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THE

PHILOSOPHY

OF

NECESSITY

OR

LAW IN MIND AS IN MATTER.

BY

CHARLES BRAY.

THIRD EDITION, REVISED AND ABRIDGED.

"6

Everything that exists depends upon the past, prepares the
future, and is related to the whole."-OERSTED.

LONDON:

LONGMANS, GREEN, AND CO.,
AND NEW YORK: 15 EAST 16th STREET.

1889.

All rights reserved.

HARVARD

COLLEGE

ᎪᏢᏒ 17 1923
LIBRARY

Jackson fund

WORKS BY THE SAME AUTHOR:—

PHASES of OPINION and EXPERIENCE during a LONG LIFE; an Autobiography. With Portrait. Crown 8vo. 3s. 6d

The SCIENCE of MAN: a MANUAL of Anthropology, based on Modern Research. Second Edition. Crown 8vo .6s.

The EDUCATION of the FEELINGS :
System. Revised and Abridged for Schools.
Fourth Edition, 2s. 6d.

LONGMANS AND CO.

a Moral Crown 8vo.

PREFATORY NOTE ΤΟ

THIRD EDITION

..2

THIS work was first published in 1841, in two octavo volumes, and comprised, First, an Exposition of the doctrine of the Philosophy of Necessity, or the Law of Consequences, in its relation to Mental Science; Secondly, in its relation to Ethics; and Thirdly, an application of its principles to the social questions of the day. In the present abridged form this third part has been omitted as being mostly out of date, and only so much of its statistics and observations have been given in an appendix as may be of interest in their bearing upon the present condition of Society, and upon questions for its amelioration which are still in agitation. With regard to those questions concerning the laws of our being which are never out of date, it has been thought well to preserve, in an accessible form, the conclusions arrived at by a fearless thinker, who worked out for himself a theory as to the purpose of existence that satisfied his own mind, and became to him a cheerful philosophy which intensified his enjoyment of all things good and pleasant, helped him to bear the troubles of life, and to meet the end in a spirit as bright as it was resigned.

Throughout the present work Mr. Bray freely used the thoughts and words of other writers when they served his purpose, and in the Preface to the First Edition, he says, "I am induced to lay my own reflections before the public in the hope that the result of that labour which was necessary to satisfy my own mind may be in some degree a saving of labour to others."

However much his views may differ from received opinions, they were those of one who was, in the words of a philosophical friend, "an earnest inquirer after truth, whose devotion to all that is good and generous and noble was an elevated religion in itself, and who to his high conceptions of life and nature was true to the last."

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