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For convenience of reckoning, it is usual in calendars to call the year 365 days for 3 successive years, and every fourth year 366, (for in 4 years the six hours' overplus amount to a day,) which is called bissextile or leap year. This day is added to February.
The common year is divided into twelve months, which are sometimes called calendar months, because they are the months used in calendars.
The names of the months, and the number of days in each, are as follows:
Number of days.
Winter. Autumn. Summer. Spring. Winter
Miscellaneous Examples. 1. In 2 pounds how many ounces ? ? 2. In 8 yards how many quarters ? 3. In 3 quarters of a yard how many nails? 4. Bo of a dollar is how many cents ? 5. How many farthings is of a penny? 6. How many pence is of a shilling ? 7. of a yard is how many quarters and nails?
8. In £ how many shillings 9. How much is of a shilling? 10. How much is of a bushel of wheat ?
11. How much would of a barrel of wine cost, at one dollar a gallon?
12. How much would $ cwt. of sugar cost, at 8 cents a pound
13. How much is & ut a day?
17. How much would of a hogshead of wine cost, at 2 dollars a gallon ?
18. If a man spend 28 dollars in a month, what is that a week? How much a day?
19. If a man spend 16 dollars a week, what is that a day?
20. If a man buy 4 bushels of grain for 5 dollars, how much is that a bushel ?
21. If wine is 2 dollars a gallon, how much is that a pint ?
22. If you give 5 cents a gill for wine, what is that a pint? What is it a quart? What is it a gallon?
23, If wine is worth 20 cents a pint, what is that a gill? What is it a quart? What is it a gallon?
24. If a yard of cloth is worth 7 dollars, what are 2 yards worth?
25. If a map earn 11 dollars a week, what is that a day? What for 3 days? What for 45 days?
26. If a man earn 2f dollars in a day, what will he earn in a week ?
27. What is of a hogshead of wine?
32. 2 pence is what part of a shilling?
46. What part of a pound is 6 shillings ? 7 shil: lings? 8 shillings? 9 shillings? 10 shillings ? shillings ? 12 shillings? 13 shillings? 14 shillings 15 shillings ? 16 shillings ? 17 shillings? Į8 shil: lings? 19 shillings?
47. How many farthings are there in a shilling ? 48. One farthing is what part of a shilling ?
49. 2 farthings is what part of a shilling? 3 far: things? 4 farthings ? 5 farthings ? 6 farthings ? farthings ? 8 farthings ? 9 farthings ? ļo farthings ?
50. How many pence are there in a pound ? 51. One penny is what part of a pound?
52. What part of a pound is two pence? 3. pence 4 pence? 5 pence? 6 pence? 7 pence? 8. pence:11 pence: 15 pence? 27 pence? 35 pence?
53. How many pence are there in 1 shilling and 6 pence? :54. In 2 shillings and 4 pence, how many pence? 55. In 4 shillings and 5 pence, how many pence? 56. In 5 shillings and 8 pence, how many pence: 57. In 9 shillings and 11 pence, how many pence 58. What part af 1£ is 23. 6d. ? 59. 3s. 5d. is what part of 1£?
Note. Reduce the whole to pence. 60. 7. 8d. is what part of 1£?
61. What is the price of 2 yards of cloth, at 3s. 4d. a yard?
62. What will 8 yards of cloth cost, at 2s. 8d. a
63. What will 4 bushels of wheat cost, at 5s. 9d. a bushel ?
64. What must you give for 4 barrels of cider, at 24 dollars a barrel ?
65. If 3 bushels of wheat be divided between 2 men, how much would they have apiece ?
66. If 4 bushels of corn be divided among 5 men, how much would they have apiece?
67. If 3 bushels of corn be divided among 7 men, how much would they have apiece?
68. How many nails are there in 1 yard ? 69. How many nails are there in 4 yards?
70. How many nails are there in 5 yards aad 2 nails?
71. In 7 yards and 3 quarters, how many quarters ?
72. In 4 yards, 2 quarters, and 3 nails, how many nails ?
73. 1 nail is what part of a quarter? 74. 3 nails is what part of a quarter ? 75. 1 nail is what part of a yard ?
76. What part of 1 yard is 3 nails ? 5 nails ? 7 nails ? 10 nails ? 15 nails?
77. In 8 quarters of a yard how many yards ? 78. In 12 quarters of a yard how many yards? 79. In 10 quarters of a yard how many yards ? 80. In 15 quarters of a yard how many yards? 81. In 12 nails how many quarters of a yard ?
82. In 16 nails how many quarters of a yard : How many yards?
83. In 24 bails liow many quarters of a yard ? How many yards ?