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his activities is given in a preceding chapter. Governor John N. Goodwin was sworn in as Delegate on March 4th, 1865, and served until March 3rd, 1867, but it appears that he was still Governor of the Territory until April 10th, 1866, when Secretary R. C. McCormick succeeded him. Whether he drew salary as Governor and as Delegate does not appear.

The following were elected members of the second Legislative Assembly of the Territory at this general election:

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COUNCIL.*
Name.
Residence. Occupation. Age.

Where Born.
Yavapai County:
Henry A. Bigelow, Wickenburg, Miner

32 Massachusetts. King S. Woolsey, Agua Fria Ranch,

33 Alabama. Robert W. Groom, Prescott,

41 Kentucky. Mohave County: William H. Hardy, Hardyville,

Merchant

43 New York. Yuma County: Manuel Ravena, La Paz,

49 Italy. Pima County: Coles Bashford, Tucson,

Lawyer

48 New York. Francisco S. Leon,

Farmer

43 Arizona. Patrick H. Dunne,

Printer

41 Maine.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.*
Name.

Residence. Occupation. Age. Where Born.
Yavapai County:
James S. Giles, Prescott,

29 Delaware. Jackson McCrackin, Lynx Creek, Miner

37 South Carolina. Daniel Ellis, Turkey Creek,

27 Kentucky. James O. Robertson, Big Bug,

28 Tennessee. Mohave County: Octavius D. Gass, Callville,

Ranchero

37 Ohio.
Converse W. C.
Rowell,
Hardyville, Lawyer

35 Vermont.
Yuma County:
Peter Doll,

La Paz,

Miner

40 Germany. Alexander McKey,

38 Kentucky. William K. Hen. inger,

47 Virginia. Pima County: Daniel H. Stickney, Cababi,

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53 Massachusetts.

* Messrs. Leon and Dunne, and a member of the Council chosen from Pima County, in place of Mr. Aldrich, resigned, and eight members of the House from that county, names not reported, did not attend the session.

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The Second Legislative Assembly convened in Prescott on the 6th day of December, 1865, and remained in session twenty-four days. Secretary R. C. McCormick was acting governor at the time and in his message to the Assembly said, in reference to agriculture and stock-raising:

"I cannot too strongly urge you to encourage the pursuit of agriculture. It has been a common impression without the Territory that, while our mineral lands were exceedingly rich and extensive, we were quite destitute of arable acres, and could never raise meat and bread, even sufficient for a limited population. This has arisen from the persistent misrepresentations under which Arizona has suffered. It is now known that no mineral territory has a better proportion of tillable and pastoral lands, while the climate, saving in the extreme altitudes, is such as to promote the luxuriant growth of all cereals, vegetables and fruits. For cattle and sheep the grass of the valleys, plains and foothills is nourishing at all seasons, and it is the opinion of herdsmen of wide observation, that no better grazing country has ever been found. Mining, however rich the placers or the quartz, can seldom be made lucrative where provisions have to be supplied from a distance. The plow and the sickle must keep company with the pick and the mill; and here, where in almost every instance we have in close proximity to the mines, valleys easy to irrigate, and of the richest soil, the work of the gardener and the farmer cannot fail to prove profitable, and should not be neglected. The experiments of the settlers eastward from Prescott, upon the Verde, and at

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Walnut Grove, upon the Hassayampa, as well as those of the ranchmen near Prescott, during the past year, have abundantly proven the agricultural capacity of this central country. I have not seen finer grains and vegetables than have been grown here, and while it was supposed that. in all cases irrigation would be necessary, there are instances where good crops have been raised without a drop of water beyond that furnished by the spring and summer showers. As the Apache is driven back, our settlers will be able to cultivate thousands where they now occupy. scores of acres, and the tame Indians will greatly increase the size of their farms. Together they will not find it difficult to supply food at low prices for a dense population, and my confidence in the future of the Territory is based upon this good prospect, as much as upon the extent and excellence of its mineral resources.”

Speaking of the Apache: “Whose hostile presence is, and has been the chief obstacle to the growth and development of the territory, utter subjugation, even to extermination, is admitted as a necessity by all who are familiar with his history and habits, and the more speedily it. can be effected, the more humane it will be."

He recommended that Arizona be reinstated as a separate surveying district, saying: “However efficient the surveyor-general of New Mexico may be, it is not reasonable to suppose that, having his office at a distance of some hundreds of miles, through an uninhabited country, he can promptly and properly direct the work here required at his hands."

He also recommended that a petition be sent to Congress asking for a geological survey of the

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