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therefore made for their discharge and payment. On the 29th August, the command at Camp Lincoln was reduced to an aggregate of 5 enlisted men, all of whom were more or less sick, and myself, the only commissioned officer at the post, Lts. Gallegos and Ford being absent, sick. This force I believed to be entirely inadequate to remain at so retired a point in security. On the 30th and 31st, by the assistance of the settlers at Clear Creek, all the movable government stores were temporarily transferrd 6 miles below, to a place of greater security till reinforcements should arrive. By the 13th Sept. three more enlisted men were discharged, leaving two enlisted men, and they both sick. On the 15th Lts. G. & F. arrived, somewhat improved in health. On the 29th Capt. Downie, 14th U. S. Infantry, arrived and took command. On the 30th Lt. G. and one man Company E, and two citizens, attacked a thieving party of Indians in the cornfields, killing one Indian and frightening the rest effectually away, since which the settlers have not been troubled by their raids. The two men remaining in Company E will be discharged on the 1st, and 5th, of November, and with them Lt. G. and myself, which will terminate its organization, making 1612 months, the first 41/2 of which I got no pay for time nor expenses incurred. In recruiting this company I used $500 my own funds, and nearly half as much more recruiting Companies F, G, and D, which, with the exception of a portion of Company F, were never organized. During all this time the whole burden and responsibility of the organization, both from the Government to the Company, and the Company to the Government, has fallen upon me. I have long been accustomed to hard and active labor and to positions of some responsibility, but never have I passed a year and four months of such unremitting toil and care as the past. Had the actual needed supplies been furnished, there is no doubt but that the record of this company would have been such as its officers could look back upon with pride. As it is, they see but little except disappointed hopes and expectations. One thing at least has been proven, viz. : that the native troops are far superior to any others for field service in this Territory, and until this shall be taken as the basis of operations, no immediate good results can occur. Government may continue to spend its millions upon any other basis, and Apache raids will still continue, while 300 native troops, well officered, at an expense of less than $800 to the man per year, will, in less than two years, rid the Territory of its greatest bane and obstacle in the way of progress.

“Such are some of the principal events in the history of Company E, which I should have been glad to have made out much more in extenso, but duties that could not be deferred have prevented.

“Very respectfully,
"Your Obt. Servt.,

“H. S. WASHBURN,

“Capt. 1st Inf. Ar. Vols. “P. S.-Before long I will endeavor to send you a sketch to accompany this report.

“H. S. W. “P. S.-Among other omissions is that of the action between Sergeant Elias with 6 men Company E, and 27 Apaches, while returning from escort service to Prescott. The fight lasted two hours. Elias had a bullet shot through his hat and one of the men was taken and retaken three times. One of the men lost his hat, and two of them a blanket each. The Indians had several wounded, two it is thought mortally. They retired from the fight just in time as the men had only three or four rounds of ammunition left at the close of the fight.

“H. S. WASHBURN,

Capt. &c.”

Captain Washburn must, undoubtedly, have been very active and energetic, and did good work considering the material he had and the difficulties under which he labored. The following communication will show that his services were appreciated by the regular military at that time: “Hd. Qrs., Dis. of Arizona Ter.

Tucson, Ar., June 25th, 1866. “Capt. Washburn, * Arizona Volunteers,

Comdg. Camp Lincoln. Captain,

“It gives me pleasure to thank you and your command for several successful scouts against the hostile Apaches. I hope that you will encourage your men in their valuable services to the Territory, and that I shall soon again have it in my power to commend you in high terms to Department and Division Head Quarters. "I am, Captain,

“Very respectfully,
"Yr. Obt. Servt.,

“H. D. WALLEN, “Lt. Col. 14th Inf., Bt. Col. U. S. A. Command

ing.” Official: “H. S. Washburn,

“Capt. &c.

There is also a synopsis of a report made by Lieutenant Hutton, as follows:

On the third of November, 1865, I was mustered into Company F as 2nd Lieut. to raise the company to its standard, Capt. Washburn having recruited 33, who were mustered in on said 3rd of November. On the 30th of November, the company numbered 85 men, Com. officers and privates. On this same day I was ordered to disband the 53 recruits that I had raised by order of Col. Lewis of the 7th Cal. Vols., stationed at Fort Mason, and on the 5th day of December, I was ordered to Prescott. My men not having shoes and shirts, on the 25th was ordered to report to Capt. Grant at Date Creek, which I complied with on same day. On the 6th of January, with 12 men, I was sent as escort for wagons en route for Prescott. Arrived on the 9th, thermometer down to 9 above zero. On the 16th arrived at Camp Date Creek; on the 21st one corp. and 5 privates on detached service. 30th one corp. and 6 privates on detached service. 1st of Feby. one corporal and 8 privates on detached service. 17th one corporal and 2 privates on detached service. 16th one non-com. and 2 men returned from detached service.

“19th left Camp Date Creek; proceeded to Skull Valley, and there took post. Arrived on the 21st. Feb. 24th one non-com, and 2 privates on detached service to Date Creek. and 5 men attacked by Indians and 2 men killed, one wounded. After fight of 3 hours' duration, the Indians were driven off. I consider that those men acted as bravely as men could under such circumstances.

One corp

“26th, arrived in camp one non-com, and 7 privates from detached service.

“I would state here that the weather was very bad, cold winds prevailing, and snow and sleet most every day.

27th, one non-com. officer and 11 men on detached service to Date Creek.

March 4, one non-com. and 3 privates from escort duty. 5th, one non-com. and 10 privates returned from escort duty. 7th, non-com. off. and 7 privates on escort duty. 15th, non-com. returned from escort duty. 19th one corporal and 6 men on escort duty to Walnut Grove. 23rd, returned with said escort. 21st, one corporal and 9 men on escort duty. 29th, one corporal and 4 men returned from escort duty. April 1st, one sergt. and one corporal with ten men, escort duty. 6th, returned. 7th, Lieut. Hutton on detached service with 5 men. 10th, returned with said men. 19th, 4 privates returned. 23rd, one corporal and 5 men on escort duty. 24th, returned with escort. May 1st, one non-com. and 5 privates on escort duty. 3rd, 3 privates on escort duty. 5th, one non-com. and 5 men returned from escort duty. 10th, one corp. and 5 men on escort duty to Prescott. 11th, one corporal on detached service with 5 men as guard for ranch. 13th, one non-com. and 3 privates on escort duty. 13th, one non-com. and 5 privates returned. 15th, one non-com. and 5 privates on escort. 21st, returned. 26th, Lieut. Hutton with 15 men on scout. Returned on June 1st after an arduous search after Indians, himself and men packing their blankets and provisions on their backs. 3rd, one non-com. and 5

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