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John xi. 43,
Mark v. 43.
Master. 50 But when Jesus heard it, he answered him, saying, Fear not: believe only, and she shall be made whole. 51 And when he came into the house, he suffered no man to bgo in, save Peter, and © James and © John, and the father and the mother of the maiden. 52 And all wept, and bewailed her : but he said, Weep not: d she is not dead, but sleepeth. 53 And they laughed him to k John xi. 11, scorn, knowing that she was dead. 54 And he [dd put them all out, and] took her by the hand, and called, saying, Maid, 'arise. 55 And her spirit came again, and she arose 1 ch. vil. 14. straightway: and he commanded to give here meat. 56 And her parents were astonished: but he m charged m Matt, sol them that they should tell no man what was done.
IX. 1 Then he called ee his twelve disciples together, and gave them power and authority over all devils, and to cure diseases. 2 And a he sent them to preach the kingdom of a ch. I. 1, 0. God, and to heal [f the sick]. 3 b And he said unto them, bch. 1. 4: Take nothing for your journey, neither 8 staves, nor scrip, neither bread, neither money; neither have two coats apiece. 4 And whatsoever house ye enter into, there abide, and thence depart. 5 And whosoever will not receive you, when ye go out of that city, shake off the o Acts xiii. 31. bread, go in with him. Cread, John, and James. d read, for she. [h very] dust from your feet for a testimony against them. 6 And they departed, and went through the towns, preaching the gospel, and healing every where.
dd omit. e render, to eat. eo read, the Twelve. Somit. , & read, staff. authority of the two narratives. 50.] that no inference adverse to her actual and she shall be made whole is only here. death can be derived from the use of the
51.] Our Lord had entered the word. The command to give her to eat, house, where He found “a tumult, and shews that she was restored to actual life them that wept and wailed greatly," with its wants and weaknesses ; and in Mark : "the minstrels and people making that incipient state of convalescence, which a noise,” Matthew, who were all following would require nourishment. The testiHim into the chamber of death. On this mony of Mark bere precludes all idea of a He declared who were to follow Him, and recovery from a mere paroxysm," and she uttered the words “Give place" &c., Mat- walked.” One who "lay at the point of thew.—Then He entered with His three death” at the time of the father's coming, Apostles and the parents. I say this, not and then died, so that it could be said of for the sake of harmonizing, but to bring the minstrels and others who had time to out the sequence in our narrative here, assemble,“ knowing that she was dead,”which unless we get the right meaning for could not, supposing that they were missuffered no man to go in, seems disturbed. taken and she was only in a trance, have
53.] The maiden was actually dead, risen up and walked, and been in a situaas plainly appears from the knowing that tion to take meat, in so short a time after. she was dead. The words, she is not dead Every part of the narrative combines to but sleepeth, are no ground for surmising declare that the death was real, and the the contrary : see note on Matthew, ver. miracle a raising from the dead, in the 24. 54.] Mark gives the actual Ara- strictest sense. 56.] The injunction, maic words uttered by the Lord, “Talitha however, was not observed ; for we read in cumi.” 55.7 her spirit came again: Matthew, “the fame hereof went abroad see Judges xv. 19, 1 Kings xvii. 21, in the into all that land.” former of which places death had not CHAP. IX. 1-5.] MISSION OF THE taken place, but in the latter it had ; so TWELVE. Matt. x. 5-12. Mark vi. 7
7 Now Herod the tetrarch heard of all that was done [i by him] : and he was perplexed, because that it was said j of some, that John was risen from the dead ; 8 and i of some, that Elias had appeared; and i of others, that one of the old prophets was risen again. 9 And Herod said, John [k have] I beheaded : but who is this, of whom
I hear such things ? And he desired to see him. d ch. Ixiii. 8. 10 d And the apostles, when they were returned, told
him all that they had done. And he took them, and went aside privately into a desert place belonging to the city called Bethsaida. 11 And the people, when they knew it, followed him : and he received them, and spake unto them of the kingdom of God, and healed them that had need of
healing. 12 And [1 when] the day began to wear away ; b omit.
i omitted by the most ancient authorities. j i.e. by.
k omit. 13. Mark's account agrees nearly exactly first sight, it would appear to be the wellwith the text. The discourse is given at known Bethsaida, on the western bank of much greater length in Matthew, where see the lake, not far from Capernaum. But notes. 7-9.] HEROD ANTIPAS HEARS (1) our Lord was on this side before,- see OF THE FAME OF JESUS THROUGH THE ch. viii. 37; and (2) Mark (vi. 45) reDOINGS OF THE TWELVE. Matt. xiv. 1 lates that after the miracle of the loaves -12. Mark vi. 14-29. How inexpli. He caused His disciples to cross over to cable would be the omission of the death of Bethsaida. But there were two places of John the Baptist, by the Evangelist who this name :--another Bethsaida (Julias) lay has given so particular an account of his at the top of the lake, on the Jordan : see ministry,(ch. ii. 1-20), if St. Luke had had Stanley, p. 381, edn. 3. Now it is very before him the narratives of St. Matthew likely that our Lord may have crossed the and St. Mark. 7.] “by him,” though not lake to this Bethsaida, and St. Luke, find. genuine, and an explanatory gloss, points ing that the miracle happened near Bethto the right account of the matter. Herod saida, and not being informed of thecrossing (see Mark) heard the account of the mira of the lake, may have left the name thus cles wrought by the Twelve ; but even without explanation, as being that of the then it was HIS name which was spread other Bethsaida. St. Mark gives us the abroad. These works were done in their exact account : that the Lord and the disMaster's Name, and in popular rumour ciples, who went by sea, were perceived by passed for His. 9.] The repetition the multitude who went by land, and arrived of “I” (which is emphatic in the original) before Him. How any of these accounts implies personal concern and alarm at the could have been compiled with a knowgrowing fame of Jesus: see notes on Matthew. ledge of the others, I cannot imagine. 10–17.) RETURN OF THE APOSTLES.
1.] See note on Mark, ver. 34. JESUS RETIRES TO BETHSAIDA. FEED
he received them] This word inING OF THE FIVE THOUSAND. Matt. cludes what St. Mark tells us of His going xiv. 13-21. Mark vi. 30–44. John vi. forth from His solitude, or perhaps landing 1-13. Compare the notes on each of from the ship, and seeing a great multithese. 10.] He went in a ship (Mat. tude, and having compassion on them; he thew, Mark, John), of which our Evan received them, i. e. did not send them gelist seems not to have been informed; for away. 12.] As the Three agree in their we should gather from our text that it account, and St. John differs from them, was by land. A great difficulty also at. see the difference discussed in potes there. tends the mention of Bethsaida here. At In his account, the enquiry proceeds from
then came the twelve, and said unto him, Send the multitude away, that they may go into the towns and country round about, and lodge, and get victuals : for we are here in a desert place. 13 But he said unto them, Give ye them to eat. And they said, We have no more but five loaves and two fishes ; except we should m go and buy meat for all this people. 14 For they were about five thousand men. And he said to his disciples, Make them sit down n by fifties in a company. 15 And they did so, and made them all sit down. 16 Then he took the five loaves and the two fishes, and looking up to heaven, he blessed them, and brake, and gave to the disciples to set before the multitude. 17 And they did eat, and were all filled : and there was taken up of fragments that remained to them twelve baskets.
18 And it came to pass, as he was alone praying, his disciples were with him: and he asked them, saying, Whom say the people that I am ? 19 They answering said, • John the Baptist; but some say, Elias; and others o ver. 7, 8. say, that one of the old prophets is risen again. 20 He said unto them, But whom say ye that I am ? Peter 1 John vi. 09. answering said, The Christ of God. 21 And he straitly charged them, and commanded them to tell no man that thing; 22 saying, The Son of man must suffer many
mrender, ourselves go.
n render, by companies of about fifty. our Lord Himself, and is addressed to It is also an important observation, that Philip, and answered by Philip and Andrew. the omission by St. Luke of the second
14. by companies of about fifty] miracle of feeding is not to be adduced St. Mark gives « by hundreds and by against its historical reality, as some have fifties” with his usual precision.
done, since it is only omitted as occurring Besides these companies, there were the in the midst of a large section, which the acwomen and children unarranged ; see on counts gathered by Št. Luke did not contain. John vi. 10. 16.] On the symbolic 18 – 27.] CONFESSION OF PETER. import of the miracle, see notes on John FIRST ANNOUNCEMENT OF THE PASSION vi. Immediately after this miracle, AND RESURRECTION. Matt. xvi. 13-28. St. Matthew, St. Mark, and St. John re- Mark viii. 27-ix. 1. The Lord had gone late the walking on the sen, which, and into the neighbourhood of Cæsarea Phi. the whole series of events following as far lippi ;—see notes on Matthew. 19. as Matt. xvi. 12,—the healings in the land that one of the old prophets is risen of Gennesaret,- the discourse about un again) See ver. 8. There is no improbawashen hands,—the Syrophænician woman, bility, nor contradiction to St. John's ac-the healing of multitudes by the sea of count that the multitudes sought to make Galilee,--the feeding of the 4000,- the him a king, in our Lord's asking this asking of a sign from Heaven,-and the question. We must remember that such forgetting to take bread, -are wholly enquiries were not made by Him for inomitted by our Evangelist. Supposing him formation, but as a means of drawing out to have had St. Matthew's gospel before the confession of others, as here. him, how is this to be explained ?
20.] See the important addition, the promise to Peter, in Matthew, vv. 17-19. brightness.' Meyer. 27.] See note 22.] As far as slain. is nearly verbatim on Matthew, ver. 28. with Mark : the last clause nearly so with 28 - 86.7 THE TRANSFIGURATION. Matthew. And yet, according to the Matt. xvii. 1-8. Mark ix. 2-8. I have Commentators, St. Mark has compiled his commented on the relation of the three account from St. Matthew and St. Luke. accounts in the notes on Mark, and on the The almost verbal agreement of the three Transfiguration itself in those on Matin so solemn and sad an announcement, is thew, which treat also of the additional what we might expect. Such words would particulars found here. 28.] about not be easily forgotten. 23.) to them an eight days is “after six days” in Mat. all -“having called the multitude with thew and Mark, the one reckoning being His disciples," Mark. There is no allusion exclusive, the other inclusive. to prayi to what He had said to Peter in this all. See on ch. v. 16. This Gospel alone gives
& Matt. 2. 38.
ch. xiv. 27.
h Matt. x. 33
9 Tim. ii. 12.
things, and be rejected of the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be slain, and be raised the third day.
23 8 And he said to them all, If any man will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross daily, and follow me. 24 For whosoever will save his life shall lose it: but whosoever will lose his life for my sake, the same shall save it. 25 For what is a man advantaged, if he gain
the whole world, and lose himself, or be cast away? h Mati. 26 h For whosoever shall be ashamed of me and of my
words, of him shall the Son of man be ashamed, when he shall come in his own glory, and in his Father's, and of the holy angels. 27 But I tell you of a truth, there be o some standing here, which shall not taste of death, till they see the kingdom of God. 28 And it came to pass about an eight days after these sayings, he took Peter and John and James, and went up into P a mountain to pray. 29 And as he prayed, the fashion of his countenance was altered, and his raiment was white and glistering. 30 And, behold, there talked with him two men, which were Moses and Elias : 31 who appeared in glory, and spake of his
decease which he should accomplish at Jerusalem. 32 9 But i Dan. viii. 18: Peter and they that were with him 'were heavy with sleep :
F and when they were awake, they saw his glory, and the
o render, some of those that stand here. P render, the.
25.7 himself is “his life" in Matthew, us the purpose of the Lord in going up, Mark :-his life, in the highest sense. and His employment when the glorious
26.] After words St. Mark adds change came over Him. 31.) This “ in this adulterous and sinful genera. decease is expressed in the original by the tion." "The Glory is threefold : (1) His „word exodus, going forth, which could be own, which He has to and for Himself as no other than His death. which he the exalted Messiah : (2) the glory of should accomplish, literally, fulfl,-by God, which accompanies Him as coming divine appointment. 32.] Not 'when down from God's Throne: (3) the glory of they were awake,' as A. V., which is not the angels, who surround Him with their the sense of the word,– but having kept
k Matt. iii. 17. see Matt. xii. 18. ch. xxiii. 35. Acts iii. 91. 1 Pet. iii.
m Aots iil. 22.
two men that stood with him. 33 And it came to pass, as they s departed from him, Peter said unto Jesus, Master, it is good for us to be here: and let us make three tabernacles; one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elias : not knowing what he said. 34 While he thus spake, there came a cloud, and overshadowed them : and they feared as they entered into the cloud. 35 And there came a voice out of the cloud, saying, This is my It beloved Son: 1 Mattill. 17; mhear him. 36 And when the voice was past, Jesus was 38. Chcta lii: found alone. And they kept it close, and told no man in those days any of those things which they had seen.
37 And it came to pass, that on the next day, when they were come down from the a hill, "much people met him. 38 And, behold, a man of the w company cried out, saying, Master, I beseech thee, look upon my son: for he is mine only child. 39 And, lo, a spirit taketh him, and he suddenly crieth out; and it teareth him that he foameth again, and bruising him a hardly departeth from him. 40 And I besought thy disciples to cast y him out; and they could not. 41 And Jesus answering said, O faithless and perverse generation, how long shall I be with you, and suffer you ? Bring thy son hither. 42 And as he was yet a coming, 2 the devil threw him down, and tare him. And Jesus rebuked the unclean spirit, and healed the child, and delivered him again to his father. 43 And they 8 render. were departing.
t read, chosen.
y render, it, as in the last verse. ? i.e. the dæmon, or evil spirit, ver. 39. awake through the whole. The word Ps. lxxxix. 3. 19: Isa. xliii. 10 (cited in seems to be expressly used here to shew Matt. xii, 18). 36.] St. Luke gives that it was not merely a vision, seen in the result of our Lord's command to sleep. 33.] as they departed, i. e. them : the command itself is related in while they were departing the words Matthew ver. 9, and Mark ver. 9. were said with a desire to hinder their 37-42.] HEALING OF A POSSESSED departure. not knowing what he PERSON. Matt. xvii. 14-21. Mark ix. said-from fear and astonishment_“for 14–29. The narrative in Mark is by far they were sore afraid,” Mark. 34.] the most copious, and I have there comThere is no difference in the accounts, as mented at length on it. 37. the has been imagined: the as they departed next day] The transfiguration probably ..., ver. 33, is only an additional par. took place at night,- see on Matt. xvii. 1, ticular, and the rest is exactly in accord. —and this was in the morning. St. Luke ance. Notice however the remarkable omits the whole discourse concerning Elias word chosen of the correct text: and (Matthew and Mark, vv. 9—13). 38.] compare the references,- in which places he is mine only child is peculiar to Luke. only in the New Testament the term is 43-45.] OUR LORD'S SECOND ANapplied to the Son of God. Compare also NOUNCEMENT OF HIS DEATH. Matt. xvii.