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Territory, saying: “A portion of the Territory, as large as the State of New York, is yet wholly unexplored by the white men.

In regard to the Colorado River, he said: “Confidence in the practicability of navigating the Colorado River at all seasons, as far as the new settlement of Callville, one hundred and forty miles north of Mohave, is rapidly increasing, and it is thought that for a great part of the Utah trade, it will prove the most expeditious and economical channel. This fact, with the importance of the river to our own convenience, prompts me to suggest a renewal of the memorial to Congress, adopted by the first assembly, praying for a small appropriation to remove the few ubstacles which impede the progress and endanger the safety of steamers.

At this early date, the question of acquiring a port on the Gulf of California was urged. Mr. McCormick, in this connection, said:

For the accommodation of the southern part of the Territory, the acquisition of the port of Libertad, upon the Gulf of California, is a matter of the first importance, and, whatever the controlling power in Mexico, it should be negotiated for at the earliest practicable moment. Its accession, with that part of the State of Sonora which lies between it and our present line, would give new life and consequence to the region below the Gila River, and be largely beneficial to the whole territory.”

With reference to the extreme northwest quarter of the Territory, the acting governor said:

“The towns of St. Thomas and St. Joseph, on the Muddy River, the former near its junction

with the Virgin, and the latter twelve miles from that point, and both within a distance of forty miles north of Callville, upon the Colorado, now contain quite a population, and the whole country is rapidly filling with an agricultural people, chiefly from Utah.'

He recommended that that part of the Territory be organized into a new county.

The question of mails and stage routes also received mention by Mr. McCormick, who said: “Since the suspension of the southern overland mail, at the beginning of the war, we have had neither post route nor postoffice within the Territory until during the present year. The routes now established, from Los Angeles to Prescott, from Prescott to Santa Fe, and from Tubac to Prescott, are highly acceptable, but at least two others are required for the public conveniencethe old southern route, and one along the Colorado, from Fort Yuma to Callville, there to connect with one to great Salt Lake City. We suffer greatly for the want of coach communication with California and New Mexico.

Thousands of persons, both in the east and in the west, eager to visit our mines and examine our country, are prevented by the great cost of private transportation. Until well-conducted lines of coaches are established, we cannot look for a great increase of population, however tempting our mineral wealth.

In reference to schools, Mr. McCormick says that Prescott was the only town that had taken advantage of the act of the First Legislature appropriating certain sums to the towns of Prescott, La Paz, Mohave, and Tucson. He said: “I am inclined to think that the existing provisions

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for schools in various parts of the Territory are now sufficient. As the population of the Territory increases, amendment will be needed, and will, doubtless, be provided.”

In the paragraph devoted to revenue, the acting Governor said: “The financial condition of the Territory demands your careful attention. It is only by the practice of the strictest economy that we can keep from debt while the population is sparse and the taxable property inconsiderable. I commend to you the axiom of Cicero as no less forcible now than in his age: ‘Economy is of itself a great revenue.'

“The annual report of the Territorial Treasurer shows that the present sources of revenue have been inadequate to the payment of the current expenses of the Territory. In addition to the expenses of the year, the interest upon most of the bonds authorized under the act to provide for the contingent expenses of the Territorial government, will have to be paid early in the ensuing year. These amount to but fifteen thousand dollars in all, and the interest must be punctually met. They cover all the indebtedness of the Territory, excepting what is owing on the expenses of the present year. The Treasurer suggests that a property tax be levied in order to sustain the credit of the Territory. I would propose that the receipts for the sale of the Territorial mining claims be henceforth, and until our finances are in a better condition diverted from their original destination to the payment of the current expenses of the Territory, these, with all the counties organized and the taxes regularly gathered will, I believe, furnish the requisite revenue if no unreasonable indebtedness be incurred.

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“Doubt has been expressed as to the legality of the provision of the mining law requiring the setting aside of the Territorial claims, and in some instances parties have refused to recognize them, which has depreciated their value and interfered with the sales made by the Territorial treasurer. In the opinion of the Attorney-general of the Territory, the provision is strictly legal, and the titles given by the treasurer are, in every particular, valid. I have instructed the Attorney-general to bring suits against all persons attempting in any way to deprive the territory of the benefit of these claims.

Under the provision mentioned by Mr. McCormick in reference to territorial claims, it might be mentioned that the Howell Code made provision that wherever a discoverer of a mine located a claim for himself, he was required to locate an adjoining claim for the territory.

The first act of this Legislature was one creating the county of Pah-Üte, the boundaries of which are shown by the map which forms the frontispiece of this volume.

The following laws were also enacted by this Legislature:

Setting the date for the holding of the Supreme Court of the Territory at Prescott for the fourth day of December, 1865.

Providing that all fees of public officers should be paid in currency, treasury, or legal tender notes of the United States, and providing a penalty for any officer who should demand or exact his fees in coin, gold, or silver.

Giving jurisdiction to justices of the peace of all civil claims not exceeding one hundred dollars in value, where the title to real property was not in question; petty larceny, assault and battery not charged to have been committed upon a public officer in the discharge of his duties, or with intent to kill; breaches of the peace, riots, affrays, and all misdemeanors punishable by fine not exceeding one thousand dollars, or imprisonment not exceeding one year, or by both such fine and imprisonment.

Creating a board of supervisors in the several counties of the territory. Under this law a board of supervisors consisting of three members who were to be elected in the same manner as other county officers, was provided for each county; the board was given power and jurisdiction in their respective counties of such scope as to give them entire control of the affairs of their counties. Among the powers conferred upon them was the power to cause to be erected and furnished a courthouse, jail, and such other public buildings as might be necessary. This act contained the following provisions :

“The board of supervisors shall also act as a board of canvassers and declare the election returns, and cause a certificate of election to be given by the Clerk to any person whom they shall find to have been legally elected to any county or township office within the county; provided that the Probate Judge shall canvass the election returns as to Supervisors, and shall cause the Clerk to give to each person elected to the office of supervisor a certificate of election."

The act also provided that the board of supervisors should act as a Board of Equalization in their respective counties. The individual accounts of the board of supervisors against the county were to be audited and allowed by the

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