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Among the Memorials to Congress was one asking for an appropriation to improve the navigation of the Colorado River; one asking Congress to give a land grant to the La Paz and Prescott Railway Company to assist that company in the construction of a railroad from La Paz on the Colorado River to Prescott, the capitol of the Territory; one asking that the benefit of the act of Congress approved July 2nd, 1862, in reference to the agricultural and mechanical colleges be extended to Arizona and other territories of the United States; one asking that a separate land district be created for the Territory of Arizona; that the office of surveyorgeneral be created, and that a survey of the public land of the territory be made; one asking that a reservation for the Yavapai, Pah-Ute and Wallapai Indians, and for the friendly Apaches, be fixed upon the lower Gila, and that the military force in the territory be increased.

On the authority of Judge E. W. Wells, of Prescott, the statement is made that after the organization of the territory in 1863, and the appointment of the territorial treasurer, the settlers and residents in and around Prescott made a list of their taxable property and its value, upon which they paid taxes. The first instance I know of where taxpayers, outside of corporations, were permitted to place a valuation upon their holdings and pay the taxes thereon. Arizonans, however, at that time, were patriotic, and were pleased with the prospect of having some semblance of civil government, so it can be stated, I think very truthfully, that there was no disposition on the part of

those of American birth to in any way evade the payment of taxes.

In November, 1865, John T. Alsap, first treasurer of the territory, made his report to the Governor, in which he stated that two hundred and seventy-four dollars of taxes had been paid by Pima County; forty dollars paid by Mohave county; nothing paid by Yuma county, and eight hundred and forty-one dollars paid by Yavapai county. Pima county had the largest population. Yuma county had La Paz, the principal town in the territory, with large commercial establishments, etc. The treasurer, under date of February, 1866, issued a circular to county treasurers urging prompt payment of territorial taxes, and, in default thereof, threatened to commence legal proceedings, which probably had the effect of increasing the revenues of the territory, and also of the counties. It is a remarkable fact that the Second Legislature passed no appropriation bill, its expenses being limited to the appropriation made by Congress.

In 1866 a census was made of the Territory and reported to the Governor. According to the “Miner,” of June 27th, 1866, the population of the Territory, by counties, was as follows: Pima County

..2115 Yuma County

810 Mohave County

448 Pah-Ute County

541 Yavapai County

..1612

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CHAPTER IX. THE THIRD LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY. ELECTION OF DELEGATE

TO CONGRESS AND MEMBERS OF TERRITORIAL LEGISLATURE MEMBERS OF THIRD LEGISLATURE - RESIGNATION OF MARSHALL DUFFIELD-HIS RECORD- MESSAGE OF THE GOVERNOR TO THE LEGISLATURE-DELEGATE GOODWIN'S ACTIVITIES IN CONGRESSHIS SPEECH IN CONGRESS ON THE ANNEXATION OF THE COUNTY OF PAH-UTE TO NEVADA-MEASURES PASSED BY THE THIRD LEGISLATURE-RESOLUTION ADOPTED AUTHORIZING ATTORNEY GENERAL TO SETTLE WITH W. S. OURY FOR ARMS PRESUMABLY TURNED OVER TO MEXICANS CAPTAIN CALDERWOOD'S STORY-LEGISLATURE ADOPTS RESOLUTION THANKING ARIZONA VOLUNTEERS FOR SERVICES-MEMORIALIZES CONGRESS TO REPEAL ACT GIVING NEVADA THE COUNTY OF PAH-UTE AND PART OF COUNTY OF MOHAVE-PETITION CONGRESS FOR ESTABLISHMENT OF MAIL ROUTES—WHAT THE THIRTY-NINTH CONGRESS DID FOR AND AGAINST THE TERRITORY OF ARIZONA-ATTEMPT OF UTAH TO SECURE POSSESSION OF PART OF ARIZONA CONTROVERSY WITH CALIFORNIA OVER POSSESSION

OF YUMA. The following September an election was held for delegate to Congress and for county officers and members of the Legislature. The candidates for Delegate to Congress were Coles Bashford, Charles D. Poston, and Samuel Adams. Bashford received one thousand and nine votes; Poston five hundred and eighteen votes, and Adams one hundred and sixty-eight votes.

To the Third Legislature, which convened at Prescott on the third day of October, 1866, the following were elected :

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* Did not attend the Session.

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Name.

Residence. Occupation. Age. Where Born.
Yavapai County:
John B. Slack, Turkey Creek, Miner

46 Kentucky. Daniel Ellis, Postle's Ranch, Farmer

28 Hannibal Bypert, Prescott,

Miner

32 William S. Little,

88 Maryland. Underwood C. Bar. nett, Walnut Grove, Ranchero

34 Arkansas. Mohave County: Alonzo E. Davis, Hardyville, Miner

26 New York. Pah-ute County: *Royal J. Cutler, Mill Point,

Farmer

28 Yuma County: Marcus D. Dobbins, La Paz,

Miner

39 Pennsylvania. Robert F. Piatt, Planet Mine, Miner

38 *Wm. H. Thomas, Arizona City, Clerk

.6

26 Maryland. Pima County: Granville H. Oury, Tucson,

Lawyer

42 Virginia. William J. Osborn, Tubac,

Farmer

32 New York. Henry McC. Ward, Babacomori, Contractor 29 Maryland. James S. Douglass, Tucson,

Miner

38 New York. Oscar Buckalew, Calabasas, Farmer

23 Pennsylvania. Michael McKenna, Tucson,

Miner

29 Louisiana. *Solomon W. Cham. bers,

Tubac,
Farmer

44 Ohio. *Thomas D. Hutton, Huababi

40 Tennessee.

*Did not attend the Session.

Richard C. McCormick had been appointed Governor of the Territory in April, 1866. James P. T. Carter, of Tennessee, was appointed to the position which McCormick previously held, that of Secretary of the Territory. Marshal Milton B. Duffield resigned in the year 1865, and was succeeded by Edward Phelps of Vermont.

Milton B. Duffield, according to Captain Bourke in his work, “On the Border with Crook,” was appointed Marshal by President Lincoln because of the courage he displayed in one of the New York riots during the early stage of the Civil War. After his term of office expired he lived in Tucson, where he became quite a bully and killed several men. It has been said that he was the only man in Arizona who dared wear a plug hat, as the roughs would shoot them off the heads of persons who wore them. He held the position of mail inspector for a time, which he discharged in a commendable as well as in a western style, the offender generally leaving for other parts when told to by Duffield. He was a tall, powerful man, and a crack shot. He was killed at Tombstone by a young man named Holmes, who had taken up a claim in which Duffield asserted an interest.

The part of the foregoing account of Marshal Duffield relating to his killing, is, according to C. E. Duffield, a nephew of the Marshal, incorrect. Mr. C. E. Duffield's account of the killing of Marshal Duffield is as follows: “He had gone to one of his mining properties ‘about four days' drive from Tucson,' so it was not in a street fight at Tombstone. It was in 1872,

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