A History of Jet Propulsion, Including Rockets
Xlibris Corporation, 15 Απρ 2010 - 127 σελίδες
Both Jet-engine propelled aircraft and long-range rockets were first successfully flown during World War II. This led 10 rapid post-war improvements in both, and within two decades we had supersonic airplanes, communication satellites, and trips to the moon. Unmanned probes to Mars and the outer planets followed, as well as the International Space Station. The technology behind these advances is described, along with short biographies of key pioneers. Problems at high Mach numbers are reviewed. Possible future developments are discussed. Mora technical details, including mathematics, are in an appendix.
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accelerate air resistance aircraft airplane altitude astronauts astronomers burn calculation carbon chemical combustion chamber combustion products compressor developed discovery earth’s atmosphere earth’s gravitational field earth’s surface equation exhaust velocity feet per second fighter FIGURE fired flight fuel gases German glider Goddard gravitational force guidance heat Hermann Oberth higher hydrocarbon hydrogen-oxygen rocket International Space Station jet propulsion Konstantin Tsiolkovsky Korolev launched laws of motion liquid propellants liquid-propellant rocket Mach numbers Mars mass mean molecular weight MESSERSCHMITT ME 262 miles per hour miles per second military missile missions moon NASA needed Newton Newton’s laws Oberth occur oxygen payload percent possible pounds of thrust problem producing propellant combination radar ramjet reach rocket nozzle rocketry Russian satellites Sergei Korolev solar system solid propellants solid-propellant rocket Space Shuttle space travel spacecraft specific impulse speed target telescope temperature thrust force Tsiolkovsky turbine turbojet turbojet engine United V2 rocket vehicle Werner von Braun