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who had entertain'd the notion of a temporal kingdom which Christ was about to set up, came to him with that ambitious request, that her two fons might be his chief favourites and ministers, might set the one on bis right band, the other on his left in bis kingdom ; in his answer to her he not only lets her know she was mistaken about the na. ture of his kingdom, which was not of this world, but that the donatives and honours of it, were long since settled, and were to be dilpos'd of by him to those persons for whom they were design'd in the Father's coopsel and purpose, and to no other. He faid, To fit on my right hand, and on my left, is not mine to give, but to those for whom it is prepared of my faiber. In the 13th ch. of Mark, our saviour fore-tells the unparalled distress and desolation which would come upon the Jews, when the Roman armies should make a descent upon 7 uidea, and inveft Jerusalem, the holy city ; whose power and rage would be so great as to make even a full end of that people, if the merciful providence of God did not interpose, to restrain and limit them. Such a remembrance of mercy in the midst of this judgment he gives them the promise of; but withal lers them know this favour would be shewn chem, for the sake of a chosen number ; that such of his elect " as were
" then living in their fins, and those of “ them who were to descend from the « loins of some of that age, might be bro't
to faith and repentance ; and that they “ together with the already converted, " might be preserved for the propagation ss of his kingdom in the world; the 19, and 2oth verses, For in those days shall be afli&tion, such as was not from tbe beginning of the creation which God created, unto this time. And exeept the Lord bad shorined tbose days, no flesh should be saved ; but for the ele&ts sake wbom be bath cbofen, be batle portned the days: Our saviour goes on in the next verses, to foretell that false chrifts, and false propbets would arise at that time; lo plausible in their pretences,so artful in their managements, and so industrious to seduce, that chey would deceive and draw away the very ele&t themselves, were not their perseverance in the faith secur'd by the purpose of God concerning them, and their seduction & overthrow thereby rendred impossible In the 6th ch. of John, we have our blefled Lord complaining of the unbelief of the generality of those who had both seen his miracles, and heard his preaching; yet comforting himself, and refreshing others who wish'd to see his saving work go on, with the thought, that a goodly number would after all believe and be saved; even as many
as the father had given to him for his charge and care. The 36, 37, 38, & 39th, verses; I bave said to you, that ye also have feen me, and believe not. All that the father bath given me mall come to me: --- for I came down from heaven, not to do mine own will, but the will of him that sent me. And this is the få. ther's will which barb lent me, that of all which be batb given me, I should loose nothing, but fhould raise it up again at the last day In the roch chap. he speaks of his own re. demption, as being of just the same extent with the Fathers ele&tion; represents himself as under à neceffity to bring all that belong'd to this election, into his church, and a participation of the blessings of the gospel, by the influences of his spirit accompanying his word, because he cou'd not otherwise discharge his trust, and fulfill the engagements he had enter'd into; and speaks of the continued unbelief of those to whom he preach'd the gospel, as a sign they were not included in this number. The 15th, 16th, 26th, 27th, & 28th, verses ; --- I lay down my life for the sheep. And other sheep I bave which are not of this fold ; them also I must bring, and they shall hear my voice; and i bere foall be one fold, and one Shepherd. Ye believe not, because ye are not of my sheep, as I said unto you. My sheep bear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me :
and I give unto them eternal life, and they shall never perish, neither shall any pluck them out of my band. My father which gave them me is greater than all, and none is able to pluck them out of my fathers band; whose power is also engag'd for their preservation, and from whom I am never separated in council and working. It is true, The calling of the Gentiles into the church is referr'd to in what is said in the 16th v; but to restrain all that our Saviour has here said to the calling of them as a body, appears to be very contrary to the run of his discourse, wherein by the sheep which he speaks of as belonging to himself in the quality of a shepherd, is evidently meant a select number out of the Jews and Gentiles boch . In the 1zth ch. of this same gospel, our Saviour giving an intimacion to his disciples of the damning sin of Judas just before he committed it, makes this distinction between him and the rest of the apostles, I Speak not of you all ; I know whom I bave choPen, v. 13. The choice must refer to fala vation, and not to the apostleship, for to this he was chosen, as much as the other apoftles ; wherefore he says in another place, Have not I chosen you twelve, and one
of you is a devil? * _ Our Saviour, as he began, so, he ends his ministry with this doctrine : For his parting prayer with his disciples, just before he left them and the world, is full of it. It is recorded in the 17 inch. of John's gospel; and plainly shews that as in his mediatorial undertaking, he was concern’d with a peculiar number given him by way of diftinction out of mankind in general, so these only were interested in this intercessory prayer, as those to whom the blessings he ask'd for and claim'd, did rightfully belong. These words (pake Fefus, and lift up his eyes to heaven, and said, Father, the hour is come ; glorifie tby fon, that thy fon also may glorife thee. As thou bast given him power over all flesh, that
It is manifest to me, that Christ here means a more peculiar and beneficial election, than to the office of Apostles ; for he had chosen them all to this. But he here fpeaks of a discriminating choice of some of them, which did not extend to them all, and particularly to 7udas : And te shew that his knowing whom he had chosen, related not to their temper and disposition, but to the persons themselves, he did not say, I know, toles, what their qualities are, but, 85, the persons, whom I have chosen. GUYSE's excellent Paraphrase, in the margin.