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descended into plains which reminded us of CHAP. Norfolk and Suffolk. The appearance of the country was greatly improved. We changed horses at Ilberg; and reached CARLSTAD, the Carlstad. capital of Wermeland,, upon the Wener Sea', by eleven o'clock in the forenoon. The view in the approach to this city is very pleasing. We entered it by a bridge”. The houses are covered with turf, as in all the towns leading from Wenersborg to Stockholm, on the southern side of the lake. The inn here was very dirty; yet Carlstad is a much finer town than Wenersborg : the streets are broad and long, and contain many good houses; and a general appearance of activity and business seems to denote a thriving

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(1) See the Map in the preceding Volume.

" Equitum lustrationibus nundinisque festo D. Pauli et Luciæ celebris, quæ etiamnum a Gothenburgensibus aliisque vicinis magno cum emolumento frequentantur.”—Descriptio Sueciæ, tom. I. p. 442. Lugd. Bat. 1706.

(2) It is, in fact, built upon an island. (See the Map.) " The river Clara," says Thomson, in his account of this place, “runs through this province, and falls into the Lake Vener. It is a large river, but, like the Dal, runs so slowly, that it has more the appearance of a lake than a river. Some miles before it falls into the Vener, it divides into two branches, enclosing the Island of T'ingwalla. At the northern extremity of this island stands the town of Carlstad; so called because it was built by Charles IX. This town is a Bishop's See. Like the other Swedish towns, it is built of wood. The streets are broad and straight, and the number of inhabitants about 1500. It carries on a commerce of wood and iron across the Lake Vener."-Thomson's Trav, in Sweden, ch. XX. p. 373. Lond. 1813.

IX.

and Im. ports.

CHAP. place. The Episcopal Palace is built of wood,

as are all the other houses. The Governor of the province also resides here. Both Carlstad and Philipstad were built by Charles the Ninth; the first being called after his own name, and the last after the name of his son Philip. The

principal productions of the mines and forests Exports of Wermeland are here shipped for Gothenburg;

and the exportation of bar-iron and timber may be considered as the staple commerce of Carlstad. The importations consist of provisions and other necessaries. Dirty inps are often the dearest: and this we found to be the case here. Every thing was charged at most exorbitant prices : but this is not a cheap place for any thing beyond common necessaries. Loaf-sugar sold in the shops as high as a rix-dollar the

pound, being all of it imported from England'. Population. The accounts given to us of the population of

Carlstad were so discordant, that we could place no reliance upon them; some estimating it at 3000, and others at 1400: we were disposed to credit the last, rather than the first; and this number nearly coincides with the statement

(1) See page 230 of the preceding Volume, for an account of a manufactory for refining sugar at Gefle, belonging to Mr. Hennis ; being the first of the kind established in Sweden.

CHAP.

IX.

Clara,

already cited in a note. There is a square here, as at Wenersborg, surrounded by wooden houses, with a very neat appearance.

We left Carlstad, on Sunday, November the third, passing the north-eastern branch of the Clara, by some called the Carls Elf', by a large River stone bridge with iron rails, erected in a light and elegant style of architecture.

It was a very foggy morning, which prevented our having some fine views of the Lake Wener. The Governor had sent for us, demanding a sight of our passport: we therefore called at his house, as we were leaving this wooden city. The road leading to Brästegård lies, for the most part, by the side of lakes, which discharge their waters into the Wener, by means of a small river. From Brästegård we came to Molkem; Brössegard near which place there is a large lake, the village being prettily situate at the end of it. The church service had just ended; and a vast throng of the peasants filled the post-house, impatient to get their drams, according to custom, as a morning-whet after prayers. We saw no symptoms of intoxication: but this is the Swedish

Molkem.

(2) “ Urbs hic unica Carolostadium, à Rege Carolo IX. denominata, occupat insulam, ab ingenti flumine Carls Elf, ubi lacui Wener miscetur, factam, in quo ipso Wermiæ meditullio sitam."-Amænit. Regn. Suec. tom. I. p. 442, L. Bat. 1706.

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СНАР.

IX.

and Im. ports.

place. The Episcopal Palace is built of wood, alre as are all the other houses. The Governor of 28 a, the province also resides here. Both Carlstad rith and Philipstad were built by Charles the Ninth; w the first being called after his own name, and syd, the last after the name of his son Philip. The ura

principal productions of the mines and forestone Exports of Wermeland are here shipped for Gothenburg e.

and the exportation of bar-iron and timber maty fa be considered as the staple commerce of Cart son stad. The importations consist of provisiotern and other necessaries. Dirty inns are often thpass dearest: and this we found to be the case here Every thing was charged at most exorbita leac prices: but this is not a cheap place for aby t. thing beyond common necessaries. Loaf-sugin sold in the shops as high as a rix-dollar

pound, being all of it imported from Englamshich Population. The accounts given to us of the populationing

Carlstad were so discordant, that we could pl ser no reliance upon them; some estimati

the 3000, and others at 1400: we wers credit the last, rather than number nearly coincide

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(1) See page 230 of the factory for refining sugar first of the kind establis!

Eles the We left Carlstad, on merce

og some fine views of the Lake Wener. The are one passport: we therefore called at his house, the case we were leaving this wooden city. st exorded leading to Brästegård lies, for the most place for et, by the side of lakes, which discharge their

Loafeters into the Wener, by means of a small m Engler which place there is a large lake, the vilcould och service had

477 built er already cited in a note. There is a square here, CHAP. e Gorem as at Wenersborg, surrounded by wooden houses, Both C; with a very neat appearance. wn nary third, passing the north-eastern branch of the

Plzet Clara, by some called the Carls Elf', by a large River es and stone bridge with iron rails, erected in a light or Gorriand elegant style of architecture. d timbergery foggy morning, which prevented our havof prörskovernor had sent for us, demanding a sight of

The ix-dollaber . From Brästegård we came to Molkem ; Bräisegard

Molkem. opulatile being prettily situs

en

The vast

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