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which said railroads cross, and cause a copy thereof to be

delivered to the president or secretary of each conspany; Company may and either company may appeal from the decision of the appeal commissioners, within ten days after the filing of the or

der and delivery of the copy, by filing a notice of appeal with the clerk of the court, and serving a copy of the notice on the president or secretary of the other company, which appeal shall be to the circuit court of the same

county. Appeal to be Seç. 6. Such appeal shall be tried by the court, and if tried by court. the court shall find that the proceedings of the commis

sioners have not been in conformity with this aut, or that their decision is unjust or unreasonable, the same shali be reversed, otherwise it shall be affirmed. On reversing such decision, the court shall immediately appoint three

commirsioners who shall proceed, as above provided, to Proviso. another hearing and determination; Provided, That either

party may require that the amount of the compensation to be paid by either company as aforesaid shall be deter inined by a jury.

Sec. 7. The judge shall from time to time appoint new commissioners on the same notice as above provided, or the first application to fill vacancies, or in case those before appointed shall have failed to complete their duties.

SEC. 8. The fees of the commissioners shall be paid by Fees of commissioners. the company making the application; and on all costs on

an appeal as the court shall order.

SEO. 9. If the president of either company shall 80 re. quest, the commissioners shall direct in their order that the road of said company may cross the other road on the grade of such other road, and prescribe such regulation respecting the stoppage of trains on the said road (first mentioned in this section) near the point of crossing, ai the commissioners may deem necessary to secure safety i both roads.

Seç. 10, No company which shall have obtained the right of way, and constructea its road at the point of in tersection, before the application for the appointment o commissioners may be made, shall be required to alte the grade or change the location of its road, or he require to defray any part of the expense of the crossing, or o the proceedings under this act.

Seo. 11. This act shall take effect from and after its pas it sage and publication. vi Approved April 2, 1855,

i.

Chapter 84.

[Published April 5.] An Act to provide for the protection of the swamp and overflowed lands in

this state, and to grant pre-emption rights thereon. The people of the State of Wisconsin, represented in Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows:

SECTION 1. It shall be the duty of the Governor of this Descrintion state, within a reasonable time after the passage of this lists of swamp act to cause to be made complete descriptive lists of all lands to be the swamp and overflowed lands granted to this state by made. an act of congress, entitled, “act to enable the state of Arkansas and other states to reclaim the Swamp lands within their limits," approved September twenty-eighth, eighteen hundred and fifty, lying within each of the several cou: ties of this state, so far as the same have been surveyed; and he shall attach to each of such descriptive lists a certificate that the same is a complete descriptive list of all the swamp and overflowed lands granted to this state by the act of congress aforesaid, lying within the county for which the list is made, so far as he can ascertain the saine; and he shall cause such descriptive lists, with the certificates thereto annexed, to be transmitted to the register of deeds of the several counties for which said lists are made.

SEO. 2. The register of deeds for the several counties Register of of this state, on receiviug such descriptive lists, shall re- deeds to mako cord the same in a book of deeds in his office, and preserve the original in his office.

Sec. 3. Any person who shall wilfully cut down or Penalty for de destroy, or by girdling or otherwise shall injure any trees stroying timgrowing or situated on any of the said swamp or overfluwed lands granted to this state by the act of congress aforesaid, or who shall wilfully cut or take, carry or haul away from any such lands, any ti.nber or wood previously cut or severed, from said lands, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction of any of said offences shall be punished by imprisonment in the county jail of the proper county, not more than one year, nor less than three months, or by fine not exceeding tive hundred dollars,

SEO. 4. Any justice of the neace shall have concurrent Justice of the jurisdiction in bis own county, with the circuit court, of peace to have any offence mentioned in the preceding section, when the risdiction.

value of the trees, wood or timber, shall be alleged not to exceed the sum of one hundred dollars, and in such case the punishment shall be by fine, not exceeding one hun dred dollars, nor less than ten dollars.

SEC. 5. It is hereby made the duty of all sheriffs, jus Daty of sheriffs, &c.

tices of the peace, and constables who may have knowl edge of or who may receive information of any offence mentioned in section three of this act, committed within the county in which they are officers, or within any county attached to such county for judicial purposes, to forth witi inform the district attorney of the county in which sait offence was committed, of the commission of such trespass of the name of the trespasser or trespassers, and of the name of the witness or witnesses in the case; and it shal be the duty of the district attorney immediately on recei ving such information, or on receiving information from any other source, of the commission of any trespass or said lands, proceed to bring such trespasser or tres passer before the proper tribunal for trial, and he shall prosecuti them in the name of the state.

Sec. 6. It is hereby made the special duty of the distric Duty of district attorneys.

attorneys of the several counties in this state to bring and prosecute actions, in the name of the state, agains any person or persons who shall trespass on said swam or overflowed lands, within the county for which he is eles ted, or within any county attached to said county for jo dicial purposes, to recover damages for such trespass trespasses, or to recover possession for the state of an trees, timber, wood or lumber which may have been re moved from such lands by any person or persons.

SEC. 7. In all prosecutions, actions and suits brough Descript'n list under the provisions of this act, the descriptive lists mad and evidence in and certified as provided in section one of this act, an court. deposited in the office of the register of deeds of the pro

per county, shall be received in any court, in which suc prosecution or suit is pending, as sufficient evidence tha the title to any tract of said swamp or overflowed lande described in such list, in this state, and a certificate o the register of deeds of any county, certifying that an particular tract of land lying within the county for which he is register, is described within the descriptive list re maining in his office as swamp or overflowed lands, shal be received and taken in all such prosecutions, actions an suits as prima facie evidence that the title to such tract i in the state.

SEC. 8. All sums of money recovered and collected for State to ree've damages under the provisions of this act shall be paid in money, de. to the county treasury of the proper county for the use of the state, and all timber, trees, wood and lumber which may be recovered by the state in any suit or action under the provisions of this act, shall be sold under the direction of the district attorney of the proper county, at pub. lic auction, after giving the same notice of the time and place of making such sale as is required to be given by sheriffs on sales of personal property made by virtue of executions issued out of a court of record, and the proceeds of such sales, after deducting the costs and expenses of making the same, shall be paid into the county treasury, by such district attorney, for the use of the state.

SEC. . The board of supervisors of the several counties Competisation shall audit and allow the several district attorneys of this state a just compensation for services rendered under the provisions of this act, to be paid out of any money paid into the county treasury as directed by this act.

Seo. 10. Any person who now occupies or who may hereafter occupy before the day that may be appointed pursuant to law for the sale of any of said swamp or overHowed lands, either by a residence thereon or having improvements thereon of the value of ten dollars per forty acres, and used for agricultural purposes, shall have the right to purchase the same at one dollar and twenty-five cents per acre, by proving his or her occupancy or improve, ment of such lands in the manner hereinafter provided; Provided, That no one person shall have the right to pre Provido. empt and purchase more than one hundred and sixty acres of such lands to be by him or her settled in legal subdivisions according to the government survey, and in a compact body, And provided further, That no person claiming the right to occupy any of said lands under the provisions of this act, shall be allowed to take away from said lands more timber than is necessary for the use of said lands, and that every person claiming the right of pre-emption to any of said lands in pursuance of the pro- . visions of this act, shall forfeit such right of pre-emption, if he or she shall fail to prove his or her claim and pay for the lands so claimed within ten days of the time fixed by law for the sale of the lands embraced in such claim.

Sec. 11. Any person intending to avail himself or her- Right of preself of the right of pre-emption secured by the preceding

emption-CBN

tificate to be section of this act, shall within six months after the pas- made.

sage of this act or within thirty days after he or she shall have commenced the occupancy of such lands intended to be claimed as a pre emption, or after the commence. ment of his or her improvement thereon, make or cause to be made a certificate, in writing, describing the lands claimed as his or her pre emption right, and certifying that he or she claims the right of pre-emption to such lands, that it is his or her bona fide intention to purchase said lands under his or her pre emption claim, whenever the same shall be brought into market, and that he or she is either in the occupancy of the same or some part thereof

, or that he or she have made some improvements thereon; Parties to

sach certificate shall be signed by the p rson claiming the make oath to pre emption, and the truth of said certificate shall be atcertifieate.

tested by the oath of the person signing the same; such certificate so made, signed and attested, shall be acknowl. edged by the party signing the same before some person

authorized to take the acknowledgments of deeds, and he To be recorded or she shall cause the same so acknowledged to be recordgister of deeds. ed in the office of the register of deeds for the county

in which the lands described in such certificate are situated.

Sec. 12. The register of weeds of the several counties Register of deeds to record in this state shall record such certificates in a book to be certificates. kept by them for that purpose, and they shall receive the

same fees for recording such certificates as they are author

ized to receive for the recording deeds. Right of per

Seo. 13. Each and every person who shall have caused Bons making a certificate of bis or her pre-emption claim to be made,

attested and recorded as provided in section eleven of this act, shall be entitled to the exclusive possession of the lands therein described until such time as the same shall be brought into market for sale, or until he or she shall have forfeited his or her right to such pre-emption ; and such certificate, or the record thereof, or a certified transcript for the record thereof, shall be sufficient evidence of title to enable the person making the same to maintain any suit or suits, action or actions, against any person or persons, in any court of competent jurisdiction, for any trespass or injury done to such lands or any part thereof, or to any buildings or improvements thereon, or to the timber, grass, grain or other product growing or being

thereon, or any proper action or proceeding to recover posDuty of per- session thereof." All persons claiming lands under this act Boas claiming

shall be required to drain and reclaim the same so far as

certificate.

lands.

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