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to change the location of county buildings, and to sell or apply to other To change county uses the old sites and buildings in cases where the location may be so changed, and if sold, to apply the proceeds toward the payment of obligations incurred for new sites and buildings. And in the case of a change in the location of a county court-house, to make such regulations in respect to the holding of the terms of courts as shall be necessary by reason of such change. But in any case where a special Special law shall have been passed, prior to the passage of this act, providing -aw. for the purchase or sale of any site, or the location, erection, purchase or sale of any county building, or for the care and management thereof, no action shall be had by any board of supervisors, which shall interfere with the full execution of such special law.
SALARIES OF COUNTY OFFICERS. 2. To fix, subject to the limitations of section fifteen, article six, of To fix the Constitution, the salaries and per diem allowance of county officers salaries of whose compensation may be a county charge, and which shall not be officers. changed during the term of office of such officers respectively, and to prescribe the mode of appointment, and fix the number, grades and pay of the deputies, clerks and subordinate employees in such offices.
bridges over navi
BRIDGES. 3. To authorize the location, change of location, and construction Powers as of any bridge (except on the Hudson river, below Waterford, and on to bridges.
. the East river, or over the waters forming the boundaries of the State), which shall be applied for by any town or towns jointly, or by any corporation formed pursuant to the general laws of the State, or by any corporation or individual for private purposes; and in the case of a public bridge erected by a corporation, to establish the rates of toll to be collected for crossing such bridge. But in every case where Draws in any such bridge is to cross a navigable stream or water, full provision shall be made in the resolution or permission authorizing the same gabler for the erection and maintenance of a suitable draw to prevent any impeding of the navigation of such stream or water, and in the case of a private bridge, provision shall be made that the draw shall be kept open as may be required to permit all vessels to pass without loss of headway. Where any bridge shall be on a stream or water forming Bridge on at the point of crossing the dividing line of counties, the action of between the board of supervisors of each county shall be necessary to give the two counjurisdiction permitted by this subdivision.
4. To apportion, as such board may deem equitable, the expense of apporthe construction of any public bridge (except in the cases specified in tip expents the last preceding subdivision) over a stream or other water forming of bridge the boundary line of counties, between the towns at such point, and counties. in all cases such counties shall each pay not less than one-sixth of the Amended expense of such bridge, and where the board of supervisors shall deem 251,1878,ch. that the construction of such bridge is a general benefit to the county,
77, post. and that the payment of two-thirds of the expense by the towns liable, would be unjust to such towns, to determine the additional proportion, and what proportion, of such expense to be borne by the counties; and to authorize any town, on the vote of a majority of the electors voting at any annual town meeting, or regularly called special town meeting, to appropriate such a sum (to be raised as other bridge moneys are raised) to aid in the construction and maintenance of any bridge outside the boundaries of the town or county, but forming a
Care and reparation of bridges between counties.
257, post, p
ch.364, post. p. and 1880, post, p.
To author ize towns
money for bridges.
continuation of highways leading from such town or county, and deemed necessary for thi public convenience.
5. To provide for the care, preservation and reparation of any draw or other bridge (except in the cases specified in the last two preceding subdivisions), crossing a stream which forms at the point of crossing the
dividing line of counties, and the maintenance of which bridge is by Amended law a joint charge on such counties, or on the towns in which such
bridge may be situated ; and to severally apportion the charges for such and 1873, care, preservation and reparation on the towns respectively liable
therefor, or on the respective counties when liable.
6. To authorize any town or towns liable for the erection, care, repair and maintenance in whole or in part of any bridge (except in
the cases specified in the last three preceding subdivisions), to borrow to borrow, such sums of money in the manner provided in subdivision twenty
nine of this section, as may be necessary for the purposes of such Amended erection, care, repair and maintenance, and to pay any existing debt
incurred in good faith by, or in behalf of, such town or towns for such purpose before the passage of this act. But no authority shall be exercised under this subdivision, except upon the application of the town or towns liable to be taxed for such purpose, to be made by vote of a majority of the electors thereof voting, at a regular town meeting, or at a special town meeting called for the purpose, or upon the application of the supervisor, by and with the consent of the commissioner of highways, town clerk and justices of the peace of such town or towns respectively. If any town, at a regular town meeting held between the first day of February, eighteen hundred and seventy-five, and the passage of this act shall have elected commissioners for the purpose of building a bridge and providing money to pay for the same by the issuing of bonds or otherwise, such bonds, not exceeding the amount authorized at such town meeting, are hereby authorized and declared valid ; but said bonds shall not be sold or otherwise disposed of for less than par. And the board of supervisors shall levy a tax on such town for the payment of such indebtedness at such times and in such amounts as may be necessary to meet the obligations incurred by said commissioners in pursuance of instructions given by such town at the time of electing said commissioners.
HIGHWAYS. 7. To authorize any town or towns, when application shall be made ize towns therefor by a vote of the majority of the electors voting on the queschase
tion at any annual or duly called special town meeting, to purchase, plank
and any company owning the same, to sell, the whole or any part of turnpikes, any plank, macadamized or turnpiké road, or any toll bridge in such etc: 68 N. town or towns, or the franchises thereof, for free public use, and to
determine the proportion of expense proper to be borne by each town, where there shall be more than one town applying, for this purpose.
8. To authorize the consolidation, in any town, of two or more of the established road districts therein, and to constitute the territory of
any incorporated village which is not now an independent road district, 258, post.
into a separate road district; and to provide for the election or appointment of overseers of highways, or superintendent of streets in such districts, and prescribe the manner in which the highway labor assessed and highway taxes collected in such consolidated or separate districts shall be expended and accounted for.
Road districts. Amended 1876, ch,
in certain cities.
9. To authorize in any county containing an incorporated city of one To author
ize laying hundred thousand inhabitants or upwards, when any territory adjoining such city has been mapped out in pursuance of law, into streets of streets and avenues conforming to, and forming an extension of the system of streets and avenues of such city, the laying out, closing and change of line of any such street or avenue. (Amended 1880, ch. 365, post, p. 1000.)
10. To authorize the laying out of highways of a less width than is Reducing now required by law and of reducing the width of highways now in highway, existence. (Amended 1876, ch. 257, post).
10 Hun, 405. 11. To authorize and direct the highway commissioner or com- Surveys missioners of any town to cause survey to be made at the cost of the and rectown, of any or all highways in such town, and to make a complete highways and systematic record thereof, or to revise, collate and re-arrange existing records of highways and to correct and verify the same by new surveys, and to establish the location of highways by suitable monuments whenever such commissioner or commissioners may deem expedient. Such records so made or revised, corrected and verified, shall be deposited with the town clerk of such town and shall thereafter be the lawful records of the highways which they describe, but shall not affect the rights pending in any judicial proceedings commenced prior to the deposit with the town clerk of such new or revised records.
12. Upon the application of the owners representing a majority in Non-resivalue (as shall be ascertained from the last, annual town assessment dent highrolls) of the real estate lying along the line of any highway, laid out through unimproved lands, to appropriate the non-resident highway tax on the lands lying along said line, for the improvement of such bighway under the direction of a commissioner or commissioners to be appointed by the board of supervisors. But this provision shall not apply nor interfere in any case where the same object is provided for by any special law passed prior to the first day of January, one thousand eight hundred and seventy-five.
EXTENSION OF TIME FOR COLLECTION OF TAXES. 13. To authorize the county treasurer to extend the time for the collection of State, county and town taxes, in any town or ward, to a period not beyond the first day of April in any year. But no extension shall be permitted in any case until the collector or receiver of taxes of the town, city or ward in which such extension shall be asked, shall pay over to the county treasurer all the taxes collected by him, renew his bond to the supervisor with such security as the said supervisor shall approve, and furnish evidence by his oath and such other competent testimony as such treasurer shall require, that he has been unable, for cause stated, to collect all the taxes within the time required by his warrant.
TAXATION OF DOGS. 14. To impose a tax on dogs within the several towns, for the purpose of providing means thereby to pay damages done to sheep by dogs, and to make proper provisions for the enforcement of the payment of such tax.
APPLICATION OF PENALTIES IN TOWNS. 15. To direct the payment, by justices of the peace, of all fines and penalties imposed by and paid to such justices in their respective towns, to the supervisors of such towns, respectively, be applied by
them toward the support of the poor of such towns, or to the superintendents of the poor when the support of the poor is a county charge.
PRESERVATION OF GAME AND FISH. 16. To provide for the protection and preservation, subject to the laws of this State, of game, animals and birds, and of fish and shellfish in all waters within the territorial jurisdiction of the county, and to prescribe and enforce the collection of penalties for the violation of any laws or regulations they may make pursuant to the provisions of this subdivision.
EMPLOYMENT OF OFFENDERS. 17. To provide for the employment for hire, or in the work of the county, of persons who shall be convicted of drunkenness or misdemeanor or as disorderly persons, or vagrants, or of any crime less than a felony, and who may be sentenced to confinement at hard labor in the county jail; and to contract with the authorities of any other county for the reception into the penitentiary of such county, and the custody and employment at hard labor therein, of any person who may be convicted of any of the aforesaid offenses and sentenced to confinement at hard labor for a term exceeding sixty days.
JAIL LIMITS. 18. To establish, on the recommendation of the county court, and to alter, from time to time, as such court shall recommend, the liberties of the county jail or jails for the purposes defined by statute.
SPECIAL TOWN MEETINGS.
10 Hun, 11.
19. To provide for the calling and holding of special town meetings to consider and decide any question upon which the electors of the town may be called to take action in accordance with the provisions of this act.
TOWN AND VILLAGE HALLS. 20. To authorize any town, when application shall be made therefor by vote of a majority of the electors voting on the question at any annual or duly called special town meeting, and any village, when similar application shall be made by a vote of a majority of its taxpaying electors voting on the question at a duly called special meeting, to purchase a site for a town or village hall, and to purchase or erect a building for such hall, and to raise money as may be necessary, from time to time, for the care, preservation and improvement of such hall.
VILLAGE FIRE APPARATUS. 21. Upon application, based on the vote of a majority of the taxpaying electors, voting on the question, at a special election duly called for the purpose, to authorize any incorporated village, whose charter does not give sufficient power, to purchase apparatus, for the extinguishment of fires, to provide, by lease or purchase, suitable places for the safe-keeping of such apparatus, and to borrow money on its corporate bonds, when necessary, to pay for the same, and for the purposes specified in subdivisions twenty and twenty-three of this section, and alse to impose taxes for such purposes, and to reimburse loans contracted therefor, with annual interest thereon, in the same manner as other taxes for general village purposes are imposed and collected.
CEMETERIES. 22. To authorize the proper authorities of any incorporated cemetery association, or trustees owning or controlling cemetery lands outside of any incorporated city to purchase or otherwise acquire additional lands for cemetery purposes, and to sell and convey lands owned by such association or trustees and not needed for such purposes, and to appropriate the proceeds of such sale to the improvement, embellishment or preservation of such cemetery, including buildings, fences and other erections thereon, and the approaches thereto, and to the payment of the purchase-money of real estate contained in such cemetery.
23. To authorize, on application, in the case of a town, of the supervisor, town clerk and justices of the peace of such town, or of a majority of such officers, and in the case of a village, the board of trustees of such village, any town or village owning or having the legal supervision of a cemetery lot, to enlarge, newly fence or otherwise improve the same, and in cases where, in their judgment, such removal shall be proper, to authorize the removal of interred bodies to proper cemetery grounds. But no such removal of bodies shall be made in any case, except after at least thirty days' personal notice, or where said notice cannot be given by reason of the non-residence of the party to be notified, a publication in the newspaper published nearest to the place of burial of such bodies, to the representatives of the persons whose bodies are proposed to be removed, if there be such representatives known, of the intention to remove such bodies. And such representatives shall be allowed not less than thirty days to remove such bodies. Provision shall also be made that the bodies so removed, shall each, when distinguishable, be inclosed in a separate box or coffin, and that every monument, headstone, footstone, slab, board or other designation or distinguishing mark, shall be carefully removed and properly placed with the body with which it is connected, and properly set up at the time of the interment of such body, and members of the same family shall be placed in contiguous graves.
24. To authorize any town, village, society or association having the title to a cemetery lot from which the bodies may be removed, pursuant to the authority given by the last preceding subdivision, to sell and convey such abandoned cemetery lot, and to appropriate the proceeds of such sale to the payment of the expenses, when necessary, of such removal and reburial, and to the purchase of new cemetery grounds and the payment of obligations incurred on account of purchases for such purpose, made before such removal of the bodies. lands shall be sold and conveyed, pursuant to this and the twentysecond subdivision of this section, they shall be no longer exempt from taxation as cemetery grounds.
25. To authorize any town which shall make application therefor Amended by the vote of an annual town meeting, to elect a tax receiver in place 132, post. of a collector whenever the aggregate of State, county and town taxes in such town shall exceed the sum of fifty thousand dollars, and in such case to prescribe the mode of the collection of taxes, the security to be given aird the commission or other compensation to be allowed to such tax receiver for his services.