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Vandaliu. — Well watered. Climate mild; winters short. Cattle

thrive on the prairie for nine or ten months in the year. Ramsey, Oconee. - Level and rolling prairie, interspersed with tim

ber, and well watered. The Terrehaute and Alton Railroad passes

through this section. Pana, Tacusah. — Fine prairie ; streams fringed with timber. The

Terrehaute and Alton Railroad intersects at Pana. Moawequa, Macon, Decatur. — Rich prairie, well timbered, and

watered by the Sạngamon river, &c. The Great Western and the

Indiana Central Railroad intersect at Decatur. Maroa. — Gently-rolling, rich prairie, well watered. Streams fringed

with hickory, elm, walnut, and pawpaw. Clinton, Wapellah, Elmwood. — Rolling, rich prairie, with groves of --- timber, watered by Sugar creek and the Kickapoo. Bloomington, Hudson. — A beautiful, fertile, and rolling farming

country, well watered, and supplied with timber. Highly adapted

for settlement. Kappa, Panola, Minonk. — Rich, rolling prairie. Timber in groves

and on creeks. Watered by Panther creek, &c. The Peoria and

Oquawka Railroad passes south of Panola. Wenona.-Level and rolling prairie, interspersed with timber, and well watered. Deep and rich soil. The Fort Wayne and Lacon

Railroad intersects at Wenona. Tonica, La Salle, Homer. – The great belt of coal, passing through

the centre of the State, is found extensively at La Salle, and ranges a long distance east and west. Junction of the Illinois Central and Rock Island railroads; also, intersection of the Illinois and

Michigan canal. Mendota, Soublette, Amboy. - In Mendota, the junction of the Illi

nois Central, Military Tract and Aurora Branch railroads. High, rolling land, occasionally interspersed with timber. Good water

power. Dixon. — Country well settled throughout. Excellent agricultural

land, well watered by Rock river, &c. The Galena and Chicago Air Line Railroad intersects at Dixon.

Foreston. — High, dry, and upland prairie, well timbered and well

watered. Freeport, Elleroy, Lena, Norà. — Magnificent farming-country, well

watered. The Galena and Chicago Union Railroad intersects at

Freeport. Warren, Scales Mound, Council Hill, Galena, Dunleith. A rapidly

growing country. Fine agricultural soil throughout the section. Galena is the centre of the lead region. Dunleith is the northern terminus of the road.

nois Central.15 of land bred, as a safevelopment

Through the above brief description, the reader may become somewhat acquainted with the general character of the country traversed by the Illinois Central Railroad, as well as with the peculiar qualities of the various sections of land brought into market by the Company. It remains still to be mentioned, as a striking proof of the extraordinary progress already made in the development and cultivation of these lands, that, in the year 1856, in the neighbourhood of Urbana alone, within a circuit of fifteen miles, about 20,000 acres were tilled and sown with wheat; which more than doubles the quantity of all the land together that had been previously broken up and cultivated in this region. It is further supposed, that, from the crop of 1856 alone, between 300,000 and 400,000 bushels of wheat will be sent only to the market at Urbana. From this we can form some idea of the rapid increase in the quantity of tilled lands throughout the whole of this rich and fertile country.

Lastly, the following table, which is constructed from data collected in January, 1856, shows the rapid growth and great strides towards municipal importance of the numerous towns and villages already founded in this bountiful territory, and which lie dotted along the line of the railroad and its branches, in the whole of the long distance between the beginning and the end. In fact, many of these places have during the last year doubled the number of their inhabitants; and, therefore, although these data have been so lately and carefully collected, they will enable the close examiner to form merely a reasonable conjecture of what is the present state of things.

Table showing the number of inhabitants, houses, churches, fc., of the towns on

the route of the Illinois Central Railroad, in 1850 and January, 1856.

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1401

· 150

1832

15

50

100

Amboy .............
Apple River .........
Ashley.............
Bloomington ........
Cairo...............
Calumet Settlement
Carbondale .......
Centralia........
Chebanse .......
Clinton ......
Courcil Hill
Decatur
De Soto
Dixon. .........
Dunleith,
Du Quoin ............
Elleroy ...............
Foreston .............
Freeport ...............
Hudson .............
Jonesboro'..........
Kankakee..........
Kappa .............
La Salle ............
Lena ..................
Loda ................
Macon ..............
Makanda...
Manteno ...........
Mattoon..
Mendota.
Minonk
Moawequa.. .........
Monée ...............
Nora ............"
Oconee ...............
Onarga ................
Pana ............"
Panola ..............
Polo.................
Pulaski ...............
Richview.............

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18501 161 13:29

300
1854
1854

2200 5500
1836

1300 1838

150 1853 ...... 350 1854

...... 600
1854

25
1845 760 1500
1828 300 40075

51
18291 600

2200 175 600
1851

500
1839 | 540 3200 notk, notk.
1853 5 700 1 175
1853 ......1

125...... 20
1850 18 225 8 42
18551 ... 90 ......
1838| 1400 5000 200 1000
1836. 25 103 6
1818 584 803 113 1622
1852 2400
1853

1501
1839) 200 85001
1853

350
1855
1854
1854
1854
1855
1853 1800
1854
1853 3001
1850

200
1852

300 1854

101 1854

100 ...... 1855

250 ......
18531 150......

15
1854 5501 ...... 130
1854 . 100 ......
1840 65 525 13 120 11

35

65

100

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17 150

701

800

601

70 ......

226

13

Table showing the number of inhabitants, houses, churches, &c., of the towns on the

route of the Illinois Central Railroad, in 1850 und "Jan., 1856. — Continued.

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BANKS.

The banking system of Illinois is regulated by two acts of the Legislature, passed respectively on the 15th of February, 1851, and on the 10th of February, 1853.

The following are the principal enactments and provisions of these several laws :

No bank shall be organized with a less capital than $50,000; and stocks to be deposited to secure the circulation, &c. The amount of circulation shall in no case exceed the capital stock set forth in the certificate of incorporation; but the deposit of stock securities and the circulation may be increased from time to time, until they equal the maximum of the certified capital stock.

Bank charters shall not be granted for a longer period than twenty-five years.

All notes issued by the banks must be payable on demand, at the respective places where the banks are located, and be countersigned, numbered, and recorded by the register.

No bank shall be authorized to put into circulation a larger amount of notes than the amount of stocks deposited as security with the State auditor.

The stock thus deposited is intended, in the first place, for the redemption of the notes in circulation, provided the bank itself should fail to redeem them; and in the next place, they are made to subserve the purpose of liquidating all the liabilities of any bank thus failing. Each stockholder is also made individually liable in proportion to the full amount of capital stock owned by him.

If any bank shall refuse or neglect to redeem any one of its notes, and such fact be properly certified by an ordinary protest, drawn up and acknowleged by any notary public, it shall be the duty of the

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