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put up the money for the Coin and Blanchard drain that there would be between eleven and twelve thousand dollars profit, which would be divided between Mr. McElheny and Mr. Showers, and he also said that he would make more money for Mr. Showers than Mr. Showers ever made in his life if he would let him have the money to put in the drain.'

Defendant, sworn in his own behalf in the former case, testified:

"There was nothing said whether he would have any profits from the jobs or not; no, sir.

"Q. Was there anything said at any time as to the fact that he should put up the money in these jobs and you would put your time up and the profits would be divided?

"A. Never was anything of that kind talked. "Q. You never said to him?

"A. No.

"Q. Never had such an idea in your head from any talks that you had with him, did you?

"A. I never had a talk of that kind with him.

"Q. You never contemplated that that arrangement was made?

"A. No, sir."

A letter was introduced from respondent to plaintiff, Showers, dated November 21, 1910, in which the following appears:

"Now, stop and reason; you put your money in and I put my work up against it. You must figure that you have to be out of the use of it. There was nothing to them other jobs any way, and how could I pay you the waterworks job? You put in 200 for 45 days and got 300. Here you put in around 2,500 and will get three for one for the use of it six months."

The foregoing constitutes practically all the testimony in the record bearing upon the question of respondent's guilt of the crime of which he was convicted. The record is not clear as to how the civil action ended except that it resulted in a settlement of some kind and apparently in the entry of a judgment

upon which later an execution was issued against respondent.

During the cross-examination of the respondent by the prosecuting attorney the following occurred:

"You came over to the jail, I think, after Mr. Beattie. Nobody called you that I saw. I was right there in the jail and you came yourself after Mr. Beattie. Beattie may have called you over. You told me if I would pay this judgment of $100 that you wouldn't sue me in this case, or wouldn't press me in this case; that you would let it go; that is what you told me. You did tell me that you and I had been friendly and that was the first of it. You never mentioned that if you issued a warrant for me that you wouldn't dismiss the case, under any circumstances; you never mentioned that. You said pay the $1,600 judgment and you wouldn't press the case. You showed me those letters there; yes, sir. There was three together. You said you had been a friend of mine and didn't want to issue a warrant for me on perjury; that I would get railroaded for it; that is what you said. Every word that I have spoken here is the truth.

"The Court: Now, Mr. McElheny, be careful. I am not saying you are not telling the truth, but what you are stating now creates a condition here that, if there was other parties that observed, this will put you perhaps in a bad position, therefore be very careful. I am not going to permit this matter, especially under your statement now in this case to go unnoticed. This court is going to demand of its officers exact and impartial right. I want you to understand that if an officer of this court is accused of seeking to compound a felony, this court is going to call in outside assistance, if necessary, to make the investigation, and if it is found that you have told an untruth in relation to that, as to the officer, you would know what it would do.

"A. Your honor

"The Court: I don't care; I am cautioning you. I have said, I am not saying whether it is true or untrue. I am simply cautioning you, that you are now in a court of justice and in a court where you must be cautious in what you say, and that you may have

a full and thorough understanding of it. That is all. Now proceed with your examination."

At the close of the case for the people respondent's counsel made a motion for a directed verdict upon the following grounds:

"First: For the reason that the testimony introduced in this case and claimed to have been false does not constitute perjury for it was not material to the issue then being tried in the case of Showers v. McElheny.

"Second: For the reason, to constitute perjury, it must be predicated upon the testimony of two witnesses or one witness with other credible testimony corroborating the witness of equal value to one witness, and for these reasons I ask for a directed verdict in this case."

This motion was denied and the case went to the jury under voluminous instructions. After being absent for a time the jury returned and the following occurred:

"The Court: Gentlemen, I am speaking now to the foreman-you have a foreman? Mr. Foreman, I am informed by the sheriff that you desire to see the court relative to some portion of the charge in this case.

"The Foreman: Yes, sir.

"The Court: Now, before you ask any questions I will ask you some, a question or two. Is your difficulty one arising over a question of fact or a question of law? Is it over the evidence or over the law? "The Foreman: It is over the testimony, I thinkthe evidence that would be, I suppose.

"The Court: Well, Mr. Foreman, if it is a question relative to the construction of the testimony, I can't help you. If it is a question relative to the law I might perhaps give you additional instructions, but of the facts in this case and resolving of some question on the evidence, I can't help you; that is your province alone. You think it is on the question of evidence, Mr. Foreman?

"The Foreman: I think so. I am sure it is. That seems to be the difficulty.

"The Court: How do you stand? Wait a moment before you answer. What I mean-I don't care to say-have you say whether for or against, but do you stand six to six?

"The Foreman: No, sir.

"The Court: Four to eight or three to nine? How do you stand?

"The Foreman: Ten to two.

"The Court: You may be seated, Mr. Foreman. Mr. Bullard, that is your idea of it, as stated by the foreman, it is over a question of fact, over the question of the evidence that you seem to differ, is it?

"Mr. Bullard: Your honor, as I understand you"The Court: (Interrupting.) No, I don't care"Mr. Bullard: Yes, sir.

"The Court: I have got to be pretty careful about these matters, Mr. Juror-Mr. Bullard. I simply wanted to know whether your difficulty in arriving at a verdict is over the facts testified to in the case, over the evidence.

"Mr. Bullard: Yes, sir.

"The Court: It is that, is it?

"Mr. Bullard: Yes, sir.

"The Court: It is not relative as to what the law is in a given case at all?

"Mr. Bullard: Yes, I think it is in a way.

"The Court: Well first you tell me you think it is a question of fact, just as the foreman does, Mr. Bullard, and then you think it is a question of law. You may be seated. Juror on the rear seat-I can't think of your name-Mr. Cochrane, is it your idea that the difficulty arises here is over the evidence in the case, over a question of fact?

"Mr. Cochrane: It seems to me a question of law, I should think.

"The Court: You think it is a question of law that the difficulty is about?

"Mr. Cochrane: It is over your instruction to the jury.

"The Court: If you state it is a question of lawor let me hear you state what the proposition is to me that you need further instruction on.

"Mr. Cochrane: I could tell-maybe I would give it wrong.

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"The Court: Well, you are conscientious about it. State it.

"Mr. Cochrane: It is the question whether this settlement was made before this letter, and you stated if the settlement was made before

"The Court: (Interrupting.) After the letter. "Mr. Cochrane: After this letter was written why the plaintiff would be considered under contempt. "The Court: Would not be guilty of perjury. "Mr. Cochrane: Yes, that is the way I interpreted. "The Court: Well, now gentlemen, give me that paper. Therefore, your question or difficulty arises from this, as to whether or not the matter testified to by the respondent in this case was material to the issue; that seems to be your trouble, does it not?

"Mr. Cochrane: Yes."

Then followed a repetition by the court of a large portion of his charge together with some added matter, in closing which the court said:

"That is all I care to say to you, gentlemen. You may retire. You are so near a verdict, ten to two, that I feel I should send you back for further deliberation. You may now go with the officer."

Counsel excepted in the following language:

"Mr. Barnard: At this time I desire to take an exception to the additional instructions, for it would tend to mislead the jury, and was not an additional instruction at the point asked by the juror. They said they wanted to know whether or not the settlement was made after or before-the claimed settlement was made, after or before the writing of the letters, and it is undisputed in this case that the settlement, if any was made, was made in December, and the last letter that was written in this case was November 21, 1910, therefore said instructions would tend to mislead the jury,"

-to which the court replied:

"The Court: The facts remain very carefully on this record that the jurors-the jury were interrogated in relation as to what the difficulty was. It is clear

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