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sants throwing up the grain and chaff together to be separated and cleansed by the wind. We could procure no animals to convey us to Damalá before the morning, so we lay down to sleep among the bushes. The air was filled with noisome vapours from the dirty stagnant bay and its putrefying weeds. Swarms of gnats buzzed about, and preyed on us incessantly. Frogs croaked. Dogs barked, and the shepherds on the mountains halloed to encourage them to attack the wild beasts, which approached their charge.
Saron, one of the early kings of Treezen, founded a temple of Diana by this sea. The water was there so shallow and muddy that it was called the Phoebæan Lake. He was addicted to the chase, and following a doe, which swam out into the deep, was drowned. His body was thrown ashore by the grove, and buried within the inclosure of the temple; and from him the lake was named the Saronian. The fens, at this season, were dry, or much contracted by the power. of the sun. In the morning we crossed over to that shore, and riding through a flat marshy tract covered with tall rushes, arrived at Damalá in about an hour. We were then informed, that the ruins, for which we inquired, were a quarter of an hour farther on ; and we continued our journey.
Træezen was once no ignoble city. It had been called Posidonia from Neptune. They related, that this deity and Minerva had contended for their country, and, by command of Jupiter, possessed it jointly ; the reason, why their money was stamped with her head and a trident. Træezen and Pittheus were sons of Pelops. Pittheus gave to the city the name of his brother, whom he succeeded; but the people were called from him Pittheidæ. He was the maternal grandfather of Theseus. The place was shewn where this hero was
born ; with the rock, under which Ægeus deposited his sword and slippers, on the way to Hermione. In the agora, or market-place, was a temple of Diana, where, it was said, Hercules came up from hell with Cerberus. Behind, was the monument of Pittheus ; and not far off, a temple of the Muses, with an ancient altar, on which the Træezenians sacrificed to them, and to Sleep; affirming that, of all the deities, this was the most friendly to the Muses. The temple of Apollo founded by Pittheus exceeded in age any temple known to Pausanias. The temple of Minerva at Phocæa, and that of Apollo Pittheus, at Samos, were by far more modern. The stoa or portico of the market-place was adorned with statues, representing some of the Athenian matrons and their chil. dren, who were sent to this city for safety before the battle of Salamis. Near the theatre was a temple of Diana erected by Hippolytus. This hero had a sacred portion with a temple and image, and was honoured with yearly sacrifices. The priesthood was for life, and it was the custom for virgins before their nuptials to cut off one of the tresses of their hair, and to carry it as an offering to the temple. Within the inclosure was a temple of Apollo, dedicated by Diomed on his escape from the storm, which happened on his return from Troy. Against the inclosure was part of the stadium of -Hippolytus, as it was called ; and above, a temple of Venus the Spectator, where Phædra beheld him at his exercises. A myrtle, which grew there, produced leaves full of holes, as they asserted, from the time of her distraction, when she perforated the foliage with the clasp of her hair. Her tomb was not far from the barrow of Hippolytus, which was near the myrtle, but not acknowledged by the Treezenians. They denied that he was dragged by horses and killed ; supposing him to have been changed into the constellation called the Charioteer. The temple of Neptune was without the citywall. They styled him Plant-salter, because, in his anger, he had permitted the sea-water to penetate to the roots and seeds ; rendering the land barren. They claimed the god Orus as a native, and, if any people, were given to embellish their city with local stories. Its territory included the peninsula of Methana, and the promontory Scyllæum. A road between the mountains led to Hermione, which city was distant about eighty stadia, or ten miles from Scylläum. Our mariners called it Castri, and had been employed in transporting materials from it to the monastery building at Hydre...
The ruins of Træezen are mostly in the plain, at the foot of a lofty range of mountains, crossing from the Saronian lake or bay, to the gulf of Epidauria. The site, with the whole isthmus, is overrun with bushes, but some spots produce corn and cotton. Many rills of water descend from the mountains, and are conducted and distributed as the crops and soil require. The scattered churches are numerous, and occupy, it is likely, the places of the temples. In several are inscribed pedestals. The vestiges, with pieces of wall and remnants of brick buildings, spread to a considerable extent; the space disposed in terraces, the areas clear, with rubbish lying along the edges. The principal ruin seems to have been the substruction, or basement of the temple of Venus, and, on three sides, is of the masonry termed Incertum. It stands on an eminence, overlooking the cavity of the stadium, and has on it some remnants of a later structure. Theodore, the general, who preserved Greece in the time of Theodosius the first, was a great benefactor to this place. Besides saving the city by the wisdom of his councils, he bequeathed a large