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ch. xii. 3.

Matt. xiii. 12: XXV. 29. ch. xix. 20.

a candle, covereth it with a vessel, or putteth it under a

bed; but setteth it on a candlestick, that they which enter e Matt. 1. 26. in may see the light. 17 e For nothing is secret, that shall

not be made manifest ; neither any thing hid, that shall

not be known and come babroad. 18 Take heed therefore Matt, 111,12: how ye hear : ffor whosoever hath, to him shall be given ;

and whosoever hath not, from him shall be taken even that which he seemeth to have.

19 Then came to him his mother and his brethren, and could not come at him for the press. 20 And it was told him [d by certain which said), Thy mother and thy brethren stand without, desiring to see thee. 21 And he answered and said unto them, My mother and my brethren are these which hear the word of God, and do it.

22 Now it came to pass on a certain day, that he went into a ship with his disciples : and he said unto them, Let us go over unto the other side of the lake. And they launched forth. 23 But as they sailed he fell asleep : and there came down a storm of wind on the lake; and they were i filled with water, and were in jeopardy. 24 And they came to him, and awoke him, saying, Master, master,

we perish. Then he arose, and rebuked the wind and the b render, to light.

e render, the multitude. d omitted by many ancient authorities. e literally, one of the days.

I render, filling. of Matthew (v. 15; X. 26; xiii. 12), but without fixing its place. His account is in other connexions. Euthym. remarks abridged, and without marks of an eyewell, “ It is likely that Christ spoke such witness, which the others have. sayings as these at different times.” On 22—25.] JESUS, CROSSING THE LAKE, the meaning of the separate sayings, see STILLS THE STORM. Matt. viii. 18, 23– notes on the passages in Matthew. Ob- 27. Mark iv. 35–41. The chronology of serve that ver. 18, how yo hear is “what this occurrence would be wholly uncertain, ye hearin Mark, and seemeth to have were it not for the precision of St. Mark, is hath" in Mark.

who has introduced it by “the same day, 19–21.] THE MOTHER AND BRETHREN when the even was come," i. e. on the same OF JESUS SEEK TO SEE HIM. Matt. xii. day in which the preceding parables were 46–50. Mark iii. 31–35. The incident is delivered. How it has come to be misintroduced here without any precise note placed in Matthew, must ever be matter of sequence; not so in St. Matthew, who of obscurity. The fact that it is so, is no says, after the discourse in ch. xii., “while less unquestionable, than the proof that it he was yet speaking to the multitudes" furnishes of the independence of the two ..... and St. Mark There came thenother Evangelists. 22. on one of the ..... having before stated, ver. 21, that days] This serves to shew that St. Luke His relations went out to lay hold of Him, had no data by which he could fix the --for they said, “ He is beside Himself.” following events. If he had seen the We must conclude therefore that they have Gospel of St. Mark, could this have been so ? it in the exact place, and that St. Luke

23.] came down—from the sky,-or only inserts it among the events of this perhaps from the mountain valleys around : series of discourses, as indeed it was, but see Matt. vii. 27, and note on Acts xxvii.

to lan had devils lon gut in the tom fore him, an

raging of the water: and they ceased, and there was a calm. 25 And he said unto them, Where is your faith ? And they being afraid wondered, saying one to another, What manner of man is this, 8 for he commandeth even the winds and water, and they obey him ?

26 And they h arrived at the country of the i Gadarenes, which is over against Galilee. 27 And when he went forth to land, there met him k out of the city a certain man, which had devils long time, and ware no clothes, neither abode in any house, but in the tombs. 28 When he saw Jesus, he cried out, and fell down before him, and with a loud voice said, What have I to do with thee, Jesus, thou Son of God most high? I beseech thee, torment me not. 29 For he 1 had commanded the unclean spirit to come out of the man. For oftentimes it had caught him: and he was kept m bound with chains and [n in] fetters; and he

brake the bands, and was driven of P the devil into the · wilderness. 30 And Jesus asked him saying, What is thy cender that.


h literally, sailed down to. i read here, Gerasenes. E render, a certain man out of the city. I render, was commanding. m render, bound, guarded with ... n omit.

O render, breaking the bands, he was driven. p i.e. not “ the Devil,” personal: but the dæmon which possessed him. 14. 24.] See notes on Matthew. That one should have been prominent, and 25.7 In Matthew this reproof comes before the spokesman, is of course possible, but the stilling of the storm. But our account, such a hypothesis does not help us one and that in Mark, are here evidently whit. Where two healings take place, exact.

narrators do not commonly, being fully 26-39.] HEALING OF A DÆMONIAC IN aware of this, relate in the singular : and THE LAND OF THE GERASENES. Matt. this is the phænomenon to be accounted viü. 28–34. Mark v. 1-20, in both of for. It is at least reasonable to assign which places see notes. 26.] over accuracy in such a case to the more against Galilee, a more precise description detailed and chronologically inserted acthan "the other side,Matthew, or the counts of St. Mark and St. Luke. waro other side of the sea," Mark. 27.] no clothes is to be taken literally. The out of the city belongs not to met him propensity to go entirely naked is a wellas in A. V., but to a certain man-& known symptom in certain kinds of raving certain man of the city. The man did madness : see Trench, Miracles, p. 167, not come from the city, but from the note t.

29.] he was commanding, tombs. I put to any reader the ques imperfect tense : in the midst of this tion, whether it were possible for either ordering, and as a consequence of it, the St. Mark or St. Luke to have drawn up possessed man cried out, as in last verse. their account from Matthew, or with Mat

brake the bands] The unnatural thew before them, seeing that he mentions increase of muscular strength is also obtwo possessed throughout ? Would no no- served in cases of raving madness (as tice be taken of this? Then indeed would indeed also in those of any strong conthe Evangelists be but poor witnesses to the centration of the will); see Trench as truth, if they could consciously allow such above. 30.] Lightfoot (on Mark v. 9) a discrepancy to go forth. Of the discre- quotes instances of the use of legion pancy itself, no solution has been proposed (made into a Hebrew word) for a great which can satisfy any really critical mind. number, in the Rabbinical writings. The fact of many dæmons having entered into But, as Dr. Wordsworth remarks, we must this wretched man, sets before us terribly distinguish between the abyss, the interthe utter break up of his personal and mediate place of torment, and the lake of rational being. The words will not bear fire, into which the devil will be cast by any figurative rendering, but must be Christ at the end : see Rev. xx. 3, 10. taken literally (see ver. 2 of this chap., 35.] they went out, viz. the people in the and ch. xi. 24 f.); viz. that in the same town and country; "the whole cityMatsense in which other poor creatures were thew; here understood in ver. 34. possessed by one evil spirit (see note on at the feet of Jesus] This particularity Matthew), this man, and Mary Magda denotes an eye-witness. The phrases comlene, were possessed by many. 31. the mon to Mark and Luke, e. g. clothed, and abyss] This word is sometimes used for in his right mind, and they that saw it, Hades in general (Rom. x. 7), but more denote a common origin of the two narrausually in Scripture for the abode of tives, which have however become condamned spirits : see reff. This last is cer. siderably deflected, as comparison will tainly meant here—for the request is co- shew. 38, 39.] See notes on Mark. ordinate with the fear of torment ex- 40 — 56.] RAISING OF JAÏRUS'S pressed above (see note on ch. xvi. 23). DAUGHTER, AND HEALING OF A WOMAN

name? And he said, Legion: because many devils were

entered into him. 31 And they besought him that he 8 Rev. IX. 3. would not command them to go out & into the 9 deep. 32 And

there was there an herd of many swine feeding on the mountain : and they besought him that he would suffer them to enter into them. And he suffered them. 33 Then went the devils out of the man, and entered into the swine: and the herd ran violently down ra steep place into the lake, and were choked. 34 When they that fed them saw what was done, they fled, [rr and went] and told it in the city and in the country. 35 Then they went out to see what was done ; and came to Jesus, and found the man, out of whom the devils were departed, sitting at the feet of Jesus, clothed, and in his right mind : and they were afraid. 36 They also which saw it told them by what means he that was possessed of the devils was healed. 37. Then the whole multitude of the country t of the Gadarenes round about h besought him to depart from them; for they were taken with great fear: and he went up into the ship, and returned back again. 38 Now the man out of whom the devils were departed besought him that he might be with him : but tt Jesus sent him away, saying, 39 Return to thine own house, and shew how great things God hath done unto thee. And he went his way, and published throughout the whole city how great things Jesus had done unto him.

40 And it came to pass, that, when Jesus was returned, I literally, the abyss.

Prender, the precipice. rr omit.

& render, And. t read and render, round about the Gerasenes. tt read, he.

h Acts xvi. 89.

the people [a gladly] received him: for they were all waiting for him. 41 And, behold, there came a man named Jaïrus, and he was a ruler of the synagogue : and he fell down at Jesus' feet, and besought him that he would come into his house : 42 for he had one only daughter, about twelve years of age, and she lay a dying. But as he went the people thronged him. 43 And a woman having an issue of blood twelve years, which had spent all her living upon physicians, neither could be healed of any, 44 came behind him, and touched the " border of his garment: and immediately her issue of blood stanched. 45 And Jesus said, Who touched me? When all denied, Peter and they that were with him

u omit : not in the original. . V render, hem, as in Matt. ix, 20. WITH AN ISSUE OF BLOOD. Matt. ix. 1, that, in ordinary cases, only those were 18–26. Mark v. 21-43. Our account receptive of this whose faith embraced the is that one of the three which brings out truth of its existence, and ability to heal the most important points, and I have them. The error of her view was overtherefore selected it for full comment. borne, and her weakness of apprehension 40.7 received him-i. e. welcomed Him; of truth covered, by the strength of her the gladlyof the A. V. is a correct com- faith. And this is a most encouraging ment, but is more than is in the original miracle for us to recollect, when we are text. for they were all waiting for disposed to think despondingly of the ighim : here we have an eye-witness again. norance or superstition of much of the

41.] a ruler of the synagogue: Christian world : that He who accepted “ one of the rulers of the synagogue,this woman for her faith even in error and Mark ;-in Matthew only " a certain weakness, may also accept them. 45.] ruler." 42.] one only daughter, We are not to imagine that our Lord was peculiar to Luke, but perhaps implied in ignorant of the woman, or any of the the affectionate diminutive of Mark. circumstances. The question is asked to lay & dying] In Matthew she is repre. draw out what followed. See, on the sented as already dead. He is not aware part of Jesus Himself, an undeniable inof the subsequent message to Jaïrus, and stance of this, in ch. xxiv. 19-and note narrates concisely and generally. The there. The healing took place by His crowd seems to have followed to see what will, and owing to His recognition of her would happen at Jaïrus's house : see ver. faith : see similar questions, Gen. iii. 9, 54. *43.7 St. Mark adds, that she and 2 Kings v. 25. Peter and they grew nothing better, but rather worse. that were with him] A detail contained

44.] Her inner thoughts are given only here. On the latter part of this in Mark, ver. 28. There was doubt. verse many instructive remarks have been less a weakness and error in this woman's made in sermons-see Trench, Mir., p. view;-she imagined that healing power 192, note (edn. 2)—to the effect that many flowed as it were magically out of the press round Christ, but few touch Him, Lord's person; and she touched the fringe only the faithful. Thus Augustine, “ Even of his garment as the most sacred, as well thus is it now with His body, i. e. His as the most accessible part : see Matt. Church. She is touched by the faith of xxiii. 5: Num. xv. 37-40. But she ob few, though crowded by the mob of the tained what she desired. She sought it, many.” And Chrysostom, “The believer though in error, yet in faith. And she on the Saviour toucheth Him, but the unobtained it, because this faith was known believer throngeth and vexeth Him.” It and recognized by the Lord. It is most is difficult to imagine how the miracle true objectively, that there did go forth should be, as Dr. Wordsworth calls it, “a healing power from Him, and from his solemn warning to all who crowd on Apostles (see Mark vi. 56: Luke vi. 19: Christ:" or how such a forbidding to Acts v. 15; xix. 12), but it is also true come to Him should be reconciled with

said, Master, the multitude throng thee and press thee, [w and sayest thou, Who touched me?] 46 And Jesus said,

Somebody [< hath] touched me: for I perceive that ich. vi. 10.

y i virtue is gone out of me. 47 And when the woman saw that she was not hid, she came trembling, and falling down before him, she declared [z unto him] before all the people for what cause she [2 had] touched him, and how she was healed immediately. 48 And he said unto her, Daughter, [a be of good comfort:] thy faith hath made thee whole; go in peace. 49 While he yet spake, there cometh one from the ruler of the synagogue [aa 's house],

saying to him, Thy daughter is dead; trouble not the W omitted in some of our most ancient MSS. : perhaps inserted from Mark v. 30. & omit. y render, power.

z omit. & omitted by many ancient authorities. It was probably inserted from Matt. ix. 22.

not in original. « Come unto Me all ..." Rather should and the words of our Lord look like an we say, seeing it was one of those that encomium on her act itself. Her confesthus crowded on Him who obtained grace sion before all the people, is very striking from Him, that it is a blessed encourage- here, as showing us that Christ will have ment to us not only to crowd on Him, Himself openly confessed, and not only but even to touch Him : so to crowd on secretly sought : that our Christian life is Him as never to be content till we have not, as it is sometimes called, merely 'a grasped if it be but His garment for our. thing between ourselves and God;' but a selves : not to despise or discourage any good confession, to be witnessed before all. of the least of those who “make familiar 48.] How lovingly does our Lord addresses to Him in (so called) religious re-assure the trembling woman; her faith hymns,” seeing that thus some of them saved her-not merely in the act of may touch Him to the healing of their touching, but as now completed by the act souls. I much fear that if my excellent of confession ;-it saved her mediately, as friend had been keeping order among the the connecting link between herself and multitude on the way to the house of Christ : but the “power which went out Jaïrus, this poor woman would never have from Him,” working through that faith, been allowed to get near to Jesus. But I saved her energetically, and as the workhope and trust that he and I shall rejoice ing cause ;_"by grace, through faith,together one day in His presence amidst a Eph. ii. 8. in peace] See ch. yii. 50 greater crowd, whom no man can number, and note. St. Mark's addition, “be of all nations, and kindreds, and people, whole of thy plague,is important, as and tongues. 47.] It is not necessary conveying to her an assurance that the (though perhaps probable), from the when effect which she felt in her body should be all denied, ver. 45, that the woman should permanent; that the healing, about which also have denied with them. She may she might otherwise almost have doubted, have hidden herself among the crowd. as being surreptitiously obtained, was now Our Lord (Mark, ver. 32) looked around to openly ratified by the Lord's own word. see “her that had done this thing,-a

49.] Little marks of accuracy come wonderful precision of expression, by which out in each of the two fuller accounts. His absolute knowledge of the whole Here we have there cometh one, which matter is set before us. trembling: was doubtless the exact fact :-in Mark and more, knowing what was done to there came certain,– generally ex. her," Mark; which is implied here. All pressed. In Mark again we learn not only this is omitted in Matthew; and if we had that Jesus heard, but that the message only his account, we should certainly de. was not reported to Him, but He overrive the wrong lesson from the miracle; heard it being said, which is a minute for there we miss altogether the reproof, detail not given here. Nothing could and the shame to which the woman is put; more satisfactorily mark the independent

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