Εικόνες σελίδας
PDF
Ηλεκτρ. έκδοση

HOPKINS AND UNDERWOOD'S NEW

ARITHMETICS

ADVANCED BOOK

THE MACMILLAN COMPANY
NEW YORK • BOSTON • CHICAGO

ATLANTA · SAN FRANCISCO

MACMILLAN & CO., LIMITED
LONDON · BOMBAY · CALCUTTA

MELBOURNE

THE MACMILLAN CO. OF CANADA, Ltd.

TORONTO

NEW ARITHMETICS

ADVANCED BOOK

BY

JOHN W. HOPKINS

SUPERINTENDENT OF THE GALVESTON PUBLIC SCHOOLS

AND

P. H. UNDERWOOD

TEACHER OF MATHEMATICS, BALL HIGH SCHOOL, GALVESTON, TEXAS

New York
THE MACMILLAN COMPANY

1908

All rights reserved

H73
1707

COPYRIGHT, 1903, 1907,

BY THE MACMILLAN COMPANY.

Set

up and electrotyped. Published August, 1903.
New edition revised. Published December, 1907.

CAJORI

Norwood Press
J.S. Cushing Co. - Berwick & Smith Co.

Norwood, Mass., U.8.A.

PREFACE

This book assumes a working knowledge of the four fundamental rules as applied to integers and United States Money. It contains the essentials of practical arithmetic arranged by topics in conformity with the courses of study in some of the best school systems, each chapter representing a year's work commencing with the fifth grade.

It aims to teach principles rather than rules. As the unitary method is the one most natural to the young learner, the first two chapters give prominence to this style of reasoning. Chapters III and IV give a thorough review of arithmetic principles and practice. In these chapters the method of ratio is brought into prominence. Science to be of value must be more or less deductive in form.

Characteristic features of the book are the early introduction of Decimals, the large number of problems based on the industrial resources of our country, the clearness and directness with which problems are illustrated, and the omission of complicated problems of doubtful utility.

The aim of teaching arithmetic is culture, accuracy, and rapidity in the computation of problems arising in actual life, and the acquisition of correct methods of reasoning. This aim is always kept in view. However, as students possess the power of learning readily to work processes, and, furthermore, as the practice of arithmetic

« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »