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túrn- I hate to bid adieu to my old acPontieva. Ponthieva glandalom. Dedicated to St. Anysia.

Elia, in a delightful paper on the "Eve Deceinber 31. of New Year's-day, 182i, among the other

delightful essays of his volume, entitled St. Sylvester, Pope, A. D. 335. St. Co- "ELIA"-a little book, whereof to say that

lumba, A. D. 258. St. Melania, the it is of more gracious feeling and truer younger, A. D. 439.

beauty than any of our century, is poor St. Sylvester.

praise-Elia says, “while that turncoat

bell, that just now mournfully chanted the This saint, whose name is in the church obsequies of the year departed, with of England calendar and the almanacs, changed notes lustily rings in a successor, was pope Sylvester I. “He is said to let us attune to its peal the song made have been the author of several rites and

on à like occasion, by hearty, cheerful ceremonies of the Romish church, as asy. Mr. Cotton." Turn gentle reader to the lums, unctions, palls, corporals, &c. He first page of the first sheet, which this died in 334."

hand presented to you, and you will find

the first two and twenty lines of Elia's New Year's Eve.


They tell us, that, of the two
To end the old year merrily, and faces of Janus,
begin the new one well, and in friend- that which this way looks is clear,
ship, were popular objects in the cele- And smiles upon the New-born year.
bration of this festival. It was spent

These are the remaining verses.
among our labouring ancestors in festia He + looks too from a place so high,
vity and frolic by the men ; and the The year lies open to his eye;
young women of the village carried from And all the moments open are
door to door, a bowl of spiced ale, the To the exact discoverer ;
Wassail bowl, which they offered to the

Yet more and more he smiles upon
inhabitants of every house they stopped

The happy revolution. at, singing rude congratulatory verses,

Why should we then suspect or fear

The influences of a year, and hoping for small presents. Young

So smiles upon us the first morn," men and women also exchanged clothes,

And speaks us good so soon as born! which was termed Mumming, or Dis

Plague on't ! the last was ill enough, guising; and when thus dressed in each

This cannot but make better proof; other's garments, they went from one Or, at the worst, as we brush'd through neighbour's cottage to another, singing, The last, why so we may this too; dancing, and partaking of good cheer.t And then the next in reason shou'd

Be superexcellently good;

For the worst ills (we daily see)
The anticipated pleasure of the coming Have no more perpetuity,
year, accompanied by regret at parting Than the best fortunes that do fall;
with the present old year, is naturally ex- Which also bring us wherewithal
pressed by a writer already cited. “ After Longer their being to support,
Christmas-day comes the last day of the Than those do of the other sort;
year; and I confess I wish the bells would And who has one good year in three,
not ring so merrily on the next. I have

And yet repines at destiny,
not become used enough to the loss of the

Appears ungrateful in the case,

And merits not the good he bas. old year to like so triumphant a welcome

Then let us weleome the new guest
to the new. I am certain of the pleasures

With lusty brimmers of the best ;
I have had during the twelvemonth: I

Mirth always should good fortune meet,
have become used to the pains. In a few And render e'en disaster sweet :
days, especially by the help of Twelfth-

And though the princess turn her back,
night, I shall become reconciled to the Let us but line ourselves with sack,
writing 6 instead of 5 in the date of the We better shall by far hold out,
year. Then welcome new hopes and new Till the next year she face about.
endeavours. But at the moment at the

Elia, having trolled this song to the * Mr. Audley's Companion to Almanac.

* New Montbly Magazine, Dec. 18 1 Dr. Drake's Shakspeare and his Times.

t Janus.

sound of “ the merry, merry bells,” breaks was placed a crown of towers, denoting out :

strength, and that they were to be worn “ How say you reader-do not these by those who persevered. yerses smack of the rough magnanimity of the old English vein ? Do they not fortify To all of the earth" not wholly like a cordial; enlarging the heart, and “ earthy," the Earth seemed a fit subject productive of sweet · blood, and generous to picture under its ancient symbol ; and, spirits in the concoction ?-Another cup in a robe of arable and foliage, set in a of the generous ! and a merry New Year, goodly frame of the celestial sigos, with and many of them, to you all, my mas- the seasons as they roll,” it will be offered ters !"

as a frontispiece to the present volume, The same to you, Elia,—and “to and accompany the title-page with the you all my masters !”- Ladies! think indexes in the next sheet. not yourselves neglected, who are chief among “my masters"--you are the kind- It must have been obvious to every est, and therefore the most masterful, and reader of the Every-Day Book, as it kas most worshipful of my masters !" been to me, of which there have been se

veral indications for some time past, that Under the female form the ancients the plan of the work could not be execuworshipped the Earth. They called her ted within the year; and I am glad to “ Bona Dea," or the “Good Goddess," by find from numerous quarters that its conway of excellency, and that, for the best tinuance is approved and even required. reason in the world, because “there is no So far as it has proceeded I have done my beingthat does men more good." In respect utmost to render it useful. My endeato her chastity, all men were forbidden to vours to render it agreeable may occasion be present at her worship; the high priest“ close" readers to object, that it was himself

, in whose house it was performed, more discursive than they expected. I am aud who was the chief minister in all afraid I can only answer ihat I cannot others, not excepted. Cicero imputed to unmake my making-up; and plead guilty Clodius as a crime that he had entered to the fact, that, knowing the wants of the sacred fane in disguise, and by his many, through my own deficiencies, I presence polluted the mysteries of the have tried to aid them in the way that Good Goddess. The Roman ladies offer- appeared most likely to effect the object, ed sacrifices to her through the wife of with the greater number of those for whom the high priest, and virgins consecrated the work was designed. Nor do I hesito the purpose.

tate also to acknowledge, that in gathering The Earth, Bona Dea, or the “Good for others, I have in no small degree been Goddess," was represented under the form teaching myself. For it is of the nature of a matron with her right hand opened, of such an undertaking to constrain him as if tendering assistance to the helpless, who executes it, lọ tasks of thought, and and holding a loaf in her left hand.' She exercises of judgment, unseen by those was also venerated under the name of who are satisfied when they enjoy what is Ops, and other denominations, but with before them, and care not by what renthe highest attributes ; and when so de- tures it was obtained. My chief anxiety signated, she was worshipped by men has been to provide a wholesome suffiand boys, as well as women and virgins ; ciency for all

, and not to offer any thing and priests ministered to her in dances that should be hurtful or objectionable. with brazen cymbals. These motions I hope I have succeeded. signified that the Earth only imparted I respectfully desire to express my blessings upon being constantly moved ; grateful' sense of the extensive favoor and as brass was discovered before iron, wherein the conduct of the publication is the cymbals were composed of that metal held. And I part from my readers on to indicate her antiquity. The worship- New Year's-eve, with kind regards till we pers seated themselves on the ground, meet in the new volume of the Every and the posture of devotion was bending Day Book on New Year's-day-to-morforward, and touching the ground with the row. right hand. On the head of the goddess 45, Ludgate-hill, 1825. W. HONE.


London : Printed by A. Applegabb, Stamford-treet.


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