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1854.

1855.
May
............................... 9@16

12@13
June

9 14

12 13
July
11 13

12 13
August......
12 14

12 14
September........
121 15

14 19
October.............

17 25

14 15
November.....
.......................... 12 15

15 19
December.....
13 20

18 20 Lard.-Imports in 1854 amounted to 4,380,978 pounds; those of 1855 cannot be exactly stated, (lard being chiefly mentioned under the head of pork and provisions, however, they are estimated at from 5 to 6,000,000 pounds. Prices can be seen from the following table :

1854.

1855. January.......

83@9

81@9 February

819

8 83 March..

9 10

8 81 April.........

81 9

8 81
May..
81 9

91
June

81 9

9 94
July.
81 9

10
August.

81 9

10 101 September.

104 11. October.......

..... 10 10

............ ....... ...... 11 12 November...

11 121 December...

9 10

11 12 Hogs and Pork. The trade of Chicago bas of late so considerably increased in this respect, that, unless indeed all tokens should prove fallacious, Chicago, also, in this branch of commerce, will soon have rendered all rivalry with her hopeless. Imports of the season 1853-4 amounted to 115,680 head, or, 20,834,062 lbs., and in the season of 1854–5, to 136,515 head, or, 25,778,879 lbs. The prices in 1854 and 1855, were as follows:

............

..........

91 10

91 10

1854.

1855.

March...............

......

January (per 100 lbs) $3 25@4 00

$3 00@3 75
February...
4 25 4 50

3 50 3 88
4 50 4 75

4 25 4 50
November.
......... 3 00 3 50

6 75 7 00
December .....
3 25 3 75

5 50 6 00 Beef.–Chicago mess beef is being already preferred to all other beef, both in Europe and America. The condition of the cattle driven

1855.

.................

to Chicago, in 1855, was very excellent, so that that season has substantiated the fame of Chicago in this respect also. In 1854 there were slaughtered 23,691 oxen, weighing 13,402,223 lbs, and in 1855, 28,972 oxen, weighing 16,032,138 lbs. We note the prices of 1854 and 1855:

1854.
September...
$6 00@6 50

$6 50@7 50
October........
5 50 6 25

5 50 625
November...
5 50 6 50

6 00 6 50
December......
4 50 6 00

6 50 7 00 The lumber trade of Chicago ranks next in importance to her corn trade, being unsurpassed by that of any other market. In 1847, the importation of boards amounted to but 32,000,000 feet; in 1853, however, already over 300,000,000 feet. In 1854, the imports amounted to 228,326,783 feet of boards; 32,431,550 laths, and 82,061,250 shingles; in 1855, to 306,553,467 feet of boards; 46,487,550 laths, and 158,770,860 shingles.

Wool.-Imports in 1854, 951,838 lbs.; in 1855, 1,369,039 lbs. Prices in 1854 and 1855, as follows:

1855.
June...... ...(per lb.).......... 20–30

20-34
July...
23-31

25-36
August
20-30

25-38 Lead.-Owing to the completion of the Galena and Illinois Central Railroads, imports had more than doubled in 1855; in 1854, they amounted to but 4,247,126, in 1855, however, to 9,965,950 lbs.

Fire-wood and coal are among the dearest articles in Chicago. Owing, however, to the great wealth of the Illinoisian coal beds, this condition of things cannot last long; especially since several new coal mines will probably soon be opened, so that the prices of coal will quickly fall, which will again exercise an influence upon the price of fire-wood, to the same effect. Imports in 1854; 50,650 cords of wood, and 56,768 tons of coal; in 1855, 74,810 cords of wood, and 110,075 tons of coal.

Duties.--Duties paid at the custom-house for imported merchandise, amounted, in 1854, to $575,802 85; in 1855, to but $278,978; which fact points out the great developments which must have taken place in the industrial activity, and in the manufactures of Chicago.

1854.

These are also fully brought to light by the following statements, pub-
lished by the “Democratic Press,” and chiefly based upon figures
given by the parties interested. Where these were wanting, reliable,
competent judges were consulted, so that the estimate must be con-
sidered as rather too low than too exaggerated.

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396
530
676
180
104

Capital.
Iron Works, Machinery, &c ............1,102,000
Agricultural Implements...

454,000
Railroad Cars, &c. .....

750,000
Brass, Tin, Copper Ware, &c. ......... 142,000
Type, Printers' Furnishing, &c., ...... 15,000
Carriages, Wagons, &c.

417,000
Lead Pipe, &c., (estimated)............ 20,000
Planing Mills, Sash Factories, Shin-
gle Mills, &c.....

374,000
Cabinet Furniture, &c. ........... 300,000
Marble and Stone..

578,000
Whiskey, Ale, Porter, Beer, &c. 397,500
Oils, Soap, Candles, &c......... 361,000
Gas, Coke, &c.....
Leather......

150,000
Brick...

56,000
Saddlery.

52,000
Musical Instruments....

16,000
Daguerreotypes, Photographs, &c.... 43,500
Jewelry, Silver Plating, &c ......... 77,000
Quick Lime........

...

130
220
120
38
47
37
110
60
92
48
66
100

749,684
455,500
588,900
826,645
464,130
126,442
290,000
260,000
142,000
45,000
70,000
80,100
96,000
80,000
195,000
120,000
124,000
105,000

80,000
Confections......

24,000
Stoves. ....

80,000
Wooden Ware, Brooms, &c.......... 90,000
Blank Books, Book Binding, &C...... 26,500
Barrels ......

30,000
Glue......

10,000
Ship Building .........

50,000
Hats, Caps, &c....

17,000
Mill Stones,

5,000
Trunks ...........

50,000
Lithography, Engraving, &c........... 10,000
Salæratus ..

6,000
Matches.

5,000

15
250
30
14
80
15

8
21

4,072
300,000
40,000
23,418
180,000
20,000
18,000
18,000

..........

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With this we conclude our chapter on the commerce and manufactures of Chicago. When to her present age of twenty years, Chicago shall have added four new lustres, our readers, on reviewing the statistics grow before them, will smile at the insignificance of the numbers, however far beyond belief they may appear to them now. Chicago, indeed, has a splendid and magnificent future.

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