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though, through, head, dead, earl, bowl, four, soul, fourth, dread, sweat, mould, deaf, mourn, morn, there, where, then, when, an'y, man’y, among', amongst', rude, rue, rule, true, truth, who, whose, whom, wound, prove, juice, fruit, pour, tour, soup, group, lose, move, full, put, push, bush, pulpit, bul'let.

door, floor, of'ten, sof'ten, wind, wind'y, to wind, wind'ing, wound, lux'ury, luxu'rious, luxu'riously, luxu’riant, luxu'riance, enthu'siasm, enthusias'tic, fra'grance, fra'grant, expe'rience, exper'iment, experimen'tal, exte'rior, infe'rior, inferior'ity, supe'rior, superior'ity, sublime', sublime'ly, sublim'ity, sublunary, create', crea'tion, crea'tor.

si'lence, bi'as, sen'tence, tri'umph, com'fort, sol'ace, con'strue, res'. cue, res'pite, gov'ern, har'ass, can'cel, men'ace, canal', hab'it, tep'id, sin’ner, con'scious, sub'ject, page'ant, val'iant, pal'ace, establish, imagine, car'ern, fam'ine, fam’ily, talent, pa'tent, cush'ion, bullion, butch'er, guard, large, charge, mas’ter, fa'ther, rath'er, oblige', pa'tron, pat'ronage, ma’tron, an'cient, fa'tal, com'fort.

can'dour, valour, above', type, guile, guise, ty'rant, tyr'anny, tyr'. annize, tyr'annous, tyran'nic, tyran'nical, ge'nii, ra'dii, cheer'ful, cheer'. fully, cheer'less, cheerlessly, sti'pend, pi'lot, climb, ide'a, he'ro, hero'. ical, heroine, her'oism, fe'ver, cleanse, pleas'ant, pleas'ure, treas'ure, peas'ant, jeal'ous, weap'on, endeav'our, elegant, ev'ident, neigh'bour. The diphthong oi, which always sounds oy, is, in many counties of Scot

land, pronounced so as to rhyme with the Scotch sound of i, in time, mine, thine, &c. This may be guarded against by frequently pronouncing the following words, carefully observing to sound ai so as to rhyme with oy in toy, boy, joy, cloy, &c.

oint, joint, conjoint', disjoint', anoint', point, appoint', disappoint', voice, void, void'able, avoid', oil, boil, coil, accoil', recoil', foil, moil, bemoil', turmoil, spoil, despoil', broil, embroil', disembroil, soil, toil, coin, foin, join, subjoin', adjoin', rejoin', enjoin', benzoin', conjoin', interjoin', disjoin', misjoin', loin, purloin', quoif, quoif'fure, quoit.

Sounding w like v before r is also a common error. wrath, wrath'ful, wretch, wretch'ed, wretch'edly, wretch'edness, wrist, writ, write, writ'er, writhe, writ'ing, writ'ten, wrong, wrong'ful, wrong'ly, wrote, wroth, wrought, wrung. Suck as lisp, or cannot sound the letter s properly, should often pronounce

the following words ; carefully observing, that in sounding the s, the tongue should be pointed above the teeth, and not protruded between

boss, moss, gloss, miss, bliss, hiss, guess, sess, press, dress, some, such, sure, shall, succeed', success', successor, sim'ple, safe, sis'ter, soci'ety, so'cial, suspense', suspen'sion, sustain', sus'tenance, sat'isfy, satisfaction, susceptible, assume', assump'tion, assert', access', recess', transgress', suppose', assess', possess', count'ess, host'ess, dismiss'. Northumbrians, and those who bur, or give the letter r a guttural sound,

should, in pronouncing the following words, trill that letter with the point of the tongue upon the roof of the mouth.

are, were, there, where, share, stare, fear, near, rear, spear, tear, bear, se'nior, ju'nior, infe'rior, exte'rior, warrior, bar'ter, gar'ter, char'ter, convert'er, pervert'er, eom'forter, import'er, support'er, extort'er, dream'er, stream'er, rum'mer, astron'omer, for'mer, reform'er, perform'er, gardener, war'rener, mar'iner, cri'er, dri'er, barʻrier, carrier.

them.

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WORDS.

SOUNDS.

SOUNDS.

you

u

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The following Words admit of a variety in the pronunciation.

Unless the subject be grave, you, though when emphatic or in the when unemphatic or in the yē

in the nominative case, is very often

sounded ; when ye is written for the nominative case,

objective case,

nominative it sounds also.

In the Sacred Scriptures, and in other when emphatic, ur or ür when unemphatic, yur grave and dignified subjects, the pro

nouns my, mine, thy, thine, you, your, when emphatic,


when unemphatic, mē take their long sound of mi, min, thi,

thin, ü, ür.
in dignified or solemn

In all language but that of Scripture,
it ought never to be pro-
min

min
composition,

nounced,

mine may be changed into my, and pro

nounced like . when the subject is familwhen the subject is raised

In the language of endearment, or and the personage dige

thi iar, and the person we

the negligence also, thy may take the sound

address without dignity nified,

of the

or importance,
either when a personal or

thin it should never be sounded, thin
an adjective pronoun,
when emphatic, or in grave

thār
when unemphatic, or of no

ther subjects, great importance,

In the pronunciation of the following

passage, it is plain that the word that, when a demonstrative pro. when a relative pronoun

which is not printed in italics, is pronoun, has always an ac.

or a conjunction, it has

nounced nearly as if written thut : “My
cent on it, and is pro-
that no accent, and the a thut

Lords, with humble submission, that that
nounced so as to rhyme

an obscure

I say, is; that that that that gentleman with hat, mat, &c.

sound like shut the

has advanced is not that that he should

have proved to your Lordships." before a vowel,

the before a consonant,

the

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goes into

Lhe

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tủ sẽ

or

in conversation, however,

we sometimes hear the to pronounced tē, thus,

tē yē

Perhaps it would be better to avoid this sound of the to even in conversation.

tû yē

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wind

this word is often irregu.

larly and inelegantly pronounced, 80 to rhyme with pool, poor.

In these words, the you,

when without accent or
emphasis, is pronounced
yē, but the to always pre-
serves its true sound,

eo to you

wind

this word, when a noun, is now most commonly

with the shut sound of i,

pronounced

should always be pronoun-

ced so as to rhyme with böld, cold, and old. So. lemn speaking, particu. larly the language of Scripture, indispensably requires the same sound,

gold

gold

Acco to Mr WALKER, goldbeater, goldfinch, goldfinder, golding, and goldsmith, especially when a proper name, as Dr Goldsmith, may admit of the o being sounded like û, but not golden, as the Golden Age.

güld

as

ON PAUSES OR POINTS. There are two kinds of pauses, viz. Grammatical and Rhetorical pauses. Grammatical pauses are denoted by certain points or marks at which it is necessary to pause or stop a little, for the purpose of breathing and elucidating the meaning of a sentence.

Rhetorical pauses are those stops made by a reader or speaker, which, though frequently not marked, serve to beautify delivery, by giving it all that variety and ease of which it is susceptible.

The Grammatical pauses are distinguished into

The Comma
The Semicolon

marked thus
The Colon

The Period
And those which are accompanied with an alteration in the tone of the

voice, into
The Interrogation
The Exclamation marked thus

The Parenthesis
Besides these, there is another pause called the hyphen or dash, marked

with a short line, thus

Some writers suppose that the
Semicolon

Comma,
Colon
-is a pause double the time of the

Semicolon,
Period

Colon.
Others are of opinion that the
Semicolon

double
Colon is a pause 3 triple the time of the Comma.
Period

quadruple)
Perhaps the Pupil might be told to pause
Comma

one.
Semicolon while he could deliber-
at the

one, two.
Colon
ately pronounce

one, two, three.
Period

one, two, three, four.
The number of pauses may be reduced to three; namely,
The Smaller Pause)

Comma,
The Greater Pause answering to the Semicolon and Colon,
The Greatest Pause)

Period.
The interrogation and exclamation points are said to be indefinite as
to their quantity of time, and to mark an elevation of voice ; and the
parenthesis, to mark a moderate depression of the voice, with a pause
greater than a comma...The time of the hyphen or dash is also
indefinite.

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trary to it.

TABLE of the Two SLIDES, or INFLECTIONS of VOICE. The acute accent (') denotes the rising, and the grave accent ()the falling inflection. 1. Did they act prop'erly, or improperly?.

16. They acted prop'erly, not im'properly. 2. Did he speak distinct'ly, or indistinctly?

17. He spoke distinct'ly, not in'distinctly. 3. Must we act accord’ing to the law, or con trary 18. We must act accord'ing to the law, not con’

to it? 4. Did he go willingly, or un'willingly ?

19. He went wil'lingly, not un'willingly. 5. Was it done correctly, or in correctly?

20. It was done correctly, not in'correctly. 6. Did he say cau'tion, or cau'tion ?

21. He said caution, not cau'tion. 7. Did he say wisely, or wise'ly?

22. He said wise'ly, not wise'ly. 8. Did he say value, or val'ue ?

23. He said val'ue, not val'ue. 9. Did he say wis'dom, or wisdom ?

24. He said wisdom, not wis'dom. 10. Did he say fame', or fame'?

25. He said fame', not fame'. 11. You must not say fa'tal, but fa tal.

26. You must say fa'tal, not fatal. 12. You must not say e'qual, but equal.

27. You must say e'qual, not e'qual. 13. You must not say i'dol, but i dol.

28. You must say idol, not i'dol. 14. You must not say open, but o‘pen.

29. You must say o‘pen, not oʻpen. 15. You must not say du'bious, but dubious. 30. You must say du bious, not du'bious.

TABLE OF THE INFLECTIONS OF THE VOICE.

35

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