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4. Subtract as many fours as you can from 80; from 78; from 81; from 79.
5. Subtract as many fives as you can from 50; from 46; from 54 ; from 48.
6. Subtract as many sixes as you can from 100; from 97; from 98; from 95; from 99; from 96.
7. Subtract as many sevens as you can from 100; from 95; froin 98; from 94; from 99; from 97; from 96.
8. Subtract as many eights as you can from 100; from 96; from 98; from 94; from 97; from 95; from 93; from 99.
9. Subtract as many nines as you can from 100; from 92; from 99; from 94; from 97; from 95; from 93; from 98; from 96.
10. Subtract as many tens as you can from 100; from 95 ; from 98; from 91; from 93; from 97; from 92; from 96; from 94; from 99.
Note. — The above examples should be performed by the pupil, after he has become familiar with the process, as were those in letter D. of this section, the results only being given : thus, to subtract twos from 50, let him say, 50, 48, 46, 44, 42, &c.
Add the following columns.
Sixth. Seventh. Eighth. Ninth. Tenth. 9 4 9 3 6 ng 8 8 4 8 1 6 5 8 5 3 5 1 6 4 5
2 5 7 8 9 4 3 9 4 8 7 2 5 2 3 6 9 3 6 2 5 ng 4 9 6 2 8 6 6 1 8 4 9 3 5 6 8 5 7 7 7 1 8
J. 1. A milkman left one morning, 2 quarts of milk at one place, 8 quarts at another, 3 at a third, 4 at a fourth, 2 at a fifth,
3 at a sixth, 5 at a seventh, 3 at an eighth, 1 at a ninth, 4 at a tenth, 7 at an eleventh, 6 at a twelfth, 1 at a thirteenth, 10 at a fourteenth,and 2 at a fifteenth. How many quarts did he leave ?
2. From Boston to Dorchester is 3 miles, from Dorchester to Quincy 5 miles, from Quincy to Braintree 3 miles, from Braintree to South Weymouth 3 miles, from South Weymouth to Abington 4, from Abington to Hanson 6, from Hanson to Hali. fax 4, from Halifax to Kingston 5, from Kingston to Plymouth 4. Required the distance from Boston to Plymouth ?
3. A shoemaker bought a dozen kid-skins, from which he cut uppers for ladies' shoes; from the first, he cut 4 pairs, from the second 6, from the third 3, from the fourth 8, from the fifth 5, from the sixth 7, from the seventh 10, from the eighth 5, from the ninth 8, from the tenth 7, from the eleventh 9, and from the twelfth 4. How many did he cut from all? He had 8 calfskins, from 4 of which he cut boots, and from the remainder, boys' shoes; from one calf-skin he cut 2 pairs of boots, from another 3, from another 5, and from another 4; from a fifth he cut 6 pairs of boys' shoes, from a sixth 8 pairs, from a seventh 9 pairs, and from the other 9 pairs. How many pairs of boots did he cut? of shoes?
4. Mr. Dean made 8 pairs of ladies' shoes on Monday, 6 pairs on Tuesday, 10 pairs on Wednesday, 7 pairs on Thursday, 9 pairs on Friday, and 8 pairs on Saturday. How many did he make during the week? Mr. Knight made on Monday 9 pairs, on Tuesday 7 pairs, on Wednesday 4 pairs, on Thursday 10 pairs, on Friday 5 pairs, and on Saturday 8. How many pairs did he make during the week? How many less than Mr. Dean?
5. Henry had 96 cents; he bought some ink for 8 cents, some paper for 9 cents, some wafers for 6 cents, some pens for 7 cents, a pen-holder for 9 cents, a drawing-pencil for 8 cents, a writing-book for 7 cents, and a drawing-book for 20 cents. How much did he have left after paying for the ink ? for the paper ? wafers ? pens? pen-holder ? drawing-pencil ? writing-book ? drawing-book?
6. John Smith, Jr., of Arkansas, bought 50 bushels of cranberries. He sold at one time 6 bushels for 9 dollars, at another 5 bushels for 8 dollars, at another 2 bushels for 3 dollars, at another 7 bushels for 10 dollars, at another 20 bushels for 30 dollars, and at another 5 bushels for 7 dollars, keeping the rest for his own use. How
many did he have left after selling each lot? How many did he keep for his own use ? How many dollars did he receive for those he sold ?
7. Martha and Mary had a beautiful flower-garden in which they had the following plants : Martha had 9 Dahlias, 8 Tulips, 7 Geraniums and 6 Verbenas. Mary had 5 Columbines, 4 Cactuses, 8 Hyacinths. How many plants had Martha ? How many had Mary? Martha gave to Mary 5 Dahlias, 4 Tulips, 3 Geraniums and 2 Verbenas. How many plants had Martha after each gift? How many had Mary ? Mary then gave Martha 3 Columbines, 2 Cactuses and 4 Hyacinths. How many had each then ?
8. Arthur had 75 cents; he found 7 cents, gave 5 cents to a poor boy, earned 8 cents picking berries, and his mother gave him 6 cents. He then paid 7 cents for a writing-book, his father gave him 8 cents, he gave 3 cents for a pencil, earned 8 cents by doing errands, gave 6 cents for a picture, received 5 cents for picking a quart of cherries, and gave 9 cents to a poor man who had broken his arm. How many cents had he then? How many did he spend for himself? How many did he give away? How many
did he earn? 9. A news-boy bought on Monday morning, 8 copies of the Boston Post, 9 of the Atlas, 3 of the Herald, 10 of the Bee, 10 of the Daily Mail, 9 of the Times, 10 of the Commonwealth, 11 of the Transcript, 8 of the Advertiser, 10 of the Traveller, 8 of the Journal, and 7 of the Courier. How many papers did he buy in all ? He sold all the copies of the Post, Atlas, Commonwealth, Transcript, and Traveller that he had, and he sold 1 copy of the Herald, 8 of the Bee, 9 of the Mail, 7 of the Times, 5 of the Advertiser, 6 of the Journal and 4 of the Courier. How many papers did he sell? How many remained unsold ?
10. Last month I had 27 dollars. I have since received 9 dollars for flour, 8 dollars for sugar, 7 dollars for raisins, paid 6 dollars for labor, 4 dollars for a pair of boots, 4 dollars for a hat, 6 dollars for a vest, 8 dollars for a pair of pantaloons, received 5 dollars for meal, 8 dollars for corn, 7 dollars for oats, paid 8 dollars for railroad fare, 7 dollars for horse-hire, 9 dollars for other travelling expenses, received 8 dollars for apples, 9 for potatoes, 3 for molasses, 2 for figs, 1 for spices, 8 for tea, 6 for coffee, 5 for butter, and I have given away to poor persons 6 dollars. How many dollars have I now?
11. The distances from each other of the several stations on the Boston and Providence Railroad are as follows, viz. : Boston to Roxbury 2 miles, Roxbury to Readville 5 miles, Readville to Canton 6 miles, Canton to Sharon 4 miles, Sharon to Foxborough 4 miles, Foxborough to Mansfield 3 miles, Mansfield to Attleborough 7 miles, Attleborough to Pawtucket 8 miles,
Pawtucket to Providence 4 miles. How far are each of the above stations from Boston ? from Providence ? from Attleborough? from Canton ?
12. On the Eastern Railroad it is 4 miles from Boston to N. Chelsea, 5 miles from N. Chelsea to Lynn, 5 from Lynn to Salem, 2 from Salem to Beverly, 4 from Beverly to Wenbam, 5 from Wenham to Ipswich, 4 from Ipswich to Rowley, 5 from Rowley to Newburyport, 2 from Newbury port to Salisbury, 4 from Salisbury to Seabrook, 2 from Seabrook to Hampton Falls, 4 from Hampton Falls to North Hampton, 3 from North Hainpton to Greenfield, and 5 from Greenfield to Portsmouth. How far is each of the above stations from Boston ? from Portsmouth? from Salem ? from Newburyport?
13. Three sisters, named Ellen, Laura, and Eliza, went out to search for blackberries at a time when they were very scarce. Ellen found 23 in one place, 8 in another, and 5 in another, she then ate 7, and gave 9 to a little boy. How many did she have left ? She afterwards found 6 at one time, 7 at another, and 5 at another, and having the ill luck to fall she lost 9. How many did she have left? Of these she gave 9 to her father, 9 to her mother, 7 to her aunt, and the rest to her uncle. How many did she give to her uncle ? Laura found 45 at one time, 7 at another, 6 at another, and 5 at another, when feeling tired she sat down to rest. How many did she have when she sat down to rest ? She ate 4, put 8 into a hole in a tree for the squirrels to eat, and threw 5 to some birds. How many did she have left? On her way home she found 7, but meeting her brothers Jarvis and Arthur, and her cousins Robert and Joseph, she gave Jarvis 7, Arthur 8, Robert 9, and the rest to Joseph. How many did she give to Joseph. Eliza found 36 berries at one time, 5 at another, and 8 at another, when meeting Hannah and Martha, she gave Hannah 9, and Martha 8. How many did she have left? She then found 5, had 7 given her by Charles, 6 by Samuel, and 10 by Harry. How many did she have at this time? She gave 9 of her berries to Miss Price, her former teacher, 8 to Miss Metcalf, who was then her teacher, and sent the rest to a sick school-mate. How many did she send to her school-mate ?
14. The next day they went out again, intending to try and see who would get the most. Ellen picked 8 blackberries in one place, 33 in another, 4 in another, 7 in another, and 6 in another. How many did she pick? Laura first picked 9, then 7, then 6, then 4, then 8, then 3, then 9, then 6, and then 6. How
many did she pick? Eliza first picked 3, then 4, then 4,
then 6, then 8, then 6, then 8, then 7, then 8, and then 4. How many did she pick? Which picked the most, Ellen, Laura, or Eliza ? Ellen gave 8 berries to her father, and the rest to her mother. Laura gave 9 of hers to her cousin Joseph, 9 to Robert, 9 to Mr. Pond, 9 to Mr. Keith, 9 to Mr. Lewis, and kept the rest. Eliza gave 10 to Miss Price, 10 to Miss Metcalf, and the rest to her father. How many did Ellen give to her mother? How many did Laura keep? How many did Eliza give to her father ?
15. Jarvis, Arthur, Robert, and Joseph went on a fishing excursion ; Jarvis caught 8 pickerel, 9 perch, 7 trout, 8 shiners, 9 roach, 7 pouts, and 3 eels. How many fish did he catch? The pickerel weighed 12 pounds, the perch 6, the trout 5, the shiners 2, the roach 3, the pouts 2, and the eels 2. How many pounds did they all weigh? Arthur caught 7 pickerel, 10 perch, 9 trout, 9 shiners, 7 roach, & pouts, and 1 eel. How many fish did he catch ? His pickerel weighed 7 pounds, his trout 7, his shiners 2, his roach 2, his pouts 4, and his eel 2. How many pounds did Arthur's fish weigh? Robert caught 4 pickerel, 3 trout, 8 shiners, 9 roach, 10 pouts, and 6 eels. How many fish did he catch ? His pickerel weighed 3 pounds, his trout 4 pounds, his shiners 2 pounds, his roach 3 pounds, his pouts 9 pounds, and his eels 6 pounds. How much did Robert's fish weigh? Joseph caught only 27 shiners, 7 roach, and 10 very large pouts. How many fish did he catch ? His fish weighed 19 pounds, of which the shiners weighed 3 pounds, the roach 2 pounds, and the pouts the rest. How much did the pouts weigh? How many pounds of pickerel did all catch? of perch? of trout ? of shiners ? of roach ? of pouts? of eels?
16. While on their fishing excursion, Jarvis gathered 8 pond lilies in one place, 10 in another, 4 in another, and 3 in another. Robert gathered 6 in one place, 5 in another, 8 in another, and 7 in another. Joseph gathered 7 in one place, 6 in another, 9 in another, and 4 in another. Arthur gathered 6 in one place, 10 in another, 4 in another, and 3 in another. How many lilies did all gather? They put them all together, agreeing to let each one use or give away as many as he chose till all should be gone. Jarvis gave his father 5, his mother 7, and his cousin Myra 10. How many were there left ? Arthur gave his father 9, his mother 9, and his sister Eliza 7. How many were there left? Robert gave Ellen 8, Laura 10, and Eliza 5. How many were then left? Joseph gave Ellen 9, Laura 7, and Eliza 8, after which he gave what there were left to Laura. How many did he give to Laura the second time ?