83. Since § of a share signify & parts of a share, it is evident that of the three parts is 1 part, that is 1: 89. signify 9 pieces or parts, and it is evident that of 9 parts is 3 parts, that is 8. 48. We cannot take of 5 pieces, therefore we must take of, which is, and is 5 times as much as 1, therefore of is f 78. 88 is 42, of 42 is 7. 79. 84 is, of is, consequently of 40 is f, or 11. 86. We may say of 84 is 2, and 24 over, then 24 is 22, and of 22 is 22, hence of 84 is 234. 90. of 188 is 23, and 4 is 3 times as much, or 78. B. 4. It would take 1 man 4 times 9, or 37 7 men would do it in of that time, that is in 5 SECTION XV. days, and days. A. THIS section contains the divisions of whole numbers by fractions, and fractions by fractions. 1. Since there are in 2, it is evident that he could give them to 6 boys if he gave them apiece; but, if he gave them apiece, he could give them to only one half as many, or 3 boys. 5. If of a barrel would last them one month, it is evident that 4 barrels would last 20 months; but, since it takes of a barrel, it will last them but one half as long, or 10 months. 7. 6 is 27. If of a bushel would last a week, 6o bushels would last 27 weeks; but, since it takes, it will last only of the time, or 9 weeks. 13. If he had given of a bushel apiece, he might have given it to 17 persons; but, since he gave 3 halves apiece, he could give it to only of that number, that is to 5 persons, and he would have i bushel left, which would be of enough for another. . If it had been only of a 23. 94 is, and 1 is dollar a barrel, he might dollars; but, since it was of that number, that is, 6 barrels. 25 and 26. Ans. 94. 81. 41 is 1, and 98 is 48. Now 48 times, and 21 is contained only consequently only 2 or 24. is. contained in 4 part as many times, B. 1. is; consequently 5 pounds can be bought for of a dollar. 3. is, and is. If he had given only apiece, he could have given it to 9 persons; but, since he gave he could give it to only 1 half as many, or 4 persons. 5. is, and is it. If a pound had cost of a dollar, 14 pounds could be bought for 4 of a dollar; but since it costs, only as many can be bought; that is, 4 pounds. 9. is 18, and 1 is. If a bushel had cost of a dollar, 65 bushels might have been bought; but, since it cost 18, only part as much could be bought; that is, 4 bushels. but 12. is, and is ; is contained in § 15 times, is contained only as many times; that is, 3 times. Miscellaneous Examples. 5. of a penny is of 4 farthings. Ans. 28 farthings. of 12 pence. Ans. 10 pence. 6. 7. of 4 quarters is 2 quarters and of a quarter; % of a quarter is 3 of 4 nails, which is 1g nails. Ans. 2 quar ters, 1 nails. 18. of 24 hours is 15 hours. 14. of 24 hours is 14 hours and of an hour; of 60 minutes is 24 minutes. Ans. 14 hours, 24 minutes. of a penny. 28. There being 4 farthings in a penny, 1 farthing is part of a penny. 30. 3 farthings is 81. 1 penny is pence in a shilling. 84. 5 pence is 41. 1 shilling is 43. 3 shillings is of a shilling, because there are 12 of a shilling. of a pound. of a pound. 48. 1 farthing is of one shilling. 49. 2 farthings is, or of a shilling. 5 farthings is of a shilling. 51. 1 penny is 59. 3s. 5d. is 41 pence, which is of 1 pound. 7 pence is 6 of 1£. of 1£. 75. 1 nail is of a yard. 5 nails is of a yard. 89. 1 oz. is 91. 1 lb. is of 1 lb. 15 oz. is 1 of 1 lb. of 1 quarter. miles 100. At the end of 1 hour they would be 7 and apart. In 7 hours, 7 times 74, which is 54 miles. 121 This is the principle of fellowship; 3 shillings were paid; one paid, the other . 122. One paid, the other §. 123. 20 dollars were paid in the whole; one paid, another, and the third. 121. 3 and 4 and 5 are 12. The first put in ; the second; the third 129. 4 dollars for 2 months is the same as 8 dollars for 1 month; 3 dollars for 3 months is the same as 9 dollars for 1 month; and 2 dollars for 4 months is the same as 8 dollars for 1 month. The question is the same as if A had put in 8 dollars, B 9 dollars, and C 8 dollars. A must have, B, and C, of 100 dollars. 181. A's money was in 4 times as long as C's. It is the same as if A had put in 8 Collars for the same time, and B 8 dollars for the same time. A must have, B C, of 88 dollars. and The examples 127, 128, 129, 130, and 131, are double ar compound fellowship. 139. The interest of 50 dollars for 1 year and 6 months is 4 dollars and 50 cents, and for 1 month it is 25 cents. The interest of 7 dollars for 19 months (a dollar is of a cent a month) is 663 cents. The whole amounts to 5 dollars and 41 cents. 140. The interest of 200 dollars for 13 years is 16 dollars. The interest of 67 dollars is 67 cents for every 2 months, for 16 months it will be 8 times 67 cents, which are 5 dollars and 36 cents. The whole interest is 21 dollars and 36 cents. 143. The interest of 100 dollars for 2 years is 13 dollars and 50 cents. The interest of 100 dollars for 60 days would be 1 dollar, the interest for 20 days will be of a dollar, or 33 cents. The interest of 1 dollar for 21 years is 13 cents; for 10 dollars the interest would be 1 dollar and 35 cents, and for 80 dollars, 4 dollars and 5 cents. The interest of 7 dollars for 24 years is 7 times 13 cents cents. or 94 cents. The interest of 37 dollars for 60 days would be 37 cents, and for 20 days of 37 cents, or 12 cents. The whole interest is 18 dollars and 95 146. They would both together do of the work in 1 day, and it would take them of a day to do the other Ans. 1 day. 147. would be done in 1 day, and it would take of a day to do the other. Ans. 1 day. 149. They both together consume of a bushel in a week, but the woman alone consumes only of a bushel in & week. That is, they both together consume in a week, but the woman alone only; consequently, the man alone would consume; and a bushel would last him 3 weeks. 152. A and B can build of it in 1 day; A, B, and C, can build of it in 1 day; the difference between and is; therefore C can build of it in 1 day; and it would take him 13 days to build it alone. 164. Find how much they might eat in a day, in order to make it last 1 month, and then it will be easy to find how much they may eat in a day, to make it last 11 months. 167. The money is 7 parts of the whole, and the purse one part; consequently the money is 7, and the purse of 16. 170. He gave one part for the apple, 2 parts for the orange, and 4 parts for the melon. These make 7 parts. The apple 3 cents, the orange 6 cents, and the melon 12 cents. 175. If to a number half of itself be added, the sum is of that number; hence subtract 2 from 100, and the remainder is of the number of geese that he had. 180. This must be reduced to 6ths. 1 half is, and } is, and the number itself is . If therefore to the whole number its half and its third be added, the sum will be 11; hence, 77 is 11 of the number. 181.is; therefore if to a number and of itself be added, the whole number will be ; but when 18 more is added to, the first number is doubled; that is, the number is of the first number; therefore 18 is of the number. THE END. |