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124. DRILL TABLE No. 3.

Simple Numbers.

Examples.

1. Nine hundred fourteen thousand, forty-one. One million, forty thousand, fourteen.

2.

3.

4.

A

Nine hundred seventy-six thousand, sixty-seven.
Sixteen hundred seventy-eight.

Sixty-three million, three hundred six thousand.
Nineteen million, nine hundred thousand, 19.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

16.

17.

18.

Six billion, sixty thousand, six hundred. Four hundred three billion, thirty. 19. One trillion, seventeen million. 20.

506 billion, sixty-five thousand, five. 21. Four trillion, four billion, four thousand.

22.

23.

24.

25.

One hundred seventy million, seven.

Ten million, one thousand, one hundred one.
Three hundred five million, fifty thousand.
Twelve million, two hundred thousand, two.
One million, eighteen thousand, eight.
One billion, six hundred thousand, six.
Nine hundred four million, ninety-four.

Three billion, thirty million, three hundred three.
Two billion, four hundred twelve thousand, 14.
One hundred one million, one thousand, one.

Six hundred eighty-nine billion, six thousand, 89.
Forty-two trillion, forty thousand, two hundred.
Eighteen trillion, 108 million, eighteen.
Four trillion, forty-seven billion, 4700.

DRILL TABLE No. 3

(continued).

[blocks in formation]

125. Exercises upon the Table.

82. Express A by figures.*

83.

DI

E

Ex

BC amples. q rs tuv 1. 7 63

w x y z

819

3 276

2. 4 52 364

4 368

3.9 81 486

9 234

4. 3 36 324

2 592

7 488

6 545

4 368

Divide A by 8.

7 616

Divide A by 9.

4 896

add D to the product;

5. 8 64 576 6.5 35 595 7. 2 28 728 8.4 68 952 9. 3 51 612 10. 6 72 648 11. 8 88 352 12. 7 56 392 13. 2 48 912 2 736 14. 5 45 585 2 925

7 128

and find the difference between the amount and E.

8 448

8 232

95. Divide D by B; also divide E by B; and find the difference between the sum of the quotients and D.

96. Divide E by D; subtract the quotient from C; and multiply the remainder by B.

4 158 97. Subtract C from D; divide the remainder by B; and with the quotient divide E.

8 778

9 996

6 435

15. 9 54 864 6 912
16. 6 66 594
17. 3 57 627
18. 7 49 588
19. 5 65 715
20. 8 96 768
21. 2 34 884
22. 4 84 672
23. 9 99 495
24. 7 91 273 9 282

5 376

6 188

8 736

7 425

98.

99.

100.

101.

84.

Add, in A, from 1 to 6; 2 to 7; etc. 85. Find, in A, the difference between the 1st and 2d; the 2d and 3d; etc. Multiply A by 6.

86.

87. Multiply A by 7.

88. Multiply A by 8.
89. Multiply A by 9.
90.
91. Divide A by 7.
94. Multiply C by B;

Divide A by 6.

102.

Add, in A, the 1st and 2d; 2d and 3d;

etc.

92. 93.

Oral Practice.

How many are 9+q to x less y less z?
How many are 34 +r to v, divided by q?
How many are 45 +t to z, divided by q?
How many are r times s+t toz, divided

by q?

How many are t times uv to z, divided by q?

*See Explanation of Table, page 57.

[subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][merged small][subsumed][subsumed][merged small][graphic][subsumed]

10 mills

10 cents

10 dimes or

100 cents

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or }:

10 dollars

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126. The picture above represents pieces of metal weighed and stamped by authority of government, and used in buying and selling. Such pieces of metal are coins. Each coin represents a unit of value.

127. Dollars and cents are the units of value chiefly used in business. Eagles, dimes, and mills are also used, but there is no coin to represent a mill.

= 1 eagle.

TABLE.

= 1 cent, marked ct. or .

= 1 dime.

= 1 dollar, marked $.

To read and write numbers in United States Money. 128. The dollar, being the principal unit of United States money, is expressed at the left of the decimal point; dimes, cents, and mills, being tenths, hundredths, and thousandths of a dollar, are expressed at the right of the decimal point.

Thus, 11 dollars, 2 dimes, 3 cents, and 4 mills are written

$11.234;

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and the expression is read, "Eleven dollars twenty-three cents four mills."

For exercises in reading and writing, turn to page 73.

129. Oral Exercises in Reduction.

a. How many mills in 1 cent? in 18 cents 5 mills?

By what do you multiply to change cents to mills? dollars to cents? dollars to mills?

b. Change $14.08 to cents.

c. Change $1.62 to cents.
d. Change $0.48 to cents.
h. How many dollars are there in 500 cents?

e. Change $2.625 to mills. 1. Change $5.02 to mills. g. Change $4 to mills.

By what do you divide to change cents to dollars? mills to dollars? i. How many dollars are there in 170 cents? in 3689 cents? j. How many dollars are there in 1875 mills? in 4728 mills?

130. In performing the examples above, you have changed numbers expressing a certain amount of money to numbers whose units are larger or smaller, but without changing the amount itself. Such a process is called

reduction.

For other examples in reduction of United States money, see page 73.

131. Examples for the Slate.

ADDITION, SUBTRACTION, MULTIPLICATION, AND DIVISION. How do you write dollars, cents, and mills, when you are to add or subtract them? (Art. 46.)

1. My deposits in a bank were $192.92 and $155.37; of this I have withdrawn $79.48, $71.62, and $78.21. What is the balance in the bank?

2. What must I pay for 23 yards of silk at $2.37 a yard, and 5 yards of lace at $1.68 a yard ?

3. What is 1 fifteenth of $287.40? 1 seventeenth of $722.50?

In the following examples continue the division to cents and mills. (Art. 102.) In the answers, reject mills when less than 5, and call 5 mills or more 1 cent.

4. What is 1 fifth of $17? of $83?

1st Ans. $3.40.

5. What is 1 sixteenth of $981 ?

6. Eight men chartered a schooner for $295. What was each man's share of the cost?

7. When 32 lawn-mowers were bought for $696, what was the price of each?

8. Mr. Rice paid $198.45 for 35 school desks. What would 168 desks cost at the same price?

To divide one sum of money by another.

132. ILLUSTRATIVE EXAMPLE. At $2.12 per pair, how many pairs of slippers can be bought for $100?

WRITTEN WORK.

212) 10000 (47

848

1520

1484

36

Explanation. To divide one sum of money by another, both dividend and divisor must be expressed in the same denomination. Here the divisor being cents, the dividend must be changed to cents. (Art. 129.) Dividing 10000 cents by 212 cents, we have 47 for a quotient, with a remainder of 36 cents. Ans. 47 pairs; 36 cents remain.

9. I paid $80 for turkeys at $2.50 apiece. turkeys did I buy? Divide $42 by $1.75.

10. A conductor took up $1224 worth of railroad tickets from Springfield to New York at $4.25 apiece.

How many

tickets did he take?

How many 1st Ans. 32.

11. How many boxes at 33 cents a box can be bought for $20, and how many cents will be left?

12. How many veils at 92 each can be bought for $30? 13. How many dinners at $ 0.625 each will $22 pay for? For additional examples, see page 73.

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