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KEY TO CARD No. 25.

Shillings. Six pounds over make 120s. and 19 make 139——How many times 8 in 139? 17 and 3 over I carry to the pence.*

Pence. Three shillings over I carried make 36 pence—How many times 8 in 36? 4 times and 4 over I carry to the farthings.

Farthings. Four pence over I carried make 16 farthings—How many times 8 in 16? 2: Answer, £ 181 17 4 2.

LESSON 3. Divide £1173 12s. 9d. by 12. £. d. 9.

Pounds. 12)1173 12 9 0 How many times 12 in 117? 9 and 9 97 16 0 31 over-How many times 12 in 93? 7

and 9 over I carry to the shillings.

Shillings. Nine pounds over I carried make 180s. and 12 make 192. How many times 12 in 192? 16.

Pence.
Twelve in 9–0--carry 9 to the farthings.

Farthings. Nine pence I carried make 36 farthings—How many times 12 in 36? 3.

Answer, £ 97 16 0 3.

S.

LESSON 4. If 19 yards of broadcloth cost £ 35 12 6, what is that a yard ?

* Set 139 shillings on some part of your slates for a memorandum, and divide by 8, as in Short Division. Set the quotient 17 in the place of shillings, and carry the 3 over, to the pence.

KEY TO CARD No. 25.

..9

£. $. d.

Directions for the calculation of Lesson 4. 19)35 12 6(1£.

Place the £ 35 12s. 6d. on your 19

slates as you see it on the Card, with 19 before 16

it for a divisor—Then seek how many 20

times 19 in 35—say l; set 1 off at the 19)332(17s.

right hand for a quotient; this is i 19

pound, because you can have once 19

in 35.
142
133

Now multiply 19 the divisor, by 1 and place the product under 35—subtract

the remainder is 16—This is 16 pounds 12

to be multiplied by 20 to bring it into 1911406d.

shillings, and the 12s. must be added in 114

the product, which will make 332s.

Thus, 0 times 6 is 0, but 2 in the 12s. Ans. £1 17 6

makes 2; set 2 in the place of units. Then, twice 6 are 12, and 1 in the 12s. above makes 13; set 3 in the place of tens—carry 1.

Then, twice 1 makes 2 and 1 I carried makes 3 ; set another 3 in the place of hundreds. Thus you have for a product, 332s. How many

times 19 in 332? First seek how many times 19 in 33 ? say 1-place 1 off at the right for a quotientmultiply 19 by 1-place the product under 33–subtractthe remainder is 14.

Bring down the 2 to the right side of 14, makes 142– seek how many times 19 in 142–7 times--place 7 on the right of 1 in the quotient. This makes 17s.

Now multiply 19 by 7—place the product under 142subtract-the remainder is 9s. to be reduced to pence.

Multiply 9 by 12, the number of pence in a shilling, and bring in the 6d. of the given sum above, makes 114 pence.

KEY TO CARD No. 25.

Again; how many times 19 in 114? 6 times--place 6 off at the right for a quotient—this is 6 pence-Multiply 19 by 6—place the product under 114–subtract, and nothing remains,

RECAPITULATION. In the first quotient you had 1 pound; in the second, 17 'shillings, and in the third, 6 pence.

These make for an answer, £ 1 17 6..

LESSON 5. If 23 barrels of pork cost £ 179 17 7, what is that a barrel? £. s. de

Pounds. 23)179 17 767 £.

How many times 23 in 179? 7 times 161

-place 7 in the quotient for pounds. .18

Multiply 23 by 7-place the pro20

duct under 179-subtract--the remain

der is 18 pounds to be reduced to shil23)377(16s.

lings, to which add the 17s. in the giv23

en sum, as in Lesson 4. This reduc147

tion will make 377s. 138

How many times 23 in 377 ? seek ..9

first how many times 23 in 37–1; set 12

1 in the quotient.

Multiply 23 by 1-place the pro23)115(5d. duct under 37-subtract-the remain115

der is 14-bring down the 7 makes 147.

How many times 23 in 147? 6 times—place 6 in the quotient—this makes 16s.

Multiply 23 by 6m-place the quotient under 147—subtract-the remainder is 9s. to be reduced to pence; multiply 9 by 12, the number of pence in a shilling, and add

KEY TO CARD No. 25.

to the product the 7 pence in the given sum above: this operation makes 115 pence.

Now, how many times 23 in 115? 5 times place 5 in the quotient; this makes 5 pence. Multiply 23 by 5– place the product under 115–subtract—the remainder is 0.

RECAPITULATION. Your first quotient was £7; the second 16s. and the third 5d.-making in the whole, for an answer, £7 16 5.

LESSON 6. Bought 26 watches for £ 239 4 0, what did each one cost?

S.

Pounds. 26)239 4. 0(9£. How

many

times 26 in 239 ? 9 times 231

set 9 in the quotient for pounds; multi..5

ply 26 by 9-place the product under 20

239-subtract-the remainder is £5 to 26)104(4s.

be multiplied by 20 to reduce it into 104

shillings, and at the same time add in the 4 shillings in the given sum, which I'makes 104.

Shillings. How

many times 26 in 104?-4 times--place 4 in the quotient for shillings and multiply 26 by 4-place the product under 104–subtract-nothing remains.

Thus you have in the first quotient £9, and in the second 4s.: making for an answer £9 4s. the price of each watch.

KEY TO CARD No. 25.

132

LESSON 7. Divide £ 486 15s. between 33 men, what is each man's part?

Pounds. £. $.

How many times 33 in 48 ?-1; set 1 in 33)486 15(14£.the quotient-multiply 33 by l--place 33

the product under 48-subtract—the re• 156

mainder is 15; bring down the 6 makes 156.

How many times 33 in 156?-4 times 24

-set 4 in the quotient makes 14 pounds-20

multiply 33 by 4-place the product 33)495(158. under 156_subtract-the remainder is 33

£ 24 to be reduced into shillings and 165

added to the 15s. in the given sum, which 165

makes 495s.

How many times 33 in 49?-1-place

1 in the quotient for shillings—multiply 33 by 1---place the product under 49—subtract—the remainder is 16—bring down the 5 makes 165.

How many times 33 in 165?-5 times--place 5 in the quotient which makes 15 for shillings--multiply 33 by 5m place the product under 165--subtract--the remainder is nothing

RECAPITULATION. The first quotient was £ 14, the second is 15s., which make for an answer £ 14 15s.

LESSON 8. A number of benevolent Gentlemen, visiting the school, say to the Teacher, “ Here is a sum of £ 566 7s. to be divided between 47 of your best boys for the procurement of books :" What sum will each boy have?

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