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S. d.

$. d.

Yus.
2111 at 40 per yard.

42 50
543 at 68

181 00
127 at 34

21 34
461 at
18

38 84 Note.-When the price is pounds only, the given quan. tity multiplied thereby, will be the answer. EXAMPLE.-11 tuns of hay at 41. per tun. Thus, 11

4

Ans. £44 CASE III. When the given price is any number of shillings under 20.

1. When the shillings are an even number, multiply the quantity by half the number of shillings, and double the first figure of the product for shillings ; and the rest of the product will be pounds.

2. If the shillings be odd, multiply the quantity by the whole number of shillings, and the product will be the answer in shillings, which reduce to pounds.

EXAMPLES. 1st.--124 yds. at 8s. 20.--132 yds. at 7s. per yd. 4

7

S.

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S.

Yds. 562 at

£49 12s. Ans.

2,0)92,4

£46,4 Ans. £. Yds. 4s. Ans. 112 8 1 372 at lls. Ans. 204 12 378 at 2s. 37 16 264 at 93.

118 16 913 at 14s. 639 2 250 at 16s.

200 000 CASE IV. When the given price is pence, or pence and farthing and not an even part of a shilling-Find the value of the given quantity at ls. per yd. &c. which divide by the greco est even part of a shilling contained in the given price, and take parts of the quotient for the remainder of the price, and the sum of these several quotients will be the ansvar in shillings, &c. which reduce to pounds.

EXAMPLES

S.

What will 245 lb. of raisins come to, at 9 d. per lb. ?

d. 6d. 245 O value of 245 lb. at 1s. per pound.

1 31. 122 6 value of do. at 6d. per lb. d. i 61 3 value of do. at 3d. per lb.

15 3} value of do. at ad. per lb.

d.

d.

lb.

d.

S. d.

2,0)19,9 03

Ans. £9 19 0f value of the whole at 9;d. per lb. 16. £. s.

£. 372 at 1 Ans. 2 14 3 576 at 7 Ans. 18 00 325 at 2 3 0 11 541 at 9

20 17 01 827 at 41 15 10 1} | 672 at 111

32 18 0 CASE V. When the price is shillings, pence and farthings, and not the aliquot part of a pound-Multiply the given quantity by the shillings, and take parts for the pence and farthings, as in the foregoing cases, and add them together; the sum will be the answer in shillings. 1. What will 246 yds. of velvet come to, at 7s. 3d. per yd. 3 31. 1246 0 value of 246 yards at ls. per yd.

7

EXAMPLES.

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d

1722 ( value of do. at 7s. per yard.

61 6 value of do. at 3d. per yard. 2,0)178, 36

Ans. £89 3 6 value of do. at 7's. 3d. per yard.

ANSWERS. s. d.

£. $. d. 2. What cost 139 yds. at 9. 10 per yd.? 68 6 10 3. What cost 146 yds. at 14 9 per yd. ? 107 13 6 4. What cost 120 cwt. at 11 3 per cwt. ? 67 10 5. What cost: 127 yds. at 9 8} per yd. ? 6. What cost 497 lbs. at 3 ll; per lh. ?

61 12 1} 9 1.5 lli

CASE VI. When the price and quantity given are of several denominations-Multiply the price by the integers in the given quantity, and take parts for the rest from the price of an integer; which, added together, will be the answer. This is applicable to federal money.

EXAMPLES. 1. What cost 5 cwt. 3

qrs.
2. What cost 9 cwt. 1

qr. 14 lb. of raisins, at 21. Ils. 8 lb. of sugar, at 8 dollars, Sd. per cwt. ?

65 cts. per cwt. ? £.

d. 2 qrs. Ž 2 11 8 1 qr

8,65 5

9

S.

cts,

12
1

1 qr. 14 lb.

18 4

5 10 12 11 6 5;

7 lb.
1 lb.

77,85
2,1625
,5406
,772

361

Ans. $80,6303 C. qrs. lb. 7 3 16 at $9, 58 cts. per cwt. $75, 61 cts. 3 m. 5 1 O at 21. 17s. per cwt.

ANSWERS.

Ans. £15

£14 19s. 3d. 14 3 7 at 01. 13s. 8d. per cit.

£10 2s. 5 d. 12 0 7 at $6, 34 cts. per cwt. $76, 47 cts. 6 m. 0 0 24 at 11, 91 cts. per cwt. $2, 55 cts. 276 m.

TARE AND TRET. TARE and Tret are practical rules for deducting certain allowances which are made by merchants, in buying i and selling goods, &c. by weight; in which are noticed the following particulars :

1. Gross Weight, which is the whole weight of any sort of goods, together with the box, cask, or bag, &c. which contains thejn.

2. Tare, which is an allowance made to the buyer, for the weight of the box, cask, or bag, &c. which contains the goods bought, and is either at so much per box, &c. or at so much per cwt. or at so much in the whole gross weight.

3. Tret, which is an allowance of 4 lb. on every 104 lb. for waste, dust, &c.

4. Cloff, which is an allowance made of 2 lb. upon every 3 cwt.

5. Suttle, is what remains after one or two allowance: have been deducted.

CASE I. When the question is an Invoice Add the gross weights into one sum and the tares into another ; then subtract the total tare from the whole gross, and the remainder will be the neat weight.

EXAMPLES.

1. What is the neat weight of 4 hogsheads of Tobacco, marked with the gross weight as follows:

C.
91
lb.

Ib.
No. 1 9 0 12 Tare 100
2
3 4

95
3
1 0

83
4-6 3 25

81 Whole gross 32 0 13

359 total tare. Tare 359 lb.= 3 3 23

Ans. 28 3 18 neat. 2. What is the neat weight of 4 barrels of Indigo, No, and weight as follows: C. gr. 15. lb.

No. 1 - 4 1 10 Tare 36

2 - 3 3 02 29
3 4 0 19 32

cut.qr. lb. 4 40 0 35 Ans. 15 0 11

CASE II. When the tare is at so much per box, cask, bag, &c. Multiply the tare of 1 by the number of bagy, bales, &c. the product is the whole tare, which subtract from the gross, and the remainder will be the neat weight.

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EXAMPLES.

1. In 4 hhds. of sugar, each weighing 10 cwt. 1 qr. 15 lb, gross; tare 75 lb. per hhd. how much neat?

Cwt. grs. lbs.
10 1 15 gross weight of one hhd.
4

(Carried up.)

41 2

4 gross weight of the whole. 15 X 432 2 20 whole tare. Ans. 38 3 12 neat.

2. What is the neat weight of 7 tierces of rice, each sjeighing 4 cwt. 1 qr. 9 lb. gross, tare per tierce 34 lb. ?

Ans. 28 C. O qr. 21 lb. 3. In 9 firkins of butter, each weighing 2 qrs. 12 lb. gross, .tare 11 lb. per firkin, how much neat? Ans. 4C. 2 grs. 9 lb.

4. If 241 bls. of figs, each 3 qrs. 19 lb. gross, tare 10 lb. per barrel; how many pounds neat? Ans. 22413.

5. In 16 bags of pepper, each 85 lb. 4 oz. gross, tare per bag, 3 lb. 5 oz. ; how many pounds neat? Ans. 1311.

6. In 75 barrels of figs, each 2 qrs. 27 lb. gross, tare in the whole 597 lb.; how much neat weight? Ans. 50 C. I qr.

7. What is the neat weight of 15 hhds. of Tobacco, each weighing 7 cwt. 1 qr. 13 lb. tare 100lb. per bhd. ?

Ans. 97 C. Oqr. 11 lb.

CASE III. When the tare is at so much per cwt.-Divide the gross weight by the aliquot part of a cwt. for the tare, which subtract from the gross, and the remainder will be neat weight.

1. What is the neat weight of 44 cwt. 3 qrs. 16 lb. gross, tare 14 lb. per cwt. ? C. qrs. Ib. | 14 lb. ; | 44 3

5 2 121 tare. Ans. 39 1

31 neat. 2. What is the neat weight of 9 hhds. of Tobacco, each weighing gross 8 cwt. 3 qrs. 14 lb. tare 16 lb. per cwt. ?

Ans. 68 C. 1

qr.

24 lb. 3. What is the neat weight of 7 bls. of potash, each weighing 201 lb. gross, tare 10 lb. per cwt. ?

Ans. 1281 lb. 6 oz. 4. In 25 bls. of figs, each 2 cwt. I qr. gross, tare per. cwt. 26 lb.; how much neat weight?

Ans. 48 cwt. 24 lb. 5. In 83 cwt. 3 grs. gross, tare 20 lb. per cwt. what neat sveight?

Ans. 68 cwt. 3 qrs. 5 lb. 6. Lu 45 cwt. 3 qrs. 21 lb. gross, tare 8 lb. per cwt. how much neat weight ?

Ans. 42 cwt. 2 qrs. 17.1 1. 7. What is the value of the neat weight of S hhds. of su

EXAMPLES.

16 gross.

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