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the heels.” So Provided Southwick was put in the stocks that day, and, to be rid of other Friends, they sought to put excuses into their mouths, as, “That they were not well, and so could not come,” &c. But they said, “We must not make excuses." And Elizabeth Gardiner told them, “That she was well, and yet could not come to their worship.” So they were fined according to the pleasure of the Court, and because Anthony Needham refused to pay the fine laid on Ann Needham, his wife, they sentenced her to the whipping-post, to whip it out of her, which the constable, Thomas Roots, cruelly performed. And, notwithstanding all he could do with his tormenting whip, she not crying out, which he endeavoured to make her do, but could not, for the Lord sustained her, he affirmed, “That the Quakers were a hard-hearted people;" but who were the hard-hearted, let the reasonable judge. The aforesaid Anthony Needham being demanded by the Court to pay the fine laid upon his wife, he asked them, “Seeing the law for adultery was death, whether, if his wife had committed adultery, he must by that law have suffered death ?" So, not satisfying that fine, they whipped her, as aforesaid.

The cruel work and havoc you made of the estates and liberties of the people of the Lord in Salem, and other barbarous sufferings with which you exercised them, put many thoughts in the hearts of those who feared the Lord among you, thinking to what these things would come; and among the rest one Deborah Wilson, who bearing a great burden for your hard-heartedness and cruelty, being under a deep sense thereof, was constrained, being a young woman of a very modest and retired life, and of sober conversation, as were her parents, to go through your town of Salem naked, as a sign of their hard-heartedness, cruelty, and immodesty, in stripping and whipping of women as they had done: which she having in part performed, after she had gone through some part thereof as aforesaid, she was soon laid hands on, and brought before old Hathorn, who ordered her to appear at the next Court of Salem, at which your wicked rulers sentenced her to be whipped, and her mother, Thomasin Buffum, and her sister, Margaret Smith, to be tied to the cart also, the one on

the one side of her, the other on the other, because the rulers pretended that they might counsel her to what she had done; a savage cruelty seldom heard of, as it was most barbarous injustice, which was performed according to their order, but not with that cruelty as was used, or was expressed; for, the constable, Daniel Rumbal, who had bowels of compassion, could not do to her as you would, for which he was questioned by your Court; which he put off, and said, “He was loath to be whipped as he whipped her." This Deborah Wilson was sister to Josiah Buffum, whom you had used and banished as in the former treatise. And see how you have driven the family, not regarding age or sex. Robert Wilson, her tender husband, though not altogether of her way, followed after, clapping his hat sometimes between the whip and her back.

Yet I have not done with Salem. Among the rest who were fined at times by your Court, was one John Small; your officers mischievously took his best yoke of oxen, in the ploughing season, which much put him to it to plough his land; and which indeed was usually the manner, to watch in what the greatest despite and mischief might be done to Friends, and to do it, when seizures were made for the fines you put upon them; his wife hereupon came into the Court, and demanded of Daniel Denison and William Hathorn, your magistrates, “That if her husband and the rest of his Friends were such an accursed people, as they did say they were; how then durst they meddle with their goods, for they must be accursed also ?" To which Daniel Denison, turning to the woman, said, “Woman, we have none of it, for we give it to the poor.” Which words being spoken, and John Gedney, the inn-keeper, in whose house the Court was held, coming in at the instant, she cried in the Court, and said, “Is this man the poor you give it to ? For it is this man that had my husband's oxen.” “Woman,” replied William Hathorn, "would you have us starve, whilst we sit about your business ?" Which was to plunder them of their cattle, rob them of their estates, cruelly torture their bodies, and do that which was in order to the taking away their lives, to separate husbands from

their wives, and wives from their husbands, and children from their parents, and parents from their children; to destroy a man and his house, even a man and his heritage; to root them out from the land of the living, and all must be reckoned as in their behalf, or for them; and their best goods must be taken to keep the magistrates from starving, whilst they sit to do these things to them; the gain of oppression, the tears of the oppressed, the wine of the condemned, which you drink, as the prophet complained of old, “Thus saith the Lord; for three transgressions of Israel, and for four, I will not turn away the punishment thereof; because they sold the righteous for silver, and the poor for a pair of shoes; that pant after the dust of the earth on the head of the poor, and turn aside the way of the meek: and they lay themselves down upon clothes laid to pledge by every altar, and they drink the wine of the condemned in the house of their God.”Amos ii. 6–8. Read your state and portion.

One or two more instances of your cruelties at Salem, and then I shall pass to some other place.

Phillip Verrin, for testifying among his neighbours, against the murdering of the servants of the Lord, which you had put to death, was bound over by William Hathorn, to your Court at Ipswich, and there condemned to be whipped; which was severely executed for his speaking the truth.

And Samuel Shattock, notwithstanding he was employed in bringing over the King's letter, to stop your cruelty of blood upon those people, was fined five pounds.

A little further yet, that I may bring in upon you the course of truth, and its progress in New England, and what priests are strewed up and down therein, from the one end to the other, whom your example led into wickedness..

George Preston, Edward Wharton, Mary Tomkins, Alice Ambrose, alias Gary, having been at Dover, as aforesaid, passed from thence over the water, to a place called Oyster River, where, on the First day of the week, the women went to Priest Hull's place of worship, and standing before the old man, he began to be troubled; and having spoken something against women's preaching, he was confounded, and knew not well what to say; whereupon, Mary Tomkins standing up, and declaring the truth to the people, John Hill,* in his wrath, thrust her down from the place where she stood, with his own hands, and the priest pinched her arms, whercupon they were had out of the place of worship; but they had their meeting in the afternoon, unto which came most of Priest Hull's hearers, where truth gave him such a blow that day, that a little while after the priest left his market-place, and went to the Isle of Shoals, three leagues in the sea, to another.

About twenty miles from Oyster River, near the sea-side at Gorgiana, sometimes called York, in the Province of Maine, George Preston and Edward Wharton being there and appointing a meeting of Friends, Priest Emerson t and his wife endeavoured what they could, with the magistrates of that place, to hinder the meeting, wherein they not being able to prevail, they came to the meeting-place before they were come together, and the priest said, “That George Preston was a deceiver;" and by the Scriptures undertook to prove him so to be, if he had a Bible; which George Preston pulling out of his pocket and giving to him, he turned to that place wherein the apostle speaks of meats and marriages; which George Preston not being concerned in, for he did neither, charged him with lying, for that he had not proved him a deceiver, neither was he such a one as that Scripture said. The priest's wife demanded of him, “Where he lived ?" He answered, “In the Lord.” “That is blasphemy,” said the priest. What a heap is here of blockish priests in the country! One saith of the three persons in the Trinity, which he affirmed, “There be three somethings." Another said, “The Spirit was not his rule, and he hoped it never should.” And this, to add no more in this place, saith, “It is blasphemy," when George Preston said, “He lived in the Lord;" whereas the apostle saith, “For in Him we live, and move, and have our being."-Acts xvii. 28. Being baffled here, he fell on Edward Wharton, and said to him, “That he might be ashamed to travel up and down the country as he did, whilst his wife and children starved for bread.” Who had no wife nor child. And the priest pressed him again with the same thing. Edward advised him to “take heed what he said;" and told him, “It was good counsel.” The priest replied, “He could prove it;' and that “therefore he affirmed it.” Edward charged him with lying, as he had done at first, when the priest so said. “You have had a wife," said the priest's wife, to help out her husband. “That is another lie," replied Edward Wharton. “Were you never married ?" said she, who before affirmed that he had had a wife. “Not that I know of," replied Edward, " for if I had been so, I should have known it." Thus the priest and his wife, being made up of lies and falsehoods, and filled with ignorance, made their endeavours to hinder the meetings, but could not accomplish the end which their lies sought to effect. The deputy of one of the magistrates was at the meeting; and when the meeting was over, his wife, and the priest's' wife, fell to odds about Friends and their meeting, the deputy's wife pleading for both.

* This John Hill boasted, “That he would overthrow Mary Tomkins, if he could come to reason with her." Thus performed, striking her in the stomach, and so forcing her backwards. He was a church-member.

| This priest, by agreement, was to have two pounds weight of butter for every cow, as part of his provision-rate, and the priest's wife would many times come for the butter before it was churned, as the prophet complained.

Yet a little farther to the southward of Boston and Gorgiana, and to touch at Plymouth Patent.

The wickedness of Thomas Prince, governor, often mentioned in the former treatise, and of the magistrates, was such that it became a proverb among the Indians, when they were charged with stealing anything, “All one a thief as Governor Prince," having relation to his plundering the people called Quakers. And a certain Indian taking a knife from an Englishman's house, and being told, “He should not steal," answered, “He thought so; but now he saw that the magistrates, and Barlow, did so by the Quakers," which was the bloodthirsty marshal spoken of in the former relation; which said Marshal Barlow's commission was said to be so cruel, that it is reported that the said Gover

would not have” or “hardly would take his place."

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