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By J. R. YOUNG,
“The rules of Arithmetic are formed generally for the use of those who have not arrived
In this little book I have endeavoured to expound, 'upon simple and rational principles, the rudiments of the SCIENCE OF ARITHMETIC. With rules I have given reasons : and although the work is designed chiefly for schoolboys and young persons, yet, contrary to the usual practice, I have chosen to regard the learner less as an arithmetical machine than as an intellectual being. I venture to hope, that what I have here done
may meet with some degree of countenance from Schoolmasters and Teachers; and that it
also prove acceptable to the solitary and self-dependent student. This is not an unreasonable hope: for, although so-called Treatises on Arithmetic are very numerous, the number of books really deserving of the appellation is but few. As I have reserved no room here for even the most summary analysis of the following pages, I must leave them to the candid examination of those who may be interested in the progress of this class of educational books. I trust no fault will be found with me for the familiar and colloquial form of exposition I have adopted: any attempt at elevation of style, in works of this kind, is wholly misplaced. I have imagined my own pupils before me; and I have addressed them as I was formerly in the habit of doing in oral instruction. My sole aim has been to be intelligible, and to invest the subject with what interest I could consistently with the preservation of scientific accuracy: but if there be one part more than another, to which I would invite special attention, it is the subject of Decimals, towards the end of the book.
J. R. YOUNG. LONDON, March, 1852.
*** A Key to the work is in preparation : besides solutions in full to all the Exercises, it will contain some additional instructions for the otherwise unassisted learner.
Erratum.- Page 37, last line but one, for “less," read “ greater ;'
The dividend at p. 160 has been made to differ from the