History of Civilization in England, Τόμος 2

Εξώφυλλο
Longman, Green, Longman, Roberts & Green, 1864
 

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Περιεχόμενα

Decline of manufactures and of population and increase
71
Who endeavoured to improve the country by weakening
85
Government attempted to remedy this ignorance by calling
98
The influence of foreigners in Spain was displayed in the expul
108
But it was of no avail because politicians can do nothing when
115
Inasmuch however as these ameliorations were opposed to
130
In this way general causes always triumph over particular
137
Nothing can weaken superstition but knowledge
142
This it is which isolating Spain from the rest of the civilized
151
CHAPTER II
157
English invasion of Scotland 167172
167
The injury which these invasions inflicted upon Scotland stopped
173
They were too feeble and insignificant to elect their own magis
185
CHAPTER III
197
The Crown in its efforts against the nobles was encouraged
204
Active measures of the government against the nobles 211212
211
As the nobles took the opposite side and as the people had no
216
In 1546 Cardinal Beaton was assassinated and Knox began
223
In 1559 the queen regent was deposed the nobles became
229
Thereupon the Protestant preachers said that the nobles were
236
The first manifestation of this rebellious spirit was the attack
242
In 1582 James VI was imprisoned and his captivity was jus
249
Their leader Melville personally insulted the king and they were
256
His cruel treatment of them 267269
267
Meanwhile a reaction was preparing 274276
274
The Scotch before they would crown Charles II compelled
280
Violent language used by the clergy against the king and against
282
Now as before the bishops aided the government in its efforts
289
The only powerful friends of this bad government were
300
The nobles being thus weakened were in 1748 easily deprived
309
They moreover declared that harmless and even praiseworthy
383
Specimens of the sins which the clergy invented 394398
394
In no Protestant country have the clergy pushed these narrow
405
This is well worthy of notice because the inductive method being
411
Hence the secular philosophy of the eighteenth century though
418
Summary of the most important distinctions between induction
419
Its method 427432
427
Account of his Theory of Moral Sentiments 437442
437
Account of his Wealth of Nations
458
Hence his injustice to Bacon whose method was diametrically
464
Comparison between the method of this work and the method
473
Reid attacked Humes method because he disliked the results
479
Opposition between the method of Reid and that of Bacon 485486
485
Blacks philosophy 491501
491
He reasoned from his principles speculatively instead of occupy
497
Black therefore did immense service by giving free scope to
507
For industry was impossible and the commonest arts were
508
The action of fire and water on the crust of the earth may
519
That conclusion was entirely speculative and unsupported by
523
Nature of the evidence of the supposed difference between
529
The two great Scotch pathologists are Cullen and John Hunter
535
Cullens theory of the solids 5428qq
543
The philosophy of John Hunter 549577
549
By this means he made a large number of curious physiological
555
He recognized the great truth that the sciences of the inorganic
563
Bat his English contemporaries being eminently inductive so dis
573
Notwithstanding this difference the deductive method was su
579
Theology forms the only exception to this rule 583584
583
The notions countenanced there respecting the origin of epidemics
595

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Δημοφιλή αποσπάσματα

Σελίδα 40 - This happy breed of men, this little world, This precious stone set in the silver sea, Which serves it in the office of a wall Or as a moat defensive to a house, Against the envy of less happier lands ; This blessed plot, this earth, this realm, this England, This nurse, this teeming womb of royal kings, Fear'd by their breed and famous by their birth...
Σελίδα 589 - Lord Palmerston would, therefore, suggest that the best course which the people of this country can pursue to deserve that the further progress of the cholera should be stayed, will be to employ the interval that will elapse between the present time and the beginning of next spring in planning and executing measures by which those portions of their towns and cities which are inhabited by the...
Σελίδα 588 - The Maker of the universe established certain laws of nature for the planet in which we live ; and the weal or woe of mankind depends upon the observance or neglect of those laws.
Σελίδα 460 - Upon the whole, I have always considered him, both in his lifetime and since his death, as approaching as nearly to the idea of a perfectly wise and virtuous man as perhaps the nature of human frailty will permit.
Σελίδα 40 - This fortress built by Nature for herself Against infection and the hand of war, This happy breed of men, this little world, This precious stone set in the silver sea, Which serves it in the office of a wall Or as a moat defensive to a house, Against the envy of less happier lands, This blessed plot, this earth, this realm, this England...
Σελίδα 458 - In opposition to this narrow and malignant opinion, I will venture to assert, that the increase of riches and commerce in any one nation, instead of hurting, commonly promotes the riches and commerce of all its neighbours...
Σελίδα 340 - According to the Presbyterian polity, which reached its height in the seventeenth century, the clergyman of the parish selected a certain number of laymen on whom he could depend, and who, under the name of elders, were his councillors, or rather the ministers of his authority. They, when assembled together, formed what was called the Kirk-Session, and this little court, which enforced the decisions uttered in the pulpit, was so supported by the superstitious reverence of the people, that it was...
Σελίδα 31 - These, then, were the two great elements of which the Spanish character was compounded. Loyalty and superstition; reverence for their kings and reverence for their clergy were the leading principles which influenced the Spanish mind, and governed the march of Spanish history.
Σελίδα 496 - But the emotions are as much a part of us as the understanding ; they are as truthful ; they are as likely to be right. Though their view is different, it is not capricious. They obey fixed laws ; they follow an orderly and uniform course ; they run in sequences; they have their logic and method of inference.
Σελίδα 583 - ... sterling and valuable qualities I entertain sincere respect, I do, nevertheless, deliberately affirm, that in no civilized country is toleration so little understood, and that in none is the spirit of bigotry and of persecution so extensively diffused. Nor can any one wonder that such should be the case, who observes what is going on there. The churches are as crowded as they were in the Middle Ages, and are filled with devout and ignorant worshippers, who flock together to listen to opinions...

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