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privates returned from detached service as guard for ranch. 6th, one non-com. and 4 privates on escort duty. 8th, returned with said escort. 9th, one non-com. and 4 privates returned from escort. 10th, one non-com, and 6 privates on escort duty. 14th, one non-com. and 6 privates on escort duty. One non-com, and 4 privates returned from escort. 25th, one noncom. and 6 privates from escort duty. 28th, one non-com, and 12 men on scout. 10th, returned, no Indians. 12th, 3 non-coms. and 15 men on a scout after Indians with 18 men from Fort Whipple under charge of Lieut. Hutton. August 2nd returned. Succeeded in killing and wounding 2, and capturing 2 children. Travelled over 300 miles north north-east from Skull Valley. August 13th, Lieut. Hutton, with 14 men and some 13 citizens, killed 23 Indians. Loss, one man killed and one wounded. During the remainder of August escorted two trains to Prescott.
“Sept. I have a good deal of sickness in camp; have not been able, with the small force at my command, to scout.
“I have run over my morning reports and noted such as are on these pages. You must take into consideration that I have had to always keep guard and do daily duty, the same as the men in camp
“Col.: I send you this; if you wish you can recopy into some shape as I have so much to do that I can't give time to this at present. You are better posted than I am in such matters. I would just here state that I have to lose the time that I was doing duty previous to mustering
in as first sergt. from the 1st of August till 3rd of
“Comdg. Company." The following letter from Captain H. S. Washburn to the Adjutant-General, under date of Sept. 12, 1866, from Camp at Clear Creek, gives some idea of what the settlers suffered at that time:
“Camp at Clear Creek, Sept. 12, 1866. “Colonel,
“The Indians are now harvesting the corn at this settlement at the rate of about 30 or 40 bushels nightly. There is but one soldier left who is able to shoulder a musket, and he has charge of the commissary stores at this camp, what there are, no meat left. When the bearer of this leaves, there will be two citizens left who call themselves well. I am hourly expecting an attempt to take the stock. I have to do guard duty day and night.
“If assistance does not come very soon, I shall have to abandon what government property I am trying to protect, and seek security for myself and animals.
“Captain, &c. “To Lieut.-Col. W. H. Garvin, “Adjt.-General,
It will be observed that these companies were raised under authority given by the ProvostMarshal General in 1864, and the term of service was for three years or during the war. The war between the States was ended the following year. No attempt was made to organize this regiment until the war was over. The troops were enlisted under the mustering in officer at San Francisco. On June 1st, 1866, Secretary McCormick wrote to the Secretary of War, asking their retention in the service, and authority to recruit a full regiment. This letter was referred to General Grant, who replied as follows:
“I know of no law under which this regiment could be raised, and special legislation would be necessary to provide for its equipment, subsistence and payment.
These Arizona Volunteers, besides killing a great number of Apaches, carried the war into the heart of the Apache country. They explored the Tonto Basin country; the country in and around Globe, and the upper waters of the Graham Valley in Gila County, going as far as the Natural Bridge in the northern part of Gila County.
Secretary McCormick, in his message to the Legislature in 1866, said: "Our Delegate proposed an amendment to the new army bill, whereby the companies already in the service should be retained. The Congressional Globe, however, has no report of Delegate Goodwin ever proposing such an amendment to the army bill. As a consequence, enlistments were discontinued, and those already in the service, some of them having served for more than a year, were disbanded on the first of the following July.
These soldiers were not paid, and have not been paid up to this date, by the General Government. They were disbanded and the settlers of Arizona were left to the tender mercies of the A paches, with such meagre assistance as a very reduced force of regular soldiers could give them.
From an interview with Maj. A. J. Doran, who was particularly intimate with Captain J. D. Walker during his lifetime, I obtained the following short biographical sketch:
Captain Walker was born in Nauvoo, Illinois, about the year 1840. In early manhood he came to California, enlisted in the 5th Regiment California Infantry, and was appointed a wagonmaster.
Upon his arrival in the Pima Villages, it was found that there was a surplus of wheat and corn, which the Government traded for, and this was conveyed by wagon to the different posts of the California Volunteers, as far as the Rio Grande.
When Captain Walker received his discharge from the service, he settled among the Pimas at Sacaton, and, being part Indian himself, was adopted into the tribe. He was descended from one of the Illinois tribes. He was a natural linguist and soon mastered the Pima language. He originated the first grammar of their language and reduced it to a written language. Pastor Cook claims this, but Captain Walker was the man who did it, according to Major Doran. To all intents and purposes Walker became an Indian and was one of the big chiefs of the Pima tribe. He was a leader in all their
. councils and big talks. Having studied medicine
in his early life, he became the big medicine man of the tribe. He was a good physician and a man of extraordinary intelligence, somewhat of a scientist. He was a reticent man, never talking much, but had a wonderful fund of information on almost every subject, and he was very precise. He was not a graduate of any college, but was a great reader and a self educated man; a thoughtful man, somewhat of a philosopher.
He was elected surveyor of Pinal County by his party, and served as Probate Judge for several terms. The duties of this office he discharged with fidelity and intelligence. His word was as good as his bond. No one ever knew John D. Walker to go back on his word in any way.
He raised a company of Pima Indians for the Arizona Volunteers, and was made captain of it. It is said that when they were in the field you could not tell him from the other Indians. He dressed like them, with nothing on but a breechclout, and whooped and yelled like his Indian comrades.
He had a noted fight with the Apaches above Pinal at the Picacho. South of Pinal there is a big Picacho and a perpendicular bluff, all full of crevasses. Here he surprised the Apaches and got behind them, and those he didn't kill he drove over this bluff, wiping out the entire band, about seventy-five in number. “Even now, says Major Doran, "you can see on this battlefield the skeletons of the Apaches in the crevices; they were Tonto Apaches."
When he was Probate Judge Captain Walker lived in Florence, it being the county seat. Shortly after his induction into office, the Vekol