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Half Imperial, 1801, .
Half Imperial, 1818, . SARDINIA.
Carlino, half in proportion,
Ounce, 1751, .
Double Ounce, 1758,.
Doubloons, 1772, double and sin-
, (Gold Dol.) or Vintern, 1801, SWEDEN.
Pistole of Helvetic Republic, 1800, TREVES.
Sequin fonducli, of Cons'ple, 1773,
Zechino, or Sequin,
Ruspone of kingdom of Etruria, VENICE.
Zechino, or Sequin, shares in pro. WIRTEMBURG.
Ducat, double and half in pro'n,
FOREIGN WEIGHTS AND MEASURES.
'The weights and measures of GREAT BRITAIN are the same as those of the United States, excepting the variations which are noted in the tables of Weights and Measures,' page 27.
The weights and measures of FRANCE being more nicely adjusted than those of any other country, will be here given the more fully on that account. It is, however, to be observed, that these weights and measures are according to a new system, not yet in very common use.
The fundamental standard adopted in France for the metrical system of weights and measures, is a quadrant of the meridian; that is to say, the distance from the equator to the north pole. This quadrant is divided into ten millions of equal parts, and one of these equal parts is called the Metre, which is adopted as the unit of length, and from which by decimal multiplication and division all other measures are derived.
In order to express the decimal proportions, the following vocabulary of names has been adopted. For multipliers, the word Deca prefixed, means 10 times, Hecto
100 times, Chilo
10000 times For divisors, the word Deci prefixed, expresses the 10th part
Milli It may assist the memory
to observe that the terms fo multiplying are Greek, and those for dividing, Latin Thus, Deca-metre means 10 Metres.
Deci-metre the 10th part of a Metre.
100th part. 1000th part.
FRENCH LONG MEASURE. The Metre, which is the unit of long measure, is equal 39.371 English inches.
10 milli-metres =1 centi-metre,
1 hecto-metre, 10 hecto-metres I chilo-metre, 10 chilo-metres =1 myria-metre.
FRENCH SQUARE MEASURE. The Are, which is a square deca-metre (or 100 squaro Metres), is the unit of square or superficial measure, and is equal to 3.953. Eng ish square rods. 10 milliares
= 1 centiare; 10 centiares
+1 deciare; 10 deciares
1 ARE; 10 Ares
-1 decare; 10 decares
= 1 hectare; 10 hectares
=1 chilare; 10 chilares
=1 myriare. FRENCH MEASURES OF CAPACITY. The Litre, which is the cube of a decimetre, is the unit of all liquid measures, and of all other measures of capacity. The Litre is equal to 61.028 English cubic inches.
10 millilitres . =1 centilitre;
1 hectolitre; 10 hectolitres =1 chilolitre; 10 chilolitres. 1 myrialitre.
FRENCH SOLID MEASURE. The Stere, which is a cube of the metre, is the unit of solid measure, that is used for fire-wood, stone, &c. I'he Siere is equal to 35.31714 English cubic feet; it is Ine same as the chilolitre in measures of capacity
10 decisteres. =1 STERE;
FRENCH Weights. The Gramme, which is the weight of a cubic centimetre of distilled water of the temperature of melting ice, is the unit of all weights. The Gramme is equal to 15.434 grains Troy."
Girains T'roy A milligramme is 1000th part of a gramme, = 0.0154 A centigramme is 100th part of a gramme,= 0.1543 A decigramme is 10th part of a gramme, 1.5434 A GRAMME
15.4340 A decagramme is 10 grammes,
154.3400 A hectogramme is 100 grammes,
1543.4000 A chilogramme is 1000 grammes, = 15434.0000 A myriagramme is 10000 grammes, =154340.0000
All the preceding French weights and measures are deduced from some decimal proportion of the metre. Thus the chilogramme corresponds with the contents of cubic vessel of pure water at the lowest temperature, tho side of which vessel is the tenth part of the metre (the decimetre), and the gramme answers to the like contents rfa cubic vessel, the side of which is the hundredth part of the metre (the centimetre); for the contents of all cubic vessels are to each other in the triplicate ratio of their sides.
100 lb. of HAMBURGH =106.8 lb. avoirdupois. The shipfund is 280 lb. =299 lb. avoirdupois. I foot, Hamburgh
=11.289 inches, U. S The Hamburgh ell is 2 feet 22.578 inches, U. « The Hamburgh mile
= 4.684 miles, U. S. The fass of Hamburgh =1.494 bushel of U. S. The last of grain is 60 fasses 89.64 hugl els of U. S.. The ahm of Hamburgh =38.25 gallons, U. S. 100 lb. of AMSTERDAM =108.93 lb. avoirdupois. 4 shipfunds is 1 ship-pound =326.79 lb. avoirdupois The Amsterdam last
=85.248 bushels, U. S.
The Aam (liquid)
=41 gallons, U. States. =11.147 inches, US =27.0797 inches, U. S.
27.333 inches, U. S. =27.585 inches, U. S.
100 lb. of PORTUGAL =101.19 lb. avoirdupois. An arroba is 32 lb.
=32.38 lb. avoirdupois. The moyo, a dry measure 23.03 bushels, U. S. The almude, a liquid measure = 4.37 gallons, U. S The
pe or foot, long measure =12.944 inches, U. S The palmo or standard span =8.64 inches, U. S. The vara is 5 palmos =43.2 inches, U. S. The Portuguese mile =1.25 mile, U. S.
100 lb. of SPAIN
=101.44 lb. avoirdupois
100 ib. victualie, of SWEDEN=93.76 lb. avoirdupois The Swedish foot
=11.684 inches, U. S. The Swedish ell is 2 feet =23.368 inches, U. S The Swedish mile
=6.64 miles, U. S. The kann, (both dry and liquid)=159; cubic in. U. S 100 kanns
=69.09 galls. wine, U.S. 100 kanns
=7.42 bushels, U. S.
100 lb. of RUSSIA
=90.26 lb. avoirdupois. 400 lb. make 1 berquit =361.04 lb. avoirdupois A pood is 40 lb. Russian = 36.1054 lb, avoir's. A chetwert, a dry measure, 5.952 bushels, U. S. The vedro, a liquid measure, =3.246 gallons, U S The Russian inch
=1 inch, U. S. The Russian foot
=13.75 inches, U S. The arsheen, a cloth measure,=28 inches, U S. The sashine or fathom
=7 feet, U. S. A werst or Russian mile 3500 feet, U. S.