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Connīveo, to wink, has connivi and connixi.

Exc. 7. The following verbs want both preterite and supine: Lacteo, to suck milk; liveo, to be black and blue; scăteo, to abound; renīdeo, to shine; mæreo, to be sorrowful; äveo, to desire; polleo, to be able; flāveo, to be yellow; denseo, to grow thick; glabreo, to be smooth or bare. To these add calveo, to be bald; cěveo, to wag the tail, as dogs do when they fawn on one; hèbeo, to be dull; ūveo, to be moist; and some others.

Third Conjugation. Verbs of the third conjugation form their preterite and supine variously, according to the termination of the present.

IO. 1. Făcio, feci, factum, to do, to make. So the compounds which retain a : lucră-, magnž-, árès, căle-, mădě-, těpě-, běně, mělě-, sātis-făcio, &c. But those which change a into i have ectum; as, afficio, affēci, affectum. So con-, de-, ef-, in-, inter-, of-, per-, præ-, pro-, re-, suf-ficio. Note; Fació, compounded with a noun, verb, or adverb, retains a; but when compounded with a preposition, it changes a into i.

Some compounds of facio are of the first conjugation; as, Amplifico, sacrifico, terrífico, magnifico; gratificor, to gratify, or do a good turn, to give up; lūdificor, to mock.

Jăcio, jēci; jactum, to throw. So ab-, ad-, circum-, con-, de-, dis-, e-, in-, inter-, ob-, pro-, re-, sub-, super-, superin-, tra-jicio; in the supine, -ectum.

The compounds of spěcio and lăcio, which themselves are not used, have exi, and ectum; as, aspěcio, aspexi, aspectum, to behold. So circum-, con-, de-, dis-, in-, intro-, pero, pro-, re-, retro-, su-psicio.

Allício, allexi, allectum, to allure. So il-, pel-licio; but ēlício, to draw out, has elicui, elăcătum.

2. Fodio, fodi, fossum, to dig, to delve. So ad-, circum-, con-, ef, in-, inter-, pers, pre-, re-, suf-, trans-fodio.

Fúgio, fugi, fúgitum, to fly. So au-, (for ab-,) con-, de-, dif-, ef, per-, pro-, re-, suf-, subter-, trans-fúgio.

3. Căpio, cēpi, captum, to take. So ac-, con-, de-, ex-, in-, inter-, oc-, per-, præ-, re-, sus-cipio, (in the supine -ceptum ;) and ante-căpio.

Răpio, răpui, raptum, to pull or snatch. So ab-, ar-, cor-, de-, di-, es pre-, pro-, sur-ripio, -ripui, -reptum.

Săpio, săpui, —to favour, to be wise. So consīpio, to be well in one's wits ; desipio, to be foolish; resípio, to come to one's wits.

Củpio, cupīvi, cupītum, to desire. So con-, dis-, per-cŭpio.

4. Părio, pěpěri, paritum, or partum, to bring forth a child, to get. Its compounds are of the fourth conjugation.

Quátio, quassi, quassum, to shake; but quassi is hardly used. Its compounds have cussi, cussum ; as, concŭtio, concussi, concussum. So de-, dis-, ex-, in-, per-, re, reper., suc-cŭtio.

UO has ui, utum; as, Arguo, argui, argūtum, to show, to prove, or argue, to reprove. So co-, red-arguo, to confute. So, Acuo, Exăcuo, to sharpen.

Stătuo, to set or place, to ordain. Batuo, vel battuo, to beat, to fight, to fence with Con-, de-, in-, præ-, pro-, re-, sub-stituo. foils.

Sternuo, to sneese. Induo, to put on clothes.

Suo, to sew or stitch, to tack together: As-, cir. Exuo, lo put off clothes.

cum-, con., dis-, præ-, rě., suo. Imbuo, to wet or imbue, to season or instruct. Trìbuo, to give, to divide : At-, con-, dis-, re. Minuo, to lessen : Com-, de., di-, im-minuo.

tribuo. Spuo, lo spit : Con-, de-, ex., in-spuo.

Exc. 1. Fluo, fluxi, fluxum, to flow. So af-, circum-, con-, de-, dif-, ef, in-, inter-,. per-, præter-, pro-, re-, subter-, super-, trans-fluo.

Struo, struxi, structum, to put in order, to build. So ad-, circum-, con-, de-, ex-, in-, ob-, præ-, sub-, super-struo.

Exc. 2. Luo, lui, luštum, to pay, to wash away, to suffer punishment. Its com

pounds have utum; as, abluo, -ui, -ūtum, to wash away, to purify. So al-, circum-, col-, de-, di-, e-, inter-, per-, pol-, pro-, sub-luo.

Kuo, rui, ruštum, to rush, to fall. Its compounds have útum ; as, diruo, dirui, dirútum, to overthrow. So ēj- ob-, prő-, sub-ruo. Corruo and irruo, want the supine; as likewise do mětuo, to fear; pluo, to rain; ingruo, to assail; congruio, to agree; respuo, to reject, to slight; annuo, to assent; and the other compounds of the obsoleté verb nuo; abnuo, to refuse; innuo, to nod, or beckon with the hand; rėnuo, to deny; all of which have ui in the preterite.

BO has bi, bitum ; as,
Bibo, bibi, bibitum, to drink. So ad-, com-, es im-, per-, præ-bibo.

Exc. 1. Scribo, scripsi, scriptum, to write. So ad-, circum-, con-, de-, ex-, in-, inter-, per-, post-, pre-, pro-, re-, sub-, super-, supra-, trans-scrābo.

Nūbo, nupsi, nuptum, to veil, to be married. So de-, e-, in-, ob-nūbo. Instead of nupsi, we often find nupta sum.

Exc. 2. The compounds of cúbo in this conjugation insert an m before the last syllable; as, accumbo, accubui, accúbitum, to recline at table. So con-, de-, dis-, in-, C-, pro-, re-, suc-, superin-cumbo, -cŭbui, -cubitum.

These two verbs want the supine; scābo, scābi, to scratch; lambo, lambi, to lick.
So ad-, circum-, de-, præ-lambo.
Glūbo and deglübo, to strip, to flay, want both preterite and supine.

1. Dico, dixi, dictum, to say. So ab-, ad-, con-, contra-, 'e-, in-, inter-, præ-,

Duco, duxi, ductum, to lead. So ab-, ad-, circum-, con-, de-, di-, e, in-, intro-, ob-, per-, præ-, pro-, re-, se-, sub., tra-, or trans-dūco.

2. Vinco, vici, victum, to overcome. So con-, de-, e-, per-, re-vinco.

Parco, pěperci, parsum, seldom parsi, parsitum, to spare. So comparco, or com-
perco, which is seldom used.
Ico, ici, ictum, to strike.

SCO has vi, tum ; as,
Nosco, novi, notum, to know ; future participle, nosciturus. So,
Dignosco, to distinguish: ighosco, to pardon ; also Scisco, -ivi, itum, to ordain ; ad-, or ascisco,
inter., per“, præ-nosco.

to take, to associate ; concisco, to vote, to Cresco, -ěvi, -ētum, to grow : Con., de, ex-, re-, commit; also præ-, re-scisco; descisco, to

and without the supine, ac-, in-, pér-, pro-, suco, revolt. super-cresco.

Suesco, to be accustomed; as-, con-, de-, in-suesco, Quiesco, -ēvi, -ētum, to rest : Aco, con., inter., -ēvi, -ētum. ré-quiesco.

Exc. 1. Agnosco, agnovi, agnitum, to own; cognosco, cognovi, cognitum, to know
So récognosco, to review.

Pasco, pāvi, pastum, to feed. So com-, de-pasco.
Exc. 2. The following verbs want the supine:
Disco, dīdīci, to learn. So ad-, con-, de-, e-, per-, præ-disco, -didici.
Posco, poposci, to demand. So ap-, de-, ex-, re-posco.
Compesco, compescui, to stop, to restrain. So dispesco, dispescui, to separate.

Exc. 3. Glisco, to grow; fatisco, to be weary; and likewise inceptive verbs want both preterite and supine: as, aresco, to become dry. But these verbs borrow the preterite and supine from their primitives; as, ardesco, to grow hot, arsi, arsum, from ardeo.

DO has di, sum ; as,
Scando, scandi, scansum, to climb; ědo, ēdi, ēsum, to eat. So,
Ascendo, to mount.

Cudo, to forge, to stamp, or coin: Mando, to chew : Præ-, re-
Descendo, to go down.

Ex., in-, per-, pro-, re-cüdo. mando. Con., e., ex., in-, tran-scendo. Defendo, to defend.

Prehendo, to take hold of : Ap., Accendo, to cindle : In-, suc- Offendo, to strike against, to com-, de-prehendo. cendo.

offend, to find.

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Exc. 1. Divido, divisi, divisum, to divide. Rädo, rūsi, răsum, tó shave. So ab-, circum-, cor-, de-, e-, inter-, præ-, subrädo.

Claudo, clausi, clausum, to close. So circum-, con-, dis-, ex-, in-, inter-, præ-, re-, se-clūdo.

Plaudo, plausi, plausum, to clap hands for joy. So ap-, circum-plaudo: also com-, dis-, ex-, sup-plodo, -plosi, -plosum.

Lūdo, lúsi, lūsum, to play. So ab-, al-, col-, de-, e-, il-, inter-, ob-, præ-, pro-, re-ludo.

Trūdo, trūsi, trūsum, to thrust. So abs-, con-, de-, ex-, in-, ob-, pro-, re-trūdo.
Lædo, losi, læsum, to hurt. So al., col-, e, il-lido-, -lisi, -lisum.
Rodo, rosi, rosum, to gnaw. So ab-, are, circum-, cor-, de-, e-, ob-, per-, præ-rodo.

Vādo, to go, wants both preterite and supine; but its compounds have si, sum ; as, invado, invāsi, invāsum, to invade, or fall upon. So circum-, é, super-vādo.

Cēdo, cessi, cessum, to yield. So abs-, ac-, antě-, con-, de-, dis-, ex-, in-, inter-, pro-, pro-, ré-, retro-, se-, suc-cēdo.

Exc. 2. Pando, pandi, passum, and sometimes pansum, to open, to spread. So dis-, ex-, op-, præ-, -pando.

Comédo, comēdi, comēsum or comestum, to eat. But ědo itself, and the rest of its compounds, have always ēsum; as, ad-, amb-, ex-, per-, sub-, super-ědo, edi, -ēsum.

Fundo, fudi, füsum, to pour forth. So af, circum-, con-, de-, dif, ef, in-, inter-, of-, per, pro-, re-, suf-, super-, superin-, trans-fundo.

Scindo, scidi, scissum, to cut. So as-, circum-, con-, ex-, inter-, per-, pre-, pro-, re-, tran-scindo.

Findo, fidi, fissum, to cleave. So con-, dif-, in-findo.

Exc. 3. Tundo, tŭtúdi, tunsum, and sometimes tūsum, to beat. The compounds have tŭdi, tūsum ; as, contundo, contúdi, contúsum, to bruise. So ex-, ob-, per-, re-tundo.

Cado, cecidi, cāsum, to fall. The compounds want the supine; as, ac-, con-, de-, ex-, inter-, pro-, suc-cido, -cădi: except, incãdo, incidi, incāsum, to fall in ; recido, recidi, recāsum, to fall back; and occădo, occidi, occasum, to fall down.

Cædo, cěcidi, cæsum, to cut, to kill. The compounds change æ into i long; as, accido, accidi, accīsum, to cut about. So abs-, con-, circum-, de-, ex-, in-, inter, oca, pers, præ-, ré-, suc-cido.

Tendo, tětendi, tensum or tentum, to stretch out. So at-, con-, de-, dis, ex-, ob-, prae-, prô-tendo-, -tendi, -tensum, or tentum. But the compounds have rather tentum, except ostendo, to show; which has commonly ostensum.

Pēdo, pěpēdi, peditum, to break wind backward. So op-pēdo.

Pendo, pěpendi, pensum, to weigh. So ap-, de-, dis-, ex-, im-, per-, re-, sus-pendo, -pendi, -pensum.

Exc. 4. The compounds of do have didi, and ditum; as, abdo, abdidi, abditum, to hide. So ad-, con-, de, di-, é, ob-, per-, pro-, red-, sub-, tra-do: also, decon-, re-condo : and coad-, superad-do; and deper, disper-do. To these add crēdo, crēdidi, creditum, to believe; vendo, vendidi, venditum, to sell. Abscondo, to hide, has abscondi, absconditum, rarely abscondīdi.

Exc. 5. These three want the supine: strīdo, strīdi, to creak; rŭdo, rūdi, to bray like an ass; and sīdo, sidi, to sink down. The compounds of sido borrow the preterite and supine from sědeo ; as, consīdo, consēdi, consessum, to sit down. So as-, circum-, de-, in-, ob-, per-, re-, sub-sido.

Note. Several compounds of verbs in do and deo, in some respects resemble one another, and therefore should be carefully distinguished; as, concădo, concēdo, concīdo; consido and consideo ; conscindo, conscendo, &c.

GO, GUO, has xi, ctum; as, Rēgo, rexi, rectum, to rule, to govern ; dīrăgo, -exi, -ectum, to direct; arigo and ērigo, -exi, -ectum, to raise up; corrăgo, to correct; porrăgo, to stretch out; subrăgo, to raise up. So,

Cingo, cinsi, cinctum, to gird, to surround : Ac“, Emungo, to wipe, to cheat.

dis-, circum-, in-, præ-, re-, suc-cingo. Plango, to beat, to lament. Fligo, to dash, or beat upon : Af-, con-, in-fligo ;. Stingo, or Stinguo, to dash oul, to extinguish .

also pro-ligo, to rout, of the first conjugation. Di-, ex., in., inter-, præ-, re-stinguo. Jungo, to join: abjungo, to separate : Ad-, con-, Těgo, to cover : Circum-, con-, de-, in-, ob-, per-, de-, dis-, in-, inter-, se-, sub-jungo.

præ-, pro-, re-, sub-, super-těgo. Lingo, to' lick : de., e-lingo; and pollingo, to Tingo, or Tinguo, lo dip, or dye : Con-, in-tingo. anoint a dead body.

Ungo, or Unguo, lo anoint : Exo, in-, pero, superMungo, to wipe, or clean the nose.

ungo. Exc. 1. Surgo, to rise, has surrexi, surrectum. So as-, circum-, con-, de-, ex-, in-, re-surgo.

Pergo, porrexi, perrectum, to go forward.

Stringo, strinxi, strictum, to bind, to strain, to lop. So ad-, con-, de-, dis-, ob-, per-, præ-, re-, sub-stringo.

Fingo, finxi, fictum, to feign. So af-, con-, ef-, re-fingo.
Pingo, pinxi, pictum, to paint. So ap-, de-pingo.

Exc. 2. Frango, frégi, fractum, to break. So con-, de-, dif-, ef-, in-, per-, præ-, re-, suf-fringo, -frēgi, -fractum.

Ago, égi, actum, to do, to drive. So ab-, ad-, ex-, red-, sub-, trans-, transad-igo, and circum-, perăgo: cogo, for coăgo, coēgi, coactum, to bring together, to force.

These three compounds of ăgo want the supine: sătăgo, satégi, to be busy about a thing; pròdigo, prodēgi, to lavish, or spend riotously; dēgo, for deăgo; dēgi, to live or dwell. Ambigo, to doubt, to dispute, also wants the preterite.

Lěgo, lēgi, lectum, to gather, to read. So al-, per-, præ, re-, sub-lègo: also, col-, de-, e-, recol-, se-ligo, which change i into ē.

Diligo, to love, has dilexi, dilectum. So neglīgo, to neglect; and intelligo, to understand; but negligo has sometimes neglēgi, Sall. Jug. 40.

Exc. 3. Tango, tětīgi, tactum, to touch. So at-, con-, ob-, per-tingo; thus attingo, attīg, attactum, &c.

Pungo, púpúgi, punctum, to prick, or sting. The compounds have punxi ; as, compungo, compunxi, compunctum. So dis-, ex-, inter-pungo; but repungo has repunxi, or repúpúgi.

Pango, panxi, pactum, to fix, to drive in, to compose : or pěgřgi, which comes from the obsolete verb pago, to bargain, for which we use paciscor. The compounds of pango have pegi; as, compingo, compēgi, compactum, to put together. So im-, ob-, sup-pingo.

Exc. 4. Spargo, sparsi, sparsum, to spread. So ad-, circum-, con-, di-, in-, inter-, per-, pro-, re-spergo.

Mergo, mersi, mersum, to dip, or plunge. So de-, e-, im-, sub-mergo.
Tergo, tersi, tersum, to wipe, or clean. So abs-, de-, ex-, per-tergo.

Figo, fixi, fixum, to fix, or fasten. So af-, con-, de-, in-, of-, per-, præ-, re-, suf-, trans-figo.

Frīgo, frixi, frixum or frictum, to fry.

Exc. 5. These three want the supine: clango, clanxi, to sound a trumpet; ningo, or ninguo, ninzi, to snow; ango, anxi, to vex. Vergo, to incline, or lie outwards, wants both preterite and supine. So e-, de-, in-vergo.

HO, JO. 1. Trăho, traxi, tractum, to draw. So abs-, at-, circum-, con-, de-, dis-, ex-, per-, pro-, re-, sub-trăho.

Veho, vexi, vectum, to carry. So a-, ad-, circum-, con-, di-, en, in-, per-, pro-, præter-, pro-, ré-, sub-, super-, trans-věho. 2. Mejo, or mingo, minxi, mictum, to make water. So immejo.

LO. 1. Còlo, colui, cultum, to adorn, to inhabit, to honour, to till. So ac-, circum-, ex-, in-, per, præ-, re-colo : and likewise occulo, occului, occultum, to hide.

Consúlo, consului, consultum, to advise or consult.
Alo, ălui, alitum, or contracted, altum, to nourish.

Mólo, molui, molitum, to grind. So com-, e-, per-molo. The compounds of cello, which itself is not in use,' want the supine; as, ante-, ex-, præ-cello, -cellui, to excel. Percello, to strike, to astonish, has percůli, perculsum.

Pello, pěpūli, pulsum, to thrust. So ap-, as-, com-, de-, dis-, ex-, im-, per-, pro-, re-pello; appèli, appulsum, &c.

Fallo, fefelli, falsum, to deceive. But refello, refelli, to confute, wants the supine.

3. Véilo, velli or vulsi, vulsum, to pull, or pinch. So a-, con-, e-, inter-, præ-, re-vello. But de-, di-, per-vello, have rather velli.

Sallo, salli, salsum, to salt. Psallo, psalli, to play on a musical instrument, wants the supine.

Tollo, to lift up, to take away, in a manner peculiar to itself, makes sustuli, and sublatum ; extollo, extúli, elätum ; but attollo, to take up, has neither preterite nor supine.

MO has ui, itum ; as, Gěmo, gěmui, gemitum, to groan. So ad-, or ag., circum-, con-, inr, re-gěmo.

Fremo, fremui, fremitum, to rage or roar, to make a great noise. So af, circum-, con-, in-, per-frěmo.

Vomo, ēvómo, -ui, -itum, to vomit or spew, to cast up.
Exc. 1. Dēmo, dempsi, demptum, to take away.
Promo, prompsi, promptum, to bring out. So de-, ex-promo.
Sūmo, sumpsi, sumptum, to take. So ab-, as-, con-, de-, in-, pre-, re-, tran-sumo.
Como, compsi, comptum, to deck or dress.
These verbs are also used without the p; as, demsi, demtum ; sumsi, sumtum, &c

Exc. 2. Emo, ēmi, emptum or emtum, to buy. So ad-, dir, ex-, inter-, per-, redžmo and co-ěmo, -emi, -emptum or emtum.

Prěmo, pressi, pressum, to press. So ap-, com-, de-, ex-, im-, op-, per-, re-, supprimo.

Trěmo, trēmui, to tremble, to quake for fear, wants the supine. So at-, circum-, con-, in-trēmo.

NO. 1. Pono, posúi, positum, to put, or place. So ap-, ante-, circum-, com-, de-, dis-, e.c-, im-, inters, ob-, post-, pre-, pro-, re-, se-, sup-, super-, superim-, trans-pono.

Gigno, gěnui, gěnitum, to beget. So con-, e, in-, per-, pro-, re-gigno.

Căno, cēcīni, cantum, to sing. But the compounds have cinui and centum ; as, accino, accănui, accentum, to sing in concert. So con-, in-, præ-, suc-cino ; oc-cino, and oc-căno; re-cino, and re-căno. But occanui, recanui, are not in use.

Temno, to despise, wants both preterite and supine; but its compound contemno, to despise, to scorn, has contempsi, contemptum ; or without the p, contemsi, contemtum.

Sperno, sprēvi, sprētum, to disdain or slight. So desperno. Sterno, strāvi, strātum, to lay flat, to strow. So ad-, con-, in-, præ-, pro-, substerno.

Sino, sīvi or süi, situm, to permit. So desžno, desīvi, oftener desii, desitum, to leave off.

Lino, livi, or lēvi, lítum, to anoint or daub. So al-, circum-, col-, de-, il, inter-, ob-, per-, præ-, re-, sub-, subter-, super-, superil-lino.

Cerno, crēvi, seldom crētum, to see, to decree, to enter upon an inheritance. So de-, dis-, ex-, in-, se-cerno.

PO, QUO. Verbs in po have psi and ptum ; as, Carpo, carpsi, carptum, to pluck or pull, to crop, to blame. So con-, de-, dis-, ex-, præ-cerpo, -cerpsi, cerptum. Clěpo, -psi, -ptum, to steal.

Scalpo, to scratch or engrave : So circum-, exRēpo, to creep: Ad., v. ar-, cor-, de-, di-, e-, scalpo.

ir., intro-, ob-, per-, pro-, sub-rēpo, -psi, Sculpo, to grave or carve. So ex-, in-sculpo. -ptum.

Serpo, to creep as a serpent. Exc. 1. Strëpo, strèpui, strėpitum, to make a noise. So ad-, circum-, in-, inter-, ob-, per-strepo.

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