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4. In 44447 farthings, how many pounds?

Ans. £46 5s. lld. 3qrs. 4. In 59136 farthings, how many pence, shillings, and rounds ?

Ans. 14784d. 1232s. £61 12s. 5. In 20160 pence, how many shillings and pounds ?

Ans. 1680s. or £84. 6. In 900 farthings, how many pounds ?

Ans. £0 18s. 9d. 7. Bring 74931 half-pence into pounds. Ans.£156 4s.2d. 8. In 243648 farthings, how many dollars at 6s. each?

Ans. $846. 9. Reduce 13776 pence to guincas, at 28s. per guinea.

Ans. 41. 10. In 62304 farthings, how many pistoles, at 22s. each?

Ans. 59. 11. In 7104 three pences, how many half-johannes, at 48s. ?

Ans. 37. 12. In 38720 farthings, how many French crowns, at 6ş. 8d.?

Ans. 121.

Reduction Ascending and Descending.

1. MONEY. 1. In 1211. Os. 9 d. how many half-pence? Ans. 58099. 2. In 58099 half-pence, how many pounds ?

Ans. 1211. (s. 9!d. 3. Bring 23760 half-pence into pounds. Ans. £49 10s.

4. In 2141. Is. 3d. how many shillings, six-pences, threepences, and farthings ?

Ans. 42815. 8562 six-pences,

17125 three-pences, and 205500 farthings. 5. In 1371. how many pence, and English or French crowns, at 6s. 8d. each?

Ans. 32880d. 411 crowns. 6. In 249 English half-crowns, how many pence and pounds ?

Ans, 9960d. and £41 10s. 7. In 346 guineas, at 21s. each, how many shillings, groats, and pence? Ans. 7266s. 21798 gr'ts, and 87192d. 8. In 48 guineas, at 28s. each, how many 4 d. pieces ?

Ans. 358. 9. In 81 guineas, at 27s. 4d. each, how many pounds ?

Ans, £110 14s.

10. In 24396 pence, how many shillings, pounds, and pistoles ? Ans. 2033s. £101 13s. and 92 pistoles. 9s. over.

11. In 252 moidores, at 36s. each, how many guineas at 28s. each?

Ans. 324. 12. In 1680 Dutch guilders, at 2s. 4d. each, how many pistoles at 22s. each?

Ans. 178 pistoles, 1s. 13. Borrowed 1248 English crowns, at 6s. 8d. each, how many pistareens, at 14 d. each, will pay the debt?

Ans. 6885 pistareens, and 71d. 14. In 501. how many shillings, nine-pences, six-pences, four-pences, and pence, and of each, an equal number? 12d. +9d.+6d.-4d. . 1d.=32d. and £50=

12000d.+-32=375 Ans.

Examples in Reduction of Federal Money. 1. Reduce 2745 dollars into cents. 2745 dollars Here I multiply by 100, the cents in 100 a dollar; but dollars are readily brought

into cents by annexing two ciphers, Ans. 274500 and into mills by annexing three ci

phers. Also, any sum in Federal money may be written down as a whole number, and expressed in its lowest denomination ; for, when dollars and cents are joined together as a whole number, without a separatrix, they will show how many cents the given sum contains; and when dollars, cents, and mills, are so joined together, they will shɔw the whole number of mills in the given

-Hence, properly speaking, there is no reduction of this money ; for cents are readily turned into dollars by cutting off the two right hand figures, and mills by pointing off three figures with a dot; the figures to the left hand of the dot, are dollars; and the figures cut off are cents, or cents and mills. 2. In 345 dollars, how many cents, and mills ?

Ans. 34500 cts. 345000 mills. 3. Reduce 48 dols. 78 cts. into cents. Ans. 4878 4. Reduce 25 dols. 8 cts. into cents. Ans. 2508 5. Reduce 54 dols. 36 cts. 5m. into mills. Ans. 54365 6. Reduce 9 dols, 9 cts. 9m, into mills. Ans. 9099

sum.

7. Reduce 41925 cents into collars 8. Change 4896 cents into dollars. i; Change 45009 cents into dollars. 10. Bring

4625 mills into dollars.

$ cts. Ans. 419 25

48 96 450 09

4 62 5

2. TROY WEIGHT.
1. How many grains in a silver tankard, that weighs
1 lb. 11 oz. 15 pwt.

Ib. 02. pwt.
1 11 15
12 ounces in a pound.

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23 ounces.

20 pennyweights in one ounce
475 pennyweights.

24 grains in one pennyweight.
1900
950

Proof. 24)11400 grains. Ans.

2,0)47,5
12)23 15 pwt.

1 lb. 11 oz. 15 pwt.
2. In 246 oz. how many pwts. and grains ?

Ans. 4920 pwt. 118080 grs.
3. Bring 46080 grs. into pounds.

Ans. 8. 4. Ia 97397 grains of gold, how many pounds ?

Ans. 16 lb. 10 oz. 18 pwt. 5 grs. 5. In 15 ingots of gold, each weighing 9 oz. 5 pwt. how many grains ?

Ans. 66600. 6. In 4 lb. 1 oz. 1 pwt. of silver, how many table-spoons, weighing 23 pwt. each, and tea-spoons, 4 pwt. 6 grs. each, can be made, and an equal number of each sort?

23 pwt. +4pwt. 6grs.=654grs. the divisor ; and 4 lb. 1 oz. 1 put.=23544 grs. the dividend. Therefore 23544:654 36 Answer.

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3. AVOIRDUPOIS WEIGHT. In 89 cwt. 3 qrs. 14 lb. 12 oz. how many ounces ? 4

Proof. 28

16)161068

359 quarters

28)10066 12 oz.

2876 719

4)359 14 lb.

10066 pounds

16

Aas. 89 cit. 3 grs. 14 lb. 12 oz

60398 10067

161068 ounces.

Answer. 2. In 19 lb. 14 oz. 11 dr. how many drams? Ans. 5099. 3. In 1 tun, how many drams?

Ans. 573440. 4. In 24 tuns, 17 cwt. 3 qrs. 17 lbs. 5 oz. how many ounces ?

Ans. 892245. 5. Bring 5099 drams into pounds. Ans. 1916. 14oz. 11 dr. 6. Bring 573440 drams into tuns.

Ans. 1. 7. Bring 892245 ounces into tuns.

Ans. 24 tuns, 17 cwt. 3 qrs. 17 1b. 5 oz. 8. In 12 hhds. of sugar, each 11 cwt. 25 lb. how many pounds ?

Ans. 15084. 9. In 42 pigs of lead,

each weighing 4 cwt. 3 qrs. how many fother, at 19 cwt. 2 qrs. ? Ans. 10 fother, 4 cut.

10. A gentleman has 20 hhds. of tobacco, each 8 cwt. 3 qrs. 14 lb. and wishes to put it into boxes containing 70 Ib. each, I demand the number of boxes he must get?

Ans. 284,

4. APOTHECARIES' WEIGHT. 1. In 9 # 83 13 23 19 grs. how many grains ?

Ans. 55799. 2. In 55799 grains, how many pounds ?

Ans. 9 # 83 13 2 19 gr.

na.

5. CLOTH MEASURE. 1. In 95 yards, how many quarters and nails ?

Ans. 380 qrs. 1520 na. 2. In 341 yards, 3 qrs. I na. how many nails ?

Ans. 5469. 3. In 3783 nails, how many yards ?

Ans. 236 yds. 1 qr.

31 4. In 61 Ells English, how many quarters and nails ?

Ans. 305 qrs. 1220 na. 5. In 56 Ells Flemish, how many quarters and nails ?

Ans. 168 qrs. 672 na. 6. In 148 Ells English, how many Ells Flemish ?

Ans. 246 E. F. 2 qrs. 7. fn 1920 nails, how many yards, Ells Flemish, and Ells English ? Ans. 120 yds. 160 E. F. and 96. E. E.

8. How many coats can be made out of 36 yards of proadcloth, allowing 1 yards to a coat ? Ans. 21.

9. DRY MEASURE. 1. In 136 bushels, how many pecks, quarts and pints ?

Ans. 544 pks. 4352 qts. 8704 pts. 2. In 49 bush. 3 pks. 5qts. how many quarts? Ans. 1597. 3. In 8704 pints, how many

bushels ? Ans. 136. 4. In 1597 quarts, how many bushels ?

Ans. 49 bush. 3 pks. 5 qts. 5. A man would ship 720 bushels of corn in barrels, which hold 3 bushels 3 pecks each, how many barrels must he get?

Ans. 192.

7. WINE MEASURE. 1. In 9 tuns of wine, how many hogsheads, gallons and narts ?

Ans. 36 hhds. 2268 gals. 9072 qts. 2. In 24 hhds. 18 gals. 2 qts. how many pints?

Ans. 12244. 3. In 9072 quarts how many tuns?

Ans. 9. 4. In 1905 pints of wine, how many hogsheads ?

Ans. 3 hhds. 49 gals. 1 pt. 6 In 1789 quarts of cider, how many barrels ?

Ans. 14 bls. 25 qts:

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