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Browning, and nearly all from Knowles, Croly, Horace Smith, and others together with the comic dialogues from Morton, Mathews, and Coyne, having been selected or adapted for this collection.

It will be seen that the oratory of the ancients has supplied an unusuas number of exercises. A certain novelty has, however, in many instances. been imparted here, by original translations. We have had little, in modern times, to surpass the Philippics of Demosthenes or the fiery invective of Æschines. The putative speeches from Livy, Tacitus, and Sallust, have been newly translated or adapted. In two or three instances, the translation has been so liberal that a nearer relationship to the original than that of a paraphrase has not been claimed. The speeches of Brutus, Caius Marius, Canuleius, Virginius, and others, have been expanded or abridged, to serve the purpose of declamation. The two speeches of Spartacus, that of Regulus, with several others, are now, for the first time, published. The extracts from that strangely depreciated work, Cowper's Homer, have the vivid simplicity and force of the original, and are among the most appropriate exercises for elocution in the whole scope of Eng. lish blank verse.

Throughout the present volume, in deciding upon the insertion of a piece, the question has been, not “Who wrote it?" or, “What country produced it?” but, “ Is it good for the purpose ?" Like other arts, that of eloquence is unbedged by geographical lines ; and it is as inconsistent with true culture, to confine pupils to American models in this art, as it

would be in sculpture or painting. While exercising great freedom of · range in selection, howerer, it has been the editor's study to meet all the

demands of a liberal patriotism; to do justice to all the noblest masters of eloquence, and to all schools and styles, from which a grace may be borrowed; and, above all, to admit nothing that could reasonably offend the ear of piety and good taste.

The Introductory Treatise embodies the views, not only of the editor, but of many of our most experienced and distinguished teachers, in regard to the unprofitable character of those “systems ” which profess to teach reading and speaking by the rule and plummet of sentential analysis or rhetorical notation. Of these attempts the pupil may well exclaim, in the words of Cowper,

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“ Defend ne, therefore, common sense, say I,
From reveries so airy,– from the toil
Of dropping buckets into empty wells,
And growing old in drawing nothing up !

The preceptive portion of the Treatise presents no particular claim to origi nality; the object being merely to give a summary of all the discoveries and hints that can be serviceable to the student, in the development of his vocal and elocutionary powers.

CONTENTS.

INTRODUCTORY TREATISE

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: Truth,

Frayssinous, 37 40. Death is Compensation, Rousseau,

2. Immortality,

Massillon, 38 41. Fate of Charles XII., • Johnson, 70

3 Utility of the Beautiful, Ruskin, 39 42. Our Duties,

Story, 71

4. The Mind of Man,

Akenside, 40 43. Love of Country, Montgomery, 72

6. The World,

Talfourd, 41 44. Nature a Hard Creditor, Carlyle, 73

6. Mechanical Epoch, Kennedy, 41 45. Time's Midnight Voice, Young, 74

7. To-day, :

.. Withington, 42 46. The Common Lot, Montgomery, 75

8. Duellist's Honor,

England, 43 47. True Source of Reform, Chapin, 76

9. Day Conceals what Night Reveals, 48. The Beacon Light,

Pardoe, 77

Nichol, 44 | 49. Cleon and I, .

Mackay, 77

9. Sonnet,

White, 45 50. Problem for the U. States, Boardman, 78

10. Man's Material Triumphs, . . Fayet, 45 51. American Experiment, Everett, 78

11 Fortitude,

Anonymous, 46 52. The Ship of State,

Lunt, 79

12. The United States of Europe, : Hugo, 46 52. Lines, .

Longfellow, 80

13. The Peace Congress of the Union, 53. Art, :

Sprague, 80

Everett, 48 54. The Pilot,

Bayly, 81

14. The Spirit of the Age, . Beckwith, 49 55. Death Typified by Winter, Thomson, 82

15. Moses in Sight of the Promised Land, 56. Religious Inducements,

James, 83

Peabody, 50 57. Never Despair,

Lou'or 84

16. Necessity of Law, .

Hooker, 50 58. Charity,

Talfourd, 84

17. Justice,

Carlyle, 51 59. The Battle-field,

Bryant, 85

18. To-morrow,

Cotion, 52 | 60. Dizzy Activities,

Everett, 86

19. Eloquence of Action,

Webster, 53 61. The Good Great Man, Coleridge, 87

20. Sincerity the Soul of Eloquence, Goethe, 53 62. Taxes,

Sydney Smith, 87

21. The Christian Orator, Villemain, 54 63. The Press,

Elliot, 88

22. Affectation in the Pulpit, . . . Couper, 55 64. Defence of Poetry,

Wolfe, 89

23. Utility of Ilistory, . De Ségur, 56 65. Great Ideas,

. . Channing, 89

24. False Coloring Lent to W27, Chalmers, 57 66. England,

Elliot, 90

25. Death's Final Conquest, Shirley, 58 67. Hallowed Ground, Campbell, 91

26. Religion,

Lamartine, 58 68. Nature Proclaims a Deity, Chateau-

27. The Saviour's Reply, . .

Milton, 59

briand, 92

28. Nobility of Lahor,

Dewey, 60 69. What we owe the Sword, . . Grimké, 92

29. Labor is Worship, .

Osgood, 61 | 70. Abou Ben Adhem,

..

Hunt, 93

30. Moral and Physical Science, . . Chapin, 62 71. Polonius to Laertes, Shakspeare, 94

31. The Order of Nature,

· Pope, 63 72. Where is he,

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Neele, 94

32. Future Empire of our Language, 73. International Sympathies, Wayland, 95

Bethune, 63 74. Worth of Fame,

Baillie, 96

33. Compensations of the Imagination, 75. Frivolous Pleasures, • Young, 97

Akenside, 64 76. Forgive,

Heber, 97

34. The Great Distinction of a Nation, 77. Science Religious, Hitchcock, 98

Channing, 65 78. Triumphs of the English Language,

35. What Makes a Hero, Taylor, 66

Lyons, 99

36. The Last Hours of Socrates,

66 79. The Water Drinker, .. E. Johnson, 99

37. To a Child,

Yankee, 67 80. The Days that are Gone, Mackay, 100

38. America's Contributions, Verplanck, 68 81. The Work-shop and Camp,

101

89 The True King, .

Hunt, 69 182. The Wise Man's Prayer, Johnson, 102

.

PART SECOND.

MARTIAL AND POPULAR.

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1 Scipio to his Army,... . Livy, 103 12. Caius Marius,

Sallust, 115

2. Hannibal to his Army,

Id., 104 | 13. Caius Gracchus,

Knowles 116

3 Regulus to the Roman Senate, Orig'l, 105 14. Galgacus,

Tacitus, 117

4. Leonidas to his Three Hundred, Pichat, 107 15. Icilius on Virginia's Seizure, Macaulay, 118

5. Brutus over the dead Lucretia, Orig'l 16. The Spartans' March, Hemans, 119

and compiled, 107 17. The Greeks' Return,

Id., 119

6. Achilles' Reply, Cowper's Homer, 108 18. Ode,

Collins, 128

7. Hector's Rebuke,

Id., 109 19. Virginius' Refusal to Claudius, Liry, 120

8. Hector's Exploit,

Id., 110 20. Canuleius against Patrician Arrogance,

9. Hector Slain,
Id., 111

Id., 12.

10. Telemachus to the Chiefs, Fenelon, 113 21. Catiline to bis Army, : .. . Jonson, 122

11. Titus Quintius

Livy, 114 | 22. Spartacus to the Gladiators. Kellog8, 123

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ANCIENT.

41. Reconciliation with America, Chatham, 201

1. Against Philip, : Demosthenes, 159 43. Lord North's Ministry,

42. Repeal claimed as a Right, . Id , 202

• Degeneracy of Athens,
Id., 160

Id., 203

Lemocracy hateful to Philip, .

45. On Employing Indians,

Id., 161 45. Ruinous Consequences,

Id., 204

4. Venality the Ruin of Greece, .
Id., 162

Id., 205

5. Demosthenes Denounced, Æschines, 163 47. Frequent Executions,

46. America Unconquerable, .

Id., 206

6. Exordium, : ... Demosthenes, 165 48. Parliamentary Innovations, Beaufoy, 208

Meredith, 207

7. Public Spirit of Athenians, : Id., 166

8. Demosthenes not Vanquished, :. Id., 167 50. America's Obligations, .

49. Religious Persecution, . Compilation, 209

9. Catiline Denounced, . Cicero, 168

Barré, 210

10. Catiline Expelled, •

51. Reply to Lord North,

Id., 16952. Bold Predictions,

Id., 211

11. Yerres Denounced,

Id., 170 53. Conquest of Americans,

Wilkes, 212

Id., 213

54. Reply to Duke of Grafton, Thurlow, 214

FROM THE FRENCH.

55. Present Popularity, Lord Mansfield, 214

12. Against the Nobility, &c., Mirabeau, 171 56. Magnanimity in Politics, Burke, 215

13. Necker's Financial Plan, Id., 172 57. American Enterprise,

Id., 216
14. Disobedience to National Assembly, Id., 173 58. American Taxation,

Id., 217
15. Reply, .
Id., 174 59. Despotism Unrighteous,

Id., 218
16. On being Suspected,
Id., 175 60. Impeachment of Hastings,

Id., 219

17. Eulogium on Franklin,

Id., 177 61. Peroration against Hastings,

Id., 220

18. Church and State,
Id., 177 62. To the Bristol Electurs,

Id., 221

19. To the French,

. Vergniaud, 178 63. Marie Antoinette,

Id., 2:22

20 Terrorism of Jacobins,

Id., 179 61. Irish Rights,

Grattan, 223

21. Against War, : Robespierre, 180 65. Reply to Flood,

Id., 221
22. Morality the Basis of Society, Id., 181 66. National Gratitude,

Id., 225

23. Last Speech,

Id., 182 67. Catholic Disqualification, Id., 226

24. To the Peers, .

Trélat, 183 68. Heaven on the side of Principle, Id. 2:28
25. The Republic, . Lamartine, 185 69. Against Corry,

id., 227

26. Democracy adverse to Socialism, De 70. Union with Great Britain, Id., 228

Tocqueville, 185 71. The Catholic Question,

Id., 229

27. Practical Religious Instruction, Hugo, 186 72. Religion Independent,

II., 230

28. Necessity of Religion,

Id., 187 73. Sectarian Tyranny,

Id., 231

29. Universal Suffrage,

Id., 188 74. American War Denounced, Pitt, 232

80. Liberty of the Press,

Id., 189 75. Motion to Censure Ministry, Id., 232

31 A Republic or Monarchy, ... Id., 190 76. Attempt to make him Resign, .

Id., 233
83. The Two Napoleons,
Id., 191 77. Barbarism of Ancient Britons,

Id., 234

78. Results of American War,

Fox, 235

79. Washington's Foreign Policy,

BRITISH

Id., 238

80. Liberty is Strength,

Id., 237

33. The End of Government, Pym, 192 81. Democratic Governments,

Id., 238
34. Defence, :::: Earl of Strafford, 193 82. Partition of Poland,

Id., 239

35. Reducing the Army, Pulteney, 195 83. Atheist Government null, Sheridan, 240

36. Against Richard Cromwell, . Vane, 196 81. Political Jobbing,

Id., 241

37. How to make Patriots, . .. Walpole, 196 85. Popular and Kingly Examples, : Id., 241

38. Against Pitt (Earl of Chatham), . Id., 197 86. Reform in Parliament, Lord Grey, 242

89. Reply to Walpole, Earl of Chatham, 198 87. Conservative Innoralors, Huskisson, 243

15. Reply to Greaville,

Id., 199 | 88. The Pensi yn System, Curan, 24

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89. On Threats of Violence, Curran, 245 144. The Strongest Goverument, Jeferson, 297

90. Religious Distinctions,

Id., 246 145. Freedom of Judges, Bayard, 298

91. War with France, Canning, 246 146. Judiciary Act, .

Morris. 299

92. Bank-notes and Coin,

Id., 247 147. Free Navigation,

Id., 300

93. Lord J. Russell's Motion, Id., 248 118. Foreign Conquest, Clinton, 301

04. Mr. Tierney's Motion,

Id., 249 149. Innovations, .

Madison, 302

05 Defence of Pitt,

Id., 250 150. Party Intemperance, Gaston, 302

96 Measures, not Men,

Id., 251 151. The Embargo,

Quincy, 303

97. Balance of Power,

d., 252 152. Di-union,

Pinkney, 301

98. Collision of Vices,

Id., 253 153. British Influence, .J Randolph, 305

99. England and America, Mackintosh, 254 154. Greek Question,

Id., 308
200. Fate of Reformers, . . Brougham, 255 155. Virginia Constitution, .

Id., 307

Jul Parliamentary Reform, . Id., 256 156. Against Duelling, · Compilation, 308

12. Religious Liberty, O'Connell, 257 157. The Declaration, J. Q. duams, 30%

103 Irish Disturbance Bill,

Id., 253 158. Washington's Sword, &c., Id., 310

144. The Death Penalty,

Byron, 259 159. Union with Liberty, Jackson, 311

1.5. Charges against Catholics, Sheil, 260 160. War,

Binney, 312

Tvo. Irish Aliens,

Id., 261 161. The Supreme Court,

Id. 312

307 Irish Establishment,

Id., 262 | 102. U.S. Constitution,

Legare, 313

1118. Repeal of Union, .
Id., 263 163. On Returning to the C. States,

Id., 314

1 19. England's Misrule, .

Id., 28+ 164. In Favor of War, 1813, .

Clay, 315

110. Civil War, Lord Paimerston, 265 165. Jefferson Defended,

Id., 316

111. Reform,

Lord J. Russell, 200 166. Military Insubordination, . Id., 316

112. Irish Church,
Macaulay, 267 167. Noblest Public Virtue,

Id., 317

113. Hours of Labor,

Id., 268 169. Expunging Resolution,

Id., 318

114. Reform, to Preserve,

Id., 269 169. Independence of Greece,

Id., 319

115. Men always fit to be Free, Id., 270 170. Prospect of War, . Calhoun, 320

116. Second Bill of Rights,

Id., 270 171. The Force Bill,

Id., 321

117. Public Opinion, the Sword, Id., 271 172. Purse and Sword,

Id., 322
118. A Government should Grow, Id., 272 173. Liberty the Meed,

Id., 3:23

119. Reform irresistible,

Id., 273 174. Popular Elections, McDuffie, 324

1:20. Reply to 119,

Croker, 275 175. Military Qualifications, . Sergeant, 325

121. Perils of Reform,

Id., 275 176. Opposition,

Webster, 326

1:22. Copyright, ... Talfourd, 276 177. Moral Force,

Id., 327

123. Literary Property, .

Id., 277 178. Sympathy with South America, Id., 328

1:24. International Copyright, Id., 278 179. The Poor and Rich,

Id., 329
125. Legislative Union,
Peel, 279 180. Sudden Conversions, .

Id., 330
126. American Vessels,
Cobden, 200 181. Constitution Platform,

Id., 331

182. Resistance to Oppression,

Id., 332

183. Peaceable Secession,

AMERICAN

Id., 333

151. Clay's Resolutions, .

Id., 333

127. Resistance,

Henry, 281 185. Justice to the Whole,

Id., 334

1:23. War inevitable,

Id., 282 186. Matches and Over-matches,

Id., 335

1:29. Return of British Fugitives, Id., 283 | 187. S. Carolina and Mass.,

Id., 330
130. Supposed Speech,
Otis, 284 188. Liberty and Union,

Id., 338

131. For Independence, .

Lee, 235 189. Reply to Webster,

Hayne, 339

132. Federal Constitution, . Franklin, 286 190. The South in 1776,.

Id., 340

133. God Governs,

Id., 237 191. The South in 1812,

Id., 311

134. For a Declaration,

Adams, 288 192. Defalcations,

. . Prentiss, 312

135. Conclusion of foregoing, Id., 289 193. American Laborers, Naylor, 313

136. Ou Government, Hamilton, 290 191. Fulton's Invention, . . Hoffman, 344

137. C. S. Constitution,

Id., 291

195. Sectional Services,

Cushing, 345

139. Aristocracy, .

Livingston, 292 196. National Hatreds,

Choate, 316

139 Extent of Country, Randolph, 293 197. Precedents,

Cass, 317

140. France and the U.S. Washington, 294 199. On Intervention, J. Clemens, 318

141 Foreign Influence, .

Id., 291 200. Hazards of Prosperity, W. R. Smith, 349

142. Sanctity of Treaties, . .. Ames, 295 201. Flogging in the Navy, . Stockton, 350

143. The British Treaty,

Id., 296 | 202. Gov't Extravagance, Crittenden, 352

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