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MENDOTA. — The Press, by C. R. Fisk. Weekly.
The Review, by A. H. Swain. Weekly.
Grundy County Herald, by Buffington & Soutard. Weekly.
The Grundy Yeoman, by I. C. Watkins. Weekly.
The Western Spy. Weekly.
The Spectator. Weekly.
The Republican, by T. Hampton. Weekly.
The Valley Blade, by Pratt & Brendt. Weekly.
The Wabash Valley Republican. Weekly.
Illinois Republikaner, by I. P. Stibolt. Weekly. (German.)
The Transcript, by N. G. Nason. Daily and weekly.
The Chronicle, by J. F. Linton. Weekly.
The Herald, by A. Brooks. Daily and weekly.
QUINCY. — The Republican, by D. S. Morrison & Co. Daily.
The Western Patriot, by Warren & Gibson. Weekly.
The Whig, by Norton & Ralston. Daily, tri-weekly & weekly. ROCKFORD. - Rock River Democrat, by Dickson & Bird. Weekly.
The Register, by E. C. Dougherty. Weekly,
The Republican, by Blaisdell, jr., & Co. Weekly.
The Morning Argus, by Danforth & Shurly. Daily,
Rock Island Beobachter. Weekly. (German.)
Monroe Demokrat. Weekly. (German.)
The Patriot, by G. Abbott. Weekly. WAUKEGAN. — The Gazette, by N. C. Geer. Weekly. WILMINGTON. — The Herald, by W. H. Clark. Weekly. WOODSTOCK. — The Republican Free Press, by C. C. McClure & Co Weekly
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES.
By an act of the last Legislature of Illinois, it was ordained, that whenever any of the articles specified below shall be contracted for, or sold and delivered, the weight of each shall be the number of pounds per bushel set opposite to it, unless there shall be a special contract or agreement to the contrary.
As this book is designed to be read and used, not only by thoso who already enjoy the happiness of being citizens of the Prairie State, but also by those who may hereafter seek to establish homes for themselves within its borders, it will doubtless be quite acceptable to the latter class, to receive, in addition to the information contained in the preceding chapters, a few hints, dictated by experience, in respect to what is in the first place most expedient and necessary to be done by them, and next as to what they may expect, in their efforts to secure a fortunate settlement.
In the first place, then, no immigrant should neglect to make a tour of the State, and carefully examine for himself into the diversified nature and quality of its soil, as found in the various districts; and until he has done so, he should not purchase any land.
Time and means, it is true, are both required for this purpose, tainly, neither will be lost or spent in vain. The advantages that may thus be gained, will amply repay the investment; and it will be found far better, than to purchase in baste, and repent at leisure, as is too often the case with inconsiderate settlers. Besides, since the opening of the railroads, travelling in Illinois is so much facilitated, that one may visit almost every place at a trifling cost.
Persons who have large means at command, will undoubtedly do well to purchase their land in the immediate vicinity of some railroad or large town; while those whose means are limited, will find it moro advantageous to make their choice of land in districts lying farther removed from such centres, but where the soil is equally notable for its excellent qualities, and the price a great deal lower. A person with small means, having found from forty to eighty 38
acres, situated in a neighborhood which he likes, and but five or six miles from a place where building and fencing materials, as well as fuel, can be bought at reasonable prices, should endeavor to effect a purchase, under an arrangement, for a credit on three-fourths of the purchase-money for a sufficiently long term ; and, after succeeding in this, he should then immediately set to work and lay the foundation of his new family họarth.
A pair of good horses, a wagon, one cow, a couple of pigs, several domestic fowls, two ploughs (one for breaking up the prairie, and the other for tillage), together with a few other tools and implements, are all that is necessary for a beginning. A log house can soon be erected. Thus provided for in the outset, and working with a joyful heart and honest perseverance, the confiding farmer will, surely, under the blessing of heaven, soon be enabled to replace his log hut with a cheerful dwelling-house, and to meet the payments of purchase-money as they become due, and still have a handsome surplus. In the course of a few years, therefore, one whose means in the start are rather stinted, may become an independent farmer, and enjoy his own farm and homstead free of debts. Of such success, innumerable instances may be found in the State of Illinois.
In the chapter on " Agriculture," we have shown, by several accounts of the yield of crops, how easy it is for a farmer to rise in this State. We will here cite but one instance, to show that a mechanic may also, with equal ease, secure wealth and independence. It is found in an extract from a letter of Mr. J. H. Atkinson, of Pekin, dated December the 5th, 1855. This gentleman, speaking of Pekin, writes thus :
This town has about two thousand inhabitants, and contains two houses engaged in the manufacture of wagons; four, of ploughs; two, of carriages and buggies; two places for horse-shoeing, exclusively; two gunsmiths; two cabinet-makers; one chair-maker; three coopers' shops; one foundry and machine shop; one large manufactory of reaping and mowing machines, and one pottery; - all of which may be said to be doing a first rate business, in proportion to the amount of capital invested, which is, in some instances, very small, and in others proportionately large.
All composing said manufacturing firms (making no exceptions) came here, or were raised here (poor men), mechanics or artisans, and have pretty much the same circumstances marking the histury of their rise, All, by steady in