind', discind', interscind', diffind', tam’arind, tind, whirlwind,

wind, or wind, (n.) 7. e final, s. ė, in ac'me, anem'one, dias'tole, epitome, extem'pore,

le'the, nepen'the, paragoʻge, sim'ile, u'tile, dul'ce, apostrophe, antis'. trophe, hyper'bole, syn'cope, syn'drome, synecdoche, tem'pore,

sys'tole, prem'unire, enal'lage, hypal'lage. 8. ibe, s. ib, in imbibe', gibe, kibe, bribe, scribe, ascribe', misascribe

subscribe', describe', rescribe', prescribe', circumscribe', transcribe',

inscribe', proscribe', superscribe', interscribe', tribe. 9. ice, 8. is, in ad'dice, jaun'dice, bod'ice, cow'ardice, prej'udice,

ben'efice, ven'efice, of'fice, ed'ifice, lan’ifice, or'ifice, pont'ifice, art'. ifice, su'perfice, &c. (ice, s. is, in) ice, bice, dice, splice, slice, mice, nice, spice, bespice', rice, grice, thrice, price, trice, entice', vice, advice', device', twice. (ice, s. ïs, in) tice, cock'atrice. (ice, s. iz, in) suffice', sice, (ice, s. ïz, in) sacrifice. (ice, s. és, in) police', caprice'. (oice, 8. oys, in) choice, rejoice', voice, in'voice, outvoice'.

- plaice, s. plās-juice, s. jûs--ver'juice, s. ver'jūs-sluice, 8. slūs. 10. ance, 8. ans, in disturbance, guid'ance, attendance, abundance,

bal'ance, appear'ance, remem'brance, fra'grance, en'trance (n.), &c. ance, accented, or in monosyllables, s. ăns, in) bechance', perchance', mischance', enhance', askance', elance', romance', finance', &c. dance,

chance, lance, glance, prance, trance. 11. ence, s. ens, in in'nocence, acquies'cence, ca'dence, con'fidence, de.

pend'ence, pru'dence, defici'ence, effici'ence, insuffici'ence, sci'ence, &c. 12. scence, s. sens, in connas'cence, crubes'cence, turges'cence, quies'.

cence, coales'cence, invales'cence, convales'cence, adoles'cence, &c.

13. duce, s. dūs, in traduce', abduce', obduce', subduce', educe', deduce',

reduce', seduce', induce', superinduce', conduce', reproduce', intro

duce', produce' (v.) (uce, s. us) in the noun prod'uce. 14. ide, s. id, in bide, abide', decide', incide', coincide', diffide', confide',

hide, chide, elide', glide, collide', slide, &c. (ide, s. ïd, in) de'icide, reg'icide, stillicide, hom'icide, tyran'nicide, lap'icide, soror'icide,

par'ricide, mat'ricide, fratóricide, vat'icide, infan'ticide, su'icide, &c. 15. lude, s. lūd, in acclude', reclude', preclude', seclude', include', con

clude', interclude', exclude', elude', prelude' (v.) allude', illude', col. lude'. (lude, s. lud, in) prel'ude, in'terlude. 16. ee, s. 7, in bee, fee, refugee', kee, lee, fee, glee, appellee', assig.

nee', knee, epopee', decree', free, agree', disagree', degree', three, tree, see, fricasee', foresee', oversee', lessee', fusee', legatee', guarantee', &c. (ee, s. è, in) cof'fee, feof'fee, ap'ogee, tro'chee, spon' dee,

prith'ee, ju'bilee, ped'igree, committee, lev'ee. 17. age, s. aj, in cab'bage, herb'age, ad'age, bond'age, cord'age, vas'.

salage, pillage, assem'blage, dam'age, im'age, man'age, spin'nage, pat'ronage, &c. (age, s. āj, iz) age, cage, incage', gage, engage', pre-engage', disengage', page, ti'tlepage, rage, sage, presage' (v.) stage, assuage', wage. (iage, 8. ij, in) car'riage, miscar’riage, mar'.

riage, intermar'riage. 18. dge, s.j, in trudge, grudge, judge, budge, lodge, par'tridge, abridge',

ridge, wedge, knowledge, sledge, pledge, fledge, hedge, &c. 19. arge, s. ârj, in barge, charge, recharge, overcharge', surcharge',

discharge', large, enlarge', overlarge'. (arge, s. ărj, in) lith'arge. 20. able, 8. a-bl, in ap'plicable, for'midable, com'mendable, peace'able,

agreeable, per'ishable, so'ciable, mag'nifiable, a'miable, pit'iable, &c. (able, s. ābl, in a'ble, fa'ble, ga'ble, ena'ble, una'ble, sa'ble,

disa'ble, ta'ble, sta'ble, insta'ble, unsta'ble. 21. ible, s. e-bl, in evin'cible, invin'cible, doc'ible, forc'ible, iras'cible,

deduc'ible, cred'ible, exten'dible, an'dible, leg'ible, &c. (ible, s. ibl,

in bi'ble.-oible, s. oy-bl, in foi'ble.) 22. uble, s. u-bl, in soluble, res'oluble, irres'oluble, insoluble, dis'sol.

uble, indis'soluble, vol'uble. (ouble, s. ubl, in) double, redoub'le,

sem'idouble, troub'le. 23. ile, s. il, in flab'ile, nu'bile, facile, croc'odile, doc'ile, ag'ile, ju'.

venile, fe'brile, pu'erile, vi'rile, ten'sile, mis'sile, &c. (ile, s. il, in) rec'oncile, e'dile, cham'omile, se'nile, in'fantile, pan'tile, gen’tile, pen'tile, turn'stile, ex'ile (n.) (ile, &. il, in) ile, bile, file, defile', while, awhile', some'while, erewhile', oth'erwhile, mile, smile, pile, compile', tile, stile, vile, revile', guile, beguile', wile, exile' (v.) (ile, s. il, or ēl, in) inhabile', imbecile', profile'. (ile, s. ēl, in) mobile'. -ile, s. élė, in sim'ile, u'tile; when utile is used as an adjective, it is pronounced in two syllables, with the accent on the first. 24. stle, s. si, in cas'tle, fore'castle, nes'tle, tres'tle, wres'tle, this'tle,

whis'tle, epis'tle, bris'ile, gris'tle, jos'tle, pos'tle, thros'tle, bus'tle, jus'tle, nus'tle, rus’tle, (stle, s. stl, in pes'tle). 25. some, 8. sum, in some, glad'some, whole'some, long'some, dark'.

some, irk'some, toil'some, bur'densome, light'some, &c. 26. sume, 8. süm, in absume', desume', consume', assume', reassume'.

(sume, s. zāın, in) resume and presame'. 27. ine, s. in-in sab/ine, med'icine, fes'tucine, smarag'dine, imag’ine,

er'gine, myrr’hine, amaran'thine, terebin'thine, hyacin'thine, &c.

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(ine, s. in, in) can'nabine, car'abine, wood'bine, col'umbine, jac'obine, car'bine, &c. (ine, s. in, in) combine', vic'ine, calcine', saline', decline', recline', incline', disincline', underline', interline', undermine', countermine', canine', repine', opine', supine' (adj.) divine', provine'. (ine, s. in, in monosyllables and words compounded of, or derived from them) wine, swine, twine, untwine', intertwine', nine, pine, sine, shrine, shine, moon'shine, outshine', fine, define', refine', &c. (ine, s. ēn, in) fascine', gabardine', haberdine', sordine', machine', chioppine', tambarine', marine', ultramariné', submarine', transmarine', tabourine', quarantine', colbertine', routine', magazine',

(essoine, s. essoyn'.) 28. ire s. ir, in ire, dire, fire, hire, mire, admire', bemire', quagʻmire,

spire, aspire', respire', transpire', inspire', conspire', perspire', &c. (ire, s. ïr, in) wild'fire, bon'fire, pis'mire, em'pire, um'pire, ac'rospire, grand'sire. (ire, s. ir, in) cam'phire, sam'phire, sapph’ire.- -sa'tire, s. sā'těr---solitaire', s. sol-ė-tār'-shire, 8. shir or shēr-conge-d'elire', 8. kõn-jė-de-lēr'--escurgatoire', 8. es-kar-ga-twâr'--scrutoire' s. skrů.

tör'. 29. sure, s. zhur, in pleas'ure, displeas'ure, meas'ure, outmeas'ure,

treas'ure, intreas'ure, incis'ure, expo'sure. (ssure, s. shur, in) press'ure, impress'ure, sciss'ure, fiss'ure, contrafiss'ure, commiss'ure. (sure, s. zhůr, in) ra'sure, lei'sure, clo'sure, enclo'sure, disclo'sure, compo'sure, discompo'sure, dispo'sure, clau'sure. (sure, s. shůr, in) cen'sure, ten'sure, ton'sure, compress'ure, coun'terpressure, express'.

(sure, s. shûr, in) ensure', unsure', assure'. 30. ture, s. tur, in ju'dicature, du'plicature, fea'ture, crea'ture, ligʻature,

min'iature, abbre'viature, entab'lature, prelature, legʻislature, na'.

ture, &c. (ture, s. tūr, in) mature', premature', immature'. 31. re, preceded by a consonant, s. ěr. in sa'bre, ver'tebre, fi'bre,

om'bre, a'cre, wise'acre, mas'sacre, lu'cre, the'atre, amphithe'atre, elec'tre, spec'tre, me'tre, &c.parterre', s. părtār'. 32. ise, s. ïz, in crit'icise, cir'cumcise, ex'ercise, ex'orcise, mer'chandise,

meth'odise, cat'echise, mon'archise, eter'nalise, naturalise, &c. (ise, so iz, in) demise', premise', surmise', presurmise', despise', rise, (v.) arise', sun'rise, reprise', &c. (ise, s. iz, in) fran'chise, affran'chise, enfran'chise, disfran'chise, amortise. (ise, s. is in) prom'ise, break'promise, an'ise, tor'toise, trea'tise, pracʻtise, diver'. tise, moi'tise. (ise, s. ïs, in) par'adise, impar'adise. (ise, s. is in) precise', rise (n.) concise'. (nise, s. oyz, in) noise, poise, e’quipoise, coun’terpoise, oʻverpoise. (aise, s. āz, in) chaise, fraise, praise, appraise', dispraise'.-bruise, s. brûz.-chevaux-de-frise, s. shev.ó-de

frēz'. 33. ciate, s. shëāt, in gla'ciate, congla'ciate, ema'ciate, depre'ciate,

offi'ciate, provin'ciate, enun'ciate, annun'ciate, conso’ciate (v.), assoʻciate (v.) disso'ciate, cru'ciate, excru'ciate. (ciate, s. shëat in)

consu'ciate (n.), assoʻciate (n. or adj.) 34. lute, s. lūt in lute, salute', elute', Aute, dilute', pollute', volute',

(lute, s lut, in) ab'solute, res'olute, irres'olute, dis'solute. 35. ue is silent in league, colleague, plague, vague, intrigue', fatigue',

harangue', tongue, ped’agogue, dem'agogue, syn’agogue, di'alogue, cat'alogue, prol'ogue, rogue, &c. (ue, s. u, in) a'gue, ar'gue, redar'gue, val'ue, underval’ue, overvalue, avenue, rev'enue, detin'ue, ret'inue, contin'ue, discontin'ue, stat'ue, vir'tue. (ue, s. ū, in)

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blue, fue, glue, unglue', mue, sue. (ue, s. û, in) rue, congrue', true,

untrue'. (ue, s. ŭ, in) con'strue, miscon'strue, iss'ue, tiss'ue. 36. ive, s. iv, in give, forgive', ol’ive, to live, outlive', eva'sive, sua'sive,

dissua'sive, adhe'sive, deci'sive, repulsive, expan'sive, defenʼsive, apprehen'sive, pen'sive, &c. (ive, 8. iv, in) five, hive, bee'hive, live (adj.), alive', slive, connive', rive, drive, overdrive', derive', shrive, thrive, deprive', arrive', contrive', strive, revive', connive', supervive', survive', wive (v.). 37. g before n in the same syllable is silent in impregn', campaign',

champaign', deraign', arraign', deign, indign', condign', feign, reign, sov'ereign, for'eign, inter-reign', malign', benign', sign, &c. 38. ing, s. ing, in ama'zing, dy'ing, say'ing, know'ing, deserv'ing,

bring, last'ing, writ'ing, bless'ing, hear'ing, mourn'ing, morn'ing, oʻpening, alarm'ing, change'ling, lord'ling, &c. 39. inging, 8. ingin, in cling'ing, fling'ing, ring'ing, spring'ing, string'.

ing, wring'ing, singʻing, stingʻing, wing'ing, swing'ing, sling'ing, bringʻing. 40. ong, s. ong, in thong, diph'thong, triph'thong, long, along', oblong,

head'long, end'long, &c. (ong, 8. ung, in) tong, among', amongst'. 41. ough, s. o, in fur'lough, bor'ough, head'borough, third'borough,


her'borough, thor'ough. (ough, s. 7, in) dough, though, although', (ough, 8. ow, in) bough, clough, a cleff ; plough, slough, a deep mire ; sough. (ough, s. of, in) cough, hooping'-cough, chin'cough, clough, an allowance in weight; trough. (ough, s. uf, in) chough, slough, a cast skin; enough', rough, tough. (ough, 8. ok, in) hough, shough, lough-ough, s û, in through-ough, s. up, in hic'cough. 42. th, 8. tħ, in death, heath, sheath (n.), breath, wreath (n.), path,

wrath, breadth, fifth, length, strength, ze'nith, herewith', there. with', wherewith’, forthwith', &c. (th, s. th, in) sheath (v.), unsheath', beneath', underneath', seeth (v.), with, booth, tol'booth, smooth, sooth (v.), mouth (v.) 43. cial, 8. shal, in speci'al, judici'al, benefici'al, offici’al, artificial, su

perfici'al, provin'cial, so'cial, commercial, fidu'cial, &c. (cial, 8. shéal, in) ğla'cial, cru'cial. 44. tial, s. shal, in initi'al, solstiti'al, substan'tial, circumstan'tial, cre

den’tial, providen’tial, pruden'tial, &c. (tial, preceded by s, soundo tyal in) bes'tial, celes'tial, subceles'tial, superceles'tial. 45. ful, 8. ful, in dread'ful, need'ful, hand'ful, peace'ful, grace'ful,

change'ful, venge'ful, revenge'ful, guile'ful, tune'ful, hope'ful, &c. 46. form, 8. fârm, in form, deform', reform', efform', tri'form, len'ti

form, multiform, inform', misinform', conform', perform', transform', plat'form.form, s. fârm, in u'niform. 47. en. 8. n, in deaf'en, * beech'en, rough'en, ash'en, fresh'en, heath'en,

length'en, weak'en, tak'en, sick'en, &c. (en, s. en in monosyllables) as fen, hen, then, when, ken, glen, men, pen, tren, wren, ten, wen ; and in such words as twig'gen, kitch'en, hy'phen, a'lien, woollen,

a'men', &c. of'ten and sof'ten, 8. ofn and sofn. 48. sten, 8. sn, in has'ten, fas'ten, unfas'ten, chas'ten, lis'ten, glis'ten,

mois'ten, chris'ten. (sten, 8. stn, in bur'sten. 49. ain accented, or in a monosyllable, s. an, in ordain', disdain', regain',

• When a vowel is not sounded in the verb, it is silent also in the participles derived from it.


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