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though, through, head, dead, earl, bowl, four, soul, fourth, dread, sweat, mould, deaf, mourn, morn, there, where, then, when, an'y, man'y, among', amongst', rude, rue, rule, true, truth, who, whose, whom, wound, prove, juice, fruit, pour, tour, soup, group, lose, move, full, put, push, bush, pulpit, bullet.

door, floor, of'ten, sof'ten, wind, wind'y, to wind, winding, wound, lux'ury, luxu'rious, luxu'riously, luxu'riant, luxu'riance, enthu'siasm, enthusias'tic, fra'grance, fra'grant, expe'rience, exper'iment, experimen'tal, exte'rior, infe'rior, inferior'ity, supe'rior, superior'ity, sublime', sublime'ly, sublim'ity, sublunary, create', crea'tion, crea'tor.

si'lence, bi'as, sen'tence, triumph, com'fort, sol'ace, con'strue, res'. cue, res’pite, gov'ern, har'ass, can'cel, men'ace, canal', hab'it, tep'id, sin’ner, con'scious, sub'ject, page'ant, val'iant, pal'ace, establish, imagine, car'ern, fam’ine, fam’ily, talent, pa'tent, cush'ion, bullion, butch'er, guard, large, charge, mas'ter, father, rath'er, oblige', pa'tron, pat'ronage, ma’tron, an'cient, fa'tal, com'fort.

can'dour, valour, above', type, guile, guise, ty'rant, tyr'anny, tyr. annize, tyr'annous, tyran’nic, tyran'nical, ge'nii, ra'dii, cheer'ful, cheer. fully, cheer'less, cheer'lessly, sti'pend, pi'lot, climb, ide'a, he'ro, hero'. ical, heroine, her'oism, fe'ver, cleanse, pleas'ant, pleas'ure, treas'ure, peas'ant, jeal'ous, weap'on, endeav'our, elegant, ev'ident, neigh'bour. The diphthong oi, which always sounds oy, is, in many counties of Scot. land, pronounced so as to rhyme with the Scotch sound of i, in time, mine, thine, &c. This may be guarded against by frequently pronouncing the following words, carefully observing to sound oi so as to rhyme with oy in toy, boy, joy, cloy, &c.

oint, joint, conjoint', disjoint', anoint', point, appoint', disappoint', voice, void, void'able, avoid', oil, boil, coil, accoil', recoil', foil, moil, bemoil', turmoil', spoil, despoil', broil, embroil', disembroil', soil, toil, coin, foin, join, subjoin', adjoin', rejoin', enjoin', benzoin', conjoin', interjoin', disjoin', misjoin', loin, purloin', quoif, quoif'fure, quoit.

Sounding w like v before r is also a common error. wrath, wrath'ful, wretch, wretch'ed, wretch'edly, wretch'edness, wrist, writ, write, writer, writhe, writ'ing, writ'ten, wrong, wrong'ful, wrongʻly, wrote, wroth, wrought, wrung. Such as lisp, or cannot sound the letter s properly, should often pronounce

the following words ; carefully observing, that in sounding the s, the tongue should be pointed above the teeth, and not protruded between them.

boss, moss, gloss, miss, bliss, hiss, guess, sess, press, dress, some, such, sure, shall, succeed', success', successor, sim'ple, safe, sis'ter, soci'ety, so'cial, suspense', suspen’sion, sustain', sus'tenance, sat'isfy, satisfaction, susceptible, assume', assumption, assert', access', recess', transgress', suppose', assess', possess', count'ess, host'ess, dismiss'. Northumbrians, and those who bur, or give the letter r a guttural sound,

should, in pronouncing the following words, trill that letter with the point of the tongue upon the roof of the mouth.

are, were, there, where, share, stare, fear, near, rear, spear, tear, bear, se'nior, ju'nior, infe'rior, exterior, warrior, bar'ter, gar'ter, charter, convert'er, pervert'er, eom'forter, import'er, support'er, extort'er, dream'er, stream'er, rum'mer, astron'omer, for'mer, reform'er, perforin'er, gar'dener, warrener, mar'iner, cri'er, dri'er, barrier, carrier.

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WORDS.

SOUNDS.

SOUNDS.

you

u

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The following Words admit of a variety in the pronunciation.

Unless the subject be grave, you, though when emphatic or in the when unemphatic or in the yē

in the nominative case, is very often

sounded ; when ye is written for the nominative case,

objective case,

nominative it sounds also.

In the Sacred Scriptures, and in other when emphatic, ur or ür when unemphatic, yur grave and dignified subjects, the pro

nouns my, mine, thy, thine, you, your, when emphatic,


when unemphatic, mē take their long sound of mi, min, thi,

thin, ü, ür.
in dignified or solemn

In all language but that of Scripture,
it ought never to be pro-
min

min
composition,

nounced,

mine may be changed into my, and pro

nounced like . when the subject is familwhen the subject is raised

In the language of endearment, or and the personage dige

thi iar, and the person we

the negligence also, thy may take the sound

address without dignity nified,

of the

or importance,
either when a personal or

thin it should never be sounded, thin
an adjective pronoun,
when emphatic, or in grave

thār
when unemphatic, or of no

ther subjects, great importance,

In the pronunciation of the following

passage, it is plain that the word that, when a demonstrative pro. when a relative pronoun

which is not printed in italics, is pronoun, has always an ac.

or a conjunction, it has

nounced nearly as if written thut : “My
cent on it, and is pro-
that no accent, and the a thut

Lords, with humble submission, that that
nounced so as to rhyme

an obscure

I say, is; that that that that gentleman with hat, mat, &c.

sound like shut the

has advanced is not that that he should

have proved to your Lordships." before a vowel,

the before a consonant,

the

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Lhe

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that

noun, has always an ac. cent on it, and is pronounced so as to rhyme with hat, mat, &c.

hem,

WORDS. to

nouns me, thee, him, her, it, us, you, them,

always sounds

for the most part is pro.
from nounced with the shut

sound of o, thus,
when before the words it,

kim, or any similar word at the end of a sentence,

in other situations it is tre-
2
quently pronounced,

S
s before the personal pro-

nouns, it is often pro-
2

nounced as if written

from

frum

Or frăm

These signs of cases, of, from, by, for, are, in the middle of a sentence, sometimes liable to a double sound; but when at the end of a sentence, or member of a sentence, and succeeded by it, him, her, or them, they are invariably pronounced ov, from, , for.

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tû yē

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in the language of Scrip

ture, and in poetry, when the rhyme requires it, the i has its long sound,

pronounced

wind

The verb to wind, that is, to blow, to 'en.
circle, to turn, is pronounced with the
long sound of i, so as to rhyme with find,
mind, blind. In the derivatives and com-
pounds of wind, as windy, windmill, &c.
the i has its shut sound.

According to Mr Walker, goldbeater,
goldfinch, goldfinder, golding, and gold-
smith, especially when a proper name, as
Dr Goldsmith, may admit of the o being
sounded like ủ, but not golden, as the
Gölden Age.

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ON PAUSES OR POINTS. There are two kinds of pauses, viz. Grammatical and Rhetorical pauses. Grammatical pauses are denoted by certain points or marks ; at which it is necessary to pause or stop a little, for the purpose of breathing and elucidating the meaning of a sentence.

Rhetorical pauses are those stops made by a reader or speaker, which, though frequently not marked, serve to beautify delivery, by giving it all that variety and ease of which it is susceptible.

The Grammatical pauses are distinguished into

The Comma

The Semicolon s marked thus

The Colon

The Period
And those which are accompanied with an alteration in the tone of the

voice, into
The Interrogation)
The Exclamation { marked thus

The Parenthesis )
Besides these, there is another pause called the hyphen or dash, marked

with a short line, thus

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(double

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(one.

Some writers suppose that the
Semicolon )

(Comma,
Colon Sis a pause double the time of the Semicolon,
Period

(Colon.
Others are of opinion that the
Semicolon)
Colon is a pause triple the time of the Comma.
Period

(quadruple )
Perhaps the Pupil might be told to pause
Comma

Semicolon while he could deliber. Jone, two. at the <

Colon ( ately pronounce one, two, three.
Period

(one, two, three, four.
The number of pauses may be reduced to three; namely,
The Smaller Pause)

(Comma, The Greater Pause answering to the Semicolon and Colon, The Greatest Pause)

Period. The interrogation and exclamation points are said to be indefinite as to their quantity of time, and to mark an elevation of voice ; and the parenthesis, to mark a moderate depression of the voice, with a pause greater than a comma. The time of the hyphen or dash is also indefinite.

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TABLE of the Two Slides, or INFLECTIONS of Voice. The acute accent () denotes the rising, and the grave accent (')the falling inflection. 1. Did they act prop'erly, or improperly ? 16. They acted prop'erly, not im'properly. 2. Did he speak distinctly, or in distinctly? 17. He spoke distinctly, not in'distinctly. 3. Must we act accord'ing to the law, or con'traryll 18. We must act accord'ing to the law, not con'to it?

trary to it. 4. Did he go willingly, or un'willingly?

19. He went wil'lingly, not un'willingly. 5. Was it done correctly, or in correctly? 20. It was done correct'ly, not in'correctly. 6. Did he say cau'tion, or cau'tion ?

21. He said caution, not cau'tion.. 7. Did he say wisely, or wise'ly?

22. He said wise'ly, not wise'ly. 8. Did he say value, or val'ue ?

23. He said val'ue, not val’ue. 9. Did he say wis'dom, or wis'dom?

24. He said wisdom, not wis'dom. 10. Did he say fame', or fame'?

25. He said fame', not fame'. 11. You must not say fa'tal, but fa'tal.

26. You must say fa'tal, not fartal. 12. You must not say e'qual, but equal.

27. You must say e'qual, not e'qual. 13. You must not say i'dol, but i'dol.

28. You must say i'dol, not i'dol. 14. You must not say open, but o'pen.

29. You must say o‘pen, not oʻpen. 15. You must not say dubious, but dubious. 30. You must say du'bious, not du'bious.

TABLE OF THE INFLECTIONS OF THE VOICE.

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