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governed, than those that grow in the right wing. Respecting the besta quills, let experience and frequent trials in using them be the instructor; for my part I chuse quills in their natural state or unmanufactured, that have hung in a garret or some dry place for about two years. A manufactured quill is like a high tempered edge tool; the edge soon crumbles off, though ever so keen at first.
OF BOYS MAKING PENS. Here it may not be amiss to mention the necessity of boys having a knise, or knives if they can afford the cost, and of their learning seasonably to make and mend pens. Many persons who can write a decent hand, are obliged to call on their friend for a pen; and by such dependence lose many opportunities of writing, by which they sometimes suffer pecuniary loss, and often lose time which ought to be taken up in improvemeut. When a boy or girl can write a decent text hand, or what is commonly called copy-hand, they ought to be instructed how to make a pen. From this early acquisition of knowledge in making a pen, will arise a twofold profit or advantage; it will not only afford great relief to the Teacher, but will give to the learners independence in penmanship.
GOOD INK. This is a requisite in penmanship which is too frequently neglected; it is either of a poor quality, or suffered to become dirty in the standish. When you quit writing, stop or cover your standish if you mean to make elegant work; and whenever the collon becomes foul, wash it or throw it away.
The British ink-powder, or the ink-cake, extracted or dissolved according to the printed directions accompanying the powder and cakes, will answer every purpose in writing as respects good ink. Japan ink is well adapted to the writing of copies which resemble copper-plate impressions, and when these two sorts of ink are mixed together, the composition is apparently improved. Due regard ought to be paid to the thickness or thinness of ink; if it be too thin, the colour will be pale, is too thick, the strokes will not be smooth, and it become frozen, it will be spoiled for any handsome writing.
Mr. Ribancourt gives us the following recipe for making an excellent black ink, which, he says, will not become decomposcd nor fade, but increase in blackness although exposed to the air, sun, dust, smoke, and moisture.
RECIPE. Take 8 ounces of mutgalls4 ounces of ground or rasped logwood, and boil them one hour in 12 pounds of water, or until one half is evaporated; it is then percolated, or strained through a hair sieve, and to this liquid are added sulphat of iron or copperas 4 ounces-gum arabic 3 ouncessulphat of copper or blue vitriol 1 ounce-sugar candy 1 ounce. This solution is well stirred and suffered to stand twenty-four hours ; it is then poured off from the sediment and kept close stopt in glass or stone jars.
See Encyclopedia under CHEMISTRY.
SMALL HAND WRITING. After becoming proficients in text, practise on small copies, gradually falling down to business-hand: but in this hand writing, set the strokes nearly in a perpendicular direction, and form the corners with more acute angles than those are in text. This will make a beautiful hand writing for posting books, filling up deeds, bonds, mortgages, and for public records.
355 Example for Combination of
69Examination of Classes, 14. 111
911 Embarrassmients to be avoided, 16
99||Exercise, preventive of Sickness, 28
how to raise it, 41
200 - Example thereof, 15
193Fear, unnecessary cause thereof, 28
341||Key of Card No. 16, for Inspec. 111
Lecturing on Rules,
Lancaster's reclaiming bad boys, 41
149||Lever, the powers thereof, 353
Table, Cards 8
without whipping, 32
26 Solid or Cubic Measure, 216
Talking in School an offence, 36
271 | Tare and Tret,
Vain-glory of modern Scholars,
exhibited in the preface, and
27, 34, 35
INDEX TO SUPPLEMENT.
Dornin, Wm. Lynchburg, Va. ALLEN, BENJ. Prin. of the Albany Academy. Dillard, James, Rockingham co. N. Carolina. Andrews, Charles C. Principal of the Africun||Dawson, Joshua, Washington city.. Free-School, New York,
Department of State, Washington city. Anderson, John, jr. Campbell, Va.
Dungan, Francis, Baltimore, Md. Anderson, Jos. Washington city.
Desilver, Rob't. Philadelphia.
Duane, Wm. Philadelphia.
Edley, David R. Teacher, Lynchburg, Va. Baldwin, Seth C. Ballston, N. Y.
Edward, James, Teacher, Philadelphia. 3 cop. Beatty, Leonard, New York.
Ellis, David, Teacher, Philadelphia.
Earle, Edw. Philadelphia.
Evans, Oliver, Philudelphia.
F Blair, Rev. John D Richmond, Va.
Fiich, Francis B. Teacher, Albary. Banks, Gerard, Lynchburg, Va.
Finn, Robert, New-York. Bailey, Vincent, Lynchburg, Va.
Fairfax, G. Wm. Washington city. 5 copies. Buford, William, Teucher, Lynchburg, Va. Fouchee. W M. D. Richmond, Va. Burd, William, Lynchburgh, Va.
Farrfax, Ferdinand, Washington city. 3 con, Bunting, Rev. Thomas, Lynchburg, Va. Falconer, A. H. Baltimore, Md. Beale, Walter B. Washington city.
Fry, Wm. Philadelphia. Brown, Rev. O. B. Washinglon city. Franklin, Lem'l. Philadelphia. Bradley, Abm.jr. Washington city.
Fox, Alvin, Teacher, Staten-Islond, Bradley, P. Washington city.
Freeman, Moses, Warren, N. Y. Brent, Rob. Wushington city.
G Barton, William, Alexandria, D. C.
Graham, John A. L. L. D. New-York, Brown, Jacob, Georgetown, D. C.
Gray, Wm. W. Lynchburg, Va. Baker, John, Georgetoron, D. C.
Gwathmey, Geo Lynchburg, Va. Brice, John, jr. Bultimore, Md. 2 copies. Gray, Francis, Lynchburg, Vu. Brunett, Andrew, Baltimore, Md.
Goddard, Ja. Washington city. Buck, John, Baltimore, Md.
Grassi, John, Pres Georgetown College, D.C. Burt, Andrew, Baltimore, Md.
Graham, John, Washington citij. Brown, Sam'), Baltimore, Md.
Graham, Geo. Washington city. Brosius, Michael, Baltimore, Md.
Gibney, John T. Baltimore, Md. Brown, John, Baltimore, Md.
Gill, R W. Baltimore, Md. Bringhurst, Germantown, Penn.
Gilinor, William, Baltimore, Md. Bleecker, L. New-York, 2 copies.
Garrett, Philip, Philadelphia. Buel, Jesse, Albany.
Herrick, A. G. W. Troy, N. Y. Clinton, De Wit, His Ex. Governor, N. York. Haines, Siephen, Coeymans, N. Y. Carr, R. W. Richmond, Va.
Holmes, S. L Teacher, Columbian Academija Copland, C. Richmond, Va.
New-York. 2 copies, Corbin, Francis, Caroline co. Va.
Hunt, David, New York. Cardozo, Isaac, Powhatan, Va
Hains, B. James, New-York. Childrey. John, Henrico co. Va.
Haley, J. C Teacher of the Lancastrion Acade Cowan, Wm. Richmond, Va.
my, Richmond, Vă. Caskaden, George, Richmond, Va.
Howard, Thomas C. Richmond, Va. Clark, George W. Richmond, Va.
Holmes, Samuel, New-York. Crandall, Thomas, Lynchburgh, Va.
Hodges, Charles, Lynchbury, Va. Carson, Joseph, Lynchburg, Va.
Hayih, John, Lymchburg, Va. Cassin, Joseph, Wushington city.
jarris, C. near Monticello, Va. Cruikshank, Jno. Georgetown, D. C. Harpur, Nichs. Washington city. Campbell, Thos. L. W'atervliet, N. Y. Hamilton, Sam'l. S. Washington city. Cowing, Jos Alexandria, D. C.
Hoffman, Jacob, Alexandria, D.C. 2 copies, Cone, Joseph, Baltimore, Md.
Haraden, Nath'l. Washington N. Vard. 3 cop. Creery, John, Teacher, Baltimore, Md. 2 cop. | Hart, Joseph, Baltimore, Md. Camp, Wm. Baltimore, Md.
Hudson, Robert, Schenectady, N. Y. Cleinm, Wm. Baltimore, Md.
J Coulson, Ged. Baltimore, Md.
Jefferson, Hon. Thomas, Monticello, Va. Chile, Sain'l, Bultimore, Md.
Jones, Robert K. Richmond, Va. Chappell, J. G. Baltimore, Md.
Jackson, J. E. Baltimore, Jud. Caldwell, John R. Baltimore, Md.
Jones, Honry, New-York. Coffin, Hiram, Baltimore, Md.
K Conrad, John, Philadelphia.
Kellogg, Giles, Bern, N. Y. Cary, M. Philadelphiu.
Knigh', Joshua, Lunchburg, Va. Coles, Amos, New-York.
Kelley, James, Marine Barracks, Washington, Campbel!, Sam'l, Noriich. Chenango. Kinox, Charles, For the Morire School at the Cheeseman, Edward, Albany.
Marine Barracks, Washington.
Keyser, George, Baltimore, Md.
Kimber, Thomas, Philadelphia.
Lay, Amos, Albany.
Lyons, Luke, Teacher, Albay. Dawson, Russell, Lynchburg. Va.
Labby, Pleasant, Lynchburg.
Lamb, John F. Lynchburg, l'u.
Richards, John C. Baltimore, Ma. Lee, Shelley, Lynchburg, Va.
Ross, William, Newburgh, N. Y.
Randall, Perez, Norwich, N. Y.
Sackrider, Daniel W. Albany.
Smith, Win. Principal of the Lancastrian School Little, Thomas, Philadelphia.
No. 1, New-York.
Slodghill, David T. Richmond, Va.
Shiphard, James, Richmond, Va.
Stewart, James, Lynchburg, Va. McLeod, Margery, Preceptress, New-York. Strelch, John, Washington city. Munford, Wro. Reporter of Laws, Richmond, V. Stewart, Wm. Baltimore, Md. Morton, William, Lynchburg, Va.
Starr, William, Baltimore, Md. Moore, Tho. Bedford, Va.
Swift, W. R. Baltimore, Md. Morton, Josiah, Lipichburg, Va.
Sinall, Abm. Philadelphia. Milligan, Joseph, Georgetown, D. C. Stoddart, John, Philadelphiu, Miller, Jacob Kriss, Baltimore, Md.
Sellers, Samuel, Philadelphia. Mantz, William, Bultimore, Md.
Shaw, Alex. Philadelphia. Macher, Benjamin, Baltimore, Md.
Stebbins, Rev. Cyrus, Schenectady, N. Y. Miller, John D. Bultimore, Md.
Southwick, S. Albany. Mayo, Benj. Teacher, Philadelphia,
Southwick, H. C. Auburn, N. Y.
Tayler, John, Albany, Lt. Governor of N. I.
Thomas, James W. Richmond, Va.
Treasury Office, Register of, Washington citự.
Taws, Charles, Philadelphia. Noyes, John, Preston, Chenango co. N. Y. Townsend, Chas. Philadelphia. 0
Ten Brooli, Henry, New-York. Ostrander, John I. Albany.
Ten Eyck, Jacob, Bethlehem, N. Y. Owens, W. Physician, Lynchirurg, Va. 2. cop. Tapper, John, Teacher, New York. Orily, Margaret, Baltimore, Md.
V Obrian, John, Philadelphia.
Van Rensselaer, Hon. Stephen, Italervliet,
N. Y. 5 copies. Preston, John, Treasurer, Richmond, Va. Van Rensselaer, John I. Greenbush, N. Y. Penninian, Obadiah, Providence, R. I. Visschier, N. I. Greenbush, N. Y. Parkhill, John, Richmond, Va.
Visscher, S. Albany. Price, Nath'l. W. Richmond, Va.
Vaughan, James P. Lynchburg, Ve. Pleasants, Frederick, Richmond, Va.
Vany, Roberts, Philadelphia. Parker, Richard E. Richmond, Va.
Van Zant, Win. 1. Alhany. Percival, Joha, Lynchburg, Va. 2 copies.
W Price, Edward, Limchburg, Va.
Wilkinson, H Cooperstown, N. I. Pendleton, Reuberi , Amherst, Va.
Willse, Isaac, Albany. Perkins, Rich'd Lamchburg, Va.
Worth, G. A. Albany. Poc, Caswel, Lynchburg, Vu.
Willcor, Daniel B. Greenbus', N. Y, Poe, John, Lynchburg, Va.
Whiting, Sam'l. New-York. Price, Alexander, Bedford, Va.
Wyınan, John W. Meio-York. Perceval, (ieorge, Lynchburg, Va.
Whitaker, Anto. Richmond, Va. Patterson, Edgar, Georgetown, D. C.
Wright, James T. Limchburg, Va. Preshury, Geo. G. 3d, Baltimore, Md. Washington, Lund, Washington city. Poiter, Nath'l
. Physician, Baltimore, Md. While, Ainbrose, Washington Navy Yard, D.C. Puwer, George J. Ballimore, Md.
Waikins, T. Editor Portico, Baltimore, Md. Purrish, Joseph, Physician, Philadelphia. Wampler, J Lewis, Baltimore, Md. Parker, James P. Philadelphia.
Welsh, Jacob, Baltimore, Md. Paul, John, Philadelphia,
Wirgman, Charles, Baltimore, Md.
Warner, George, Bultimore, Md. Queen, Richard T. Georgetown, D. C. Wortendyke, Teacher, Nere-York. R
Wermore, I-rahiah, Albany. Ridgely, C. His Ex. Gov. of Maryland. Valton, J. Schenectady, N. Y. Rice, Rev. John H. Richmond, Va.
Websters and Skinners, Albant. copies. Randolph, D. M. jr Richmond, Va.
Wands, James, 20, Dethlehem, N. Y. Ritchie, Thomas, liichmond, Va.
Y Richardson, Geo. P. Richmond, Va.
Yates, Hon. Joseph C. Schenectady, N. Y. Robinson, Anth. Richmond, Va.
Yates, Henry, jr. Mayor, Schenectady, Reid, Rec. W'm. S. Liuchlnırg, Va.
Yates, John W. Albany. Rucker, Armistead, Amherst, Va.
Yates, Christopher C. Albany. Roane, Win. Ree, Lynchburg, Va.
Yates: J. V. N. Albany. Ratcliff, Thornton F. Georgetown, D.C. Yates, Andrew, Professor, Union College, ScheRatcliff, Luther, Bultimore, d.
nectady, N. Y. Rolinson, J. Piltimore, Md. 20 || Young, William, Teocher, Plattsburgh. 2 cup,