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governed, than those that grow in the right wing. Respecting the besta quills, let experience and frequent trials in using them be the instructor; for my part I chuse quills in their natural state or unmanufactured, that have hung in a garret or some dry place for about two years. A manufactured quill is like a high tempered edge tool; the edge soon crumbles off, though ever so keen at first.

OF BOYS MAKING PENS. Here it may not be amiss to mention the necessity of boys having a knise, or knives if they can afford the cost, and of their learning seasonably to make and mend pens. Many persons who can write a decent hand, are obliged to call on their friend for a pen; and by such dependence lose many opportunities of writing, by which they sometimes suffer pecuniary loss, and often lose time which ought to be taken up in improvemeut. When a boy or girl can write a decent text hand, or what is commonly called copy-hand, they ought to be instructed how to make a pen. From this early acquisition of knowledge in making a pen, will arise a twofold profit or advantage; it will not only afford great relief to the Teacher, but will give to the learners independence in penmanship.

GOOD INK. This is a requisite in penmanship which is too frequently neglected; it is either of a poor quality, or suffered to become dirty in the standish. When you quit writing, stop or cover your standish if you mean to make elegant work; and whenever the collon becomes foul, wash it or throw it away.

The British ink-powder, or the ink-cake, extracted or dissolved according to the printed directions accompanying the powder and cakes, will answer every purpose in writing as respects good ink. Japan ink is well adapted to the writing of copies which resemble copper-plate impressions, and when these two sorts of ink are mixed together, the composition is apparently improved. Due regard ought to be paid to the thickness or thinness of ink; if it be too thin, the colour will be pale, is too thick, the strokes will not be smooth, and it become frozen, it will be spoiled for any handsome writing.

Mr. Ribancourt gives us the following recipe for making an excellent black ink, which, he says, will not become decomposcd nor fade, but increase in blackness although exposed to the air, sun, dust, smoke, and moisture.

RECIPE. Take 8 ounces of mutgalls4 ounces of ground or rasped logwood, and boil them one hour in 12 pounds of water, or until one half is evaporated; it is then percolated, or strained through a hair sieve, and to this liquid are added sulphat of iron or copperas 4 ounces-gum arabic 3 ouncessulphat of copper or blue vitriol 1 ounce-sugar candy 1 ounce. This solution is well stirred and suffered to stand twenty-four hours ; it is then poured off from the sediment and kept close stopt in glass or stone jars.

See Encyclopedia under CHEMISTRY.

SMALL HAND WRITING. After becoming proficients in text, practise on small copies, gradually falling down to business-hand: but in this hand writing, set the strokes nearly in a perpendicular direction, and form the corners with more acute angles than those are in text. This will make a beautiful hand writing for posting books, filling up deeds, bonds, mortgages, and for public records.

INDEX.

41,43

pagel

E

page
AXLE and Wheel,

355 Example for Combination of
Acts, ridiculous, lo be avoided,
39 Numbers,

13
Addition, Simple,

69Examination of Classes, 14. 111
Compound,

911 Embarrassmients to be avoided, 16
of Decimals,

99||Exercise, preventive of Sickness, 28
Additional method of teaching Emulation, its effects,

40
on the Lancaster plan,

17

how to raise it, 41
Arrangement of the scholars, 9||Exercising Questions,

363
Ambition, its effects,

401

F
Arithmetical characters, 177||Figures taught without a book, 14
Apothecaries' Weight,

200 - Example thereof, 15
Avoirdupois Weight,

193Fear, unnecessary cause thereof, 28
B
Federal Money,

81. 83
Books, necessary, where obtained, 9 Formation of Numbers,

50
Barter,
292||Federal Money,

99
Book-keeping,
373|| Fellowship,

295
С
Friction,

359
Cards, how disposed of,

12
Cause of unnecessary fear, 28 Government of a School, 28
Character of a good Teacher, 27,34

of Colleges,

31
Chusing sides,

H
Combination of Numbers, 15. 58 |Hopper, how to ineasure,

369
Coins, their value,

89,90

I
Compound Multiplication, 113||Interest,

274
Division,

1651
Compound,

284
Cloth Measure,
202 , Decimally,

285
Cubic or Solid measure,

216
Problems of,

288
Compound Proportion, 264||Inspection Card, No. 16, 111
Contracted Proportion,

271

K
Cube Root,

341||Key of Card No. 16, for Inspec. 111
Card No. 6,

392

L
The Cards are placed, after this, Lancaster's mode of Government
in numerical order, up to No. 32, in- preferred,

31, 38
clusively.

Lecturing on Rules,

147
D

Lancaster's reclaiming bad boys, 41
Disorder, how to be avoided, 43|Long Division,

149
Decimals, a sketch thereof,

81
Measure,

204
Dollars into Cents, Rule, 82 |Land and Square Measure,

207
Decimals, Addition of,
99 |Lines, how regulated,

236
Division, proof for Multiplication, 83||Loss and Gain,

293
Long,

149||Lever, the powers thereof, 353
Compound,

165

M
Table, Card 22, 456||Multiplication, Simple,

81
Decimals, Reduction of, 178

Compound, 113
Table,

185

Common, 141
Dry Measure,

203

Table, Cards 8
Duodecimals,
222

400
Decimal Interest,
285||Motion,

236

and 9,

page!!

S

page
Money, Reduction of,
240|School well regulated,

27
Mechanical Powers,
354||School Government,

28
N

without whipping, 32
Numeration, how taught at first, 11 School-house, form thereof, 33
Natural Radius,
238 Self-moving Machine,

357
Numeration Table, Card No.7, 396 Subtraction, Simple,

73
0

Compound, 104
Objections respecting scantiness Square and Land Measure, 207
of time,

26 Solid or Cubic Measure, 216
injuring health, 21 Surveyor's Table,

236
Old Survey Lines, how regulated, 236|Square Root,

317
P
Screw, Powers thereof,

358
Pestallozzian plan of teaching, 18|Secret for Teachers,

371
Pastime, general rule for,

25

T
Prizes, how distributed,

421
Tyrant Teacher,

30
Pence Table, Card No. 12, 416

Talking in School an offence, 36
Proportion, or Rule of Three,

I'roy

198
Compound,

264
Time,

231
Contracted,

311
Practice,

301
Position,

345

V
R

243||i'roy Weight,

271 | Tare and Tret,

Vain-glory of modern Scholars,
Removal to another Class,

10, 11

exhibited in the preface, and
Regularity,

27, 34, 35
on page

357
Rod of Correction belongs to
Parents,
31||Unhealthy air,

28
Ridiculous acts reprobated, 39| Unnecessary fear, cause of,

28
Rule to bring Dollars into Cents, 82

W
Reduction,

193
of Decimals,
Whipping reprobated,

29
178
Wine Measure,

203
Regulating Old Lines,

236)
Wheel and Axle,

355
Rate-Bill,

273
Rebate,

2891

INDEX TO SUPPLEMENT.

Decimals,
499||Formation of Letters,

515
Direct Proportion,
500 How to hold a Pen,

516
Practice Generalized,
501 How to make a Pen,

517
Interest,
505||Remark on Quills,

517
Compound, by Log. 506 |On Boys making Pens,

518
Rate-Bill,
508||Good İnk,

518
Alligation,
511 Recipe,

518
Penmanship,
515 Small hand writing,

518
Young Teachers will do well by calling on Mr. R. O. K. BENKETT, at or near Al-
bany, for appropriate Lecturcs on Penmanship, or on other branches of teaching

A

Dornin, Wm. Lynchburg, Va. ALLEN, BENJ. Prin. of the Albany Academy. Dillard, James, Rockingham co. N. Carolina. Andrews, Charles C. Principal of the Africun||Dawson, Joshua, Washington city.. Free-School, New York,

Department of State, Washington city. Anderson, John, jr. Campbell, Va.

Dungan, Francis, Baltimore, Md. Anderson, Jos. Washington city.

Desilver, Rob't. Philadelphia.
Anthony, T. L. Georgetown, D. C.

Duane, Wm. Philadelphia.
Allen, Rev. John, Baltimore College, Md. Duane, James, Schenectady, N. Y.
Allen, Hugh, Baltimore, Md.

E
B

Edley, David R. Teacher, Lynchburg, Va. Baldwin, Seth C. Ballston, N. Y.

Edward, James, Teacher, Philadelphia. 3 cop. Beatty, Leonard, New York.

Ellis, David, Teacher, Philadelphia.
Bartlett, M.R. Teacher, Nere-York.

Earle, Edw. Philadelphia.
Bernard,
A. Richmond, Vu.

Evans, Oliver, Philudelphia.
Bryson, Robert, Richmond, Va.

F Blair, Rev. John D Richmond, Va.

Fiich, Francis B. Teacher, Albary. Banks, Gerard, Lynchburg, Va.

Finn, Robert, New-York. Bailey, Vincent, Lynchburg, Va.

Fairfax, G. Wm. Washington city. 5 copies. Buford, William, Teucher, Lynchburg, Va. Fouchee. W M. D. Richmond, Va. Burd, William, Lynchburgh, Va.

Farrfax, Ferdinand, Washington city. 3 con, Bunting, Rev. Thomas, Lynchburg, Va. Falconer, A. H. Baltimore, Md. Beale, Walter B. Washington city.

Fry, Wm. Philadelphia. Brown, Rev. O. B. Washinglon city. Franklin, Lem'l. Philadelphia. Bradley, Abm.jr. Washington city.

Fox, Alvin, Teacher, Staten-Islond, Bradley, P. Washington city.

Freeman, Moses, Warren, N. Y. Brent, Rob. Wushington city.

G Barton, William, Alexandria, D. C.

Graham, John A. L. L. D. New-York, Brown, Jacob, Georgetown, D. C.

Gray, Wm. W. Lynchburg, Va. Baker, John, Georgetoron, D. C.

Gwathmey, Geo Lynchburg, Va. Brice, John, jr. Bultimore, Md. 2 copies. Gray, Francis, Lynchburg, Vu. Brunett, Andrew, Baltimore, Md.

Goddard, Ja. Washington city. Buck, John, Baltimore, Md.

Grassi, John, Pres Georgetown College, D.C. Burt, Andrew, Baltimore, Md.

Graham, John, Washington citij. Brown, Sam'), Baltimore, Md.

Graham, Geo. Washington city. Brosius, Michael, Baltimore, Md.

Gibney, John T. Baltimore, Md. Brown, John, Baltimore, Md.

Gill, R W. Baltimore, Md. Bringhurst, Germantown, Penn.

Gilinor, William, Baltimore, Md. Bleecker, L. New-York, 2 copies.

Garrett, Philip, Philadelphia. Buel, Jesse, Albany.

H с

Herrick, A. G. W. Troy, N. Y. Clinton, De Wit, His Ex. Governor, N. York. Haines, Siephen, Coeymans, N. Y. Carr, R. W. Richmond, Va.

Holmes, S. L Teacher, Columbian Academija Copland, C. Richmond, Va.

New-York. 2 copies, Corbin, Francis, Caroline co. Va.

Hunt, David, New York. Cardozo, Isaac, Powhatan, Va

Hains, B. James, New-York. Childrey. John, Henrico co. Va.

Haley, J. C Teacher of the Lancastrion Acade Cowan, Wm. Richmond, Va.

my, Richmond, . Caskaden, George, Richmond, Va.

Howard, Thomas C. Richmond, Va. Clark, George W. Richmond, Va.

Holmes, Samuel, New-York. Crandall, Thomas, Lynchburgh, Va.

Hodges, Charles, Lynchbury, Va. Carson, Joseph, Lynchburg, Va.

Hayih, John, Lymchburg, Va. Cassin, Joseph, Wushington city.

jarris, C. near Monticello, Va. Cruikshank, Jno. Georgetown, D. C. Harpur, Nichs. Washington city. Campbell, Thos. L. W'atervliet, N. Y. Hamilton, Sam'l. S. Washington city. Cowing, Jos Alexandria, D. C.

Hoffman, Jacob, Alexandria, D.C. 2 copies, Cone, Joseph, Baltimore, Md.

Haraden, Nath'l. Washington N. Vard. 3 cop. Creery, John, Teacher, Baltimore, Md. 2 cop. | Hart, Joseph, Baltimore, Md. Camp, Wm. Baltimore, Md.

Hudson, Robert, Schenectady, N. Y. Cleinm, Wm. Baltimore, Md.

J Coulson, Ged. Baltimore, Md.

Jefferson, Hon. Thomas, Monticello, Va. Chile, Sain'l, Bultimore, Md.

Jones, Robert K. Richmond, Va. Chappell, J. G. Baltimore, Md.

Jackson, J. E. Baltimore, Jud. Caldwell, John R. Baltimore, Md.

Jones, Honry, New-York. Coffin, Hiram, Baltimore, Md.

K Conrad, John, Philadelphia.

Kellogg, Giles, Bern, N. Y. Cary, M. Philadelphiu.

Knigh', Joshua, Lunchburg, Va. Coles, Amos, New-York.

Kelley, James, Marine Barracks, Washington, Campbel!, Sam'l, Noriich. Chenango. Kinox, Charles, For the Morire School at the Cheeseman, Edward, Albany.

Marine Barracks, Washington.
Cooper, Lucius, Albany.

Keyser, George, Baltimore, Md.
D

Kimber, Thomas, Philadelphia.
Dale, Wm. A. Tweed, Principal of the Lancas. | Kimball, Harvey, Carthage, Ontario.
trian Academy, Albany. copies.

L
De Witt, Simeon, Surveyor-Gen. N.V. Albmy:lLeavenworth, H. Colonel U. S. Army.
Danforth, Jeseph, Richmond, Va.

Lay, Amos, Albany.
Davidson, Wm. Lynchburg, Va.

Lyons, Luke, Teacher, Albay. Dawson, Russell, Lynchburg. Va.

Labby, Pleasant, Lynchburg.

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Lamb, John F. Lynchburg, l'u.

Richards, John C. Baltimore, Ma. Lee, Shelley, Lynchburg, Va.

Ross, William, Newburgh, N. Y.
Lynch, Edward, Lynchburg, Va. copies. Rogers, Jno. Bullimore, Md.
Loomis, Erastus, Geargetown, D. C.

Randall, Perez, Norwich, N. Y.
Latimore, James B. Baltimore, Mu.
Lorman, Wm. Baltimore, Md.

Sackrider, Daniel W. Albany.
Lusby, Henry, Baltimore, Md.

Smith, Win. Principal of the Lancastrian School Little, Thomas, Philadelphia.

No. 1, New-York.
Lloyd, Joseph, Philadelphia,

Slodghill, David T. Richmond, Va.
M

Shiphard, James, Richmond, Va.
Marshall, J. Chief Justice U. S. Richmond, Va. Smith, John W. Richmond, Vo.
Merchant, George, Esq. Albany.

Stewart, James, Lynchburg, Va. McLeod, Margery, Preceptress, New-York. Strelch, John, Washington city. Munford, Wro. Reporter of Laws, Richmond, V. Stewart, Wm. Baltimore, Md. Morton, William, Lynchburg, Va.

Starr, William, Baltimore, Md. Moore, Tho. Bedford, Va.

Swift, W. R. Baltimore, Md. Morton, Josiah, Lipichburg, Va.

Sinall, Abm. Philadelphia. Milligan, Joseph, Georgetown, D. C. Stoddart, John, Philadelphiu, Miller, Jacob Kriss, Baltimore, Md.

Sellers, Samuel, Philadelphia. Mantz, William, Bultimore, Md.

Shaw, Alex. Philadelphia. Macher, Benjamin, Baltimore, Md.

Stebbins, Rev. Cyrus, Schenectady, N. Y. Miller, John D. Bultimore, Md.

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Southwick, H. C. Auburn, N. Y.
McAran, Patr’k. Teacher, Philadelphia.

T
Missing, J. Teacher, F. School No. 9, N.York. Toinpkins, D. D. Vice-President of U.S.
Morse, E Albany.

Tayler, John, Albany, Lt. Governor of N. I.
N

Thomas, James W. Richmond, Va.
Nicholas, W. C. His Er. Gor. of Virginia. Townsend, Green J. Lynchburg, Va.
Nichols, Abigail, Preceptress, New-York. Torles, Oliver, jr. Lynchburg, Va.
Nelson, Thomas, jr. York- Toron, Va. Taylor, John, Lynchburg, Va.
Navy Department, Washington city. Taylor, James N. Washington city.
Niles, H. Editor IV. Register, Baltimore, Md. Thruston, Th. L. Washington cilý.
Neal, John G. Baltimore, Md.

Treasury Office, Register of, Washington citự.
Noti, Rev. Eliphalet, President Union College, || Tenant, Thomas, Baltimore, Md.
Schenectady, N. Y.

Taws, Charles, Philadelphia. Noyes, John, Preston, Chenango co. N. Y. Townsend, Chas. Philadelphia. 0

Ten Brooli, Henry, New-York. Ostrander, John I. Albany.

Ten Eyck, Jacob, Bethlehem, N. Y. Owens, W. Physician, Lynchirurg, Va. 2. cop. Tapper, John, Teacher, New York. Orily, Margaret, Baltimore, Md.

V Obrian, John, Philadelphia.

Van Rensselaer, Hon. Stephen, Italervliet,

N. Y. 5 copies. Preston, John, Treasurer, Richmond, Va. Van Rensselaer, John I. Greenbush, N. Y. Penninian, Obadiah, Providence, R. I. Visschier, N. I. Greenbush, N. Y. Parkhill, John, Richmond, Va.

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Vany, Roberts, Philadelphia. Parker, Richard E. Richmond, Va.

Van Zant, Win. 1. Alhany. Percival, Joha, Lynchburg, Va. 2 copies.

W Price, Edward, Limchburg, Va.

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Willse, Isaac, Albany. Perkins, Rich'd Lamchburg, Va.

Worth, G. A. Albany. Poc, Caswel, Lynchburg, Vu.

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