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KING Edward IV.
Sons to Edward IV.
afterwards King Richard VI. Cardinal, Archbishop of York. Duke of Buckingham. Duke of Norfolk. Earl of Surrey. Marquis of Dorset, Son to Queen Elizabeth. Earl Rivers, Brother to the Queen. Lord Gray, Son to Queen Elizabeth. Earl of Richmond, afterwards King Henry VII. Bisbop of Ely. Lord Hastings. Sir Thomas Vaughan. Sir Richard Radcliff. Lord Lovel. Catesby. Sir James Tyrrel. Thomas, Lord Stanley. Earl of Oxford. Blount. Herbert. Sir William Brandon. Brakenbury, Lieut. of the Tower. Two Children of the Duke of Clarence. Sir Christopher Urswick, a Priest. Lord Mayor Elizabeth, Queen of Edward IV. Queen Margaret, Widow of Henry VI. Anne, Widow of Edward Prince of Wales, Son to Hen
ry VI. afterwards married to the Duke of Glouce
Iter. Dutchess of York, Mother to Edward IV. Clarence and
Sheriff, Pursuivant, Citizens, Ghosts of those murder'd
by Richard III. with Soldiers, and other Attendants.
(1) LIFE and DEATH of
King RICHARD III.
ACT I. SCENE I.
Enter Richard Duke of Gloucester, Solus.
OW is the Winter of our Discontent
In the deep bosom of the Ocean bury'd.
play appear'd : or if some other Richard the Third is here alluded to by Harrington, that a play on this subjet preceded our Author's.
Mr. WHARTON. (2) He capersm] War capers. This is poetical, though a little harsh ; if it be York that capers, the antecedent is at such a distance that it is almost forgotten.
(3) Cheated of feature by dissembling nature,] By dissembling is not meant hypocritical nature, that pretends one thing, and does another : But nature that puts together things of a diffunilar kind, as a brave soul, and a deformed body.
WARBURTON. Diffembling is here put very licentiously for fraudful, deceitful.
(+) And therefore fince I cannot prove a lover,] Shakespeare very diligently inculcates that the wickedness of Richard proceeded from his deformity, from the envy that rose at the comparison of his own person with others, and which incited him to disturb the pleasures that he could not partake.
1 am determined to prove a villain,
brother Clarence and the King In deadly hate, the one against the other: By drunken prophesies, libels, and dreams, And, if King Edvard be as true and just, (5) As I am subile, false, and treacherous; This day should Clarence closely be mew'd up; About a Prophefy, which says, that G Of Edward's Heirs the Murtherer fhall be. -Dive, thoughts, down to my soul!: here Clarence.
Enter Clarence guarded, and 'Brakenbury:
Glo. Upon what cause?
Glou. Alack, my Lord, that fault is none of yours:
Clar. Yea, Richard, when I know, for, I proteft, As yet I do not; but as I can learn, He hearkens after Prophefies and Dreams, And froin the cross-row plucks the letter G; And says, a wizard told him, that by G His issue disinherited should be. And, for my name of George begins with G,
* And hate the idle pleasure sm-] Perhaps we might read, And bate the idle pleasures.
† Inductions dangerous,] Preparations for mischief. The Inim duction is preparatory to the action of the play.
(5) -Edward be as true and juft,] i.e. as open hearted and free from deceit.
WARBURTON. The meaning is only this; if Edward keeps his word.
It A 3
It follows in his thought, that I am he.
Gl.. Why, this it is, when men are ruld by wo
'Tis not the King that sends you to the Tower,
Clar. By heav'n, I think, there is no man secure
Glo. Humbly complaining to her Deity, (6)
Brak. I beg your Graces both to pardon me :
* Toys.] Fancies, freaks of imagination.
(6) Humbly complaining, &c.] I think these two lines might be better given to Clarence. f. The jealous, o'er-worn widow,] That is the Queen and Shore.