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CHAPTER XVI.

EARLY SURVEYS.

Arizona Made Part of Surveying District of New Mexico-

Deputy Surveyor Pierce Makes Contract for Survey of Cer-

tain Lands-Selected "Initial Point"- Military Protection

Withdrawn—Work Abandoned-Pierce Recommends Subdi-

vision of Salt River Valley-Arizona Attached to Surveying

District of California-Contracts for Surveys Made With

Wilfred F. Ingalls and George P. Ingalls—First Application

for Pre-emption of Homestead Land by John B. Allen.... 303

CHAPTER XVII.

THE COLORADO RIVER INDIAN RESERVATION.

Methods of Indian Agents—C. B. Genung's Account of Journey

to Arizona-Presents Gifts to Indians-Placed in Charge of

Reservation-Takes Out Ditch and Encourages Indians in

Agricultural Pursuits-Resigns-Goes to California to Pur.

chase Horses for Indians- Places Yavapais on San Carlos

Reservation- Abandonment of Ditch

.. 310

HISTORY OF ARIZONA.

VOLUME IV.

HISTORY OF ARIZONA.

CHAPTER I.

CONDITIONS IN 1865.
LETTER OF R. C. McCORMICK-AREA AND BOUND-

ARIES OF ARIZONA METALLIC WEALTH-
CLIMATE-APACHES—MEANS AND EXPENSES
OF GETTING TO ARIZONA FIRST COUNTIES

MAIL ROUTES. No account of conditions in a country, state or territory can be so well stated in after years as related by someone living in the country at the time. On June 1st, 1865, Richard C. McCormick, then Secretary of the Territory, wrote a letter to the “New York Tribune,” which was printed in that paper, and afterwards reproduced in pamphlet form under the title of ARIZONA: ITS RESOURCES AND PROSPECTS. It gives a concise, succinct account of conditions in the territory at that time, and is here reproduced:

“New York, June 1, 1865. "To the Editor of the ‘New York Tribune.'

“Sir, I have pleasure in responding to your request for a brief and comprehensive account for The Tribune, of the resources and prospects of the Territory of Arizona, as now estimated by those familiar with the same. I think with you that such an account will be acceptable to the people of the Atlantic coast, the mass of whom have only a vague and unsatisfactory notion of the boundaries, the climate, the means

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