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visible Being or Spirit, who created and who upholds all things.
John iv. 24. God is a Spirit.
Psal. xc. 2. Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever thou hadst formed the earth and the world, even from everlasting' to everlasting thou art God.
Jer, xxiii. 24. Can any hide himself in secret places that I shall not see him do not I fill heaven and the earth? saith the Lord.
Psal. cxxxix. 7. Whither shall I go from thy spirit? or whither shall I flee from thy presence ? 8. If I ascend up into heaven, thou 'art there. 9. If I take the wings of the morning and dwell in the utmost part of the sea;
10. Even there shall thy hand lead me, and thy right hand shall hold me, 11. If I say, surely the darkness shall cover me: even the night shall be light about me. 12. Yea, the darkness hideth not from thee; but the night shineth as the day: the darkness and the light are both alike to thec.
Heb. iii. 4. He that built all things is God. · Heb. i. 3. Upholding all things by the word of his power.
4th Q. Is it not true that there is but one God ?
A. Certainly; for though there are the Father, Word or Son, and Holy Spirit, these three are one God.*
* This Belief of the Father, Son, and Spirit, is usually called the Doctrine of the Trinity, which has been variously explained by the professors of Christianity, but we think it safest to adhere as much as possible to the guarded manner in which the sacred writers have treated this mysterious subject, as it necessarily extends into a depth unfathomable by the limited understanding of man, for “Canst thou by searching find out God i Canst thou find out the Almighty to perfection." Job xi. 7.
Deut. iv. 35. The Lord he is God, there is none else besides him.'
John i. 1. The Word was God. 18. No man hath seen God at any time'; the only begotten Son which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared him.
John x. 30. I and my Father are one. John xiv. 23. If a man love me he will keep my words; and my Father will love him, and we will come unto him, and make our abode with him. 26. But the Comforter which is the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things. John xv. 26.
But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth from the Father, he shall testify of me.
Matt. xxviii. 19. Go ye therefore and teach all nations, baptizing them in thc name of the Father," and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.
Gal. iv. 6. God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father.
2 Cor. xiii. 14. The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Spirit be with you all. Amen.
5th Q.-What are the proofs we have of the existence of God?
A.--They are of two sorts, Isť. The works of creation. 2dly. The revelation God has made of himself to man.
6th Q.-What are the proofs derived from creation ?
A.—They are innumerable: the earth we live upon abounds with them; which with the sun, the moon, and the stars, and the various revolutions in the planetary system, proclaims the existence of an all-wise, all
powerful Being, by whom they must have been created, and by whose power they continue to be upheld. Thus when we see a house, we are certain that it could not have made or built itself, but must have been the work of some man; so when we behold things indicative of design that far exceed the ability of man, we reasonably attribute them to a superior power.
Psal. civ. 24. O Lord, how manifold are thy works! in wisdom hast thou made them all: the earth is full of thy riches.
Psal. xix, 1. The heavens declare the glory of God: and the firmament sheweth his handy work. 2. Day unto day uttereth speech, and night unto night sheweth knowledge. 3. There is no speech nor language where their voice is not heard.
Acts xiv. 17. He left not himself without witness, in that he did good, and gave us rain from heaven, and fruitful seasons, filling our hearts with food and gladness.
Rom. i. 20. The invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead.
Psal. cxxxix. 14. I will praise thee, for I am fear. fully and wonderfully made; marvellous are thy works, and that my soul knoweth right well.
7th Q.--How does God reveal himself to man ?
A.-By his Holy Spirit, which checks us when we incline to do evil, and incites and encourages us to do good.*
* " How often," says the pious Grove, "are good thoughts suggested, heavenly affections kindled and inflamed? How often
Deut. xxx. 11. For this commandment which I command thee this day, is not hidden from thee, neither is it far off. 14. But the word is very nigh unto thee, in thy mouth and in thy heart, that thou mayst do it.
Neh. ix. 20. Thou gavest also thy good spirit to instruct them.
Rom. ii. 14. When the gentiles, which have not the law, do by nature the things contained in the law, these, having not the law, are a law unto themselves : 1.5. Which shew the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience also bearing witness, and their thoughts the mean while accusing, or else excusing one another. Rom. x. 6.
But the righteousness which is of faith speaketh on this wise, Say not in thine heart, who shall ascend into heaven? (that is, to bring Christ down from above). 7. Or, Who shall descend into the deep (that is, to bring up Christ again from the dead). i 8.But what saith it? The word is nigh thee even in thy. month, and in thy heart: that is the word of faith, which we preach.
8th Q.-Has not God also revealed his will to man by the holy Scriptures ?
A.— Yes, inasmuch as they were written for the instruction of mankind by men in-spired of God. is the Christian prompted to holy actions; drawn to his duty,, restored, quickened, persuaded, in fuch a manner, that he would be unjust to the Spirit of God, to question his agency in the whole! Yes, O my soul! there is a Supreme Being, who governs the world, and is present with it; who takes up his more special habitation in good men, and is nigh to all who call upon him, to sanctify and assist them! Hast thou not felt him, O my soul ! like another soul, actuating thy faculties, exalting thy views, purifying thy passions, exciting thy graces, and begetting in thee an abhorrence of sin, and a love of holiness? And is not all this an argument of his presence, as truly as if thou didst see him ?” Hints on Regeneration by Richard Phillips, 2d edit. p. 41.
2 Tim. iii. 16. All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness.
Rom. xv. 4. Whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for our learning, that we through patience and comfort of the scriptures might have hope.
2 Pet. i. 21. For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Spirit.
John xv. 15. All things that I have heard of my Father, I have made known unto you.
16. I have chosen you and ordained you,
should and bring forth fruit, and that your fruit should remain. 27. And ye also shall bear witness, because ye have been with me from the beginning.
1 Cor. iv. 1. Let a man so account of us, as of the ministers of Christ, and stewards of the mysteries of God.
1 John i. 1. That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked upon, and our hands have handled of the word of life; 2. (For the life was manifested, and we have seen it, and bear witness, and shew unto you that eternal life which was with the Father, and was manifested unto us;) 3. That whichi we have seen and heard, declared we unto you.
9th Q.-What do the holy Scriptures declare of God?
A.—That he is the Creator of all things, and perfect in power, wisdom and holiness; that he abhors sin; that he is the fountain of every thing lovely, yea, that he is love itself. That he dispenses his goodness to all his creatures according to their capacities, and willeth not the destruction of sipners, but