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SEC. 2.

NUMERATION.

3. How many tens are there in a hundred? 4. How many hundreds are there in a thousand? 5. Ten ones make what number? Ten tens make what number? Ten hundreds make what number?

6. What figures stand to represent the number ten? 7. What figures stand to represent one hundred ? 8. What figures stand to represent one thousand?

7

SECTION 2.

If one hundred scholars were in school, and one scholar more should come in, the number of scholars would then be one hundred and one; and would be expressed in figures thus;-101. Again, if you had one hundred books, and you should buy two books more, you would then have one hundred and two books, and their number would be expressed in figures thus;-102.

In Part First, you learned to read figures expressing all numbers, from One to One Hundred. You will now see, in the following columns, how the figures stand to express numbers, from One hundred, to Two hundred.

120 one hund. and twenty,
121 one hund. and twenty-one,
122 one hund. and twenty-two,
123 one hund. and twenty-three

130 One hund. and thirty.

140 One hund. and forty.

100 One hundred, 101 one hund. and one, 102 one hund. and two, 103 one hund. and three, 104 one hund. and four, 105 one hund. and five, 106 one hund. and six, 107 one hund. and seven, 108 one hund. and eight, 109 one hund. and nine, 110 one hund. and ten, 111 one hund. and eleven, 112 one hund. and twelve, 113 one hund. and thirteen, 114, one hund. and fourteen, 115 one hund. and fifteen, 116 one hund. and sixteen,

150 One hund. and fifty.

160 One hund. and sixty.

170 One hund. and seventy.

180 One hund. and eighty.

117 one hund. and seventeen, 190 One hund. and ninety.

118 one hund. and eighteen, 119 one hund. and nineteen,

200 Two hundred.

Edward's mother gave him one hundred walnuts, his sister gave him sixty, and his brother gave him eight; making together, one hundred and sixty-eight. Being required to tell what figures would express the number of his walnuts, Edward looked over the columns of figures on the last page, and discovered, (as you may), that 1 means one hundred, whenever two figures are standing at the right hand of it; and, that 6 means sixty, whenever one figure is standing at the right hand of it." He therefore said, "1, 6, 8, are the figures."

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1. How many tens does the figure 6 represent, when there is one figure standing at the right of it?

2. What are 6 tens usually called, in reading numbers? 3. How many tens does the figure 4 represent, when there is one other figure standing at the right of it?

4. What are 4 tens usually called, in reading numbers? 5. What number does the figure 1 represent, when there is one other figure standing at the right of it?

6. What number does the figure 1 represent, when there are two other figures standing at the right of it?

7. What are 1 hundred and 5 tens usually called? 8. What are 1 hundred and 9 tens usually called? 9. What are 1 hundred and 3 ones usually called? 10. What are 1 hundred and 8 ones usually called? 11. What are 8 tens and 2 ones usually called?

12. What are 1 hundred, and 7 tens, and 5 ones usually called, in reading numbers?

Note to Teachers. Require the learners to read the numbers expressed in the following columns, without recourse to the preceding columns.

109

127

145

163

181

118

136

172

190

121

143

165

187

154

104

110

132

155

176

198

186

168

140

122

195

177

159

131

113

147

169

183

103

125

158

The comparisons on the next page will show you, that all the hundreds are expressed in the same manner that one hundred is expressed.

100 One hundreu. 200 Two hundred.

106 One hund. & six.
306 Three hund. & six.
117 One hund. & seventeen.
417 Four hund. & seventeen.

121 One hund. & twenty-one. 521 Five hund. & twenty-one.

814

372

528

451

Note to Teachers. The learners may be required to read the severa numbers expressed in the following columns of figures.

293

947

381

619

133 One hund. & thirty-three. 633 Six hund. & thirty-three.

149 One hund. & forty-nine. 749 Seven hund. & forty-nine. 154 One hund. & fifty-four. 854 Eight hund. & fifty-four. 199 One hund. & ninety-nine. 999 Nine hund. & ninety-nine.

6.

[blocks in formation]

CHAP. II.

ADDITION.

SECTION 1.

S

851

767

579

296

1. The Humane Society gave Charles a premium of 6 dollars, for saving a boy from drowning, and a lady gave him 5 dollars more. How much did he receive? Solution. 6 dollars and 5 dollars are 11 dollars.

2. A merchant sold 7 barrels of flour to one man, and 5 to another. How many barrels did he sell?

3. If you should pay 9 cents for a book, and 4 cents for a pencil, how much would you pay for both?

4. A farmer paid 10 dollars for a plough, and 9 dollars for a harrow. How much did he pay for both?

5. A baker bought 8 barrels of flour of a merchant, and 8 more of a miller. How many did he buy?

Thomas gave 9 cents for a purse, and had 7 cents left to put in it. How many cents had he at first? 7. A farmer sold 5 cows, and then had 6 cows left How many cows had he at first?

Edward's mother gave him one hundred walnuts, his sister gave him sixty, and his brother gave him eight; making together, one hundred and sixty-eight. Being required to tell what figures would express the number of his walnuts, Edward looked over the columns of figures on the last page, and discovered, (as you may), that means one hundred, whenever two figures are standing at the right hand of it; and, that 6 means sixty, whenever one figure is standing at the right hand of it. He therefore said, "1, 6, 8, are the figures."

1. How many tens does the figure 6 represent, when there is one figure standing at the right of it?

2. What are 6 tens usually called, in reading numbers? 3. How many tens does the figure 4 represent, when there is one other figure standing at the right of it?

4. What are 4 tens usually called, in reading numbers? 5. What number does the figure 1 represent, when there is one other figure standing at the right of it?

6. What number does the figure 1 represent, when there are two other figures standing at the right of it?

7. What are 1 hundred and 5 tens usually called? 8. What are 1 hundred and 9 tens usually called? 9. What are 1 hundred and 3 ones usually called? 10. What are 1 hundred and 8 ones usually called? 11. What are 8 tens and 2 ones usually called? 12. What are 1 hundred, and 7 tens, and 5 ones usually called, in reading numbers?

Note to Teachers. Require the learners to read the numbers expressed in the following columns, without recourse to the preceding columns.

109

127

145

163

181

118

136

172

190

121

143

165

187

154

104

110

132

155

176

198

186

168

140

122

195

177

159

131

113

147

169

183

103

125

158

The comparisons on the next page will show you, that all the hundreds are expressed in the same manner that one hundred is expressed.

15. If a horse cost 90 dollars, and a gig 90 dollars, how much do the horse and gig both cost?

16. How many pounds of honey in two jars;-there being 70 pounds in one jar, and 60 in the other?

SECTION 3.

1. A gardener called three boys to the garden gate to give them some grapes. To the first boy he gave 40 grapes, and to the second 40; but the third boy attempted to push the others aside, and the gardener seeing t, gave him only 6. How many did he give them all?

Solution. 40 grapes and 40 grapes are 80 grapes. Then 80 grapes and 6 grapes are 86 grapes.

2. John, James, and Henry went a fishing. John caught 30 fishes, and James caught 40; but Henry caught only 9. How many did they all catch?

3. How many are 30 and 40 and 9?

4. A traveller gave 70 dollars for his horse, 20 dollars for his saddle, and 5 dollars for his bridle. How many dollars did he give for the whole?

5. How many are 70 and 20 and 5?

6. A farmer kept 50 sheep in one pasture, 30 in another, and 7 in another. If he had kept them all in one pasture, how many would there have been together?

7. How many are 50 and 30 and 7?

8. How many cents will it take to buy a seal, a blank-book, and a pencil; supposing the seal to cost 60 cents, the blank-book 20 cents, and the pencil 8 cents? 9. How many are 60 and 20 and 8?

10. An escort went out to meet Gen. Layfayette: 40 men rode on horseback, 30 rode in gigs, and 10 rode in coaches. Of how many did the escort consist?

11. How many are 40 and 30 and 10' 12. How many are 40 and 30 and 3: 13. How many are 60 and 20 and 5? 14. How many are 30 and 30 and 7? 15. How many are 50 and 40 and 9 ? 16. How many are 50 and 50 and 8? 17. How many are 60 and 40 and 4? 8. How many are 70 and 30 and 6?

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