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some of you much instigated thereunto; and therefore I place it under the head of the sufferings of the people of the Lord among you.

Among the rest, John Bowne suffered a barbarous treatment from the said Peter Stuyvesant, whom he took from his aged father and dear wife and children and threw into a noisome dungeon, where having kept him very long, and well-nigh famished him to death, he was brought forth and sentenced to banishment, and carried forthwith on shipboard into a Dutch vessel, and not suffered so much as to see his family; and had to Holland, one of the United Provinces, where, having acquainted the States with the hard measure he had sustained from the governor aforesaid, and on shipboard in his way thither, he was set at liberty; who thereupon came for England, and from thence by the way of Barbadoes to Long Island again, and to the town where he had been banished, as aforesaid. In the streets of which, he one day passing along met with the governor, who appeared much abashed for what he had done to John, and told him, “He was glad to see him come home safe again;" and moreover told him, “He hoped he should never do so any more to any of our Friends,"—a good sign of repentance in him, —which was an ingenuity that I never yet could hear of from any of you to your neighbours and countrymen after all your cruelties; with which you never were found exercised, which will return upon you and prove your judgment, from whom no remorse or pity ever was understood to have proceeded, whose judgment will be without a parallel.*

Having been at Flushing, the aforesaid passed to Grave's Sands, now called Gravesend, since the English took it in, where John Tilton and Mary his wife, and Michal Spicer and her son Samuel, had suffered much for the Truth, especially Samuel, who had suffered sore imprisonment near unto death, and much spoiling of their goods, as had divers others of the servants of the Lord in that town by the Dutch rulers; into which town being

# This is fulfilled by Cotton Mather's own confession, Book of Witches, page 41: “But now there is a more than ordinary affliction with which the devil is galling of us, and such an one as is indeed unparalleled."

newly entered, and into John Tilton's house, Joseph Nicholson, John Riddal, and Jane Millard came, as they were in their return from Virginia and Maryland, where they had been, through many hard travels and sufferings, in the service of the Lord. Being thus brought together unexpectedly, by the good hand of the Lord, and refreshed by Him, in the love and fellowship of Him and one another, it was in their hearts to go to the chief town of the Dutch, unto which as they were passing through a town called Flat Bush, John Liddal cried aloud in the streets, warning them "to turn by true repentance from the evil of their ways." Upon whom the scout soon laid hold, and had him to his house, and locked both his legs in irons, till he was ready to bring him to the town where the governor dwelt, which was about ten miles; which Edward Wharton looking upon, asked him, “Wherefore he had put him in irons? And what evil had he to lay to his charge, that he thus dealt with him." He answered, “It was their governor's order to do so to the Quakers if they preached among them.” To whom Edward replied, “If a drunkard, or a whoremaster, or a swearer came among you, him you will not so deal withal; but if a man be sent of God among you, to turn you from the evil of your ways, him you put in irons." The scout answered, “That when he had dined, he would take off his irons and have him to the governor." So with a Dutch guard he led him to the fort, seven or eight Friends accompanying him, through whom in the streets the trumpet of the Lord sounded with great dread, and was very terrible, at the cry of which much people came together, and the heathen raged, and the people were like the troubled waters; and coming near the fort, out came the fiscal, and in a proud and lofty manner had them into the fort, and with violence threw them into prison one after another, regarding neither men nor women, and telling them, “That they did not hang them by the neck, as did their countrymen in New England,” (see how by your example they were enticed unto cruelty, and judged it little in comparison to yours,) and there kept them a day or two; after which, upon the request of a Dutch master of a vessel, the governor ordered them to be put on board his ship, who carried them away, reserving Joha Tilton and his wife there in prison for a further cruelty; but the Lord hath since met with that governor for his cruelty, and so will He do with all His enemies in His due time. The names of the prisoners were Joseph Nicholson, John Tilton, Mary Tilton, John Liddal, William Reap, Edward Wharton, Alice Ambrose, Mary Tomkins, and Jane Millard.

Thomas Newhouse, for declaring the Word of the Lord among the Dutch in the fort at Manhattan, was pulled and haled to prison, where he was kept about five days; and seeing that they could not stop his mouth from declaring the Truth, they took this course, to send him away to New England, and so put him aboard a vessel.

In the year 1663, on the Fourth day of the Fifth month, Edward Wharton aforesaid, being at Piscataqua River, and hearing of the cruelties done by your Court at Dover, was pressed in spirit forthwith to repair to the Court, where your magistrates being assembled, he cried aloud and said, “Woe to all oppressors and persecutors, for the indignation of the Lord is against them! . Therefore, friends, whilst you have time, prize the day of His patience, and cease to do evil and learn to do well; ye who spoil the poor and devour the needy, ye who lay traps and snares for the innocent."

These words of advice and counsel, and denunciation of judgment against that which oppressed and persecuted the innocent, were very hard to your Court; and Thomas Wiggins aforesaid, an old, bloody professor, being in a great rage, cried out, “Where is the constable? where is the constable?" The marshal coming, they haled Edward to the stocks and put in his legs, and so held him, till, having consulted what to do, they had him in again, and then William Hathorn, of Salem, who sat that time judge of the Court, demanded of him, “Wherefore he came thither?" He answered, “ To bear my testimony for the Truth against perse·cution and violence.” Whereupon the said Wiggins fell a raging again, to whom Edward said, “Thomas Wiggins, Thomas Wiggins, thou shouldst not rage so; thou art old, and very gray; and

thou art an old persecutor. It is time for thee to give over, for thou mayest be drawing near to thy grave;" which gave issue to an order to whip him through three towns, ten stripes at each town; and so to convey him, who was a housekeeper at Salem, and there about his business, to his own dwelling, from constable to constable, as a vagabond Quaker. As the clerk, Elias Stilman, sen., who was Edward's next neighbour in Salem, was writing this cruel sentence, William Hathorn bid him write it in the king's majesty's name. Whereupon Edward Wharton said, “Friends, you do wrong the king, and abuse his name, for I believe,” said he," he never gave you such order, so to abuse his honest subjects." William answered, “The king hath sent over to us, to make sharp laws against you, for in so doing he should like it well, for they do the same in England.” Which was the knack with which he pleased you, when he beat down your power by the rest of the contents of the Declaration as aforesaid.

The copy of the pass is as followeth:

To the Constables of Dover, Hampton, Salisbury, Newbury,

Rowley, Ipswich, Wenham. You, and every of you, are required, in his majesty's name,* “to receive into your custody Edward Wharton, a vagabond “Quaker, and convey him from town to town, until he come “ to the place of his habitation in Salem; and the constables of “Dover, Hampton, and Newbury are to whip him through their “respective towns, at the cart's tail, not exceeding ten stripes in " each town, according to the law of vagabond Quakers in that "behalf. This being the sentence of the Court held at Dover, “the fourth of July, 1663. And hereof you are not to fail at “ your perils. Dated the fourth of July, 1663.



# And yet you will not obey his commissioners, nor submit unto his authority divested unto them; nor his other orders for some of you to appear in England and answer to what shall be laid to your charge, as hath been said.

Jeremy Tiblets, constable, having received the warrant, he was bid to have Edward away, and tie him to the cart's tail and whip him through the town. To which Edward manfully answered, as he was passing from them, “Friends, I fear not the worst you may be suffered to do unto me; neither do I seek for any favour at your hands." And to William Hathorn he said, “Oh, William, William ! the Lord will surely visit thee.” So he was tied to a pair of cart-wheels with a great rope about his middle, and a number of people to draw them about, where the executioner cruelly whipped him as in the warrant; and, having loosed him, told him, “That he must prepare to receive the like at the next town,” which was about fourteen miles from thence, through the woods; which being a long way for a man to travel on foot, whose back was so torn already, to serve their pleasure, in his own execution, he told them, “He should not go, unless they provided a horse for him, or that they dragged him thither.” Whereupon your executioner complaining to your Court, this order, according to this copy, was issued forth, as followeth:

“ To the Constables of Dover, or either of them.

6. These are to require you, that, whereas Edward Wharton, a “ vagabond Quaker, hath been sentenced according to law, and at “present a horse, according to that sentence, cannot be obtained, “ these are, in his majesty's name,* to will and require you to com"mit the said Edward to the prison at Dover, there to remain in " safe custody till the next Second day of the week; and then “ you are to execute the said sentence according to warrant for“ merly delivered unto you; hereof you are not to fail. Dover, " the fourth of the Fifth month, 1663. .


This order being issued out, he was had to prison, and there * The king's name abused again in using it against the innocent, and yet you rebel against him.

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