EXAMPLES. RULE. Multiply the principal, in cents, by the number of days, and point of five figures to the right hand of the product, which will give the interest for the given time, in shillings and decimals of a shilling, very nearly. A note for 65 dollars, 31 cents, has been on interest 25 days; how much is the interest thereof, in New-England currency? $ cts. S. d. grs. Ans. 65,3136531 X25=1,632751 72 REMARKS. In the above, and likewise in the preceding practical Rules, (page 127) the interest is confined at 6 per cent. which admits of a variety of short methods of casting; and when the rate of interest is 7 per cent. as established in New-York, &c. you may first cast the interest at 6 per cent. and add thereto one sixth of itself, and the sum will be the interest at 7 per cent. which perhaps, many times, will be found more convenient than the ge neral rule of casting interest. EXAMPLE. Required the interest of 751. for 5 months at 7 per cent, S. 7,5 for 1 month. £. $. d. 6 3 ins. £2 3 9 for ditto at 7 per cent. Ä SPORT METHOD FOR FINDING THE REBATE OF ANY GIVEN SUM, FOR MONTHS AND DAYS. RULE. Diminish tbe interest of the given sum for the time by its ova interest, and this gives the Rebate very nearly. EXAMPLES 1. What is the retute of Te dollars for sig mouths, at 6 per cent. ? $ cts. The interest of 50 dollars for 6 month, is 50 And, the interest of 1 dol. 50 cts. for 6 months, is Ans. Rebate, $1 46 2. What is the rebate of 1501. for 7 months, at 5 per cent. ? £. 8. d. Interest of 1501. for 7 months, is 4 7 6 Interest of 41. 7s, 6d. for 7 months, is 2 61 Ans. £4 4 11} nearly. By the above Rule, those who use interest tables in their counting-houses, have only to deduct the interest, of the interest, and the remainder is the discount. A concise Rule to reduce the currencies of the different States, where a dollar is an even rrumber of shillings, to Federal Money. RULEI. Bring thr given sum into a decimal expression by inspection, (as in Prohiem I. page 87) then divide the whole by ,3 in New-England and bv ,4 in New-York currency, and the quotient will be dollars, cents, &c. EXAMPLES. 1. Reduce 541. 8s. 3}d. New-England currency, to Federal Money ,3)54,415 decimally expressed, Ans. $181,38 cts. 2. Reduce 7s. 113d. New-England currency, to Federal Money 75. 11 d.c£0,399 then,,3),399 Ans. $1,93 3. Reduce 5131. 16s. 10d. Net-York, &t. currency, to Federal Money. 4)513,842 decimal 4. Reduce 10s. 53 d. New-York, &c. currency. to Fede. ral Money. ,4)0,974 decimal of 19s. 5d. $2,43} ins. 5. Reduce 641. New-England currency to Federal Man ney. ,3)64000 decimal expression. $213,33} Ans. Note.-By the foregoing rule you may carry on the decimal to any degree of exactness; but in ordinary practice, the following Contraction may be useful. RULE II. To the shillings contained in the given sum, annex 8 times the given pence, increasing the product by 2 ; then divide the whole by the number of shillings contained in a dollar, and the quotient will be cents. EXAMPLES. ins. 1. Reduce 45s. 6d. New-England currency, to Federal Money. 6x8+2 = 50 to be annexed. 6)45,50 or 6)4550 $ cts. $7,58% 758 cents. =-7,58. 2. Reduce 21. 10s. Id. Now-York, &c. currency to Federal Money. 9x8+2+74 to be annexed. Then 8)5074 Or thus, 8)50774 $ cts. Ans. 634 cents.=6 34 $6,34 Ans. N. B. When there are no pence in the given sum, you must annex two cyphers to the shillings; then divide as before, &c. 3. Reduce 31. 5s. -New-England currency, to Federal Money. 31. 55.=65s. Then 6)6500 Ans. 1089 cents SOME USEFUL RULES, FOR FINDING THE CONTENTS OF SUPERFICIES AND SOLIDS. SECTION 1. OF SUPERFICIES. The superficies or area of any plane surface, is composed or made up of squares, either greater or less, according to the different measures by which the dimension ; of the figure are taken or measured :-and because 12 inches in length make 1 foot of long measure, therefore, 12x12=144, the square inches in a superficial foot, &e. ART. I. To find the area of a square having equal sides. RULE Multiply the side of the square into itself and the product will be the area, or content. EXAMPLES. 1. How many square feet of boards are contained in the floor of a room which is 20 feet square ? 20x20=400 feet, the Answer. 2. Suppose a square lot of land measures 26 rods oa each side, how many acres doth it contain ? NOTE.-160 square rods make an acre. 36r, the Answer. Art. 2. To measure a parallelogram, or long eq'iare. RULE. Multiply the length by the breadth, and the product will be the area, or superficial content. EXAMPLES. 1. A certain garden, in forn, of a long square, is 96 ft. long, and 54 wide; how many square feet uf ground are contained in it? Ans. 96X54=5184 square feet. 2. A lot of land, in form of a long square, is 120 rods in length, and 60 rods wide ; how many acres are in it? 120 60=7200 sq. rods, then 7200 =45 acres. Ans. 3. If a board or plank be 21 feet long, and 18 inches bread; how many square feet are contained in it? 18 inches=1,5 feet, then, 21X1,531,5 Ans. Oi, in measuring boards, you may multiply the length in fect by the breadth in inches, and divide by 12, the quotient wul give the answer in squar: feet, &c. Thus, in the foregoing example, 21X18+12=31,5 as before. 4. If a board be 8 inches wide, how much in length will make a square foot' RULE.--Divide 144 by the breadth, thus, 8)144 Ans. 18 in. 5. If a piece of land be 5 rods wide, how many rods in length will make an acre ? ŘULE.Divide 160 by the breadth, and the quotient will be the length required, thus, 5)160 Ans. 32 rods in length. ART. 3. To measure a triangle Definition. A triangle is any three cornered figure which is bounded by three right lines.* RULE. Multiply the base of the given triangle into half its perpendicular height, or half the base into the whole perpen dicular, and the product will be the area. EXAMPLES 1. Required the area of a triangle wnose base or longest side is 32 inches, and the perpendicular height 14 inches. 32x7=224 square inches the answer. 2. There is a triangular or three cornered lot of land whose base or longest vide is 51į rods, the perpendicular from the corner opposite the base measures 44 rods; how many acres doth it contain ? 51,5X22=1133 squarc rods, acres, 13rods. * A Triangle may be either right angled or oblique ; in either case the teacher can easily give the scholar a rigle idea of the base and perpendicular, by marking it dowe on a slate, paper foc. |