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is ||38|ing

S. yus

114 ide

17 age 118dge 19 arge

Ilic sounds ik ||30|ture sounds tur ||59| own sounds own 2d

t||31 re
ēr 60 ear

ēr 3 ed d|32|ise ïz 161 er

ěr 4. ed

ed ||33 ciate shëāt ||62 or 5 old öld ||34 lute

lūt 63 our ind ind ||35| ue

64 ass

ăss ne

• 36 ive

iv 65 ous 8 ibe

ib 37
166 ceous

shus 9 ice

ing 67 ious & eous 10 ance

ans 39 inging ingin (68 cious & scious s. shus 11 ence

ens ||40|ong ong 69 tious sounds shus 12 scence sens |41|ough o 70 uous

uus 13 duce dus ||42th tħ 71 eat

et id 43 cial shal 72 ct

kt J15 lude lūd ||44 tial shal 73 ight

it 116.ee

ē 45 ful
fúl 74 eight

áj|46 form
fârın 75 aught

Ât 47 en n76 ought

Ât ârj|48 sten sn 77 scent

sent 20 able abl 49 ain

ān78 Ow 121 ible ebl 50 ain in 79 ay

ā 122 uble

übl 51 ion
yun 80 fy

fï 123) ile il 52 sion zhun 81 ly

le 24 stle sl 153 sion shun 82 ably

able 25 some sum||51 ssion shun 83 ibly

eble 26 sume süm 55 tion shun 184 ily

ele 27 ine

in 56 tion
tyun 85 iety

letė 28 ire ir 57 xion shum 186 ity

été 129 sure zhur (58! sun zn 1187 osity

osetė TERMINATIONAL SOUNDS. 1. ic, at the end of words, sounds ik, in cub'ic, somnif'ic, sudorif'ic,

mag'ic, logʻic, pub’lic, angel'ic, academ'ic, astronomn'ic, pan'ic, tyran'. nic, fab'ric, rhetoric, emphat'ıc, arc'tic, poet'ic, crit'ic, eclip'tic,

elas'tic, domes'tic, &c. 2. d is pronounced like t when the ed is preceded by f, k, p, s, sh, ch,

or any sharp consonant, thus, ingraffred, quaff'ed, cuff'ed, puff'ed, ingulf'ed ; creak'ed, cloak'ed, track'ed, ran'sacked, attack'ed, deck'ed, help'ed, decamp'ed, cramp'ed, jump'ed, truinp'ed, developed, depress'ed, oppress'ed, confess'ed, profess'ed, bless'ed, wit'nessed, abash'ed, refresh'ed, estab'lished, pub'lished, engʻlished, fam'ished, impeach'ed, encroach'ed, detach'ed, stretch'ed, enrich'ed, branch'ed, &c. (blessed, when an adjective, is, in grave subjects, pronounced in two syllables, thus-a bless'ed reward.) The ed is pronounced as a distinct syllable in learn'-ed, curs'-ed, wing'ed, when adjectives. The ed in aged always makes a distinct syllable, as an ag'-ed man; but when this word is compounded with another, the ed does not form a separate syllable, as a full-ag'd horse.The ed is pronounced as a

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distinct syllable in the following adverbs, though it is contracted in the participial adjectives from which they are formed.-for'cedly, enfor'. cedly, unveil'edly, deform'edly, feign'edly, unfeign'edly, design'edly, resign'edly, restrain'edly, refin'edly, unconcern'edly, undis. cern'edly, prepar'edly, assur'edly, advis'edly, compos'edly, disper'sedly, diffu'sedly, confu'sedly, unperceiv'edly, resolv'edly, deser'vedly, undeser'vedly, reser'vedly, unreser'vedly, avow'edly, perplex'edly, fix'edly, amaz'edly, fork'edly. The participial termination ed must never be pronounced as a distinct syllable, unless preceded

by d or t, except in the language of Scripture. 3. in ed, a verbal termination, the e is not sounded, and the d is joined

to the preceding syllable, in mov'ed, prov'ed, approv'ed, disapprov'. ed, improv'ed, believ'ed, disbeliev'ed, imbib'ed, inscrib'ed, transcrib'ed, oblig'ed, disoblig'ed, engag'ed, incag'ed, convey'ed, sur.

vey'ed, &c. 4. ed forms a separate syllable when preceded by d or t, in commend'ed,

recommend'ed, mould'ed, fold'ed, disband'ed, command'ed, expand'. ed, brand'ed, avoid'ed, hat'ed, an'imated, abstract'ed, affect'ed, lim'.

ited, depos'ited, revolt'ed, anoint'ed, &c. 5 old, s. öld, in bold, cold, scold, fold, blind'fold, bi'fold, infold', un

fold', gold, hold, behold', withhold', inhold', uphold', sold, told, retold', untold', mistold', wold. (old, s. öld) three'fold, man'ifold, pin'. fold, mar'igold, free'hold, house'hold, thresh'old, cop'yhold. (old, s.

uld, in scaf'fold.) 6. ind, s. ind, in bind, find, hind, behind', kind, gav'elkind, mankind',

wom'ankind, humankind', unkind', blind, pur'blind, mind, remind', rind, grind, wind (v.), unwind'. (ind. 8. ind, in) abscind', rescind', prescind', discind', interscind', diffind', tam'arind, tind, whirlwind,

wind, or wind, (n.) 7. e final, s. ė, in ac'me, anem'one, dias'tole, epit'ome, extem'pore,

le'the, nepen'the, paragoʻge, sim'ile, u'tile, dulce, apos'trophe, antis'. trophe, hyper'bole, syn'cope, syn'drome, synecdoche, tem'pore,

sys'tole, prem'unire, enallage, hypal'lage. 8. ibe, s. ib, in imbibe', gibe, kibe, bribe, scribe, ascribe', misascribe

subscribe', describe', rescribe', prescribe', circumscribe', transcribe',

inscribe', proscribe', superscribe', interscribe', tribe. 9. ice, 8. is, in ad'dice, jaun'dice, bod'ice, cow'ardice, prej'udice,

ben'efice, ven'efice, of'fice, ed'ifice, lan'ifice, or'ifice, pont'ifice, art'. ifice, su'perfice, &c. (ice, s. is, in) ice, bice, dice, splice, slice, mice, nice, spice, bespice', rice, grice, thrice, price, trice, entice', vice, advice', device', twice. (ice, s. ïs, in) tice, cock'atrice. (ice, s. iz, in) suffice', sice, (ice, s. ïz, in) sac'rifice. (ice, s. és, in) police', caprice'. (oice, 8. oys, in) choice, rejoice', voice, in'voice, outvoice'.

--plaice, s. plās-juice, s. jûs-ver'juice, s. ver'jús--sluice, s. slūs. 10. ance, 8. ans, in disturbance, guid'ance, attend'ance, abund'ance, bal'ance, appear'ance, remem'brance, fra'grance, en'trance (n.), &c. ance, accented, or in monosyllables, s. ăns, in) bechance', perchance', mischance', enhance', askance', elance', romance', finance', &c. dance,

chance, lance, glance, prance, trance. 11. ence, s. ens, in in'nocence, acquies'cence, ca'dence, con'fidence, de

pend'ence, pru'dence, defici'ence, effici'ence, insuffici'ence, sci'ence, &c. 12. scence, s. sens, in connas'cence, crubes'cence, turges'cence, quies'.

cence, coales'cence, invales'cence, convales'cence, adoles'cence, &c.

13. duce, s. dūs, in traduce', abduce', obduce', subduce', educe', deduce',

reduce', seduce', induce', superinduce', conduce', reproduce', intro

duce', produce' (v.) (uce, 8. us) in the noun prod'uce. 14. ide, s. id, in bide, abide', decide', incide', coincide', diffide', confide',

hide, chide, elide', glide, collide', slide, &c. (ide, s. ïd, in) de'icide, reg'icide, stillicide, hom'icide, tyran'nicide, lap'icide, soror'icide,

par'ricide, mat'ricide, frat'ricide, vat'icide, infan'ticide, su'icide, &c. 15. lude, s. lūd, in acclude', reclude', preclude', seclude', include', con

clude', interclude', exclude', elude', prelude' (v.) allude', illude', col

lude'. (lude, s. lud, in) prel'ude, in'terlude. 16. ee, s. 7, in bee, fee, refugee', kee, lee, flee, glee, appellee', assig.

nee', knee, epopee', decree', free, agree', disagree', degree', three, tree, see, fricasee', foresee', oversee', lessee', fusee', legatee', guarantee', &c. (ee, s. è, in) cof'fee, feof'fee, ap'ogee, tro'chee, spon' dee,

prith'ee, ju'bilee, ped'igree, commit'tee, lev'ee. 17. age, s. aj, in cab'bage, herb'age, ad'age, bond'age, cord’age, vas'

salage, pillage, assem'blage, dam'age, im'age, man'age, spin'nage, pat'ronage, &c. (age, s. āj, in) age, cage, incage', gage, engage', pre-engage', disengage', page, ti'tlepage, rage, sage, presage' (v.) stage, assuage', wage. (iage, 8. ij, in) car'riage, miscar'riage, mar'

riage, intermarriage. 18. dge, s. j, in trudge, grudge, judge, budge, lodge, par'tridge, abridge',

ridge, wedge, knowledge, sledge, pledge, fledge, hedge, &c. 19. arge, s. ârj, in barge, charge, recharge', overcharge', surcharge',

discharge', large, enlarge', overlarge'. (arge, s. ărj, in) lith'arge. 20. able, 8. a-bl, in ap'plicable, for'midable, com'mendable, peace’able,

agreeable, per'is hable, so'ciable, mag'nifiable, a'miable, pit'iable, &c. (able, s. ābl, in a'ble, fa'ble, ga'ble, ena'ble, una’ble, sa'ble,

disa'ble, ta'ble, sta'ble, insta'ble, unsta'ble. 21. üble, s. e-bl, in evin'cible, invin'cible, doc'ible, forc'ible, iras'cible,

deduc'ible, cred'ible, exten'dible, an'dible, leg'ible, &c. (ible, s. ib),

in bi'ble.-oible, s. oy-bl, in foi'ble.) 22. uble, s. u-bl, in soluble, res'oluble, irres'oluble, insoluble, dis'sol.

uble, indis'soluble, vol'uble. (ouble, s. ubl, in) double, redoub'le,

sem'idouble, troub'le. 23. ile, s. il, in flab'ile, nu'bile, facile, croc'odile, doc'ile, ag'ile, ju'.

venile, febrile, pu'erile, vi'rile, ten'sile, mis'sile, &c, (ile, s. il, in)

ree'oncile, e'dile, cham'omile, se'nile, in'fantile, pan'tile, gen'tile, · pen'tile, turn'stile, ex'ile (n.) (ile, s. il, in) ile, bile, file, defile', while, awhile', some'while, erewhile', oth'erwhile, mile, smile, pile, compile', tile, stile, vile, revile', guile, beguile', wile, exile' (v.) (ile, s. il, or ēl, in) inhabile', imbecile', profile'. (ile, s. ēl, in) mobile'. -ile, 8. élė, in sim'ile, u'tile ; when utile is used as an adjective, it is pronounced in two syllables, with the accent on the first. 24. stle, 8. si, in cas'tle, fore'castle, nes'tle, tres'tle, wres'tle, this'tle,

whis'tle, epis'tle, bris'ile, gris'tle, jos'tle, pos'tle, thros'tle, bus'tle,

jus'tle, nus'tle, rus’tle, (stle, s. stl, in pes'tle). 25. some, 8. sum, in some, glad'some, whole'some, long'some, dark'.

some, irk'some, toil'some, bur'densome, light'some, &c. 26. sume, 8. sum, in absume', desume', consume', assume', reassume'.

(sume, s. zūm, in) resume and presume'. 27. ine, s. in-nin sabine, medicine, fes'tucine, smarag'dine, imag'ine,

er'gine, myrr'hine, amaran'thine, terebin'thine, hyacin'thine, &c.

(ine, s. in, in) can'nabine, car'abine, wood'bine, col'umbine, jac'obine, car'bine, &c. (ine, s. in, in) combine', vic'ine, calcine', saline', decline', recline', incline', disincline', underline', interline', undermine', countermine', canine', repine', opine', supine' (adj.) divine', provine'. (ine, s. in, in monosyllables and words compounded of, or derived from them) wine, swine, twine, untwine', intertwine', nine, pine, sine, shrine, shine, moon'shine, outshine', fine, define', refine', &c. (ine, s. ēn, in) fascine', gabardine', haberdine', sordine', machine', chioppine', tambarine', marine', ultramariné', submarine', transmarine', tabourine', quarantine', colbertine', routine', magazine',

(essoine, s. essoyn'.) 28. ire s. ir, in ire, dire, fire, hire, mire, admire', bemire', quag'mire,

spire, aspire', respire', transpire', inspire', conspire', perspire', &c. (ire, s. ïr, in) wild'fire, bon'fire, pis'mire, em'pire, um'pire, ac'rospire, grand'sire. (ire, s. ir, in) cam'phire, sam'phire, sapph'ire. — sa'tire, s. sā'těr---solitaire', s. sol-e-tār'-shire, s. shir or shēr-conge-d'elire', 8. kõn-je-de-lēr'--escurgatoire', 8. es-kar-ga-twâr'--scrutoire' s. skrů.

tor'. 29. sure, s. zhur, in pleas'ure, displeas'ure, meas'ure, outmeasure,

treas'ure, intreas'ure, incis'ure, expo'sure. (ssure, s. shur, in) press'ure, impress’ure, sciss'ure, fiss'ure, contrafiss'ure, commiss'ure. (sure, s. zhăr, in) ra'sure, lei'sure, cloʻsure, enclo'sure, disclo'sure, compo'sure, discompo'sure, dispo'sure, clau'sure. (sure, s. shăr, in) cen'sure, ten'sure, ton'sure, compress'ure, coun'terpressure, express'.

ure. (sure, s. shûr, in) ensure', unsure', assure'. 30. ture, s. tur, in ju'dicature, du'plicature, feature, crea'ture, lig'ature,

min'iature, abbre'viature, entab'lature, prelature, leg'islature, na'.

ture, &c. (ture, s. tūr, in) mature', premature', immature'. 31. re, preceded by a consonant, s. ěr. in sa'bre, ver'tebre, fi'bre,

om'bre, a'cre, wise'acre, mas'sacre, lu'cre, the'atre, amphithe'atre,

elec'tre, spec'tre, me'tre, &c.—parterre', s. părtār'. 32. ise, s. ïz, in crit'icise, cir'cumcise, ex'ercise, ex'orcise, mer'chandise, meth'odise, cat'echise, mon'archise, eter'nalise, nat'uralise, &c. (ise, s. iz, in) demise', premise', surmise', presurmise', despise', rise, (v.) arise', sun'rise, reprise', &c. (ise, s. iz, in) fran'chise, affran'chise, enfran'chise, disfran'chise, ainor'tise. (ise, s. is in prom'ise, break’promise, an'ise, tor'toise, trea'tise, prac'tise, diver'. tise, moi'tise. (ise, s. ïs, in) paradise, impar'adise. (ise, s. is in) precise', rise (n.) concise'. (nise, s. oyz, in) noise, poise, e'quipoise, coun'terpoise, oʻverpoise. (aise, s. āz, in) chaise, fraise, praise, appraise', dispraise'.-bruise, s. brûz. chevaux-de-frise, s. shev.ó-de

frēz'. 33. ciate, s. shëāt, in gla'ciate, congla'ciate, ema'ciate, depre'ciate,

offi'ciate, provin'ciate, enun'ciate, annun'ciate, conso'ciate (v.), assoʻciate (v.) dissoʻciate, cru'ciate, excru'ciate. (ciate, s. sheat in)

consu'ciate (n.), asso'ciate (n. or adj.) 34. lute, s. lūt in lute, salute', elute', Aute, dilute', pollute', volute',

(lute, s lut, in) ab'solute, res'olute, irres'olute, dis'solute. 35. ue is silent in league, colleague, plague, vague, intrigue', fatigue',

harangue', tongue, ped’agogue, dem'agogue, syn'agogue, di'alogue, cat'alogue, prol'ogue, rogue, &c. (ue, s. u, in) a'gue, ar'gue, redar'gue, val'ue, undervalue, overval’ue, av'enue, rev'enue, detin'ue, ret'inue, contin'ue, discontin'ue, stat'ue, vir'tue. (ue, s. ū, in)

blue, flue, glue, unglue', mue, sue. (ue, s. û, in) rue, congrue', true,

untrue'. (ue, s. ŭ, in) con'strue, miscon'strue, iss'ue, tiss'ue. 36. ive, s. iv, in give, forgive', olive, to live, outlive', eva'sive, sua'sive,

dissua'sive, adhe'sive, deci'sive, repul'sive, expan'sive, defen'sive, apprehen'sive, pen'sive, &c. (ive, 8. iv, in) five, hive, bee'hive, live (adj.), alive', slive, connive', rive, drive, overdrive', derive', shrive, thrive, deprive', arrive', contrive', strive, revive', connive',

supervive', survive', wive (2.). 37. g before n in the same syllable is silent in impregn', campaign',

champaign', deraign', arraign', deign, indign', condign', feign, reign,

sov'ereign, for'eign, inter-reign', malign', benign', sign, &c. 38. ing, s. ing, in amaʼzing, dy'ing, say'ing, know'ing, deserv'ing,

bring, last'ing, writing, blessing, hear'ing, mourn'ing, inorning, opening, alarm'ing, change'ling, lord'ling, &c. 39. inging, s. ingin, in cling'ing, fling'ing, ring'ing, spring'ing, string'.

ing, wring'ing, singʻing, sting'ing, wing'ing, swing'ing, slingsing,

bringʻing. 40. ong, s. ong, in thong, diph'thong, triph'thong, long, along', ob'long,

head'long, end'long, &c. (ong, s. ung, in) tong, among', amongst'. 41. ough, s. o, in furlough, borough, head'borough, third'borough,

herborough, thor'ough. (ough, s. 7, in) dough, though, although', (ough, s. ow, in) bough, clough, a cleff : plough, slough, a deep mire; sougb. (ough, s. of, in) cough, hooping -cough, chin'cough, clough, an allowance in weight; trough. (ough, 8. uf, in) chough, slough, a cast skin; enough', rough, tough. (ough, s. ok, in) hough,

shough, lough-ough, s û, in throughough, s. up, in hic'cough. 42. th, 8. th, in death, heath, sheath (n.), breath, wreath (n.), path,

wrath, breadth, fifth, length, strength, ze'nith, herewith', therewith', wherewith', forthwith', &c. (th, s. th, in) sheath (v.), unsheath', beneath', underneatb', seeth (v.), with, booth, tol'booth,

smooth, sooth (v.), mouth (v.) 13. cial, s. shal, in speci'al, judici'al, benefici'al, offici'al, artifici'al, su

perfici'al, provin'cial, so'cial, commercial, fidu'cial, &c. (cial, e. shéal, in) gla'cial, cru'cial. 4. tial, s. shal, in initi'al, solstiti'al, substan'tial, circumstan'tial, cre

denʻtial, providen'tial, pruden'tial, &c. (tial, preceded by 3, soundo

tyal in) bes'tial, celes'tial, subceles'tial, superceles'tial. 45. ful, s. fúl, in dread'ful, need'ful, hand'ful, peace'ful, grace'ful,

change'ful, venge'ful, revenge'ful, guile'ful, tune'ful, hope'ful, &c. 46. form, s. fârm, in form, deform', reform', efform', tri'form, len'ti

form, multiform, inform', misinform', conform', perform', trans

form', plat'form.- form, s. fârm, in u'niform. 47. en. s. n, in deaf'en, beech'en, rough'en, ash'en, fresh'en, heath'en,

length'en, weak'en, tak'en, sick'en, &c. (en, s. en in monosyllables) as fen, hen, then, when, ken, glen, men, pen, tren, wren, ten, wen ; and in such words as twig'gen, kitch'en, hy'phen, a'lien, wool'len,

a'men', &c. of'ten and sof'ten, s. ofn and sofn. 48. sten, 8. sn, in has'ten, fas'ten, unfas'ten, chas'ten, lis'ten, glis'ten,

mois'ten, chris'ten. (sten, s. stn, in bur'sten. 49. ain accented, or in a monosyllable, s. an, in ordain', disdain', regain',

• When a vowel is not sounded in the verb, it is silent also in the participles derived from it.

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