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cause it is by virtue of that union with him, which is made in their effectual calling, that they come to be made parrakers of those benefics to which they are chosen. The Lord Jelus Christ was in God's eternal purpose confider'd as the great Mediacor by whom the salvation of his chosen people was to be brot' about ; and chose ordain'd to salvation were given to Him, that he might rightfully encicle them to that falvacion, and successfully bring them to it. Thus he stands as the head of the elect, and they are said to be chosen in him ; and he is spoken of as set up from everlasting, Pro. 8. 23. and is himself called God's ele&t, Isai. 42. 1. being himself chosen to be the mediator and redeemer by the same decree in which the elect among the children of men were chosen to salvation t.
† Doctor Goodwin obferves, from Zanchy,
There is a great deal of difference between God's doing a thing in Cbrif and through Cbrif, 'Ev Xersã and dra tou Xpisov. When God is said to do a thing in Christ, it usually notes out some one of those immanent acts of God towards us, that past between him and Christ for us, when they were alone, before we existed, and Christ was a common perfon · representing us all, and God gave all toChrist
Once more, Schly, The last and highest end of this is the manifestation of the divine glory, in the salvation of some of the fallen human race. The divine glory is the most excellent end that can poflibly be aim'd at, and therefore an infinitely wise God cannot design any thing short of it, as the great motive or inducement for him to act ; and so whatever lower ends are deligo'd by him, they muft all be resolv'd into this as the principal: For, of bim, and bro' him, and to him are all things t. The two attributes which God hach a peculiar design at the display and advancement of, in and by his reasonable
for us. So we read of the grace that was given us in Cbrift 7esus before the world was. 2 Tim. 1. O. But things that God doth through Christ, are usually some transient acts of God towards us, or those things which he actually performeth and applieth to us thro’Christ. So that cho'God redeemeth tbro' Christ, juftifretb thro' Christ, and saveth thro' Christ, yet he chooseth in Christ; so that to chule in bim is not all one with what the apostle raith, He hath ordained us to obtain Salvation thro' Fefus Christ our Lord, I Thef. 5. D. Goodwins Works, Vol. 1. P. 58. Rom. II. jó.
creatures, are his grace and his justice ; the former in them that are sav'd, and the latcer in them that perish. This is plainly to be gather'd from those words of the apoftle, Rom. 9. 22, 23. What if God, willing to Shew his wrath, and to make bis power knowo, endured with much long suffering the vessels of wrath fitted to destruction : And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy,which he had afore prepared unto glory? The design then which lay at the bottom of God's decree of election, is the everlasting display of his sovereign and glorious grace to the worlds of intellectual creatures which he has made. To this the scriptures refer it, and in this they ultimately resolve it. Eph. 1. 5, 6, Having predestinated us to the adiption of children by Jesus Christ, to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will, TO THE PRAISE OF THE GLORY OF HIS GRACE. And the same reason is given over again,in the 2 ch. 7 v. That he might shew the exceeding riches of his grace, in his kindness towards us, thro' Hesus Christ.
Thus I have, in several diftinct propos fitions, explain'd and stated the truth be. fore us. The time will not allow me to enter upon the second thing propos'd, the proof of the point, or to shew that this doctrine, as we have now represented it, is really che doctrine of the gospel. I shall
therefore conclude the present discourse by adding a few words that have a tendency co give what has been already said, an enlivening and quickning efficacy upon our
1. Predestination unto life is a thing secret to us. Who the persons are that are the objects of it, God has not reveal d. This is at present lock'd up within the divine breaft. Yet we know,
2. It comprehends a very great & glorious number. Some have thought the elect among mankind, were to make up the number, and supply the room of the fallen angels. But this is an extra-Scriptural con. jecture ; and for ought we know they may be many more. To be sure they are a number sufficient to give the brightest dile play of the riches of free grace in ; and a number worthy of that infinite price, the blood of the son of God, which was laid down to redeem them. They are said to be many in our text. Whom be did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his lon, that be might be the first born among many brethren. And they are said, in Rev. 7. 9. to be a great multitude which no man can number:
i ģ. Some of all forts, conditions, and chao rakters, are of this number They are taken out of all nations, and kindreds, and people, and tongues ; and in the day when they shall be made up, fhall be seen to come from the east and from the west, and from the moribo and from the south. † If not many wise men after the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble, are chosen and called, yet rome are *. : And, bearken my beloord brethren, fays the apoftle, Hath" not God chosen out of tbe poor of this world, some to make them ricb'in faith, and beirs of the kingdom. || Yca, some who have been the greateft finners, while in their unregenerate ftate, are of this number. The apostle tells the Corina thians, some of you were fornicators, idolators, adulterers,, abusers of your selves with mankind; theives, covetous, drunkards, extortioners, &c. best ye are washed, but ye are: fanlified, but ye are justified, in the name of the Lord 7efus, and by the Sprrit of our Gode :
4. Some of them are bro'c forth in every age of the world ; that fo Christ may have a seed to serve him in every generation to the end of time, and there may be some to
f Rev. 7. 8. Luke 13. 29. * 1 Cor. 1. 26. 11 James 2, 5. f I Cor. 6. II.