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KEY TO THE MARKED LETTERS.

ā, ate e, prey. ǎ, ǎt.

â, dâre ê, êre.

ä, ärt.

á, ȧsk.

ô, form.

=

a, all
ē, mē = ï, valïse.
ŭ, tub ỏ, son.
ẽ, ferni, girl û, ûrge.
oo, spoon = o, do = u, rude.
oo, good ọ, wolf = ụ, bush.

=

=

=

VOWELS.

[blocks in formation]

ě, mět.

i, ice.

Ĭ, ĭt.

ō, nōte.

o, not = a, whạt.
ū, ūse.

ou, out ow, town.
oi, oil oy, toy.
ch, child.

th, thing.

ş, haşz, buzz.
th, them.
n, link

X = gz, exist. = eh, ehorus.

UNMARKED LETTERS.

s, sing.

ph

= ng, linger.

qu

wh

=

f, phantom.

= kw, queer.

hw, when.

Italicized letters are silent.

5

A FEW USEFUL RULES.

1. When a vowel ends an accented syllable, it usually has its long sound, as in flö'rist.

2. When an unaccented syllable ends in a consonant, the vowel, if single, usually has its short sound, as in boat'măn.

3. Final a (unmarked), has the brief sound of Italian a,—that of a in last, as in so'fa, Cuba, Martha.

4. The long sound of u (yu) loses its first element (y) after d, t, 1, n, s, and th, as in du'ty, tūne. 5. After r, u has the sound of oo, as in rule.

6. The sound of ou is äoo, not ǎoo.

7. C usually has the sound of s before e, i, and y, as in çent, çit'y.

8. C usually has the sound of k before a, o, and u, as in came, come.

9. G usually has the sound of j before e, i, and y, as in gem, gin ġer.

10. G usually has its hard sound before a, o, and u, as in game, got.

[blocks in formation]

[Spell all underlined words.]

ran

has

tag

lag

A fat cat sat on the mat.

The sad man had a hat.

The bad rat ran on

the cap.

7

bed

web

ten

hen

bed

web

pin

tin

lid

kit

lip

ten

hen

Lesson 2.

ĕ in lět.

pin

tin

set

let

get

wet

peg

peg

wed

Ned fed the red hen in the pen. I met the pet elk at the elm. Get the keg and a net.

lid

kit

lip

[Let the pupil make additional sentences containing all other words used in the lesson.]

set

let

Lesson 3.

ĭ in it.

get

wet

wed

[blocks in formation]

dip

rip

Yis.

Is it his big pig?
Bid him sit on my lap.
Did the kid tag Ned?

OX

box

rod

sod

fog

Lesson 4.

Ŏ in Ŏn.

ох

box

rod

sod

fog

sol

rob

hop

pop

mop mop

sob

rob

hop

pop

has

The dog
not got the red fox.
Is his big top in the box?
The fat hog is in the lot.

Lesson 5.

Miscellaneous and Review.

The fox hid in his den. The men sit in the fog. The kit ran a rod. The pan is on the log in the bog. Ned bit his lip. Is the dog mad? Ned led his nag to the lot. Hop on! Sam is in the bed. on the peg?

Is it hot? Did it pop? Is the cap
The dot is at the end.

[Spell all words in heavy type.]

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