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the Father. So that the mystery of Histles, who by his special ordinance were the name Emmanuel (with which, as Stier founders and first builders of that Church remarks, this Gospel begins and ends) --but whose office, on that very account, is fulfilled—God is with us. And-all precluded the idea of succession or rethe (appointed) days, for they are num- newal.

That St. Matthew does not bered by the Father, though by none but record the fact or manner of the Ascension, Him. unto the end of the world is not to be used as a ground for any prethat time of which they had heard in so sumptions regarding the authenticity of many parables, and about which they had the records of it which we possess. The asked, ch. xxiv. 3-literally, the completion narrative here is suddenly brought to a of the state of time. After that, He will termination : that in John ends with an be no more properly speaking with us, but express declaration of its incompleteness. we with Him (John xvii. 24) where He is. What reasons there may have been for the

To understand with you only of the omission, either subjective, in the mind of Apostles and their (?) successors, is to the author of the Gospel, or objective, in destroy the whole force of these most the fragmentary character of the apostolic weighty words. The command is to reports which are here put together, it is the UNIVERSAL CHURCH- to be per- wholly out of our power, in this age of the formed, in the nature of things, by her world, to determine. As before remarked, ministers and teachers, the manner of the fact itself is here and elsewhere in this appointing which is not here prescribed, Gospel (see ch. xxii. 44; xxiv. 30; xxv. 14, but to be learnt in the unfoldings of Pro. 31 ; xxvi. 64) clearly implied. vidence recorded in the Acts of the Apos

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Luke i. 85.

John i. 34. b MAL. iii. 1.

Matt. xi. 10.

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a Matt. xiv. 38. I. 1 The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, a the Son boho list of God. 2 As it is written in a the prophets, Behold, I send Luke vii. 24. my messenger before thy face, which shall prepare thy

way [b before thee]. 3.c The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight. 4 c John did baptize in the wilderness, and preach the baptism of repentance for the remission of sins. 5 And there went out unto him all the land of Judæa, and they of Jerusalem, and were all baptized of him in the river of Jordan, confessing their sins. 6 And John was

clothed with camel's hair, and with a girdle of a skin d Lev. xi. 22. about his loins; and he did eat a locusts and wild honey ; e Acts xiii. 25. 7 and preached, saying, e There cometh one mightier than

a read, Esaias the prophet.

C read, John the Baptist was in the wilderness preaching. N.B. Throughout Mark, the parallel simpler, and gives more majesty to the places in Matthew are to be consulted. opening, to put a period at the end of Where the agreement is verbal, or nearly ver. 1, and make the citation from the so, no notes are here appended.

prophet a new and confirmatory title. CHAP. I. 1–8.] THE PREACHING AND of Jesus Christ] as its Author, or BAPTISM OF John. Matt. iii. 1-12. Luke as its Subject, as the context may deteriii. 1–17. The object of St. Mark being to mine. Here probably it is the latter : and relate the official life and ministry of our so will mean, the glad tidings con. Lord, he begins with His baptism ; and as a cerning Jesus Christ. 2, 3.] The necessary introduction to it, with the preach. citation here is from two prophets, Isa. ing of John the Baptist. His account of and Mal.; see reff. The fact will not fail John's baptism has many phrases in com- to be observed by the careful and honest mon with both Matthew and Luke; but student of the Gospels. Had the citation from the additional prophecy quoted in ver. from Isaiah stood first, it would have been 2, is certainly independent and distinct (see of no note, as Meyer observes. Consult Introduction to the Gospels). 1. be. notes on Matt. xi. 10; iii. 3. 4.] See ginning] This is probably a title to on Matt. iii. 1. the baptism of repentwhat follows, as Matt. i. 1, and not con- ance, the baptism symbolic of repentance nected with ver. 4, nor with ver. 2. It is and forgiveness of the death unto sin, and

b omit.

10: xix. 4. Isa. xliv. 3. Joel ji. 28. Acts ii. 4:

10. see 1 Cor. xii, 13.

I after me, the latchet of whose shoes I am not worthy to stoop down and unloose. 8? I indeed have baptized you f Acts 1,5 xi. with water: but he shall baptize you & with the Holy & Sellimise Ghost. 9 And it came to pass in those days, that Jesus A43:.is, came from Nazareth of Galilee, and was baptized of John in Jordan. 10 And straightway coming up out of the water, he saw the heavens d opened, and the Spirit like a dove descending upon him: ll and there came a voice from heaven, saying, h Thou art my beloved Son, in e whom h Ps. i7 I am well pleased. 12 And immediately the spirit driveth him into the wilderness. 13 And he was there in the wil. derness forty days, tempted of Satan; and was with the wild beasts; and the angels ministered unto him. 14 Now after that John was f put in prison, Jesus came into Galilee, d render, cleft asunder.

e read, thee. I render, delivered up. new birth unto righteousness. The former when parts of the narrative agree verbatim. of these only comes properly into the See note on Matt. iii. 16. cleft asun. notion of John's baptisin, which did not der] Peculiar to Mark; and more descripconfer the Holy Spirit, ver. 8. 7.] to tive than “ opened,Matthew, Luke. stoop down and unloose ... the expres 12, 13.] TEMPTATION OF Jesus. Matt. sion is common to Mark, Luke, and John iv. 1-11. Luke iv. 1–13. 12, 13.] (i. 27). It amounts to the same as bear. drive = lead up Matthew, = lead Luke. ing the shoes--for he who did the last It is a more forcible word than either of would necessarily be also employed in these to express the mighty and cogent loosing and taking off the sandal. But impulse of the Spirit. Satan: the devil, the variety is itself indicative of the inde- Matthew, Luke : see note, Matt. iv. 1. pendence of Matthew and Mark of one It seems to have been permitted to the evil another. St. John used the two expres- one to tempt our Lord during the whole sions at different times, and our witnesses of the 40 days, and of this we have here, have reported both. Stoop down is added as in Luke, an implied assertion. The adby St. Mark, who, as we shall find, is more ditional intensity of temptation at the end minute in circumstantial detail than the of that period, is expressed in Matthew by the other Evangelists. 8.] Matthew and tempter coming to Him--becoming visible Luke add " and fire.

and audible. Perhaps the being with the 9-11.) JESUS IS BAPTIZED BY HIM. beasts may point to one form of temptation, Matt. iii. 13-17. Luke iii. 21, 22. 9.7 viz. that of terror, which was practised on from Nazareth is contained here only. Him :-but of the inward trials, who may The words with which this account is in- speak? There is nothing here to controduced, express indefiniteness as to time. tradict the fast spoken of in Matthew and It was (Luke iii. 21) after all the people Luke, as some have maintained. Our Evanwere baptized : see note there. The gelist perhaps implies it in the last words commencement of this Gospel has no marks of ver. 13. It is remarkable that those of an eye-witness : it is the compendium Commentators who are fondest of maintainof generally current accounts. 10.) ing that Mark constructed his narrative straightway (immediately) is a favourite out of those of Matthew and Luke, are also connecting word with Mark. St. Mark most keen in pointing out what they call las here taken the oral account verbatim, irreconcilable differences between him and and applied it to Jesus, He saw,' &c. them. No apportionment of these details and him must mean himself: otherwise to the various successive parts of the we must understand John before saw, and temptation is given by our Evangelist. take coming up as pendent, which is very They are simply stated to have happened, improbable. The construction of the compendiously. sentence is a remarkable testimony of the 14, 15.] JESUS BEGINS HIS MINISTRY. independence of Mark and Matthew even Matt. iv. 12–17. Luke iv. 14, 15.

i Dan. ix. 25.

Gal. iv. 4.
Eph. i. 10.

k Matt. xix.

preaching the gospel [8 of the kingdom] of God, 15 and i Dan. ix. 3. saying, The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is

at hand : repent ye, and believe the gospel. 16 Now as he h walked by the sea of Galilee, he saw Simon and Andrew his brother casting a net into the sea : for they were fishers. 17 And Jesus said unto them, Come ye after me,

and I will make you to become fishers of men. 18 And 1.27. straightway k they forsook their nets, and followed him.

19 And when he had gone a little farther thence, he saw James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, who also were in the ship mending their nets. 20 And straightway he called them : and they left their father Zebedee in the ship with the hired servants, and went after him. 21 And they went into Capernaum; and straightway on the sabbath day he entered into the synagogue, and taught.

22 And they were astonished at his doctrine: for he taught

& omitted by many ancient authorities. h read, passed along. 14, 157 See notes on Matt. iv. 12.

as the former pair of brothers. It belongs delivered up] This seems to have been the only to “ in the ship,” not to the following usual and well-known term for the im. clause. 20.] with the hired servants prisonment of John. The time is ful. is inserted for particularity, and perhaps Alled) See Gal. iv. 4. “ The end of the to soften the leaving their father alone. old covenant is at hand; .... the Son is It gives us a view of the station of life of born, grown up, anointed (in his baptism), Zebedee and his sons; they were not poor tempted, gone forth, the testimony of his fishermen, but had hired servants. May witness is given, and now He witnesses we not venture to say that both these Himself; now begins that last speaking of accounts came from Peter originally ? St. God, by His Son, (Heb. i. 1), which hence- Matthew's an earlier one, taught (or given forth shall be proclaimed in all the world in writing perhaps) without any definite till the end comes." Stier. and be- idea of making it part of a larger work; lieve the gospel] These words are in Mark but this carefully corrected and rendered only. They furnish us an interesting accurate, even to the omitting the name characteristic of the difference between the Peter, which, though generally known, preaching of John, which was that of and therefore mentioned in the oral acrepentance-and of our Lord, which was count, was perhaps not yet formally given. repentance and faith. It is not in Himself and must be omitted in the historical. as the Saviour that this faith is yet 21-28.7 HEALING OF A DEMONIAC IN prenched : this He did not proclaim till THE SYNAGOGUE AT CAPERNAUM. Luke much later in his ministry: but in the iv. 31–37. 21.] Not immediately fulfilment of the time and approach of the after the preceding. The calling of the kingdom of God.

Apostles, the Sermon on the Mount, the 16--20. CALLING OF PETER, ANDREW, healing of the leper, and of the centurion's JAMES, AND JOHN. Matt. iv. 18-22. Al servant, precede the following miracle. most verbatim as Matthew. The variations

22.] A formula occurring entire at are curious : after Simon, Mark omits which the end of the Sermon on the Mount, Matt. was called Peter :-although the name vii. 28, and the first clause of it,-and, in was prophetically given by our Lord before substance, the second also,-in the correthis, in John i. 43, it perhaps was not sponding place to this in Luke iv. 32. actually given, till the twelve became a 23—28.] This account occurs in Luke iv. distinct body, see ch. iii. 16.

The 33-37, nearly verbatim : for the varia“ walked byand the “casting a net into tions, see there. It is very important for the sea" are noticed by Meyer as belong our Lord's official life, as shewing that He ing to the graphic delineation which this rejected and forbade all testimony to his Evangelist loves. 19.] who also, as well Person, except that which He came on

and forhougholm. 28

them as one that had authority, and not as the scribes. 23 And there was in their synagogue a man with an unclean spirit; and he cried out, 24 saying, [i Let us alone;] 'what have we to do with thee, thou Jesus of 1 Matt. viii. 20. Nazareth ? k art thou come to destroy us? I know thee who thou art, the Holy One of God. 25 And Jesus m re- m ver. 34. buked him, saying, Hold thy peace, and come out of him. 26 And when the unclean spirit n had torn him, and cried a ch. ix. 20. with a loud voice, he came out of him. 27 And they were all amazed, insomuch that they questioned among themselves, saying, "What thing is this? what new doctrine is this? for with authority commandeth he even the unclean spirits, and they do obey him. 28 And immediately his fame spread abroad throughout all the region round about Galilee. 29 And forthwith, when they were come out of the synagogue, they entered into the house of Simon and Andrew, with James and John. 30 But Simon's wife's mother lay sick of a fever, and anon they tell him of her. 31 And he came and took her by the hand, and lifted her up; and immediately the fever left her, and she ministered unto them. 32 And at even, when the sun did set, they brought unto him all that were diseased, and them that were possessed with devils. 33 And all the city was gathered together at the door. 34 And he healed many that were sick of divers diseases, and cast out many devils; i omitted by many authorities.

render, didst. 1 many ancient authorities read, What is this? new doctrine with authority: he commandeth even, fc. earth to give. The dæmons knew Him, a common source (but see notes on Luke), but were silenced. (See Matt. viji. 29; are all identical in substance, but very ch. v. 7.) It is of course utterly impossible diverse in detail and words. 31.7 left to understand such a testimony as that of her, of the fever, is common to all, and the sick person, still less of the fever or ministered unto them (or him), but no more. disease. of Nazareth] We may ob. The same may be said of vv. 32–34:- the serve that this epithet often occurs under words of ver. 33 are added in our text, strong contrast to His Majesty and glory; shewing the accurate detail of an eyeas here, and ch. xvi. 6, and Acts ii. 22-24; witness, as also does the minute specification xxii. 8: and, we may add. John xix. 19. of the house, and of the two accompany.

us, generic: the dæmons having a ing our Lord, in ver. 29. Observe the dis. common cause. Bengel. torn him tinction between the sick and the demoperhaps more properly, convulsed him. niacs : compare ch. iii. 15. Observe also Luke adds, that he did not injure him at many in both cases, in connexion with the all. 28.] This miracle, which St. statement that the sun had set. There Mark and St. Luke relate first of all, is was not time for all. Meyer, who notices not stated by them to have been the first. this, says also that in some the conditions Compare John ï. 11.

of healing may have been wanting. But 29—34.] HEALING OF SIMON'S MOTHER. we do not find this obstacle existing on IN-LAW. Matt. viii. 14-17. Luke iv. other occasions : compare Matt. iv. 24; 38–41. The three accounts, perhaps from xii. 15; xiv. 14: Acts v. 16. On the not

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